Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum sextum.

OURE Savioure Criste suffrede passion the viijthe kalendes of Aprile, in whiche day was a grete clippes, after Cassio|dorus, and feylenge of lighte, in so moche that sterres were seene as to falle from hevyn. Also there was in the tyme of his blessede passion suche movenges of erthe, in so moche that diuerse cites in the cuntre of Bithinia were destroyede, and Page  347, vol.4 turnede upwarde the laweste partes of theyme. ℞. In whiche tyme grete roches of stones were departede, where|fore hit is lyke that the veynes and departenges whiche appere now in the roches of ston come of that movenge of the erthe in the tyme of the passion of Criste, for stones [folio 203a] were not diuidede afore that tyme. Iosephus. Prestes in the temple of Ierusalem herde that same yere, in the feste of Pentecoste, a voice seyenge, "Departe we from these setes and places." Iacobus minor, son of Alpheus, was made bischoppe of Ierusalem in that yere abowte Pentecoste, whiche songe firste masse amonge theyme, beenge bischoppe þer by xxxti yere. Also vij. diacons were ordeynede, whose names be Steven, Philippe, Procorus, Nichanor, Timon, Par|menas, and Nicholas, which stode not in unyte. Eusebius in Historia Ecclesiastica, libro tertio. This Nicholas hauenge Page  349, vol.4 a feire wife was blamede of thapostles as iolyous of his wife, wherefore he brouȝhte her un to the myddes of theyme, de|sirenge euery man to use her that wolde. And thauȝhe that mony peple declynede to synne þer by, this seid Nicholas did so for contempte of vice of iolysye, and for noon other cause. For the sonnes and doȝhters of the seide Nicholas were permanente in chastite alle the tyme of theire life, and he maryede not eny woman after his firste wife. ℞. Hit is to be attended that Seynte Iames afore rehersede was callede by iiij. names; firste he was callede Iacobus Alphei, for cause he was sonne of Alpheus; and the brother of God, for he was like to Criste in face and in holynesse, in so moche that he was taken of mony peple for Criste. Where|fore Iudas ȝafe a token of kyssenge to the Iewes, leste that thei scholde have been disseyvede in the takenge of oure Savioure Criste. Also he was callede Iames the lesse, for the other Iames, son of Zebedeus, was callede a fore of Criste, Page  351, vol.4 thauȝhe that he was yonger in age then Iames the lesse, wherefore he was callede Iames the more. Whiche consuetude is obseruede in Rome, and in mony other places, that he is callede the more that commethe afore, and he that commethe after the lesse. Also he was callede Iames ryȝhteuous, by a figure callede Autonomasia, for the merite of excellente holy|nesse. [folio 203b] This Seynte Iames was holy and devoute, for he drunke noo wyne ne sidere, neiþer he did eite flesche, his hedde was not schavede, usenge not bathes or oyntementes, whiche*. [Sic.] stones in his knees of ofte knelynge. To whom hit was lawefulle allon to entre in to Sancta Sanctorum; whiche seide the firste masse. Also he made a promyse in the passion of Criste on Goode Friday, that he wolde not eyte un til þat Criste hade rysen from dethe to lyfe. Also Mat|thias was subrogate in the stedde of Iudas, traytoure to*. [cyther, α.; sider, β. and Cx.; syþere, γ.]Page  353, vol.4 God, in that yere betwene the ascencion and Pentecoste, of whiche Iudas hit is redde in a story, thauȝhe hit be seide and callede Apocriphate: There was a man in Ierusalem, Ruben by name, of the tribe of Ysachar after Seynte Ierom, the name of the wife of whom was callede Ciborea. This Ruben takenge the pleasure of the flesche of Ciborea his wife in a nyȝhte, sche dremede that sche had childed a wickede son, traytour to his peple. This sone borne and callede Iudas, the fader and mother abhorrenge to sle theire owne son and to norysche theire childe whiche scholde be a traytour, putte hym in a wele in to the see. Whiche brouȝhte by the see un to the yle of Scarioth, the qwene þerof, fenynge her as grete with childe, made a lesynge, seyenge Iudas to be her son. After that the qwene of that yle of Scarioth con|ceyvede a childe by the kynge here howsebonde; whiche en|creasede and groen in age, Iudas hurte soore, causenge hym Page  355, vol.4 to wepe oftetymes. The qwene perceyvenge that, correcte soore Iudas and ofte, but hit profite nouȝhte. Then at þe laste hit was schewede that Iudas was not son to the kynge; Iudas did sle the lawefulle son getten by the kynge. Whiche dredenge dethe or other grete peyne þerfore, fledde with tri|butaries un to Ierusalem, and wente to þe cowrte of Pilate, presidente of the Iewery, hauenge grete favor of Pilate, for [folio 204a] like thynges take soone conuenience. This Pilate lokenge from his palice in to the gardyn of Ruben in a day, whiche was fader to Iudas, hade grete appetite to diuerse frutes in hit. Wherefore he sende Iudas that he scholde stele somme apples, whom Ruben metenge, and rebukenge hym for that offense, was sleyne by the hurte of a ston in his hedde thro Iudas his son. But Iudas fleenge secretely, peple supposede Ruben to haue diede sodenly. Then Pilate ȝafe the goodes Page  357, vol.4 of Ruben and Ciborea his wife to Iudas. This Ciborea, wife and moder to Iudas, sorowenge her wrecchede lyfe a fore Iudas, how that sche hade putte her son to the floodes of the see in grete perelle, and that sche was putte to mariage ageyne her wille after the dethe of her howsebonde, hit was perceyvede that Iudas hade sleyne his awne fader and mariede his moder. Ciborea, moder to Iudas, movede hym that he scholde folowe Criste, and so his synnes forȝiffen, he was made the proctor and apostle of Criste. The apostles mette in that yere at Ierusalem after the eleccion of Seynte Mathy, after the sendenge also of the Holy Goste, or thei were dis|persede in to the worlde, where they made the crede seide of commune peple, callede the crede apostolicalle. And Seynte Steven was stonede to dethe the same yere in the thridde day of Auguste. In the same yere Petyr the prince of apostles, son to John, of the province of Galilee, of the place callede Beethsaida, and broþer of Andrewe, began to be presidente in Page  359, vol.4 the partes of the este, where he was bischop iiij. yere, syng|enge masse, seyenge Pater noster. Jeronimus de viris illus|tribus. After that he wente to Anthiochia, where he was vij. yere. After that he wente to Rome, where he was presidente xxvti yere and vij. monethes. Seynte Paule was convertede this yere the viijthe kalendes of February, whiche was at the cite of Damascus, with the disciples, anoon after that he was bap|tisede [folio 204b] of Ananias, returnenge from that cuntre to Araby, and after that to the cite of Damascus, makenge iij. yere, whom scripture callethe mony dayes. From whiche cite he wente to Ierusalem to see Petyr, with whom he dwellede xv. daies, laborenge the gospelle of Criste with hym. After that he wente in to the partes of Siria, Silicia, and of Asia by xiiij. yere, returnenge after that to Ierusalem to þe apostles. After that an appellacion made to themperour, he come to Rome, where Page  361, vol.4 he hirede a berne withowte the cite, in whom he spake and tauȝhte the wordes of swete doctryne. Amonge whom Se|neca, the maister of Nero, visitte not Seynte Paule oonly by bodyly presence, but also with excellent epistoles. Parsius the poete was borne this tyme, and Tiberius themperour diede this tyme thro poyson, in the lxxviijti yere of his age, in the kalendes of October. Petrus, capitulo quinquagesimo. Whiche knowenge hym selfe to dye, callede to hym Gaius, the son of Germannicus his broþer, and Tiberius the son of Drusus, the noble men of thempire beenge presente, ordeynede to be his successor wheþer of theym ij. come to hym raþer in the mornynge. Wherefore he made a signe to Tiberius that he scholde comme afore in eny wise, but he seide pleynly that he wolde not comme afore that he hade dynede. Wherefore Gaius Page  363, vol.4 commenge in the morowe was made emperour and successor to hym. Kymbelinus kynge of Britones diede this tyme, levenge after hym too sonnes, Guiderius and Arviragus. But Guiderius succedenge in that realme did prouocate gretely the hate of the Romanes ageyne him, in that he denyede to pay a tribute to theyme.