Capitulum tricesimum septimum.
PTHOLOMEUS Euergetes reignede in Egipte xxix. yere. The iunior Scipio, made too tymes consul, hade victory of the Numentanes in Speyne in a soore conflicte and batelle, whom the Romanes supposede to haue escapede raþer then to haue hade the victory of theyme. Then Scipio inquirede of a knyȝhte, Tiresus, citesynne of that cite taken, why that cite myȝhte not be geten afore, and why hit was geten by hym. The knyȝhte answerede and seide: "Concorde of the cite|synnes causede victory, and discorde destruccion." Petrus, capitulo 221o. Triphon intendenge to reigne thouȝhte to sle the yonge kynge Anthiocus, but he dredde Ionathas as the Page 133, vol.4 defensore of Anthiocus, wherefore he did sle firste Ionathas with his ij. sonnes, and after that Anthiochus his kynge; whiche reignede for hym in Asia. Symon, broþer to Ionathas, was electe in to the office of Ionathas, whiche made concorde with Demetrius in to the hate of Trifon. But Demetrius goen unto men of Medea for helpe that he myȝte expugne [folio 180b] Triphon, was taken of Arsax kynge of Persida, and sleyne afterwarde. After whom Anthiocus, his sonne, did reigne in Siria ix. yere, whiche made firste acorde with Symon, and pro|sewede Triphon fleenge by the costes of the see in to Anthio|chia; but this Anthiocus brake the conuention made with Symon afterwarde, and ordeynede Sendebeus to expugne the Iewery, whiche was ouercomme by the Iewes. Symon, go|uernoure of the Iewes, renewethe the conuencion made with the Spartanes, men of Lacedemonia, and with the Romanes, sendenge to the Romanes a schelde of golde of a ml talentes. Page 135, vol.4 And the concorde was made soe that Lucius, the consul of Rome, wrote to the regiones of the Este that thei scholde not do eny greuaunce to the Iewes. Petrus, 225. Ptholomeus, a gouernoure of Iherico, and son in lawe to Symon, callenge hym to a feste, did sle hym with his ij. sonnes. But an oþer son of the seide Symon, callede Hircanus in that he hade victory of the Hircannes, herenge this, occupiede Ierusalem, and folowede Ptholomeus. Neuerthelesse the seide son of Symon returnede from the sege, for cause that Ptholomeus hade sette his moder on the walles of the cite made redde with bloode, with ij. childer. Anthiochus Ponticus, kynge of Siria, besegede Ierusalem, wherefore Iohn Hircan open ij. of Page 137, vol.4 the grete purses and veselles that were abowte þe sepulcre of Dauid; whiche takenge from theym iij. ml talentes, ȝafe to Anthiocus iij.c. þat he scholde breke the sege, makenge with oþer talentes ȝiftes to the peple, that he myȝhte constreyn the murmur of þe peple in that wise. The seide Iohn bischoppe of Ierusalem hade victory of the Hircannes, and was con|federate to the Romanes. Orosius, libro quinto. A grete multitude of flees were in this tyme in Affrike, in so moche that thei destroyede corne, herbes, leves of trees, and frutes, whiche were drownede at laste in the see of Affrike. Whiche cariede to the brynke of the see did cause so pestilente a corrupcion that briddes and wylde bestes as innumerable diede þerby. Also lxxx. thowsande of the Romanes diede at Nu|midia, [folio 181a] at Cartago ij.c. ml, at the cite callede Utica xxxti ml of the Romanes lefte to kepe the cuntre. Cartago was edifiede ageyne by the commaundemente of the senate in the xxijti yere Page 139, vol.4 after the destruccion of hit, and mony citesynnes of Rome were hade to inhabite that cite. Anthiocus Trilius reignede in Siria and Asia xij. yere; and Iohn Hircan destroyede Samaria, whom Herode instorede after and callede hit Sebasten. Marcus Terrencius Varro, the philosophre and poete, were this tyme borne at Rome. Orosius, libro 5to, et Augustinus, libro 3o. The mownte callede Ethna in Sicille brente more then hit was wonte, in so moche þat hit brente the cite Catinense, and also the burdes of schippes nye to hit, and destroyede mony men thro the pestilente savoure of hit. Wherefore the senate of Rome releschede peple of the cite Catinense of theire tribute by ten yere folowenge.