Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce, baron de Lahontan, Brief Discours... , [1702-1704]

Finding aid created by
Erin Platte and Meg Hixon, October, 2012

Summary Information
Title: Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce, baron de Lahontan, Brief Discours...
Creator: Lahontan, Louis Armand de Lom d'Arce, baron de, 1666-1716
Inclusive dates: [ca. 1702-1704]
Extent: 12 pages
Abstract:
In this 12-page essay, titled Brief Discours qui montre en substance combien il seroit important de reusser dans deux entreprises proposees et contenuel en ce memoire, Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce, baron de Lahontan, proposed a plan to drive French forces from Acadia and to promote British alliances with local Native American tribes.
Language: The material is in French
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1951. M-848.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Provenance:

Phillips Mss. 8684

Preferred Citation:

Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce, baron de Lahontan, Brief Discours... , William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Biography

Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce was born in Lahontan, France, on June 9, 1666. He inherited the baronetcy of Lahontan after the death of his father, Isaac de Lom d'Arce, in 1674. Lahontan left France for North America around 1683. He became commander of Fort St. Joseph in 1687, traveled around the northern Great Lakes region, and claimed to have explored the Mississippi River region. Lahontan returned to France in 1690, but soon went back to North America. He fought alongside French forces near Québec as the English fleet attempted to move up the St. Lawrence River and helped defend the port at Placentia during King William's War. Though he received a promotion, Lahontan fell out of favor with Governor Jacques-François de Monbeton de Brouillan and fled to Portugal in order to avoid arrest for deserting his post. Lahontan traveled throughout northern and western Europe and remained in exile until his death in 1715 or 1716.


Collection Scope and Content Note

In this 12-page essay, titled Brief Discours qui montre en substance combien il seroit important de reusser dans deux entreprises proposees et contenuel en ce memoire , Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce, baron de Lahontan, proposed a plan to drive French forces from Acadia and to promote British alliances with local Native American tribes.

Lahontan addressed his detailed plan to Daniel Finch, the 2nd Earl of Nottingham and secretary of state under Queen Anne. He suggested an attack against Port Royal, Nova Scotia (now Annapolis Royal), and advocated British trading alliances with Native Americans in the Great Lakes region. He described the area around Port Royal, provided information about its European inhabitants, and anticipated the benefits of a British victory to colonists in New England.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Annapolis Royal (N.S.)
    • Canada--Description and travel--Early works to 1800.
    • Canada--History--To 1763 (New France)
    • France--Foreign relations--Great Britain.
    • Great Britain--Foreign relations--France.
    • Indians of North America--Great Lakes Region (North America)
    • Nova Scotia--Description and travel--Early works to 1800.
    Genre Terms:
    • Plans(reports)
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Volume   1  
    Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce, baron de Lahontan, Brief Discours qui montre en substance combien il seroit important de reusser dans deux entreprises proposees et contenuel en ce memoire,  [ca. 1702-1704] [series]
    Additional Descriptive Data

    An English translation of this manuscript is available in the Manuscripts Division.

    Related Materials

    The William L. Clements Library holds a significant collection of publications by the baron de Lahontan. Search the Library's catalog, Mirlyn, for more information.

    Bibliography

    Greenly, A. H. "Lahontan: An Essay and Bibliography." The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America . 48 (1954): 334-389.

    Hayne, David M. "Lom D'Arce de Lahontan, Louis-Armand de, Baron de Lahontan." Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online . University of Toronto: 2000.

    Horwitz, Henry. "Finch, Daniel (1647-1730)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography . Online Edition. Oxford University Press: 2009. DOI: 10.1093/ref:odnb/9427.