Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.
Page  165, vol.5

Capitulum vicesimum octavum.

IULIANUS thapostata, made emperour of a Cesar after the dethe of Constancius, reignenge as ij. yere, under whom Pig|meus the preste, somme tyme maister to him, Iohn and Paule suffrede dethe and also Quiriacus, other Iudas, þe bischoppe of Ierusalem, in that he founde the crosse of Criste. ℞. Hit is redde of this Iulian in the xjthe booke of the story tripar|tite,*. [A narracion folowethe.] that Constancius, broþer of grete Constantyne, hade ij. sonnes, Gallus and this Iulian; but grete Constantyne dedde, Constancius his sonne did slee Gallus at Histria. Then this Iulianus, brother to Gallus, dredenge dethe, made hym selfe [folio 234b] a monke. Whiche apperenge a man of grete devocion, a woman perceyvenge his sadde disposicion, brouȝhte to hym thre pottes fulle of golde, havynge asches caste over hyt, Page  167, vol.5 preyenge hym to kepe theyme. But this Iulianus takenge aweye the golde, and fillenge the pottes fulle of asches, re|storede the pottes to the woman, whiche cowthe not be con|victe, for the wyttenesse beynge by see noo thynge but asches. And so Iulianus hade that golde, whiche goenge to Rome, was made a consul by hit, and at the laste he was made emperour. This Iulianus instructe in nigromancy of tender age, openenge a booke of that arte in the absence of his maister, and redenge in hit, a multitude of spirittes apperede afore hym, whiche dredenge theym, merkede hym with the signe of the crosse, and they evaneschede aweye. This Iulianus schewynge what that he hade doen to his maister, his maister seide that spirittes hate specially the signe of the crosse. At the laste thys Iulianus commynge to Rome, a spiritte apperede to hym by the meane of a nigromancyer, promysenge to hym thempire if that he wolde forsake the feithe of Criste, and soe he didde. Con|stancius Page  169, vol.5 made hym Cesar afterwarde, and sende hym to Fraunce, whiche havenge mony victoryes þer was insignite mervellousely with a crowne of laurer, hongenge there betwene ij. grete pillers, the rope brekenge sodenly with whom hit was made faste. Men seenge that, seide that hit was a prenosticate and a signe that he sholde reioyce thempyre. Constancius dedde, and Iulianus made emperour, willenge to please alle peple, grauntede to alle peple that they scholde use what ryte thei wolde. Neverthelesse he destroyede the signe of the crosse after his power, supposenge to gette grace of wickedde spi|rittes þerby, openenge temples and doynge safrice*. [Sic in MS.] to ydoles. Whiche doynge sacrifice in a tyme, a dewe descended on his clothes in the maner of a crosse, and on the clothes of peple beynge presente. Also the signe of the crosse apperede in an other tyme in the bowelles of a beste y-offrede; the ministres seenge that, seide that hit prenosticate the interminable vic|tory of the crosse of Criste. To whom Iulianus seide that Page  171, vol.5 hit was a signe to constreyne the doctryne of Criste, and that hit scholde not be made large and commune over the com|passe of this cercle. The bischoppe Calcedonense rebukede Iulianus sore, for cause that he did sacrifice to ydoles at Con|stantynenople, whiche bischop was blynde for grete age. To [folio 235a] whom Iulianus seide, "Thy man of Galilee for alle his myȝhte can not restore to the thy siȝhte." The bischop seide, "Y ȝiffe lawde to my Maker that y am blynde, and may not see the voyde of pite and compassion." Also þis Iulianus*. [A dede of grete con|tempte.] commenge to Antiochia, toke holy veselles and palles of the awters and wipede his partes posterialle, or the instrumente of egestion, and wormes avoidenge from hit grevede hym soore un to the tyme of his dethe, and cowthe not be helpede þerof by eny medicyne. An oþer governoure of his hoste made uryne in the usualle veselles of the awters, seyenge, "Beholde in what veselles peple ministre to the son of Mary;" and*. [A mowthe was turnede in to the organ of egestion.] þerfore his mowthe was turnede in to that other secrete instru|mente of egestion as sodeynly. This Iulianus themperour commaundede þe temple of þe Iewes to be reedifiede in to the Page  173, vol.5 hate of Cristen peple, ȝiffenge grete treasure þerto, but hit felle downe in the nyȝhte as faste as men did edifye in the day, and fire goenge from the temple brente mony of theyme, and in the nyȝhte foloynge the signe of the crosse apperede in the clothes of alle men beynge þer. After that Iulianus putte mony cookes and barbres from his servyce, seyenge that oon barboure wolde suffice to mony men, and his cookes in that he ȝafe not hym selfe to grete delices, after the dethe of his wife, makenge mony bookes, in whom he reprovede moche emperoures his predecessoures. And in that he expellede his cookes and barboures from hym, hit was a signe of a philosophre, and not of a prince; in that he detracte princes, hit was a signe neither of a prince neither of a philosophre. As hit is redde in Vitis patrum, Iulianus goenge to Persida, sende a spiritte to regions of the weste, to brynge an answere from thens, whom a monke callede Publicus did lette by x. daies, that þe spiritte myȝhte not brynge an answere to his maister. The Page  175, vol.5 wickede spirites promysenge victory to Iulianus themperour, a man longenge to hym inquirede of a Cristen, "What doethe your God now, that smythes son?" The Cristen man answerede seyenge, "He makethe redy a beryalle to Iulianus thy lorde." This Iulianus emperour, goenge to ȝiffe batelle to men of [folio 235b] Persida, come to a cite callede Thesifon, whiche segende the kynge of that cuntre refusede a grete parte of his realme, supposenge the sawle of Alexandre to have bene incorporate in hym, after the sentence of Pitagoras and of Plato, whiche seide the sawles of men to goe from body to body. But at the*. [Of þe dethe of Iulian.] laste a spere was fixede in his body, or elles a darte, where thro he diede. ℞. Nevertheles Eutropius and Orosius, libro sexto, do reherse that Iulianus goenge to men of Persida, was ledde thro deserte places by a gyde, whiche as oppressede thro hete of the sonne and laboure, was sleyne by an enemy of his. But hit is redde in the lyfe of Basilius, that Iulianus goenge to men of Persida, blessede Basilius dwellenge at Page  177, vol.5 Capadocia, sende to hym for a ȝifte certeyne loofes of barly brede. Iulianus refusenge theyme, sende to Basilius hey. Then Basilius seide, "We sende to hym suche brede as we do eyte, and he sende to us heye, meyte of brute bestes." Then Iulianus themperour seide, "I schalle destroye that cite after that y comme from Persida, that hit schalle be moore apte to berre hey then corne." Basilius preyenge besyly for the*. [Seynte Basilius preyede to God for salvacion of his cite.] salvacion of his cite, a multitude of angelles apperede in the chyrche in the nyȝhte, and in the myddes of theyme a woman sette in a trone, whiche seide, "Calle to me Mercury my knyȝhte, whiche schalle venge my Soon and me of that blas|femer." That knyȝhte Mercurius was sleyne but litelle before of that Iulianus for the feithe of Criste, and beryede in that churche where the vision apperede. And then Mercurius takenge his armour, which hongede in that churche, wente ageyne Iulianus, and persede hym with a spere in the myddes of his hoste, and evaneschede sodenly. Then Iulianus takenge Page  179, vol.5 owte the bloode with his honde, caste hit on brode, seyenge, "O þow man of Galilee, thow hase the victory, and ȝitte y schalle denye the; fylle þe here after." Blessede Basilius awakynge, founde in the churche þe spere of Mercurius made redde with bloode, and the armor of þat knyȝhte Mercurius, [folio 236a] as thei were hongede afore. Iovinianus was emperour after Iulianus viij. monethes, a myȝhty prince, and of the feithe of Criste. Iulianus commaundenge in a tyme that knyȝhtes of the feithe of Criste scholde do sacrifice, other elles be deposede of chevallery, Iovinian loosede his gyrdylle anoon. Whiche de|sirede of the knyȝhtes to be emperoure, seide to theyme that he beynge a Cristen man wolde not have governayle of paganes; the knyȝhtes herenge þat, receyvede the feithe of Criste. Whiche compulsede by grete necessite, ȝafe a grete parte of Mesopotamia to Sapor kynge of Persida. Whiche diede soone after other of the hugenesse of the savoure of Page  181, vol.5 cooles, whom he causede to be brente for the grete coldenesse other elles of the grete savoure of lyme whiche was in his chambre.