PTHOLOMEUS Dionisius reignede in Egipte xxxti yere. In the tyme of whom Plauctus Latinus, maister to grete Pompeius, was at Rome, a noble man of fame, and Silla the consul diede at Rome after the victory of Mitridates. Nicholnedes, kynge of Bithinia, diede, levenge the peple of Rome his heire; after þe dethe of whom Mitridates brekenge peace, entrede in to Asia and in to Bithinia, ageyne whom ij. consulles of Rome were sende, oon of whom Mitridates ouercome; but the oþer consul causenge hym to fle, did sle a c. ml of the hoste of Mitri|dates. A newe batelle was movede to Ytaly of lxxiiij. ml men, whiche vsenge to brenne, to robbe, and to do adultery, hade victory oftetymes of the Romanes; but they were deuicte after that in Apulea by Marchus the proconsul of Rome. Alex|andra Page 175, vol.4 and Sabrina, the wife of Alexander, reignede amonge the Iewes ix. yere, whiche did sle mony of the Iewes, other putte theyme in exile, by the cownselle of the Pharisees, the secte of whom sche folowede. Eutropius, libro sexto. Virgi|lius Maro, the poete laureate, was borne nye to Mantua. Shippe|men kepede the see ageyne þe Romanes, whom Pompeius destroyede. This Pompeius ȝafe batelle after that to Mitridates, and Tigranis kynge of Armenia in that he norischede Mitridates fledde ageyne the Romanes. Wherefore Pompeius hauenge the victory of Mitridates, did slee xlti ml of his hoste in a batelle in the nyȝhte, and toke Tigranis in to dedication, takenge from hym Armenia and Asia, causenge hym to pay a tribute of vj. ml talentes of siluer, in that he movede batelle Page 177, vol.4 to þe Romanes withowte any cause. This Mitridates, fleenge with his wife, exercise grete crudelite, in so moche that he did slee ij. of his sonnes. Farnaces, the thridde son, perceyvenge that fledde, whiche drawede to hym an hoste sende from Mitri|dates his fader to sle hym, in so moche that this Farnaces besegede his fader at Bosforus. Mitridates perceyvenge that, [folio 185a] askenge mercy, and hauenge noo grawnte þerof, ȝafe poyson to his wife and to his ij. doȝhters, þro the whiche thei dyede, but he receyvenge venom other poyson hade noon hurte þerof. Wherefore he desirede a knyȝhte whom he hade trowblede afore to throtelle hym, and so this Mitridates diede in the lxxti yere of his age, and the lx. yere of his reigne. After that Pompeius made subiecte to hym the Albanes, Hiberia, and hade victory ageyne men of Siria, and also of men of Araby. Marianus, libro 1o. Oracius Flaccus, the poete sati|ricus and liricus, was borne this tyme at a cite of Ytaly Page 179, vol.4 callede Venusia. Petrus. Alexandra dedde, whiche seide Hircanus here firste son to be bothe bischoppe and kynge, Hircanus and Aristobolus stryvenge for the gouernayle, movede the Romanes to entre in to the Iewery. Wherefore Pompeius commenge to Ierusalem gate hit unnethe by the space of iij. monethes, xiij. ml of the Iewes sleyne, makenge the walles of the cite egalle with the erthe, and ȝafe the bischopryke to Hircanus, and brouȝte Aristobolus bownde with his ij. sonnes vn to Rome, and made Staurus presidente in Siria. And sithe that this Pompeius was most fortunate in batelle, he hade neuer victory after that tyme, for cause he sette his horses Page 181, vol.4 in the porches of the temple. Sergius Catilena, a noble man of bloode, but wickede in vitte, entendede the destruccion of the cite, drawenge mony other men to hym, and thauȝhe Caius Iulius defendede his parte in pletenge for hym, ȝitte he was expulsede from the cite by Tullius and Cithero consulles, Marcus Cato pletenge ageyne hym. And his felawes taken by Antonius, an other consul, caste in to prison, were throtelede in hit, of whom Salustius makede a boke of the coniuracion of Catilene. Titus Livius, the writer of stories, was borne [folio 185b] this tyme at the cite of Rome, and Virgilius the poete was tauȝhte at Cremena. Gaius Iulius Cesar made a consulle, hade Fraunce and Iliricum assignede to hym with x. legiones, whiche ȝafe batelle by ix. yere ageyne men of Fraunce and of Page 183, vol.4 Germanny, whiche destroyede cccc. and xlti ml of the Ger|maynes that hade commen passede the flode callede Rhenus, to subduew Fraunce to theyme. Whiche makenge a brigge over the floode Rhenus, made tame the men of Sweuia, after that alle Fraunce and Britones, also makenge theym tributaries to hym whiche fauȝhte but thryes ylle amonge alle these batelles and victoryes. Iulius Cesar comme to subiecte Briteyne to hym, after Bede, in the lx. yere afore the incarna|cion of Criste, takenge with him a c. and xxxti grete schippes Page 185, vol.4 laded with men; where he hade grete resistence of Britones, in so moche that he loste a grete parte of his schippes and of his men. After that he returnede vn to Fraunce, and sende vn to Irlonde a certeyne legiones of peple; whiche entrenge the see to comme to Briteyne ageyne, loste sodenly xlti schippes; whiche was ouercomen by the Briteynes in the firste batelle, and Labienus the tribune was sleyne. And so Iulius putte the Briteynes to fliȝhte the secunde batelle by soore fiȝhte, and with grete difficulte, for the Britones hade stopped the mowthe of Thamys with trees, where that Iulius londed. The Romanes perceyvenge þat, and avoidenge perelle, toke the cite of Tri|nonaunte by consente of Androgius, where thei occupiede also a ryche and plentuous towne off Cassibelanus, sette in a fenny cuntre. After that Iulius returnede from Briteyne vn to Fraunce, Lud the kynge of Briteyne dedde, whiche namede and callede the cite off Trinouante Caerlud, and made a ȝate Page 187, vol.4 in that cite callede Ludgate, Cassibelanus, his broþer, suc|ceedede hym in the realme of Briteyne. For Lud hade lefte ij. sonnes, Androgius and Tenuantius, to yonge in age to haue gouernayle of a realme. Wherefore Cassibelanus ȝafe to Androgius the cite Trinouante, with the duchery of Kent, and [folio 186a] to Tenuantius the ducherye off Cornwayle. This Cassibelanus was made tributary to Iulius Cesar, lyvenge after the de|partenge of Iulius vij. yere, Crassus the consul, and felowe of Pompeius, sende to fiȝhte ageyne men of Parthia after the dethe of Gabinus, and made presidente of Siria, toke ij. ml talentes from the temple of Ierusalem, from whom Pompeius abstenede, that he myȝte supporte his hoste. Wherefore he was taken and overcommen by men of Parthia, in the throte of whom men of Parthia caste golde y-meltede with suche an Page 189, vol.4 exprobracion, seyenge, "O thow Roman, thow hase thurstede golde, now drynke golde."