Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Lord Frederick North Army Strength Reports, 1770-1778

Finding aid created by
Philip Heslip, April 2011

Summary Information
Title: Lord Frederick North Army strength reports
Creator: North, Frederick, Lord, 1732-1792
Inclusive dates: 1770-1778
Extent: 58 volumes
Abstract:
The Lord Frederick North Army strength reports are a series of confidential records from the library of Frederick North, British prime minister during the American Revolution, which contain returns of British Forces worldwide from 1772 to 1782.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1948. M-705.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

Lord Frederick North Army Strength Reports, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

This collection is arranged chronologically.


History

Frederick North (1732-1792) was the prime minister of Great Britain from February 1772 until his resignation in March 1782. During his tenure he oversaw the British military operations during the American Revolution. Over the course of the war, the British maintained armies in North America, the West Indies, Europe, Africa, and the East Indies, and were forced into conflict with America, France, Spain, and the Netherlands. After the British defeat at Yorktown, Parliament voted for a motion of no confidence and forced North to resign. He left office on March 20, 1782, and was succeeded by Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Lord Frederick North Army strength reports (58 volumes) are a series of confidential records from the library of Frederick North, British prime minister during the American Revolution, which contain returns of British forces from 1772 to 1782. These volumes contain records on the number of British troops and officers worldwide, including the number of troops raised in England for service in America.

Each volume includes tallies of forces of the following types and locations:

  • Cavalry in South Britain
  • Infantry in South Britain
  • Regiments & Independent Companies of Invalids
  • Forces in North Britain
  • Forces at Jersey
  • Forces at Guernsey
  • Forces on the Isle of Man
  • Forces in Africa
  • Forces at Gibraltar
  • Forces at Minorca
  • Forces in the West Indies
  • Forces in North America
  • Militia
  • Additional Companies Raising for the Infantry Serving Abroad
  • Abstract (total forces)

In addition to these standard troop counts are the following special troop reports:

  • 1770 May-September: Regiments in Ireland
  • 1773 December-1774 March: Under order from Grenada
  • 1780 September-November: On the passage for the East Indies
  • 1782 March: Embarked for service on the expedition with General Meadows

The volumes contain troop count information by regiment and provide details on the following categories of personnel:

  • Officers:
    • Commission & Warrant
    • Non-commission
  • Rank and File:
    • Fit for Duty
    • Sick
  • Total Officers and Men:
    • Wanting to Complete
    • Contingent Men
    • Establishment
Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Great Britain. Army--Appropriations and expenditures.
    • Great Britain. Army--Colonial forces.
    • Great Britain--Colonies--America--Defenses.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--British forces.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Registers.
    • West Indies--History--18th century.
    Genre Terms:
    • Military records.
    • Reports.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
     
    Lord Frederick North Army strength reports [series]
    Box   1  
    Volume 1:  1770 January
     
    Volume 2:  1770 March
     
    Volume 3:  1770 May
     
    Volume 4:  1770 July
     
    Volume 5:  1770 September
     
    Volume 6:  1770 October
     
    Volume 7:  1770 November
     
    Volume 8: 1770 December
     
    Volume 9:  1771 January
     
    Volume 10:  1771 March
     
    Volume 11:  1771 April
     
    Volume 12:  1771 June
     
    Volume 13:  1771 July
     
    Volume 14:  1771 August
     
    Volume 15:  1771 October
     
    Volume 16:  1771 November
     
    Volume 17:  1772 January
     
    Volume 18:  1772 February
     
    Volume 19:  1772 March
     
    Volume 20:  1772 May
     
    Volume 21:  1772 July
     
    Volume 22:  1772 September
     
    Volume 23:  1772 November
     
    Volume 24:  1773 June
     
    Volume 25:  1773 September
     
    Volume 26:  1773 December
     
    Volume 27:  1774 March
     
    Volume 28:  1774 June
     
    Volume 29:  1774 September
     
    Volume 30:  1774 December
     
    Volume 31:  1775 April
     
    Volume 32:  1775 September
     
    Volume 33:  1776 January
     
    Volume 34:  1776 March
     
    Volume 35:  1776 May
    Box   2  
    Volume 36:  1776 July
     
    Volume 37:  1776 December
     
    Volume 38:  1777 February
     
    Volume 39:  1777 August
     
    Volume 40:  1777 November
     
    Volume 41:  1778 February
     
    Volume 42:  1778 May
     
    Volume 43:  1778 October
     
    Volume 44:  1778 November
     
    Volume 45:  1779 July
     
    Volume 46:  1779 September
     
    Volume 47:  1779 November
     
    Volume 48:  1780 March
     
    Volume 49:  1780 May
     
    Volume 50:  1780 July
     
    Volume 51:  1780 September
     
    Volume 52:  1780 November
     
    Volume 53:  1781 January
     
    Volume 54:  1781 March
     
    Volume 55:  1781 May
     
    Volume 56:  1781 July
     
    Volume 57:  1781 September
     
    Volume 58:  1782 March
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    Many additional Clements Library collections include items relating to Lord North. These include: