Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Wiccopee Mills Labor Records, 1854-1858

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, July 2012

Summary Information
Title: Wiccopee Mills labor records
Creator: Wiccopee Mills and New York Rubber Company
Inclusive dates: 1854-1858
Extent: 2 volumes
Abstract:
These 2 volumes contain labor records for a cotton mill in Wiccopee, New York, between 1854 and 1857. The books document male and female workers' names, their positions, and the amount of time they worked. Also included are similar records for the New York Rubber Company in 1858.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2004. M-4397.4.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Wiccopee Mills Labor Account Books, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


History:

In the early to mid-1840s, Robert G. Rankin and his brother-in-law, a man named Freeland, established a cotton mill at Wiccopee, New York, near Fishkill. Charles M. Wolcott later owned the factory, and sold it to the New York Rubber Company in 1858.


Collection Scope and Content Note

These 2 volumes contain labor records for a cotton mill in Wiccopee, New York, between 1854 and 1857. The books document male and female workers' names, their positions, and the amount of time they worked. Also included are similar records for the New York Rubber Company in 1858. Each volume is roughly 13"x12".

Volume 1 contains 39 pages of information about employee attendance in the carding room, where workers cleaned and prepared cotton fibers for processing, between June 5, 1854, and May 30, 1857. Each page documents around one month. Individual workers' names are followed by a daily record of their labor at the factory, which states the number of days and/or hours worked, and occasionally monthly totals. Many entries note the employee's specific job within the carding room.

The mill records are followed by 3 pages of similar records respecting workers in the New York Rubber Company's "grading room" (undated) and those who performed other tasks, such as carpentry and moving machinery (undated and January 20, 1858-June 5, 1858).

Volume 2 contains 40 pages of records for the Wiccopee mill's spinning room, kept between June 5, 1854, and May 2, 1857, and 39 pages of records for the weaving room, kept between June 5, 1854, and May 9, 1857. The end of the second volume includes 10 pages of accounts for additional manual laborers, such as carpenters. The title page of volume 2 contains a pencil sketch of part of a spinning mule, manufactured by the Matteawan Company.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Blue collar workers.
    • Cotton manufacture--United States.
    • Fishkill Landing (N.Y.)
    • Mills and mill work.
    • Women employees.
    Genre Terms:
    • Attendance records.
    • Business records.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
     
    Wiccopee Mills labor records [series]
    Volume   1  
    Wiccopee mills carding room records,  June 5, 1854-May 30, 1857 (39 pages)
     
    New York Rubber Company grading room records,  undated (3 pages)
     
    Additional employment records,  January 20, 1858-June 5, 1858 (5 pages)
    Volume   2  
    Wiccopee mills spinning room records,  June 5, 1854-May 2, 1857 (40 pages)
     
    Wiccopee mills weaving room records,  June 5, 1854-May 9, 1857 (39 pages)
     
    Additional employment records, [1857] (10 pages)
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Bibliography

    Verplanck, William E. "The Town of Fishkill." The History of Dutchess County, New York . Poughkeepsie, N.Y.: S. A. Matthieu, 1909. 299-352.