Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum octavum decimum.

CAPPADOCIA is a region nutrix of horses, hauenge on the*. [Cappadocia.] este parte to hit Armeny, on the weste the lesse Asia, on the northe the Amasones, on the sowthe the hille Taurus, to whom Cilicia, Lycia, and Isauria be subacte vn to the water of Cilicia, which hathe prospecte ageyne the yle of Ci|presse. Asia the lesse towcheth in the este parte Capa|docy,*. [Asia Minor.] on other sides hit is schutte with the grete see. For in the northe parte hit hathe the see Eusyne, and of the weste Propontides, on the sowthe parte the see off Egipte, Page  149, vol.1 conteynenge in hit mony prouinces. For hit hathe firste in the northe Bithynia, in the begynnenge of Pontus ageyne Thracia, whiche is callede also Phrygia maior, the*. [Bithynia.] chiefe cite of whom is Nicomedia, afterwarde callede Ga|latia, of peple desirede to fiȝhte by the kyng of Bithynia, then callede Gallogrecia, and the peple of hit Gallogreci, as peple mixte of Frensche men and of Grekes, whiche be callede now Galate,*. [Galathe, MS, α., and Cx., and so the Harl. MS., as well as all the Latin MSS.] to whom Paule did wryte an epistole. The thrydde is the lesse Phrygia, callede by that*. [Phrygia Minor.] name of Phrygia the doȝhter of Europa, the doȝhter of Agenoris, whiche was callede Dardania, of Dardanus the son of Iupiter. In whiche londe is the cite of Troye, [folio 32a] namede so of Tros, son of Erichthonius, son of Dardanus the*. [Troja.] son of Iupiter. To whiche region Lydia is in the este parte, and Hellespontus of the weste parte. Lydia is at the*. [Lydia.] este parte of the lesse Phrygia, in whom Cresus, the ryche kynge, reignede somme tyme, whiche londe for the litelle quantite of hit myȝhte not suffre and suffice to ij. breþer, Page  151, vol.1 Lydus and Tyrrhenus, ij. kynges. Tyrrhenus enchaunce movenge goenge furthe with a grete multitude occupiede a place in the superior parte of Fraunce, whiche londe he namede Tyrrhenia,*. [Tirea, MS.; Turea, Harl. MS.] lyke as that londe Lydia was namede of Lydus his brother, the chiefe cite of whom is Smyrna, to whom Seynte Iohn Euangeliste wrytethe in his Apoca|lypsis: the principalle floode of Lydia is callede Pactolus gendrenge gravel of golde. The vthe prouince of the lesse*. [Pamphylia.] Asia is callede Pamphylia and Isauria, hauenge Seleucia the chiefe cite of hit, whom Seleucus Antiochus causede to be edifiede. After that is Cilicia, in whom Lycia or Lyca|onia*. [Cilicia.] is conteynede, the nowble cites of whom were Lystra and Derbe, as hit is expressede in the Actes of thapostles, by whom hit is saylede from Syria to Ytaly. The now|bleste cite off theyme alle was Tharsis, more inferialle*. [Tharsis urbs.] towarde the see.

Amazonia is a region parte in Asia and parte in Europe,*. [Amazonia.] nye to Albania, and the Amazones were firste the wifes of Gothes, the husbondes of whom sleyne by gyle, they toke dewe vengeaunce on the enmyes of theym þerfore. For thei robbede, sleenge the male childer and reseruenge Page  153, vol.1 the childer female, lyvenge longe with owte howsebondes. At the laste thei made ij. qwenes, oon of whom gouernede the hoste, that oþer kepede residence at home, hauenge vic|tory ouer a grete parte of Asia by c. yere. At the laste thei toke to theym men of ferre costes for cause of mul|tiplicacion, vsenge the acte venerealle in certeyne tymes, and absteynenge oþer certeyne tymes, auther sleenge the male childer other elles sendenge them to the faders after a certeyne tyme, reseruenge the female childer, informenge þeym to hunte, to schote, and to vse cheuallery, brennenge the ryȝhte pappe of theyme in the vijthe yere of theire age, leste the grosenes of hit scholde lette theyme to schote. Wherefore thei were callede Urimammæ, or Amazones, as [folio 32b] with owte a pappe; the cruellenes of whom Hercules did mitigate firste, after that Achilles, and at the laste kynge Alexander. ℞. Thauȝhe Isidorus, Eth. 14o, seye Ama|zones to be destroyede by kynge Alexander, neuerthelesse the story of Alexander seythe that Thalestris, qwene of Page  155, vol.1 wryte to kynge Alexander in this forme.*. [fforme, Harl. MS., which com|monly uses the ff merely as a capital letter.] "Hyt is to meruayle of thy prudence wyllenge to make batayle with women: for if hit happe vs to haue the victory, fortune [folio 32b] schewenge fauor, thou scholde*. [So the Harl. MS.] be confusede by merite, sythe that thou was*. [So the Harl. MS.] ouercommen with women; and thauȝhe thou haue the victory of vs, thow schalle*. [So the Harl. MS.] obteyne but lytelle worschippe, hauenge victory of women." Kynge Alexander pleasede grauntede to theyme liberte, seyenge, "Women ar to be ouercommen not with feere, but with luffe." Trogus, libro secundo. That qwene Thalestris, after that sche had vsede the bedde of kynge Alexander by xlti daies to haue a childe, returnenge to here realme felle at variaunce soone after with here peple.