Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum octavumdecimum.

Severus reignede after Iulian xvj. yere. This Severus was made emperour oonly of that cuntre of Affrike; whiche instructe in philosophye was made firste advocate of the kynges trea|sure, and so he come by diverse office that he was electe to be emperour; a grete sparer, whiche hade victory of men of Parthia and also of Araby, dienge and finischenge the laste daies of his lyfe at Yorke. Beda, libro primo, capitulo quinto. This emperoure governede thempire myȝhtely, but with gretely*. [Sic.] laboure; whiche commenge to Briteyne, made a walle of a c. and xxijti, ml passes from see to see, not of ston, as mony men sup|pose, Page  45, vol.5 but of turves, on whom grete trees were sette, makenge mony towres in hit. After that he diede at Yorke, levenge after hym ij. sonnes, Bassianus and Geta; but Bassianus, namede and callede Antonius, reioycede the realme. Gaufridus. Lucius the kynge off Britones dedde and beryede at Claudio|cestre, a discorde and debate were movede betwene the Britones and þe Romanes. Giraldus. The Britones electe Bassianus to be kynge, for cause his moder was a woman of Briteyne; and the Romanes electe Geta, in that a woman of Rome was moder to hym. Neverthelesse, these parties metenge in a con|flicte, Geta was sleyne. ℞. Eutropius rehersethe in his story Page  47, vol.5 of the Romanes that the seide Geta was sleyne at a cite callede Edessa, as he wente to ȝiffe batelle to men of Parthia of a tyraunte callede Carausius. Simachus, the iiijthe interpretator was this tyme, a Samaritan of nativite, made as an aliaunte amonge the Iewes. Eusebius, libro sexto. Narcisus the bischop of Ierusalem was of grete lawde in this tyme, whom men sayde to be inflexible in iuggementes. Thre wickede men percey|venge [folio 221b] that, and confederate to geder, feynede a mater ageyne that bischoppe, bryngenge furthe þeim as wittenesse ageyne hym. The firste preyede Allemyȝhty God that he myȝhte be consumede with the fyre of God if that the bischop were not gilty in that cryme they obiecte and bere wittenesse ageyne hym. The secunde preyede that he myȝhte be consumede with the kynges sekenesse if hit were not trewe thei testifiede ageyne hym. The thrydde prayede that he myȝhte be blynde if that he sayde not trawthe. Then soone after Allemyȝhty*. [aȝenst] and accused, Cx.]Page  49, vol.5 God brente the firste wittenesse with alle his howseholde, and consumede the secunde with the kynges sekenesse. The thridde man seenge this, and dredenge the wrathe of Alle|myȝhty God, knowlegede his offense and trespasse afore alle peple openly, with so moche wepynde that he was blynde þerwith. Zephirinus the pope succeded Victor ix. yere; whiche made a constitucion that alle peple of Criste excedenge xij. yere in age scholde receyve the moste precious body of Criste oonys in the yere on Ester day. This pope did wryte mony omelyes, oon of the innocentes, whiche begynnethe "Zelus quo tendat," and an other of the decollacion of Seynte Iohn Bap|tiste. Eusebius, libro sexto. Seynte Leonides, the fader of Origenes, was martiriȝate at Alexandrye in the kalendes of Marche. Thexemple of whom Origenes intended to folowe, havenge xviij. yere in age, but he was reservede by the meane of his moder, thro divine dispensacion, to the utilite of moche Page  51, vol.5 peple. For his moder took aweye his clothes in the nyȝhte afore that he wolde have goen to his fader; wherefore þat childe Origenes sende an epistole to his fader, certifyenge hym that he was compellede to tary by meanes of hys moder from hym, preyenge and comfortenge his fader to prosecute that he hade begunne. This Origenes movede questiones of his fader in his tendre age, how scripture is seide inspirate by the Holy Goste, and what thynge of divine cownsayle simplicite of wordes coverethe in hit. Wherefore hit is seide that Seynte Leonides, [folio 222a] fader to Origene, wolde uncover that childe Origenes beenge in slepe, and kysse his breste, worschippenge hyt as the temple of God, seyenge hym to be happy that he was fader to suche a sonne. Wherefore Leonides putte to dethe for the feithe of Criste, and his goodes eschete with his wyfe and childer, Origenes, lefte in grete pennury, helde a scole of grammar at Alexandrye, where thro he founde hym and diverse of his Page  53, vol.5 frendes. And in that tyme he converte mony peple to the feithe of Criste, and norischede men trowblede for the feithe of God, and made theyme bolde to suffre dethe for the luffe off theire Lorde that suffrede dethe for theym. Whiche laborede to performe and folowe the wordes of the gospelle, that he scholde not have ij. cotes, and that he scholde not thenke of the day folowenge, with thexemple of sure poverte, in so moche that he wolde expelle yonge men from his scole whom he per|ceyvede to reserve eny money to theym, havenge exhibicion competente. This Origenes usede to were noo schone by mony*. [Of Origenes.] yere, absteynenge from wyne withowte grete infirmite of the stomake movede hym to drynke wyne; whiche did gelde hym selfe in his tendre age, a signe of grete feithe and of chastite, that he myȝhte take aweye every occasion of fowle suspicion, not oonly for the obtente and wille of chastite, but also for cause he scholde preche openly and prively to men and to Page  55, vol.5 women. ℞. Mamea, the moder of Alexander themperour, herenge of Origenes, causede hym to goe from Alexandria un to Antiochia. This Origenes hade vij, yonge men and vij. yonge women that didde write like as he rehersede un to þeym,*. [Of his labours.] oþer writers excepte; whiche did write so mony volumes that Seynte Ierom seythe hym selfe to have redde iiii.ml volumes of the werkes of Origen, excepte epistoles. Of whom hit was*. [Of his life.] seide proverbially that his lyfe was lyke to his doctryne, slepenge not in bedde, and tastenge neither wyne ne flesche. Giraldus. Origenes scholde have bene accomptede oon of the moste noble writers if that he hade avoyded erroures in so grete laboures. And lyke as alle poetes of Latyne folowede [folio 222b] Ennius, soe in lyke wise alle expositores have folowede Origenes. Ieronimus, epistola quadragesima prima. Where Origenes Page  57, vol.5 seide welle, noo man myȝhte say better, and where he seide ylle, noo man myȝhte say wurs; whiche overcommenge alle|moste alle other doctors in mony werkes, overcome hym selfe on the Canticles; whiche did speke a ml tretys in the chyrche. Also he made commentaryes as innumerable, whom he namede thomus. But peraventur a man wylle obiecte to us his erroures; what thauȝhe oon be viciate, God for bede that his notable werkes scholde be refusede þerfore. For oon booke of his is viciate specially, whiche is callede Periarchon, where he understondethe ylle of the Fader, wors of the Sonne, and wurste of the Holy Goste; where in he seithe Criste of his grete mercy to redeme the angeles þat felle from hevyn with Lucifer, applyenge to his purpose these wordes: "Non in perpetuum irascetur." Neverthelesse Origenes did penaunce þerfore,*. [Origenes was peni|tente for his heresy.] as hit is schewede in an epistole whom he sende to Fabian pope of Rome, expressenge the cause of that offense in a boke, Page  59, vol.5 seyenge that his frendes were cause þerof, sayenge that and if y hade bene stille y scholde have be acomptede gilty, and if y hade answerede y scholde have bene iuggede an enemy. Either of these condicions is herde, þerefore y schalle chose þat thynge that is moste liȝhte. The vthe translacion was founde abowte this tyme at Iherico, whiche is callede the commune translacion, the auctor of whom is not knowen; of the whiche translacion oure usualle psawter semethe to have beene taken, sithe we folowe the translacion of Seynte Ierome in oþer bookes of divine scripture. Damasus the pope causede the churche of Rome to folowe Seynte Ierome in his sawter.