Capitulum quadragesimum octavum.
Willelmus de Pontificibus, libro tertio. The cite of Yorke is large, and edifiede on either side of Owse, as after the cite of Rome, vn tylle that William Conquerour deformede hit thro Page 65, vol.2 brennenge; and if a man scholde see hit now, considrenge what that cite was a fore tyme, hit scholde move hym to be soory. Gaufridus. Ebrancus, the vthe kynge of Briteyne, made that cite of Yorke, whom he namede Caerbranc. Also that same kynge made ij. other nowble cites; oone was in Scottelande, whiche is callede Edengborouȝh, that other cite was in the costes of Englonde, towarde Scottelonde, whiche was callede Alcluid. ℞. Edengborouȝh is a cite in the londe of Pictes, betweene the water of Twide and the Scottes see, whiche was callede somme tyme the Castelle of Maidenes, after that it was callede Edyngborough, of Edan kynge of Pictes, whiche reignede there in the tyme of Egfride kynge of Northumbrelonde. Alcluid was somme tyme a nowble cite, now beenge vnknowen allemoste of alle Englische men, whiche was a nowble cite in the tyme of Britones, of Pictes, vn to the commenge of Danes in to this londe of Englonde; and at the laste, abowte the yere of [folio 66a] grace ixc. lxxti yere, the Danes, destroyenge the costes of Northumbrelonde, destroyed that cite of Alcluid. Of Page 67, vol.2 whiche cite be diuerse opiniones, after diuerse auctores, in what parte of Briteyne that cite was edifiede. For Bede seithe, libro primo, capitulo xijo, that cite to be edifiede at the weste parte of an arme of the see, whiche departede somme tyme the Pictes from Britones, where the famose walle was terminate at the weste; and so hit semethe after Bede that hit was not ferre from Caerliel, for hit is putte also at the ende of that walle. Also other writers of stories reherse and wille that the cite of Alcluid be that towne whiche is callede now Aldelburghe, whiche sownedethe an olde towne, whiche is sette nye to the floode of Ouse, not ferre from Burbrugge, whiche is from Yorke by xv. myles at the weste of hit. And this position semethe to be probable of the dictes of Gaufride in his boke of the gestes of Britones, whiche affermethe þat*. [This word is interlineated in red.] Elidurus, kynge of Britones, taryenge at Alcluid for solace to hunte, founde his broder Archgallo errante in a woode callede Calaterium, whiche woode is callede in Englische Caltrees, Page 69, vol.2 nye to Yorke, and is extendede also nye to Aldel|burgh, in longitude by the space of xxti myles, of whiche woode a grete parte is kytte downe to brenne, and for other thynges necessary. Other men wille that Al|cluid be that cite whiche is callede now Burgham, in the northe partes of Westemerlonde, nye to Cumbir|londe, sette on the floode of Eden, of whom mervellous stappes appere ȝitte. Wherefore y cownselle that a prudente lector iuge what weye is to be holden of that cite off Alcluid. Caerliel is a cite in the northe partes of Englonde, towarde the northeweste, whiche was callede otherwise Ligubalia, whom Leil the vijthe kynge of Britones did make. ℞. That cite hathe parte of that famose walle Page 71, vol.2 whiche diuidethe Northumbrelonde. Willelmus de Ponti|ficibus, libro tertio. In whiche cite a threfolde chambre remaynethe ȝitte, that can not be defilede with fire, other elles with eny other tempeste, in whom a wrytenge is con|teynede of the victory of Marius. ℞. Whiche semethe to be probably that theke mencion is made there of Marius kynge of Britones, son to Aruiragus, whiche overcome Roderike the kynge of Pictes in those costes, as Gaufride rehersethe in his boke of Briteyne, whom William Malmesbury hathe not seen. The chirche of Haugustaldens [folio 66b] is a place beenge from Yorke by lxxx. myles, at the northe weste of hit, whiche place longede somme tyme to the bisshope of Yorke, where ryalle edifienges were some tyme, after the edifienge of Rome, whiche edifienges haue not be seen of eny man a this side Alpes, but in that place, whiche is callede nowe Estoldesham. Beda, libroPage 73, vol.2tertio, capitulo primo. And that place is nye to the fa|mose walle at the northe parte. Also there is difference betwene the prouince of Lindesey and the chirche Lindis|farnens. For the prouince of Lyndesey liethe at the este of Lincolne, whiche is chiefe cite to that prouince, of whom Beda spekethe, libro iiijto, capitulo xio, where Sex|wulphus was firste bischoppe. But the chirche Lindifar|nence, after Bede, libro iiijto capitulo [x]xiijo, is an yle whiche is callede the Holylonde, in the water of Twide, nye to Berewike: wherefore hit may be collecte of the seyenge of Bede, that there be iij. yles in that famose arme of the see in whom the water of Twide floethe, whiche departethe now of the este parte Englische men from Scottes. The firste yle, somme tyme callede Maylros, is callede now Meuros. Then from that towarde the weste is the chirche of Lindisfarnence in Halielonde. Also there is an yle whiche is callede Farnelonde. Also there a cite longenge somme tyme to the kynge, sette on the brynke off Twide, within the space of ij. myles, callede somme tyme Bembanburgh, that is to say the cite of Bebbe, callede now Banburghe, hauenge a stronge castelle in hit. Page 75, vol.2Giraldus, in Itinerario. There be ij. cites of legiones, oon was callede Caerlegion or Caerlyon, oon is in Sowthe Wales, whiche is callede Caerhuth, whiche beenge at the water callede Usca, is so namede, fallenge into the water of Seuerne nye to Glomorgan, edifiede somme tyme of Belinus, kynge of Englonde, whiche was the chiefe cite off Sowthe Wales. After that hit was callede the Cite off Legiones, when legiones of the Romanes were sende to Yrlonde at the instance of a qwene, callede Genuissa,*. [Gemissa, Harl. MS.] a concorde made betwene Ves|pacian and Aruiragus. That was a nowble cite, and wallede welle, where nowble stappes appere ȝitte, grete palice, a gigantes towre, and mony edifienges vnder the erthe as welle withowte the walles as within. In whiche cite were thre ryalle chirches, oon was of Iulius the [folio 67a] Page 77, vol.2 Martir, made feire with a company of virgynes. An other was of blessede Aaron, made nowble with the clere ordre of canons. The thridde chirche was made nowble with the seete of the metropolitan of alle Wales, whiche was translate afterwarde to Meneuia, whiche is callede nowe Seynte Dauid. ℞. Also there is an other Cite of Legiones, Page 79, vol.2 callede Chestre, where this cronicle presente was laborede, in the coste of Wales betwene ij. armes of the see whiche be callede Dye and Meresie, whiche was the chiefe cite of Northe Wales in the tyme of Britones, the firste founder of whom is not knowen. For hit scholde seme to a man beholdenge the fundacion of hit that werke to be rather of the labor of gigantes, other Romanes, then of Britones. That cite was callede somme tyme in the langage of Britones, Caerelyon, in Latyn Legecestria, and hit is callede now Chestre, other the Cite of Legiones, in that the legiones of knyȝhtes tariede þer in wynter, whom Iulius Cesar sende to Yrlonde to subdue hit to hym. This cite habundethe in euery kynde of vitelles, thauȝhe William Malmesbury dreamede in other wise, as in corne, flesche, fische, and specially in salmones, whiche cite receyvethe and sendethe from it diuerse marchandise, whiche hathe nye to hit waters of salte and metalles. That cite, somme tyme destroyede by men of Northumbre|londe, but reedificate by Elfleda, lady of the marches, hathe vnder the erthe voltes to be meruailede thro the Page 81, vol.2 werke of ston, and other grete stones conteynenge the names and pryntes of Iulius Cesar, and of other nowble men. That is the cite whom kynge Elfride contriuede, sleenge in hit allemoste ijm. monkes of the famose monas|tery of Bangor. That is the cite also to whom kynge Edgare come somme tyme with other vij. litelle kynges; in to the lawde of whom a metricion seythe in this wise. That cite of Chestre toke the name of hit of a castelle callede Cestria, as Castria, the firste founder of whom is not hade in certitude; callede somme tyme Legecestria, other elles the cite of legiones; whiche is now a nowble cite, bothe to Englische men and to Walsche men; in the walles of whiche cite stones honge lyke to the actes [folio 67b] of Hercules; where dowble voltes be vnder the erthe; and Page 83, vol.2 also kynge Henry the iiijthe, Godescallus somme tyme Cesar, and kynge Haralde were beryede. There Mars, Mercurius, Venus, Proteus,*. [Possibly we should read La|uerne; but even so, the metre limps.] and Pluto have gouernaile. Page 85, vol.2 The peple of whom folowe moche men of Babilon in condicion of maneres, whiche is moste cruelle where that hit may do moste.