Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.
Page  [3], vol.4

Capitulum tricesimum.

ALEXANDER after that compassenge abowte the Este ocean, in the xjthe yere of his reigne, ȝafe metenge to the bischoppe of the trees of þe sonne and of the moone, clothede with skynnes of wilde bestes. To whom the bischoppe seide that thei scholde entre and see the trees of þe sonne and off the moone if thei were clene from the synne of lecchery, theire clothes putte aweye; whiche trees hade an c. foote in altitude; whiche trees were seide to wepe in þe eclippes of the sonne. Petrus, capitulo centesimo nonagesimo septimo. Prestes eit|enge Page  5, vol.4 of the apples of these trees lyvede by vc. yere; and alle the tree of the moone schakede when the beame of the sonne towchede hit, and ȝafe answeres to peple beenge abowte hit. Vincentius. Alexander commenge to theyme wolde haue doen sacrifice; to whom the bischoppe seide that hit was not lawe|fulle to do eny sacrifice to þeim. Wherefore Alexander fallenge downe to the rote of the tre with kyssenge, herde at the risenge of þe sonne of the tree of the sonne in the langage of Ynde, and in the eve of the tree of the moone spekenge in Grewe, þat a man scholde be lorde of the worlde, and that he scholde not comme ageyne in to the propre place of his nati|uitie. Wherefore thei cownsellede hym that he scholde not go to Babilon; for if he come to Babilon he scholde be sleyne by poyson, and not by batelle, in the yere folowenge. Also he herde that his moder scholde die miserably, and that his susters scholde reioyce longe in lyfe. Petrus, capitulo cen|tesimo nonagesimo septimo. Alexander schewede the mer|vellous Page  7, vol.4 thynges of Ynde to Aristotille his maister and mony other moo. ℞. Mony storyes reherse that a man come to the knyȝhtes of kynge Alexander serchenge the hidde places of Ynde, reprovenge gretely the ambicion of theire kynge, takenge [folio 166a] to theyme a stonne to be brouȝhte to theire lorde, seyenge that he was lyke to that ston in alle thynges. That ston brouȝte to Alexander, mony men hade meruayle wherein the similitude scholde be: at the laste that ston put in a balaunce weiede alle thynges downe, vn to the tyme that theke ston was lappede in cleye, and þen hit was but of a litelle weiȝhte. Eutropius. Lucius Papirius, a dictator of Rome, was so fortunate in batelles that he wolde haue ȝiffen batelle to kynge Alexander if that he hade entrede the cuntre of Ytaly, whiche hade victory of the Sampnites by xlti yere, and destroyede theire cites, that the cite callede Page  9, vol.4 Sampnium is requirede of peple beenge in hit. Petrus, capitulo nonagesimo septimo. Alexander subduenge to hym the este partes of the worlde, returnede towarde his cuntre; to whom the legates of the weste cuntre, as of Affrike, Ytaly, of Speyne, come to do hym reuerence, and to make theyme subiecte to hym, and tariede for hym at Babilon. Then Alexander, supposenge hym to haue the monarchye of the worlde, forgate for ioy the answere of the trees of the sonne and of the moone, and entrede in to Ba|bilon to speke with the seide messyngers. Trogus, libro duodecimo. Alexander commaundede mony gouer|noures, whom he hade lefte to gouerne the cuntre in his absence, to be hongede, for cause of theire accusacion of the comprovincialles in the presence of the seide legates, takenge the doȝhter of Darius to matrimony, and mariede the noble maides of that cuntre to men off Macedony. Wherefore Alexander levede olde men, and drawede to yonge men, receyvenge letters sende from his moder of the Page  11, vol.4 falsenesse of Antipater, gouernoure of Macedony. This Antipater seenge hym not to be rewardede for his grete labores, and his cosynnes to be sleyne, and dredenge him selfe to be pereschede, sende Cassander, his son, to poyson hym. The myȝhte of that venom was soe stronge þat hit [folio 166b] myȝhte not be contenede in brasse, yrne, or in eny oþer metalle, but in the hoofe of an horse. Alexander was poy|sonede at the soper of Tessalus the leche, sorowenge as if he hade bene woundede thro the body with a spere, abhor|renge the towchenge of man as woundes, willenge to sle hym selfe for peyne, his frendes iuggenge that passion to haue commen by the intemperance off meytes. Petrus, ca|pitulo centesimo nonagesimo septimo. Alexander, loosenge the vse of speche, wrote his wille; willenge not the monarchye Page  13, vol.4 of the worlde to be taken to oon man, leste eny man scholde be rehersede egalle to hym afterwarde, ordeynede xij. yonge men to be successores to hym, whiche were felawes to hym of theire yowthe. But that institucion indurede not longe, for iiij. of theyme reignede, the oþer viijthe expulsede, as hit is schewede in Daniel. Trogus, libro duodecimo. The frendes of Alexander seenge hym lyke to dye, inquirede of hym whom he wolde haue to succede in his realme, he ansuerede and seide, "The worthieste man." Whiche laborenge þro infirmite and passion, thenkenge debate to sprynge by that answere, and hauenge no myȝhte to speke, toke a rynge from his finger, and ȝafe hit to a yonge man, Perdica by name, in the signe of succession. Alexander diede þe xij. yere of his reigne, and in the xxiijti yere of his age; whose dethe straunge men sorowede as the dethe of theire faders. An Page  15, vol.4 answere hade by the oracle of Iubiter that he scholde be beryede at Egipte, not in the cite of Memphis, but in the cite of Alexandria, whom he edifiede. Trogus, libro duo|decimo. Alexander beryede, diuerse philosophres comme to his berialle, the firste of whom seide, "Alexander was wonte to make a treasure of golde, but now golde makethe a trea|sure of hym." The secunde philosophre seide, "Alle the worlde was not sufficiaunte to hym ȝisterday, and iiij. elnes of clothe be sufficiaunte to hym this day." The thridde philosophre seide, "Alexander hade ȝisterday lorde|schippe of the peple, but peple haue lordeschippe now of [folio 167a] hym." The iiijthe philosophre seide, "Alexander ledde an hoste ȝisterday, and he is ledde nowe in this day of an hoste." The vthe philosophre seide, "Alexander pressede downe the erthe ȝisterday, and he is pressede Page  17, vol.4 downe of the erthe nowe this day." Petrus, capitulo centesimo nonagesimo septimo. Arrideus, the brother of Alexander, reignede in Macedony, in the londe off Grece, after the dethe of Alexander; Antigonus at the northe of Asia and of Pontus; and Seleucus Rucanor at the este of Siria and of Babilon; after whom Anthiocus Sother reignede, of whom other kynges succedenge were callede Anthiochi. Whiche be Anthiocus Theos, Anthiocus Galericus, Anthiocus Magnus, Anthiocus Epiphanes. Also Tholomeus, the son of Lagus, regnede at the sowthe parte in Egipte; after whom kynges folowenge were callede Ptholomei. Whiche be Philadelphius, Euergetes, Philopater or Eupator, Epiphanes, Philometor, Euergetes, Sother. Iosephus, libro duodecimo.