Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum tricesimum tertium. [folio 170b]

PTHOLOMEUS EUERGETES, broþer to Philadelphius, the thridde kynge of men of Egipte, began to reigne, whiche reignede xxvjti yere. This Ptholomeus wastede Siria for the dethe of the howsebonde of Beronica, and of her childe also, and Silicia a parte of Asia, and causede Anthiocus Galericus to fle. Whiche herenge his princes to haue con|spirede his dethe in his absence, returnede into Egipte, takinge with hym mony preyes, and ij. ml and vj.c. of similacres. Galericus lefte his ij. sonnes, Seleucus and Anthiocus Magnus; but at the laste Anthiocus reignede in Siria, his brother dedde, Page  49, vol.4 by the space of xxxvj. yere, whiche metenge in batelle with Philopator, kynge of Egipte, was ouercommen and allemoste taken. Ennius the poete was borne at Tharentus this tyme, whiche brouȝte to Rome by Cato, a questor, dwellede in the mownte Auentyne, was of litelle meite contente with the ministery of oon goose. Eutropius, libro secundo. xlti ml men of Fraunce were sleyne of the Romanes, whiche hade com|men to the hilles Alpyne. These men of Fraunce hade made an othe that thei wolde not putte awey theire girdelles of knyȝhtehode vn til thei hade occupiede the capitoly. And so hit was; for the consul Emilius destroyede and pereschede theyme Page  51, vol.4 taken in captiuite in the capitoly. Anthiocus Magnus began to reigne in Siria abowte this tyme. Ptholomeus Eupator or Philopator, son of Euergetes, began to reigne amonge men of Egipte, whiche reignede xvij. yere, in whose tyme those thynges happede whiche be wryten of the pennes*. [Sic.] of the Machabees. Trogus, libro tricesimo. This Ptholomeus was namede Philopator for the magnitude of his trespas; for he lefte þe actes of cheuallery and ȝafe hym to ydelnes, lecchery, and to superfluites, wastenge nyȝhtes in lechery and synne, and the daies in festes and in superfluites. After that Erudix his wife y-sleyne, and sustyr to hym, he drawede un to women [folio 171a] of ylle disposicion. Anthiocus Magnus provokede thro that hade occupiede alle Egipte, but that an hoste of men hyrede ȝafe to hym resistence. At the laste, this Ptholomeus dedde, the women of ylle disposicion to whom he drawede were hongede, levenge after hym a childe of v. yere in age, whom Page  53, vol.4 he gate by Erudix his wife and sustyr. Eutropius, libro tertio. The secunde batelle Punical began, continuenge by xvij. yere, in whom the Romanes were more deuicte then victores. Hanibal, the son of Amilcarus, a childe of ix. yere in age, made a promyse to his fader, at the awters of theire goddes, þat he wolde ȝiffe batelle to þe Romanes as soone as he myȝhte. Hanibal hauenge xxti yere in age segede a cite in Speyne, Saguntum, moste luffenge to the Romanes, by viij. monethes. The Romanes sende messyngers to Hanibal that he scholde leve the segenge of that cite by reason of promysse made betwene þeyme. Hanibal despisenge theire message, the messynge to Affrike*. [Sic.] compleynenge of the promyse broken to þeim, whiche reioycenge noo comforte returnede to Rome. Whiche cite was destroyede in þis maner folowenge: A knyȝhte longenge to Hanibal, and luffenge that cite, come to Page  55, vol.4 the peple of hit, after that thei hade suffrede grete hungre, cownsaylenge theyme to yolde vp the cite with alle theire goodes, hauenge your life grauntede to yow. This peple of the cite takenge cownselle togeder, sette fire in the cite, in to whom thei keste alle theire golde and siluyr, and after that they felle in to þe fire and were brente. That cite destroyede, Hanibal lefte Asdrubal his broþer in Speyne. This Hanibal hauenge with hym a c. ml of fote men and x. ml of horsemen, xlti elephauntes, passenge the hilles Alpyne in the tyme of ver, come to Ytaly, Cornelius Scipio beenge that tyme occupiede in batelle in Speyne. Orosius. This Hanibal passenge the hilles Pirene, made weye to hym with his swerde and with fire [folio 171b] amonge the cruelle peple of Fraunce, trowblede soore with theyme by the space of iiij. daies; whiche was conclusede with Page  57, vol.4 snawe by ij. daies in the hille Appenyne, where he loste mony men, bestes, and elephauntes. Eutropius. Mony meruellous signes causede the Romanes to be aferde; for the sonne was seene to fiȝhte with the moone at Arpos, and ij. mones were seen at a place callede Capena, and the firmamente was seene as to haue ben diuidede at Faliscos. The Romanes herenge of the commenge of Hanibal, Scipio was desirede to comme from Speyne, whom Haniballe mette at Ticinus, and hade victory of hym; after that Hanibal hade victory of Sempronius commenge from Sicille. After that Hanibal hade victory of Flammens, consul, sleenge xv. ml of Romanes, and takenge vj. ml in cap|tiuite. Titus. Where the peple did fiȝhte soo soore, that when there was that tyme a movenge of the erthe, destroyenge cites Page  59, vol.4 and diuidenge hilles, hit was not perceyvede of theyme. Eu|tropius, libro tertio. Fabius Maximus sende by the Romanes to ȝiffe batelle to Hanibal, kepenge coverte places and fyndenge avauntage, hade victory of Hanibal. After that consules of Rome were sende to ȝiffe batelle to Hanibal, whiche were Lucius Emilius Paulus and Publicus Terencius Varro, whom Fabius monyschede that Hanibal was invincible withowte that thei differrede batelle. But these consulles doenge not after the cownselle of Fabius, were deuicte at Cannas of Apulia, the wynde helpenge Hanibal and the grauel lifte vp by hit, where xlti ml of horsemen of the Romanes and v. ml men consulares and senatores other sleyne or taken. And withoute dowte the laste batelle of the Romanes hade ben finischede if that Hanibal hade goen to the cite and taken hit after that batelle. Page  61, vol.4 For þer was so grete murdre of the peple of Rome that he commaundede his peple to sease from the sleenge of theyme. Eutropius. Varro, the consul, returnede to the cite, whiche was commendede of þe senate that he putte not the commune vtilite in despeire, and hade not schaven his berde and heire; [folio 172a] whiche slepede not vn til that he hade taken vengeaunce of Hanibal. In that tyme seruauntes of Rome were made fre, thefes and also mansleers were made knyȝhtes. Orosius. And also men lefte in oþer tymes in the cite for multiplicacion; for that tyme alle the senate was but as a nouice. Eutropius. Hanibal offrede to the Romanes that thei scholde redeme the Romanes in captiuite. The senate seide those citesynnes be not necessary that be taken in to captiuite hauenge armor on theyme. Wherefore Hanibal did slee somme of theyme, and Page  63, vol.4 solde somme into other regiones, sendenge to Cartago iij. busch|elles of rynges of golde in a signe off victory, whom he hade of the hondes of the knyȝhtes of Rome. Titus. There was that tyme suche pouerte in the cite of Rome that brasse and yrne was spoilede from temples to repaire armour, takenge also armoures sette in temples after that they hade doen grete victoryes. Also thei hade not sufficiaunte takellynge for theire schippes, neither treasure sufficiaunte for theire hoste, where|fore a crye was made by the consulles and senatores that priuate persones scholde brynge theire goodes to the place of treasure. For the whiche thynge grete diuision was movede betwene the peple and the senatores, whom the consulle re|movede in this wyse, sayenge that the senatores and also the noble men scholde precede þeim in ȝiftes, like as þei precelle the peple in dignite. Wherefore the consul ordeynede that Page  65, vol.4 every man from the hieste degre to the laweste scholde brynge to þe place of theire treasure alle the golde and siluyr thei hade, excepte that he scholde haue oon rynge for hym selfe, an other for his wife, a gyrdelle of golde for his son, and certeyn unces for his doȝhters. Whiche þinge was doen, wherefore there was so grete goodes innumerable, that men deputede to receyve the goodes kowthe not write the goodes brouȝhte to theyme, [folio 172b] neither the names of men þat brouȝhte the goodes. Orosius, libro quarto. Rome was confracte with so mony infortunes in that tyme that the senate was disposede to haue lefte Rome and to haue goen to other cuntrees. Wherefore thei askede cownselle of Appollo, whiche movede theyme to laboure for an ymage of a godesse callede Sibela or Berocincia, and by hit thei scholde be salvede. Then legates were sende to Frigia for this godesse to be found. Apollo movede theyme to desire the helpe of Attalus, kynge of the lesse Asia. Also Page  67, vol.4 Apollo movede that the godesse scholde be receyvede firste of the moste noble man. That paste, Scipio Nausica was electe þerto, whiche, takenge with hym a grete multitude of women, mette that ymage callede Sibella other Berocincia, as moder of alle goddes, or the moder of hilles, or elles Ydea, for sche was [folio 165a] honourede specially in a woode of Frigia. ℞. Of whiche chaunce the Romanes usede euery yere to kepe a feste in the nones of þe monethe of Aprille, whiche was callede the feste of bathes, as Ouidius de Fastis rehersethe, for the ymage of that godesse brouȝhte from Frigia was waschede in a floode nye to Tiber, whiche thynge was doen with harpenges and other songes and instrumentes musicalle, and suche a geste was callede a messe. Hanibal movede his hoste from Campania Page  69, vol.4 vn to a place beenge but iij. myles from Rome, abowte the xthe yere of his commynge, whiche come to the ȝate Collyne with a certeyne nowmbre of horse men with hym. The consulles disposenge the wardes of theire batelles, and willenge to haue mette hym anoon, there was suche a tempeste of hayle that peple were gladde to fynde eny socoure. Also the peple willenge to make a felde in the secunde day, a tempeste more violente constreynede the peple to fle for refute and socoure. Eutropius. Too noble men of Rome whiche were callede by this name, Scipio, sende to Speyne, hade victory of Asdrubal, brother of Hanibal, sleenge of the host of men off Affrike [folio 173a] xxxv. ml. Philippus, kynge of Macedony, promisede to Hanibal helpe ageyne the Romanes; Sardinia the yle refusede to helpe the Romanes. Wherefore the gouernoures of Rome were sende in iiij. hostes in to iiij. partes of the worlde; oon hoste to ȝiffe batelle to Philippe kynge of Macedony, an other hoste to expugne the yle Sardinia, an other to Hanibal in Page  71, vol.4 Ytaly; the iiijthe to Speyne to Haniballes brother, Asdrubal by name. The consul Leuinus, getenge the favor of Attalus kynge of Asia, hade victory of Philippe, kynge of Macedony, and toke Sicille with lx. cites, and expugnede xxvj. cites, returnenge to Rome with grete victory. Hanibal beenge within the space of iiij. myles to the cite of Rome, herenge of his commynge, returnede to Campania. The ij. Scipiones beenge longe tyme victores in Speyne, were sleyne of the broþer of Asdrubal, neuerthelesse the hoste of the Romanes was holle. Wherefore Cornelius Scipio, as the moste noble man, son of an other Scipio, havenge xxiijti yere in age, was sende to Speyne. This is the Scipio whiche seenge the senate in purpose to haue fledde in to other londes, drawede owte his swerde prohibitenge þeim to do so, and promysede to theym that he wolde defende the cuntre. This Scipio goenge to Speyne, toke Cartago, a cite in Speyne, in whom was moche treasure of golde and of siluyr, and of bellicose apparaile, whiche yoldede the childer of Speyne as put in plegge to Page  73, vol.4 theire faders, and sende Magon, the broþer of Asdrubal, taken in captiuite vn to Rome, and toke a feire maide of Speyne to mariage, and ȝafe to her grete goodes. The howsebonde of the maide, seenge that grete curtesye and kyndenesse, causede allemoste alle Speyne to turne to Scipio. Then Fabius Maximus toke a cite callede Tarentus in Ytaly, and did sle Cartaligon, a gouernoure other duke of Hanibal, and solde xxv. ml men taken in captiuite. Hanibal, beenge then as in desperacion, sende to Asdrubal his broþer, beenge in Speyne, that he scholde comme to hym with alle his hoste; whom the consulles of Rome mette, fiȝhtenge nobly ageyne hym; in whiche fiȝhte Asdruballe, brother to Hanibal, was [folio 173b] sleyne, with lviij. ml, v. ml taken, and xliiijti ml of citesynnes of Rome were founde; and the hedde off Asdrubal was caste afore Hanibal, which seenge hit sorowede moche, and fledde to Briccia, and Scipio Magnus was callede to Rome from the cuntre of Speyne.