Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Noticia de las Tribus de Salvages Conocidos que Habitan en el Departamento de Tejas …, Undated

Finding aid created by
Shannon Wait, June 2010

Summary Information
Title: Noticia de las Tribus de Salvages Conocidos que Habitan en el Departamento de Tejas… (copy)
Creator: Sanchez y Tapia, Jose Maria, fl. 1828
Inclusive dates: Undated
Extent: 1 volume
Abstract:
Manuscript copy of a report by Manuel de Mier y Terán on Native Americans living in Texas, providing information on their numbers, characteristics, locations, and songs.
Language: The material is in Spanish.
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1950. M-780.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Alternate Format:

A version of the manuscript was published in the Boletín de la Sociedad de Geografía y Estadistica de la República Mexicana , Tomo II. Mexico City: Imprenta de Gobierno, 1870.

Preferred Citation:

Noticia de las Tribus de Salvages Conocidos que Habitan en el Departamento de Tejas (copy), William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


History

In 1828, Mexican President Guadalupe Victoria sent a Boundary Commission (Comisión de Límites) to demarcate the border between the United States and Mexico, which had been established by the Adams-Onís Treaty in 1819. The Commission was headed by General Manuel de Mier y Terán (1789-1832) and composed of mineralogist Rafael Chovell, botanist Jean-Louis Berlandier, and draftsman José María Sánchez y Tapia. The group reached San Antonio in March, San Felipe de Austin in April, and Nacogdoches in June, the same month that Terán made a report to the government concerning the native tribes they had encountered. The expedition concluded in January 1829.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The volume contains a 54-page manuscript copy of Manuel de Mier y Terán's Spanish-language report on native people of Texas, entitled Noticia de las tribus de salvages conocidos que habitan en el departamento de Tejas, y del número de familias de que consta cada Tribu, puntos en que habitan y terrenos en que acampan , which he submitted to the Mexican government in 1828. Terán's assistant and draftsman, José María Sánchez y Tapia, produced the undated copy from Terán's manuscript. Terán's report provides quantitative and qualitative information on 29 tribes residing in Texas, including the Lipanes, Comanches, Huecos (Wacos), Tahuácanos, Cherokees, Kicapoos (Kickapoos), Iguanés, and Cadós (Caddos). He provided an approximate number of families in each tribe, detailed information on their locations, and sometimes commented on their habits and ways of life. On the Comanches, he noted that upon the death of a comrade, they killed the horse and broke the weapons which had served the deceased (pp. 6-7). For the Huecos (Wacos), he described the division of labor between men and women (p. 12). In addition to numbers and locations of various groups of Native Americans, Sánchez recorded several eight-measure songs, including lyrics, associated with the Táncahues, Tejas, Nadacos, and Iguanes tribes. In the back of the volume are an unfinished watercolor landscape and the lyrics to a song entitled "La Ausencia."

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Cherokee Indians.
    • Comanche Indians.
    • Indians of North America--Music.
    • Indians of North America--Texas--Music.
    • Indians of North America--Texas--Population.
    • Kickapoo Indians.
    • Mexico--Boundaries.
    • Mexico. Comisión de Límites.
    • Mier y Teran, Manuel de.
    • Texas. Boundary Commission.
    • Texas--Description and travel.
    • Texas--History.
    • Texas--Surveys.
    • Waco Indians.
    Genre Terms:
    • Official reports.
    • Songs (document genre)
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Volume   1  
    Noticia de las Tribus de Salvages Conocidos que Habitan en el Departamento de Tejas,  undated [series]
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The Clements owns another diary, Texas Travel diary, which gives descriptions of the terrain, population, and climate of Texas in 1838.

    Bibliography

    Boletín de la Sociedad de Geografía y Estadistica de la República Mexicana, Tomo II . Mexico City: Imprenta de Gobierno, 1870.

    Mier y Terán, Manuel de, and Jack Jackson. Texas by Terán: the Diary Kept by General Manuel De Mier Y Terán on his 1828 Inspection of Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000.