Manuscripts Division William L. Clements Library University of Michigan
Finding aid for Wiccopee Mills Labor Records, 1854-1858
Finding aid created by Meg Hixon, July 2012
Title: Wiccopee Mills labor records Creator: Wiccopee Mills and New York Rubber Company Inclusive dates: 1854-1858 Extent: 2 volumes Abstract:
These 2 volumes contain labor records for a cotton mill in Wiccopee, New York, between 1854 and 1857. The books document male and female workers' names, their positions, and the amount of time they worked. Also included are similar records for the New York Rubber Company in 1858.
Language: The material is in English Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave. The University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190 Phone: 734-764-2347 Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.
Wiccopee Mills Labor Account Books, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
In the early to mid-1840s, Robert G. Rankin and his brother-in-law, a man named Freeland, established a cotton mill at Wiccopee, New York, near Fishkill. Charles M. Wolcott later owned the factory, and sold it to the New York Rubber Company in 1858.
Collection Scope and Content Note
These 2 volumes contain labor records for a cotton mill in Wiccopee, New York, between 1854 and 1857. The books document male and female workers' names, their positions, and the amount of time they worked. Also included are similar records for the New York Rubber Company in 1858. Each volume is roughly 13"x12".
Volume 1 contains 39 pages of information about employee attendance in the carding room, where workers cleaned and prepared cotton fibers for processing, between June 5, 1854, and May 30, 1857. Each page documents around one month. Individual workers' names are followed by a daily record of their labor at the factory, which states the number of days and/or hours worked, and occasionally monthly totals. Many entries note the employee's specific job within the carding room.
The mill records are followed by 3 pages of similar records respecting workers in the New York Rubber Company's "grading room" (undated) and those who performed other tasks, such as carpentry and moving machinery (undated and January 20, 1858-June 5, 1858).
Volume 2 contains 40 pages of records for the Wiccopee mill's spinning room, kept between June 5, 1854, and May 2, 1857, and 39 pages of records for the weaving room, kept between June 5, 1854, and May 9, 1857. The end of the second volume includes 10 pages of accounts for additional manual laborers, such as carpenters. The title page of volume 2 contains a pencil sketch of part of a spinning mule, manufactured by the Matteawan Company.