Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum decimum.

FOCAS reignede after Mauricius themperour viij. yere. In the firste yere of whom Ethelfridus, kynge of Northumbre|lond, fauȝhte ageyne Edan kynge of Scottes, and hade a glorious victory of hym at Dexastan. But Theobalde his broþer was sleyne with alle his hoste. Beda, libro 2o, capitulo 4o. In whiche yere that noble fader Austyn, in Cristemasse day, after that he hade baptizede x.ml Ynglische men in a myȝhty Page  411, vol.5 floode callede Swala, nye to Yorke, knowynge that he scholde dye, ordeynede Laurencius to be his successor, leste that the state of the churche of Ynglonde, whiche was in maner as rude, scholde decrease after his dethe. Also he ordeynede Mellitus bischoppe off the Éste Saxones, whiche were dividede from [folio 259a] oþer men of Kente by the water Thamys, the chiefe cite of whom is London, in whom Ethelbrutus, kynge of Kente, made a churche of Seynte Paule to the bischoppes seete. ℞. An other cronicle seythe that Sebertus, the kynge of the Este Ynglische men, made the churche of Seynte Paule at London, and made Iustus bischoppe at the cite Dorobren, callede nowe Rochestre, beynge from Cawnterbery xxiiijti myles towarde the weste, where Ethelbrutus, kynge of Kente, made a churche of blissede Andrewe. Grete Gregory dyede in this yere, whom Page  413, vol.5 Savinianus succeded as ij. yere, whiche ordeynede that peple scholde rynge to the howres in churches. Whiche detracte blissede Gregory moche in that he distribute so moche meyte to pover peple. Wherefore blissede Gregory apperenge thryes to hym, reprovenge hym for hys detraccion monyschynge hym to doo correccion, whiche refusede, blissede Gregory, commynge the iiijthe tyme, smote hym in the hedde, where thro he awakynge dyede. In whiche yere Seynte David bischoppe of Menevia diede in Wales. Iohannes Elemosinarius, patriarke Alexandryne, dyede abowte this tyme, to whom preyenge a beawtuous virgyn apperede, crownede with the leves of an olyve, callenge her name Mercy, seyenge to hym that he scholde do welle if that he toke her to his spowse. From whiche tyme the seide Iohn was mercifulle, callenge pover men his lorde, wherefore he callede þe Hospitilaryes of Seynte Iohn pover lordes. This Iohn causede alle the names of the pover peple Page  415, vol.5 in his cite to be wryten in a billette, and to come twyes in a weke afore his churche, with whom he sate to accorde men or peple discordaunte amonge theyme. Whiche syttenge þer oon day, and herenge of noo discorde amonge theyme, sorowede soore, seyenge, "Woo is to me wrecche, for y am not worthy to do eny goode thynge in this day." To whom his diacon seide: "Thow awe to ioye raþer that men be now lyke angelles with|owte eny stryfe." Also in a tyme, the gospelle redde, peple wente furthe of the churche to talke, and he wente furthe also, and seide to theyme, "My childer þer the schepe bene the scheparde awe to be, wherefore other goe ye in to þe churche, or if ye tary here I schalle tary with yowe;" and so he causede the peple to tary in the churche in the tyme of divine servyce. Also this Iohn was herde as to chide with allemyȝhty [folio 259b] God in his preyer, in this wise: "Soe, goode Ihesu, thow in Page  417, vol.5 ȝiffenge, and I ȝiffenge to poore men, lette se who schalle have victory." Bonefacius the thrydde succedede Savinianus þe pope viij. monethes. This pope ordeynede that clene clothes scholde be putte on the awter. Bonefacius the furthe suc|ceded as vij. yere, whiche ordeynede and purchasede of Focas themperour that þe churche of Seynte Petre at Rome scholde be principalle of alle oþere churches in the worlde, for cause that the churche of Constantinopole was callede the chiefe churche. And also the churche whiche was dedicate somme tyme in the honour of Cibela and of Neptunus, callede Pantheon, where Cristen men were sleyne of spirites, myȝhte be dedicate in to the honoure of alle seyntes, where the pope syngethe masse yerely in the feste of Alle Seyntes, þe firste day of November, and the peple be communicate. Whiche made a con|stitucion that þer scholde not be eny mocion of þe pope to suc|cede, þe pope beynge in lyfe, but after the thridde day of his Page  419, vol.5 dethe. Also he made a decre that monkes myȝhte exercise the office of prechynge, off baptizynge, and of absolucion. The coote of oure Lorde withowte eny seame, was founde in the vale of Iosaphath, abowte this time, by Gregory bischop of Anthiochia, in a cofre of marbole, whiche was brouȝhte to Ierusalem. ℞. If this be tru hit may not stonde that is seide afore in the tyme of Tiberius themperour, that Pilate commynge afore hym to be iuggede myȝhte not be condempnede while that he hade that coote on hym. And if Pilate brouȝhte that coote with hym to Rome, hit scholde not seme that his*. [Sic in MS.] was brouȝhte from Rome after that to the vale of Iosaphath. Or in contrarious Page  421, vol.5 sense, if this coote was founde in the vale of Iosapathe abowte this tyme, hit folowethe as to apparence that Pilate hade hit not. Beda, libro 2o, capitulo secundo. Ethelfridus, kynge of Northumbrelonde, destroyede mony Britons in this yere at the cite of Weste Chestre, and abowte ml and ij.c. of the monkes of Bangor, whiche come to þe kynge to prey for their knyȝhtes, lti of theym oonly fleenge awey, whiche were in the wowarde with duke Brocinayle. The nowmbre of monkes in that famose abbey or monastery of Bangor was accomptede ij. ml and c., whiche lyvede by their laboure. Men of Persida causenge in|surreccions ageyne the Romanes, takenge Ierusalem and [folio 260a] entrenge in to hit, toke with þeym the baner of the crosse, and subduede to theym mony provinces of the Romanes. Where|fore Baraclianus, the govenoure of Affrike, did sle Focas, and made Heraclius his sonne emperoure.