Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Of that Londe callede Scottelande. Capitulum tricesimum septimum.

Hit is made commune that the londe whiche is callede nowe Scotlande is the northe parte of the moore Briteyne, departede from hit by armes of the see towarde the sowthe, in other partes compassede with the see. That londe was callede somme tyme Albania, of Albanactus, the son of Brute, the kynge inhabitenge hit firste; other elles of Albannia, whiche is a parte of a londe callede Scythia, nye to þe Amazones. Wherefore Scoti, that be callede Scottes, be seide to take theire begynnenge of Page  385, vol.1 Scythia. That londe was callede afterwarde Pictauia, of Pictes reignenge there by the space of a m. lx. and x. yere, and after somme men a m. iijc. yere and iijxx., whiche was clepede Hibernia, and Yrlonde afterwarde. Gir. in top. Whiche thynge is schewede amonge theyme as welle in armes as in maneres, and also by theire langage, and what for the affinite contracte betwene men of Yrlonde and theyme, of whom the Scottes toke theire wyfes, and also for the inhabitacion of men of Yrlonde dwellenge in hit. Beda, libro primo. Whiche men of Yrlonde goenge furthe with Reuda the gouernoure of theyme, from partes nye to Scotlande, takenge to theyme a place nye to the Pictes, taryede in the northe partes to theyme. Giraldus. That londe is callede now Scotlande, of Scottes commenge from Yrlonde, reignenge in hit by iijc. and xv. yere vn to the reigne of William Rufus,*. [Ruphus, Harl. MS.] brother to Macolmus. ℞. That theke*. [So Harl. MS.] Scotlande be spoken of ofte tymes in the name of Yrlonde, hit is schewede by Bede in his secunde boke, the xthe chapitre, when he seithe that the arche|bischoppe Page  387, vol.1 Dorobernense ȝafe cure pastoralle to the peple of Scottes, inhabitenge an yle nye to Briteyne, callede Yrlonde. Also in the thrydde booke, the secunde chapitre, the peple of Scottes, whiche inhabite and dwelle in the sowthe partes of Yrlonde. Also hit is seide in the vthe booke, the xvthe chapitre, that a grete parte of Scottes was in Irlonde, callenge in the same chapitre Yrlonde proprely that yle in the weste whiche is separate from alle Bryteyne by the see by a c. myles, and Scottelande, that parte whiche is callede now Scottelande, where he seithe that Amna an abbotte of that yle sailede to Yrlonde that he myȝhte teche men of that cuntre to knowe the lawefulle tyme of Ester, after that returnenge at the [folio 55b] laste to Scottelande. Herodotus. Scottes be liȝhte in sawle, cruelle and wylde; but now thei be amendede thro Page  389, vol.1 the admixtion of Englische men. Thei be cruelle ageyne theire enmyes, hatenge gretely seruitute, accomptenge a slawe man that wolde dye in bedde, thenkenge hit a glory to dye in batelle. Skarse peple in meite and drynke, suffrenge hungre a longe tyme. Thei eite selde vn til after the goenge downe of the son; fedde more with flesche, fisches, white meite, and with frutes, then with brede. And sythe thei be semely in person, thai be deformede ynowe in theire propre habite, commendenge the consuetudes of that cuntre, and of theire predecessores, despisenge the rytes of other peple. That londe is plentuous ynowe in pastures, in gardynes, and in feldes. Giraldus, dist. prima,*. [De p., MS.; de p., Cx.; Harl. MS.]capitulo octavodecimo. The princes of Scottes be not vsede to be anoynted, lyke to the kynges of Speyne. In that londe the memory of Seynte Andrewe thapostole is haloede gretely, and hade in veneracion; for blessede Andrew thapostole, whiche was sende by chaunce to preche to the men of the northe partes of the worlde, as to men of Scythia and to Pictes, diede at a cite callede Patras in the londe of Grece, where his boones restede vn Page  391, vol.1 to the tyme of Grete Constantine, by the space of ijc. lx. and vii. yere. The boones of the apostle Seynte Andrew were translate that tyme vn to the cite off Constantinople, restenge there vn to the tyme of Theodosius emperoure by the space of a c. and x. yere. Then Vnguste, the kynge of Pictes in Scottelande, wastenge a grete parte of Briteyne, was compassede abowte with a innumerable hoste of Briteynes at a felde callede Merc. Herenge also a voice seyenge to hym, "Vngus, Vngus, here me thapostole of Criste promisenge helpe to the; for thou schalle haue the victory ageyne thyne enmyes by my helpe, if thou wille ȝiffe the thrydde parte of thy lyvelode to God in to almes and in the worschippe of blessede Andrewe his apostole." And in the thrydde day folowenge, Vngus, the kynge of the Pictes, hade victory of the Briteynes, enmyes to hym, the signe of the crosse goenge before his hoste. This kynge Vngus returnenge to his cuntre after that victory, diuidede his lyvelode in to thre partes, beynge not in certitude to what cite he scholde assigne that lyvelode in to the worschippe of Seynte Andrewe thapostle. Wherefore Vngus, that kynge, with alle his peple, faste by the space of thre daies, Page  393, vol.1 preyenge to the holy apostole of Godde that thei myȝhte be certifiede in that thynge. And anoon oon of the kepers of the blessede body of Seynte Andrewe was moneschede in his slepe that he scholde goe furthe from that londe vn to the place wheder an angelle scholde lede hym, whiche come thro the ledenge of an angelle in to Scotlonde, vn to the toppe of an hille callede Ragmunde with his vij. felawes. And in that howre a heuynly lyȝhte compassede abowte Vngus, the kynge of Pictes, commenge with an hoste to that place whiche is callede Carcenan, where mony seke men were healede anoon. And Regulus, a monke off Constantinople, mette that kynge þer with the relikkes of Seynte Andrewe, in to the worschippe of whom a chirche was edifiede, whiche is the principalle chirche of alle the chirches in the londe of the Pictes. Whiche place pil|gremes of alle londes visitte. In whiche place Regulus the monke of Constantinople was made the firste abbotte, whiche gedrede monkes there, distributenge thro the monastery the holle tythe and grownde whom the kynge Page  395, vol.1 hade ȝiffen in to the worschippe of God and of Seynte Andrewe.