Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum tertium-decimum.

AMRAM, the son of Caat, the son of Leui, beenge of lxxti yere, gate of Iocabeth his wife Moyses. Petrus. The pro|pre name of Pharo, vnder whom Ioseph was, was Nemphers; the viijthe Pharao after whom was callede Amonophis, vnder whom Moises was borne. Iosephus, libro secundo. This Pharao did hate moche the peple of Israel, for the vertu of Page  317, vol.2 the witte of theyme, for the affluence of richesse, for the beaute of theire childer; where fore he thouȝhte to slee theyme priuely, that theire multiplicacion and frute scholde not be able to resiste theim. Where fore he putte to theyme diuersites of labores, to make tyle stones, diches abowte ryueres, and to make clay, ȝiffenge to theire fyndenge but chaffe, that peple oppressede with labore and hungre scholde refuse multiplicacion, and so theire frute scholde decrease and faile. But a scribe, hauenge prenostication of thynges to comme, schewede to kynge Pharao oon childe to comme of men of Hebrewe, that scholde make Egipte meke and tame, and exalte the kynde of Israel. Where fore the in|fantes of theyme were commaundede to be sleyne. Petrus. This not withstondenge and the peple causenge multiplica|tion, kynge Pharao commaundede the mydde wifes of Egipte to slee the male childer and to kepe the childer female, as a kynde not apt to make batelle, and pleasaunte to the luste of men of Egipte, commaundenge the childer to be caste Page  319, vol.2 freschely or newly in to the water after theire byrthe, leste that he scholde not preuayle in þat other wyse. For whiche synne hit is trawede men of Egipte to haue fallen in to that erroure that thei scholde worschippe Apis for Godde. Genesis. But Moyses borne was hidde iij. monethes, at the laste he was putte in a weele made of rishes dressede with picche, and caste in to the water, whom Thermuth, þe doȝhter of kynge Pharao, fyndenge, desirede hym in to here childe. Iosephus, libro secundo. That name Moyses is compounde of thys worde moy, that is, water, in Grewe, and esis, that is saluede, callede Moyses, as saluede by water. Whiche aborrenge the noryschenge of men of Egipte, was norischede of his awne moder, and when he was of iij. yere in age, God encreasede soe the beaute and stature of hit, that men movede thro labore, other in trowble, wolde refuse their occupacion to beholde þat childe. In a tyme when Thermuth offrede that childe to kynge Pharao here fader, vn to beholde hym, and that he scholde Page  321, vol.2 desire hym in to his son, Pharao meruellenge the beaute of þe childe, put the crowne on his heede, in whom an ymage of Iupiter was graven, whom that childe did trede with his feete. A preste stondenge þer by seide, "This ys the childe whom Godde willethe to be sleyne of vs, that we scholde not be in drede afterwarde." And so he wolde haue pereschede that childe, but that a discrete man was by and seide contrary, excusenge that thynge by the insolence of the childe. Petrus, libro secundo. For the probacion of whiche thynge hoote cooles of fire were brouȝhte a fore the childe, whiche takenge oon of theym, putte hit to his mowthe, and brente the extremite of his tonge. From whiche tyme men of Hebrewe suppose Moyses to haue hade an impedimente in his tonge. Hercules is seide to haue geten victories at Athenes abowte these tymes. Iosephus, libro secundo. Men of Ethioppe guerrenge ageyn men of Egipte, theire wicches ȝafe answere that thei scholde take a man of Hebrewe in to theire gouernoure, whiche hauenge grawnte made Moises theire gouernoure. Whiche beenge Page  323, vol.2 wise in batelle, lefte the iourney by water, and brouȝhte his hoste thro places fulle of serpentes, to whom he putte bryddes callede snypes, odious to serpentes and amiable to men. And so he concluded men of Ethioppe, as withowt deliberacion, in the regalle cite of Saba, whom kynge Cam|byses*. [Cambises, MS. and Harl. MS.] callede Meron afterwarde, after the name of his sustyr. That is a stronge cite, by reason of the diches of waters rennenge abowte hit, and of stronge walles, whiche is sette in the costes of Egipte, on that floode callede Nilus. Tharbis, the doȝhter to the kynge of Ethioppe, seenge the beawte of Moyses, toke to hym that cite, that he scholde wedde here to his wife. Petrus, libro secundo. That is the woman of Ethioppe for whom Maria and Aaron were at debate, and stryvede ageyne Moises in deserte. And when Moyses wolde haue goen in to Egipte, his wife wolde not condescende; wherefore Moises causede ij. rynges to be made, reteynenge with hym a rynge of memory, [and] ȝafe to his Page  325, vol.2 wife that other rynge of obliuion and forgetenge. Genesis. In whiche tyme, when Moises visitte his brether in the londe of Gessen, he did sle a man of Egipte, whiche hade smyten a man of Hebrewe, hidenge hym vnder sonde. Whiche dredenge in the day folowenge, when that thynge was seide to hym by a man of Egipte, fledde in to the londe of Madian, where he did wedde Zephora, of whom he gate Gersan and Eliezer. Petrus, libro secundo. That priste, fader to Zephora, was the moste nowble man in the londe of Madian, abowte the Redde See; the propur name of whom was Raguel, by an other name Ietro, hauenge vij. doȝhters, and kepers of bestes. For that office of kepenge and norischenge bestes was commendede to women, and specially in the region of Trog[l]odites. The realme of men of Athenes began vnder Cecrops,*. [Cicrops, MS. and Harl. MS., and so below.] of Latona the wife of whom, and of Iupiter, fables reherse Apollo to haue be geten. Deucalion began to reigne in Thessalia; in the xijthe yere of the reigne of whom the thrydde particuler floode was made in Thessalia, and a brennenge under Pheton. Augustinus, libro decimo octavo.Page  327, vol.2 This floode destroyede a grete part of Grece, in whiche tyme men fleenge to Deucalion in schippes, to that grete mownte callede Parnassus,*. [Pernasus, Harl. MS.] occupyenge hit were saluede. ℞. Thro whiche chaunce poetes feyne that Deucalion and Pyrrha*. [Pirra, MSS. Similar slight errors in this chapter have been tacitly corrected.] his wife renewede men of stones caste vp with the water. Isi|dorus, libro tertio, capitulo sexto. Where and when floodes be more habundante then thei were wonte, thei be wonte to signifie not oonly hurtes presente but also to come. Orosius, libro primo. In whiche tyme the son beenge of feruente heete, brente not oonly Ethioppe, but also Scyttica*. [Scicia, MSS.]; for whiche thynges the fable of Feton is feynede of the Gentiles.