Of the grete see or Mediterranye. Plinius, libro tertio, capitulo primo. Capitulum octavum.
THE begynnenge of the grete see is in the weste, at the pyllers of Hercules, where the occean Atlantyke brekenge vp to londes makethe the see Gaditan. The [folio 22b] longitude of whom is protendede in to xv. ml of passes. The latitude of hit is extente in to v. ml passes, hauenge at the ryȝhte parte of hit Affrike, at the lyfte parte Europe: after that hit is diffusede in to sees internalle. The termes of whom be the water of Thanays at the northe, Page 55, vol.1 and Nilus at the sowthe. Isidorus, libro quarto decimo. The grete see flowenge from the occean turnethe in to the sowthe, after that in to the northe, the fyrste end of whom is in to Speyne; after that hit floethe in to the prouince Narbonense; after that the bosom of þe water Ligusticus watrethe the cite callede Ianua; after that the see Tyren atteynethe to Ytaly. Then Siculus goethe from Sicille to Crete. Then the water callede Creticus in to Pamphyliam and to Egipte. Then the see Elesponte retorte with grete passage turnethe to the northe, but abowte Grece, nye a place namede Bosforus, hit is restreynede in to the streyte|nesse of vij. forlonges where kynge Xerxes*. [Exerces, MS. and α.; Xerses, Harl. MS. Here and elsewhere the classical orthography is restored, when the word does not appear to be in a manner anglicised, e.g., Affrica.] made a brigge off schippes that he myȝhte goe in to Grece. Plinius, libro sexto, capitulo primo. The see is so streyte þer betwene the costes of Asia and of Europe, that the singenge of bryddes and berkenge of dogges may be herde to gedre, with owte the wynde cause resistence. Giraldus, distinct. prima, capitulo decimo. That streyte see is callede the arme of seynte George, whiche flowethe abowte Constantinople, Page 57, vol.1 compassenge abowte also as welle Affrike as Europe. There is an yle callede Abydos. Isidorus, libro nono. The see callede Pontus, diffusede from þens towarde the northe makethe the see callede Propontides. And from thens hit is streynede also into vjc passes a[nd] causethe a water named Thracius.*. [Tracheus, Harl. MS. Trevisa has also mangled the word.] Then the see Pontike compassenge abowte from the northe the londes of Thracia and Mœsia is ex|tendede towarde Mæotides Paludes where hit receyvethe a floode named Thanay, which extendede towarde the este goethe towarde Asia the lesse to the costes of Hiberia and of Armeny, whiche is callede the see Eusyne. Isidorus, libro nono. That see is moore swete, more schorte for floodes, accurrente on euery side. In the grete arme of whom be yles callede Colchos, Patmos,*. [Patmos] Pathmos, MS. and Harl. MS.] and oþer. Plinius, libro sexto. The see Pontike reflowethe not as other sees, but hyt dothe floe alle weies in to that see Propontides and Elesponte. ℞. The cause may be assignede that im|petuosites of floedes in the backe of hit constreyne the the see Eusyne to floenge continualle, and Elesponte deriuate Page 59, vol.1 so ferre from the occean may not returne ageyne that huge impetuosite. Isidorus, libro nono. And neuerthelesse, sythe the erthe is oon or londe, and callede in diuerse names thro diuerse causes and diuerse places, soe in lyke wyse the [folio 23a] grete see is namede in diuerse maners for diuerse regiones, yles, cites, and peple that hit compassethe.