Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Of Fraunce. Capitulum vicesimum septimum.

℞. Storyes expresse that Gallia or Fraunce hathe denomi|nacion of the whitenesse of peple; for thys worde "galla" in Grewe is seyde "mylke" in Latyne, wherefore Sibille callethe Frenche me,*. [me] So Harl. MS.] white, seyenge, "Then the white neckes schalle be humectate or made weiete with golde." Hugutio, capi|tulo Gala. For the coloures of faces, quantites of bodies, qualites of sawles, haue theire existence in man after the diuer site of heuyn. Þerefore Rome gendrethe hevy men, Grece lyȝhte men, and Fraunce wytty men. ℞. Hit is also to be aduertisede after the seyenge of Seynte Austin, De Civitate Dei, libro tertio, capitulo quinto, that men callede Galli in oon maner were prestes in the temple of a godesse Page  269, vol.1 callede Cybele,*. [Cibeles or Sibeles, MSS. and Cx.] not namede of Gallia, that is Fraunce, but of a floode callede Gallus in Frigia, of whiche water men drykenge were made madde, and were geldede, in to the memory of a childe callede Attis,*. [Athis, MSS. and Cx.] whom that godesse callede Cybele*. [Cibeles or Sibeles, MSS. and Cx.] luffedde. Whiche childe, after Ouide De Fastis, for the fraude that he hade doen to the godesse was turnede to maddenesse, in whiche maddenesse he did gelde hym selfe. Giraldus, Dist. prima, cap. septimo decimo. Therefore Fraunce with his partes hathe on the northe to hyt Germayne, on the este the floode callede Rhenus, on the weste the occean of Britayne, at the sowthe the grete see whiche flowethe to the cuntre of Narbonense. Somme Page  271, vol.1 tyme Fraunce was partede in thre, after Iulius Cesar; but nowe hit is callede Gallia Belgica, or Fraunce pro|prely from that floode callede Renus, vn to Seguana. And from thens to a floode callede Ligeris hit is calledde Fraunce [folio 43b] Lugdunense. And from that water Ligeris vn to the floode callede Garona hit is callede Aquitany or Gyon, which is protendede vn to the esturne floode callede Rodanus, and to the weste occean, the superior parte of whom is callede Celtica, of the altitude of hilles in hit. And hit is callede nowe also Fraunce Narbonense, from that floode callede Garona vn to the grete see, whiche is nowe in parte Gothia in parte Gascuyn. And so alle Fraunce is cincte with thre nowble waters; with the water callede Rhenus at the northe, with the flood calledde Rodanus at the este, and at the weste with the occean of Briteyne. This Fraunce is habundante in white stones whiche is callede white playster, whiche brente in the fyre and temprede with water makethe Page  273, vol.1 cemente as indissoluble. The cite callede Parisius flory|schethe there the nutrix of vertu, the pantry of letters, whiche schynethe now in Europe as Atheynes floryschede somme tyme in Grece. Gir. Dist. prima. The peple of Fraunce, as mony other peple, toke theire begynnenge of the Troianes. For Antenor, after the takenge of Troye, fleenge with his feloweschippe by the floode of Thanay, come to Pannony, in whom he made a cite called Sicambria,*. [Cicambria and Cicambri, Harl. MS.] where|fore he and his folowers were callede Sicambri.*. [Cicambria and Cicambri, Harl. MS.] After the dethe of whom ij. dukes and gouernoures were ordeynede to governe theyme. Which were Trogotus and Francus, off whom Frenche men toke theire name. But as Turpinus seyethe of the gestes of Charls, after that kynge Charls subduenge to hym Spayne hade commen to Parise, wyllenge to worschippe Seynte Iames and Seynte Dionise, he ȝafe manu|mission to all his seruauntes thro Fraunce of what so euer lordeschippe that thei were, whiche scholde offre yerely iiij. d. to the chirche of Seynte Dionise; and so Frenche Page  275, vol.1 men were callede the fre men of Seynte Dionise. And so that londe was namede Fraunce for cause of that liberte. Other men say that Valentinianus themperoure callede theyme Francos, as ferancos. For Sicambri*. [Cicambri, Harl. MS., and so below.] were tributaryes to thempyre of Rome vn to the tyme of Valentinian, whiche tribute was remittede to theyme by x. yere that they scholde make batelle ageyn men of Almayne, whiche were contrarious to thempire of Rome that tyme y-paste; and the men of Allemayne deuicte, they refusede to pay theire tribute to Rome. Wherefore Valentinianus, gedrenge a grete hoste, entrede theire costes and hade victory of theyme; wherefore thei wente afterwarde and destroyede moche of the cuntre of Romanes; and therefore thei were callede Frenche men of Francus theire gouernoure or elles of Page  277, vol.1 cruelleness, makenge kynge amonge theyme Feramundus the son of Marcomirus, makenge subiecte to theym the cuntre from Sicambria vn to that floode callede Renus. Willielmus de Pontificibus, libro primo. Whiche Fera|mundus dedde thei made Clodoueus his son kynge. And after Clodoueus, Merouius his nevewe was electe in to the kynge, after whom alle kynges of Fraunce vn to Pipinus were callede Merouingi. In lyke wyse the sonnes of kynges of Englonde toke their names after theire faders. As the son of Edgare was callede Edgarynge, the son of Edmunde, Edmundenge. Gir., Dist. prima. Also after Merouius, Childericus his son reignede, whiche gate Clodoueus whom Remigius baptisede. This Clodoueus at the instaunce and preier of the Romanes expelled from the cuntre of Gyon the Gothes infecte with the heresy of Arrianus. Whiche dedde, Childericus his son occupyede the realme with his thre brether, Theodoricus, Clodomirus, and Clotarius; in whiche Page  279, vol.1 tyme Grete Gregory floryschede. Afther whom Clotarius his brother reignede, whiche toke to his wyfe Seynte Rade|gunde. After whom Childericus his son reignede, with Garibertus, Gundianus, and Sigelbertus, his brether. After Childericus Clotarius his son reignede, which gate Dagoberte and Batildis his sustyr. Vnder this Dagoberte, Pipinus was as the gouernoure of the kynges house, in the tymes of Heraclius themperoure. After Dagoberte, Clodoueus his son reignede, in the tyme of whom the body of Seynte Benedicte was translate from the province Beneuentan vn to Fraunce. After Clodoueus, Clotarius his son reignede. After him his brother Theodoricus, vnder whom Ebronius was the gouernoure of the kynges howse, whiche punyschede Seynte Leodegary. After whom Clodoueus, and after hym Childebertus his yongeste brother reignede, whom Dagoberte his yongeste son succedede, and after hym the stokke of kynges failede. For after hym Daniel a clerke reignede, whiche was his brother; whom Frenche men callede Childe|ricus. Page  281, vol.1 After whom Theodoricus nye of his kynrede; after whom Hildericus his brother succedede, whiche deposede for his slawthe, and made a clerke, lyvede priuately in a monastery. Soe the linealle descense of the prosapy or kynrede of Feramundus faylede by men, but hyt remaynede [folio 44b] in Batildis, sustyr to Dagoberte. The seyde Batildis was maryede to Ansebertus, whiche gate of here a childe callede Arnaldus, whose childe callede Arnulpus was maryede to the doȝhter of Pipinus, duke of the howse of kynge Dago|berte, brother to the seide Batildis. Whiche Arnulphus afterwarde beenge byschop Metense, Ansegesilus his son gate Pipinus, whiche was callede olde Pipinus, or schorte. Willielmus de Regibus, libro primo. Whiche Pipinus gate Charles, or other wise namede Martellus, in so moche that he depressede tirauntes in Fraunce, and Saracenes makenge insurrecciones ageyne the londe of Fraunce. This man Page  283, vol.1 folowenge the steppes of his fader, kepede the kynges of Fraunce in his seruyce, contente with the name of a duke. Gir., Dist. prima. This Charls gate Pipinus the secunde, and Karolomannus afterwarde a monke. This Pipinus the secunde, commenge of the stokke of the seide Batildis, after the deposicion of kynge Hildericus was made kynge of Fraunce thro the desire of alle the cheuallery, and by the auctorite of Pope Steven the successor off Zacharye. Whiche gate Grete Charles. Whiche was erecte to the kyngedome of Fraunce after the dethe of his fader in þe yere of our Lorde Godde DCC. LX. and IX., whom the Romanes electe to be the aduocate of Seynte Petre for the nowble actes that he did; after that thei made hym emperoure and Augustus. From whiche tyme the empire of Constantinople wente from þe Romanes and wente to Frenche men, in that thei helpede not the chirche of Rome ageyne Longobardes, kepenge werre ageyne the Romanes. This Charles gate Lodowicus. This Lodowicus gate Symple Charles, whiche Page  285, vol.1 gate Lodowicus. That Lodowicus gate Lotharius, whiche gate Lodowicus the laste kynge of that kynrede. After the dethe of whom the Romanes ordeynede Hugo duke off Burguyne to theire gouernoure, whiche gate Robert. That Robert gate Henry, whiche gate Philippe. Þat Philippe gate Lodowicus, whiche reignede in the tyme of Henry Clerke, son of the Conquerour. Kynges reignede in Fraunce of the stocke of Grete Charles vn til that Hewe Capet reignede in Fraunce, from whom other descendenge reignede there, as hit schalle be seyde in his propre place, of the stocke of whom somme reignede in Ytaly, somme in Allemayne, vn to the yere of oure lorde ixc. and xii., when kynge Con|radus toke to hym thempyre of Almayne. ℞. Longe after|warde, after the commune fame, a qwene of Fraunce to whom the realme descendede by trewe inheritaunce, whiche seenge a bochor, a semely man of stature, toke hym to here howsebonde; for the detestacion of that dede, the Frenche men made a statute that noo woman after here scholde reioyce the realme of Fraunce. Giraldus. Nowble Page  287, vol.1 men occupyede late Fraunce, whiche allemoste contriuede the Romanes and victores of this worlde with mony batelles. At the laste Fraunce was subacte to Iulius Cesar, and occupyede by Romanes by cccc. yere, vn to the laste tymes of Valentinian themperoure, when straunge peple of diuerse partes of the worlde entrede in to hit. Firste Wandalinges and Hunes, after that men of Sveuia and of Burguyne, after whom Gothi and Sicambri, after theyme men of Nor|guegia and Danes, and toke theire places in hit. In whiche Fraunce be these prouinces, Braban, Flandres, Pikardy, Normandy, Breteyne the lesse, Gyon, Pictauia, Gascuyn, Burguyn, Aluerne, Salina, Prouince the lesse, Campanye. Brabancia is sette at the sowthe este off Flandres, a copious londe, and habundant in marchaundise, and specially in colourenge wolle in diuerse coloures, whiche they receyve from Englonde, and sende the clothes in to diuerse pro|uinces. Thauȝhe Englonde haue the beste wolle, neuer|thelesse hit hathe not suche waters to make colores with as is in Flandres or in Brabayn. At London is a welle, and a determinate place in the ryuer that is abowte Lincolne, thro helpe of whom nowble scarlet is made.