Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Western Brand Book, 1899-1900

Finding aid created by
Richard C. Bates and Meg Hixon, May 2012

Summary Information
Title: Western Brand book
Creator: Anonymous
Inclusive dates: 1899-1900
Extent: 1 volume
Abstract:
This volume (198 pages) contains 184 pages showing various branding marks used by horse and cattle dealers throughout the western United States in the late 19th century, as well as 15 pages of accounts recording purchases of cattle in December 1899 and January 1900. The 184 pages of brands are divided into several sections based on the types of identifying marks used; approximately 1,480 brands are represented. The notebook is accompanied by a 35-page pamphlet entitled "Cattle Brands of Texas," published in the mid-20th century.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1954. M-970.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Western Brand book, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


History

This book contains examples of livestock brands used by dealers throughout the western United States in the late 19th century.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This volume (198 pages) contains 184 pages showing various branding marks used by horse and cattle dealers throughout the western United States in the late 19th century, as well as 15 pages of accounts recording purchases of cattle in December 1899 and January 1900. The 184 pages of brands are divided into several sections based on the types of identifying marks used, and approximately 1,480 brands are represented. The notebook is accompanied by a 35-page pamphlet entitled "Cattle Brands of Texas," published in the mid-20th century.

The brand book, once owned by a livestock buyer, contains both graphic and textual descriptions of brands used by livestock breeders throughout the Great Plains and western United States. The vast majority of brands are for cattle. Each page has 8 images of cattle or horses stamped in purple ink, with hand-drawn brands placed on the images. Animals' ears are represented by a stamped infinity symbol. Some dealers used variations, which are recorded in red ink. Each livestock stamp is accompanied by the dealer's name, cattle range, and primary city. Suppliers originated from Colorado, "Dakota," Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Texas, and Wyoming. A newspaper clipping showing 7 branded cows of the Warren Live Stock Company of Cheyenne, Wyoming, and their ranges, is pasted on page 23. The brands (pp. 2-185) are followed by 15 pages of accounts recording purchases of cattle made primarily from F. H., W. H., & M. B. Gill Brothers of Greeley, Colorado, in December 1899 and January 1900 (pp. 186-201). Each account includes a stamped image of a cow with a brand, the supplier, and the price, each spread across two pages. A total price appears at the bottom of every two pages.

The Western Brand book is accompanied by a short pamphlet entitled Cattle Brands of Texas, published by the First National Bank in Dallas around the mid-1950s. A forward by Wayne Gard introduces the history of cattle branding within the state. The book contains historical notes for numerous brands that decorated the bank's executive dining room.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Cattle brands.
    • Cattle--Prices.
    • Cattle trade--United States.
    • Cattle--United States.
    • Great Plains.
    • Horse breeders.
    • Livestock brands.
    • Livestock breeders.
    • Livestock--Breeding--United States--History--19th century.
    • Livestock--West (U.S.)
    Subjects - Visual Materials:
    • Cattle brands--1890-1900.
    • Livestock brands--1890-1900.
    Genre Terms:
    • Accounts.
    • Directories.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Western Brand book [series]:
    Volume   1 Page   1
    Table of Contents
    Volume   1 Pages   2-83
    Separate Letters
    Volume   1 Pages   84-103
    Connected Letters
    Volume   1 Pages   104-113
    Letters and Figures
    Volume   1 Pages   114-123
    Letters and figures with Characters
    Volume   1 Pages   124-135
    Figures
    Volume   1 Pages   136-171
    Other Brands
    Volume   1 Pages   172-185
    Characters
    Volume   1 Pages   186-201
    Financial Records
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The pamphlet has been catalogued separately: Gard, Wayne. Cattle Brands of Texas. [Dallas, Tex.]: First National Bank in Dallas, 1954.