Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum tricesimum primum.

PTHOLOMEUS, the son of Lagus, began to reigne in Egipte after the dethe of kynge Alexander, whiche contynuede þer Page  19, vol.4 by xlti yere, whiche was callede Saluator, other elles Sother, whiche caste to his realme Siria, and toke mony Iewes, beenge ydelle in the Sabbate day, and solde þeim. In the tyme of whom Iadus, the bischop of the Iewes, diede, whom Onias, his son, succedede; after hym Symon Iustus; and after hym Eleazarus, his brother. This Ptholomeus was so myȝhte and stronge that he restorede Pirrus, kynge of Epirotes, expulsede from his realme, to hit, and restorede to Seleucus a parte of Siria taken from hym, hauenge victory of Deme|trius, son of Antigonus. Agatocles exercisede grete cru|delite at the cite callede Siracusan, whiche hade a meruellous begynnenge, as Trogus rehersethe. Ptholomeus toke Ieru|salem by gyle and disseyte, and toke mony of the Iewes in [folio 167b] captiuite, and did selle theyme. The philosophre Theofatus, takenge name for the excellence of eloquency, and also Menander, were in this tyme. The story of Machabes comp|tethe Page  21, vol.4 the reigne of men of Grece from this yere. Seleucus, the kynge of Siria, edifiede the cites of Anthiochia, Laodicia, and of Seleucia abowte this tyme. Symon Iustus, the son of Onias, was abowte thys tyme. The Tharentynes ȝafe rebuke to the messengers of the Romanes, whiche attracte up|to theim Pirrus the kynge, with iiijxx. ml of fote men, and vij. ml of horse men, with xx. elephauntes, of whom the Romanes hade victory; and in the thridde conflicte Pirrus the kynge returnede to his awne cuntre, from whiche tyme the batelles punicalle began to sprynge. Eutropius. That kynge Pirrus hade victory of the Romanes in the firste con|flicte, and causede theym to go backe to a cite callede Prenestes, by xviij. myles from the cite of Rome, and occu|piede Ytaly, and sende to Rome his prisoners withowte eny redempcion, and beriede the men sleyne; whiche, percey|venge the Romanes so myȝhty in batelle, seide, that he myȝhte be lorde of the worlde if that his men were so Page  23, vol.4 bolde. This kynge Pirrus offrede to Fabricius, a legate of the Romanes, þe iiijthe parte of thempire of Rome, to con|descende and to helpe hym to gette hit; whiche messyngere wolde not condescende to hym in eny wise. The kynge seenge that he myȝhte not be corrupte with eny money, sende hym to Rome with grete ȝiftes, and desirenge pease of þeyme. Trogus, libro septimo decimo. Cyneas, the legate of Pirrus, sende with grete ȝiftes to the Romanes, cowthe not fynde oon man that wolde receyve the ȝiftes of his kynge; and also the men taken in captiuite, and sende to Rome, were hade in derision and contempte in that thei myȝte haue been taken in armes. Cyneas the messenger returnenge, seide to Pirrus, that he hade seene the londe of kynges, where alle men were like as Pirrus the kynge was amonge theyme. Then Pirrus the kynge was deuicte [folio 168a] in the secunde batelle and conflicte, his elephantes sleyne, and xxti ml of his men. ℞. For, as Isidorus rehersethe, the Romanes ordeynede to theyme wiȝhte yonge men, whiche sittenge behynde the horsemen, lepede downe from the horses Page  25, vol.4 in the metenge of the hostes, whiche hade instrumentes of yrne to scrape the forehedes of the elephauntes vn til that thei felle and diede. After that, Pirrus the kynge wente to Tarentus, and after þat to Grece, where he was sleyne afterwarde. Valerius. When hit was so that Pirrus and Fabricius hade theire hostes nye to geder, a leche of Pirrus come to Fabricius in the nyȝhte, promysenge that he wolde betray Pirrus, his lorde, if that he wolde ȝiffe to hym a con|digne rewarde. Fabricius, the gouernoure of the Romanes, herenge that, sende hym bownde to his lorde, expressenge the treason of his seruaunte. Then Pirrus the kynge hauenge meruayle seide, "This Fabricius is as indeclinable from honeste as the sonne from his naturalle cowrse." Titus. This Pirrus, desirede gretely off the Tarentynes to schewe theyme helpe ageyne the Romanes, askede cownselle of Appollo of the victory, whiche ȝafe to hym an answere, seyenge amphibologically: "I say to the thou may ouer|comme Page  27, vol.4 the Romanes." Pirrus made bolde thro that answere, come to Erechea, a cite of Campany, where the Romanes, ferede of the elephauntes, fledde in the firste batelle. But Pirrus woundede soore in the secunde batelle returnede. Bloode did renne downe of welles in mony partes of Ytaly, and reyne descendede like to mylke. Seleucus, kynge of Siria, hade mony Iewes to inhabite cites of his realme, grauntenge to theyme egalle honoure with men of Grece. The Romanes edifiede the cite of Beneuent in the cuntre of Sampnites. Gaufridus et Alfridus. Moruidus, the cruelle man, and son of Danius, geten of Tangustela his concubine, reignede abowte this tyme in Briteyne, whiche was deuourede of grete bestes and fisches, after grete exercise of his crudelite, [folio 168b] levenge after hym v. sonnes. Gorbonianus, the firste childe, and luffer of iustice and equite, reignede a season and diede. After that Archagallo, the secunde childe, reignede with grete Page  29, vol.4 crudelite, wherefore he was expulsede by the peple from the londe; and Elidurus, the thridde son, a man of mekenesse, was substitute in to the kynge. This Elidurus ȝiffenge at|tendaunce to huntenge, after þe vthe yere of his reigne, at a woode callede Calaterium, now callede Galtrees, nye to Yorke, [Gaufridus] founde his brother Archagallo expulsede from that realme þer, whom he hidde priuely in his chamber; whiche fenynge hym seke, movede the noble men of the realme to restore his broþer and to make hym kynge. Then Archagallo restorede and made kynge diede after that he hade reignede x. yere; and then Elidurus was electe in to theire kynge. But the oþer ij. breþer, Vigenius and Peridurus, expugnede hym and putte hym in prison at the cite of Trinouante, whiche reignenge diuerse tymes, and dyenge, Elidurus was take from prison and made kynge the thridde tyme, lyvenge in peace Page  31, vol.4 and tranquillite after that tyme. After whom xxxij. kynges reignede in Briteyne; but Bledgarec kynge precellede alle other in musike and in melodyes, in so moche that he was callede god of disporters. After that Hely, reignenge amonge the Britones by xlti yere, lefte thre noble childer behynde hym, Ludde, Cassibelanus, and Neninus. Petrus, capitulo ducentesimo.