Capitulum decimum septimum.
Then xviij. yere annumerate in whom the peple of Israel ministrede to Eglon the fatte kynge of Moab, and also oon yere of Sangar the duke, which did sle vjc. men with the cultur of a plowe, Aioth reignede on the peple of Israel lxxxti yere. This Aioth, son of Ihera, the son of Geminus, vsede either honde as the ryȝhte honde. Petrus. Somme men say Geminus to haue bene a vile person in the tribe of Beniamyn, callede so as by effresis; for þei putte Iamyn where we putte Geminus, whiche sowndethe as pertenenge to the ryȝhte parte, whiche may be called welle in Latyn Geminus. Tritholomus commenge to Eleusis in a longe schippe, and the kynge of Thracia, raueschede and toke awey Proserpina, whose dogge callede Cerberus de|uoured Pirotonus, which come with Theseus to the takenge aweye of Proserpina; whiche hade deuourede Theseus also, but that Hercules delyuerede hym, for whiche thynge he was receyvede of helle. Achaia was foundede of Acheus, Page 355, vol.2 and Dionysus*. [Dionisius, Harl. MS. Similar slight errors have been tacitly cor|rected in both versions.] Bacchus, other Liber Pater, gouernoure of men of Athenes, was borne abowte this tyme of Semela. And the misterys of Perseus began, whiche did slee a strumpette other hore, Gorgones by name, makenge men beholdenge to meruayle the excellente beaute of here. In whiche tyme Frixus, and Elle his sustyr, dredenge the watches of theire steppemoder, were drownede in the see whiche is callede vn to this tyme Ellespontus,*. [Elespontus, Harl. MS.] after the name of his sustyr. Laomedon, the kynge of men of Scitia, the xviijthe kynge, reignede lti yere. Amphion and Zethus reignede at Thebas in Grece, Cadmus expulsede. Tros, of whom the Troianes toke name, reignede in Dardania, otherwise called Frigia, after that ȝiffenge batayle to Tantalus kynge of Athenes, for the rape of Ganimedes his son. Perseus, the brother of Eruteus,*. [Clerical error for Ericteus (Erechtheus).] ȝafe batelle ageyne men of Persia for the sleenge of Gorgones. That stronge man called Ion namede men of Athenes Iones after his name. Dionysus,*. [Dionisius, Harl. MS. Similar slight errors have been tacitly cor|rected in both versions.] other Liber Page 357, vol.2 Pater, fiȝhtenge ageyne men of Ynde, made that cite callede Nisan. This Dionysus hade firste women mixte with men in his hoste. Pelopos reignede firste amonge men of Pelo|ponens, and also at Olympus, whiche rebellenge ageyne Troianes was ouercommen by Dardanus. The later Her|cules was in the tymes of Aioth, duke and governoure of Israel. This myȝhty Hercules was the tamer of the worlde, the victor of þe Amazones, the perescher of Ynde, the expugnator of Troianes, the entrer of Libya, the lorde of Speyne. ℞. This Hercules, after Ouidius, in Methamor|phoseon libro octauo, ouercome the gigaunte of Libia at Athenes, and did sle Geryon the gigaunte and kynge of Speyne, causenge his bestes to be brouȝhte thro Ytaly in a signe of victory, gettenge of the doȝhter of Faunus*. [Fannius, Harl. MS.] Latinus the kynge; whiche did slee also a lyon and a grete serpente in a marras callede Lerna, rennenge the space of a fore|longe with oon brethe, settenge pillores at the yle of Gades; whiche finischede xij. huge labores. Augustinus, libro de|cimo octavo. Whiche hauenge as a disease intollerable after his grete labores, commaundede hym selfe to be caste Page 359, vol.2 in to a grete fire, in Ceta an hille of Speyne. ℞. Whiche labores were not like to be the labores of man, as hit is schewede by the poete Claudianus, libro vjto de raptu Proserpinæ, and by Virgilius, Eneyd, libro viijo, and by Oui|dius in Metamorphoseon libro nono. The firste was tak|enge aweye of apples of golde from the gardyn of þe vii.*. [Hoc Lu|canus af|firmat libro suo nono.] doȝhters of Atlas,*. [Athlas, MSS., as usual; which conversely have Tracia below.] the dragon and keper of theyme beenge in slepe. The secunde was of the grete bestes callede Centauri, whom he ouercome. The thridde was the sleenge of a lyon, in a woode callede Menena. The iiijthe was the chasenge of Arpines. The vthe was the chenenge of the grete dogge callede Cerberus, whiche did sle Pirithous*. [Pyrytheus, and Peritheus, MSS.] in the takenge aweye of Proserpina. The vjthe was the oppression of Diomedes kynge of Thracia, whiche fedde his horse with the flesche of man. The vijthe was the sleenge of the serpente in that marras callede Lerna. The viijthe was the victory of Achelo[u]s, chaungenge hym in to diuerse formes. The ixthe was the victory of Anteus the gigaunte of Libya, whiche encreasede in strenghte as he towchede the erthe. The xthe labore was the sleenge of Cacus, whom men seide to euomette fire. The xjthe was the sleenge of Page 361, vol.2 the boore of Arcadia.*. [Archadia, MSS., as usual.] The xijthe labore was the suppor|tation of heuyn while that Atlas beenge wery did reste; whiche diede or that he hade fullefyllede the xiijthe labore. Of whom hit is to be attendede, þat these labores attribute to Hercules sounde other a story, as that of the lyon, and the xjthe of the boore; other elles thei longe oonly to the couerenge of maneres, and then hit is a fable that thei expresse, þauȝhe thei do implicate trawthe, as the thrydde and iiijthe labore were of the takenge aweye of the apples; other elles thei sownde a story mixte with a fable, as alle other labores. Also hit is to be attendede, that þese xij. labores be not to be attribute to oon Hercules, for as Seynte Austyn seythe, De Civitate Dei, libro decimo octavo, capitulo quarto decimo,*. [The numbers are so written at length.] that there was an other Hercules to whom these xij. labores were attribute, then that Hercules whiche ouercome Antheus the gigaunte of Pales|tria.*. [It is possible that the translator's Latin text was corrupt.] And Boecius, quarto libro de Consolatione Philo|sophiæ, rehersethe that of Antheus among the xij. labores of Hercules. Also Seynte Austyn seithe that þer were mony Hercules, and also Sampson was trawede to haue be namede Page 363, vol.2 Hercules, for his meruellous strenȝhte. Also hit is ex|pressede in the boke of Frigius Daretis, of the batelle of Troy, that Iason, whiche did feche the fleece of golde at Colchos, was callede Hercules. Also Ouidius, in libro octavo Metamorphoseon, ȝiffethe that labore of the sleenge of the boore of Arcadia to Melandrus other Melander. For that name of Hercules was ȝiffen to nowble men for a singuler vertu and audacite, whiche thynge semethe to appere by interpretation of that name. For this worde, Hercules, is seide of this worde, eros, whiche is a man, and cleos, that is joy, as a glorious man.