Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Lord Frederick North Army Strength Reports, 1770-1778

Finding aid created by
Philip Heslip, April 2011

Summary Information
Title: Lord Frederick North Army strength reports
Creator: North, Frederick, Lord, 1732-1792
Inclusive dates: 1770-1778
Extent: 58 volumes
Abstract:
The Lord Frederick North Army strength reports are a series of confidential records from the library of Frederick North, British prime minister during the American Revolution, which contain returns of British Forces worldwide from 1772 to 1782.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1948. M-705.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

Lord Frederick North Army strength reports, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

This collection is arranged chronologically.


History

Frederick North (1732-1792) was the prime minister of Great Britain from February 1772 until his resignation in March 1782. During his tenure he oversaw the British military operations during the American Revolution. Over the course of the war, the British maintained armies in North America, the West Indies, Europe, Africa, and the East Indies, and were forced into conflict with America, France, Spain, and the Netherlands. After the British defeat at Yorktown, Parliament voted for a motion of no confidence and forced North to resign. He left office on March 20, 1782, and was succeeded by Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Lord Frederick North Army strength reports (58 volumes) are a series of confidential records from the library of Frederick North, British prime minister during the American Revolution, which contain returns of British forces from 1772 to 1782. These volumes contain records on the number of British troops and officers worldwide, including the number of troops raised in England for service in America.

Each volume includes tallies of forces of the following types and locations:

  • Cavalry in South Britain
  • Infantry in South Britain
  • Regiments & Independent Companies of Invalids
  • Forces in North Britain
  • Forces at Jersey
  • Forces at Guernsey
  • Forces on the Isle of Man
  • Forces in Africa
  • Forces at Gibraltar
  • Forces at Minorca
  • Forces in the West Indies
  • Forces in North America
  • Militia
  • Additional Companies Raising for the Infantry Serving Abroad
  • Abstract (total forces)

In addition to these standard troop counts are the following special troop reports:

  • 1770 May-September: Regiments in Ireland
  • 1773 December-1774 March: Under order from Grenada
  • 1780 September-November: On the passage for the East Indies
  • 1782 March: Embarked for service on the expedition with General Meadows

The volumes contain troop count information by regiment and provide details on the following categories of personnel:

  • Officers:
    • Commission & Warrant
    • Non-commission
  • Rank and File:
    • Fit for Duty
    • Sick
  • Total Officers and Men:
    • Wanting to Complete
    • Contingent Men
    • Establishment
Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Great Britain. Army--Appropriations and expenditures.
    • Great Britain. Army--Colonial forces.
    • Great Britain--Colonies--America--Defenses.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--British forces.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Registers.
    • West Indies--History--18th century.
    Genre Terms:
    • Military records.
    • Reports.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Lord Frederick North Army strength reports [series]:
    Volume   1  
     1770 January
    Volume   2  
     1770 March
    Volume   3  
     1770 May
    Volume   4  
     1770 July
    Volume   5  
     1770 September
    Volume   6  
     1770 October
    Volume   7  
     1770 November
    Volume   8  
     1770 December
    Volume   9  
     1771 January
    Volume   10  
     1771 March
    Volume   11  
     1771 April
    Volume   12  
     1771 June
    Volume   13  
     1771 July
    Volume   14  
     1771 August
    Volume   15  
     1771 October
    Volume   16  
     1771 November
    Volume   17  
     1772 January
    Volume   18  
     1772 February
    Volume   19  
     1772 March
    Volume   20  
     1772 May
    Volume   21  
     1772 July
    Volume   22  
     1772 September
    Volume   23  
     1772 November
    Volume   24  
     1773 June
    Volume   25  
     1773 September
    Volume   26  
     1773 December
    Volume   27  
     1774 March
    Volume   28  
     1774 June
    Volume   29  
     1774 September
    Volume   30  
     1774 December
    Volume   31  
     1775 April
    Volume   32  
     1775 September
    Volume   33  
     1776 January
    Volume   34  
     1776 March
    Volume   35  
     1776 May
    Volume   36  
     1776 July
    Volume   37  
     1776 December
    Volume   38  
     1777 February
    Volume   39  
     1777 August
    Volume   40  
     1777 November
    Volume   41  
     1778 February
    Volume   42  
     1778 May
    Volume   43  
     1778 October
    Volume   44  
     1778 November
    Volume   45  
     1779 July
    Volume   46  
     1779 September
    Volume   47  
     1779 November
    Volume   48  
     1780 March
    Volume   49  
     1780 May
    Volume   50  
     1780 July
    Volume   51  
     1780 September
    Volume   52  
     1780 November
    Volume   53  
     1781 January
    Volume   54  
     1781 March
    Volume   55  
     1781 May
    Volume   56  
     1781 July
    Volume   57  
     1781 September
    Volume   58  
     1782 March
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    Many additional Clements Library collections include items relating to Lord North. These include: