Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
German Auxiliaries Muster Rolls, 1776-1786

Finding aid created by
Philip Heslip, November 2009

Summary Information
Title: German Auxiliaries muster rolls
Creator: Great Britain. Army
Inclusive dates: 1776-1786
Bulk dates: 1781-1783
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Abstract:
This collection is comprised of seventy muster rolls and six related documents of the German regiments employed by the British to fight in the American Revolutionary War.
Language: The material is in English and German
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1929, 1956. M-54, M-1042.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Alternate Format:

The collection has been microfilmed

Preferred Citation:

German Auxiliaries Muster Rolls, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

This collection is organized alphabetically by the home residence of each army and then by the name of the regiment.


History

In 1776, the British formed a treaty with the duke of Brunswick and other minor German princes that allowed the hiring of German mercenaries to bolster the British Army in North America. These German Auxiliaries muster rolls document the German regiments employed by the British to fight in the American Revolutionary War. England would pay the German princes annual subsidies, as well as additional fees, for wounded and killed soldiers. All together, approximately 30,000 men came to America from Germany and fought for the British in virtually every major campaign in the war.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This collection is comprised of seventy rolls and eight related documents of the German regiments employed by the British to fight in the American Revolutionary War. Most of the rolls are from 1781 and 1782 and include lists for soldiers captured at Yorktown. The rolls contain details such as the rank and names of the Hessians, casualties, and remarks, such as "sick in the Barracks." These rolls are certified by British commanding officers.

The rosters list the following regiments:

  • Anhalt Zerbst army under Riedesel, Regiment Prinz Friedrich, Grenadier Battalion von Mengen, Regiment von Riedesel, Regiment von Specht.
  • Hesse-Cassel. Grenadier Battalion vacant Graff; Grenadier Battalion von Loewenstein,Company von Biesenrodt, Company von Mondorff, Company von Wachs; Grenadier Regiment d'Angelelli, Leib Conmpany; Regiment von Bunau, Leib Company; Regiment Erb Prinz (4 folls for this list names of Hessians captured at Yorktown), Company von Cochenhausen, Company von Fuchs; Regiment von Lossberg, Jr., Company von Baurmeister, Company von Biesenrodt, Company von Romrod, Company von Wilmowsky, Leib Company.
  • Hesse-Hanau. Artillery detachment under Pausch.
  • Waldeck. Third Regiment, Company von Alberti, Company von Horn, Company von Penzel.

In addition to muster rolls is a copy of the treaty executed in 1776 between the Duke of Brunswick and George III for hiring German mercenaries. Also enclosed is a barrack account for the first regiment of Anspach troops during the winter of 1777-1778; several receipts, including three accounts submitted to the Great Britain Army Victualing Office (1786); an account of payments to foreign troops in America; and a statement from a surgeon named Pralle of the Bath infantry, certifying that several men belonged to Major General de Rhetz' regiment (1781). Documents are in English and German.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Anhalt (Germany)--History, Military.
    • Braunschweig (Duchy) Heer. Prinz Friedrich Regiment--History--18th century.
    • Great Britain. Army--Colonial forces.
    • Great Britain. Army--History--Sources.
    • Great Britain. Army--Mercenaries.
    • Great Britain. Army--Registers.
    • Hanau-Munzenberg (Germany)--History, Military--18th century.
    • Hesse-Kassel (Electorate)--History, Military--18th century.
    • Hessian mercenaries--Registers.
    • Mercenary troops--Great Britain.
    • Pausch, Captain.
    • Riedesel, Friedrich Adolf, Freiherr von, 1738-1800.
    • Specht, Johann Friedrich, d. 1787.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--British forces.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Participation, German.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1781--Prisoners and prisons--Registers.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1781--Registers.
    • Waldeck (Fürstentum) Waldeckische Regiment, 3te.
    • Yorktown (Va.)--History--Siege, 1781--Surrenders--British.
    Genre Terms:
    • Muster rolls.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
     
    German Auxiliaries Muster Rolls [series]
    Box   1 Folder   1
    Anhalt Zerbst. [Army].  July 20, 1781
     
    Anhalt Zerbst. [Army].  July 20, 1781
    Box   1 Folder   2
    Brunswick. [Army]. Army under Riedesel. General Staff.  July 20, 1781
     
    Brunswick. [Army]. Corps of Light Infantry.  July 20, 1781
    Box   1 Folder   3
    Brunswick. [Army under] Riedesel.  June 26, 1783
     
    Brunswick. [Army]. Grenadier battalion.  July 20, 1781
    Box   1 Folder   4
    Brunswick. [Army]. Regiment Brunswick Dragoons.  June 20, 1781
     
    Brunswick. [Army]. Regiment Prinz Friedrich.  July 20, 1781
    Box   1 Folder   5
    Brunswick. [Army]. Regiment Prinz Friedrich.  June 24, 1782
     
    Brunswick. [Army]. Regiment von Rhetz.  July 20, 1781
    Box   1 Folder   6
    Brunswick. [Army]. Regiment von Riedesel.  July 20, 1781
     
    Brunswick. [Army]. Regiment von Riedesel.  Undated
    Box   1 Folder   7
    Brunswick. [Army]. Regiment von Specht.  May 13, 1776
     
    Brunswick. [Army]. Regiment von Specht.  July 20,1781
    Box   1 Folder   8
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Battalion of grenadiers Graff. Hessenmüller’s company.  July 4, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Grenadier battalion vacant Graff. Hohenstein Company.  July 4, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   9
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Grenadier battalion vacant Graff. Saltzmann Company.  July 4, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Grenadier battalion vacant Graff. Sandrock Company.  July 4, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   10
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Battalion of Grenadiers von Loewenstein. Von Biesenrodt’s company.  July 4, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Batallion of Grenadiers von Loewenstein. Klingender Company.  July 4, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   11
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Batallion of Grenadiers von Loewenstein. Mondorff’s company.  July 4, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Batallion of Grenadiers von Loewenstein. Wachs’ company.  July 4, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   12
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Grenadier Regiment d’Angelelli. Leib Company.  June-July 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Grenadier Regiment d’Angelelli. Bauer Company.  June 24, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   13
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Grenadier Regiment d’Angelelli. Endemann Company.  June 24, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Grenadier Regiment d’Angelelli. Hatzfeld Company.  June 24, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   14
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Benning. Company du Corps.  June 24, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Benning. Hillebrand Company.  June 24, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   15
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Benning. Martini Company.  June 24, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Benning. Prueschenck Company.  June 24, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   16
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Benning. Sonneborn Company.  June 24, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Bünau. Leib Company.  July 3, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   17
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Bünau. Boecking Company.  July 3, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Bünau. Goebell Company.  July 3, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   18
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Bünau. Platte Company.  July 3, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Bünau. Scheffer Company.  July 3, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   19
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Donop. Company du Corps.  July 5, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Donop. Company von Kutzleben.  July 5, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   20
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Donop. Company von Wurmb.  July 5, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Donop. Heymell Company.  July 5, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   21
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Donop. Hinte Company.  July 5, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment Erbprinz. Cochenhausen’s Company.  June-July 1782
    Box   1 Folder   22
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment Erbprinz. Fuchs’s Company.  June-July 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment Erbprinz. Company von Hachenberg.  June-July 1782
    Box   1 Folder   23
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment Erbprinz. Waldenberg Company.  June-July 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Lengerke.  March 12, 1778
    Box   1 Folder   24
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Lossbert June Baurmaster’s Company.  July 5, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Lossberg, June Biesenrodt’s Company.  July 5, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   25
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Lossberg, June Leib Company.  July 5, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Lossberg, June Romrod’s Company.  July 5, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   26
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Lossberg, June Wilmowsky’s Company.  July 5, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Seitz. Company von Kietzell.  June 24, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   27
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Seitz. Company von Schaltern.  June 24, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Seitz. Langenschwartz Company.  June 24, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   28
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Seitz. Neuman Company.  June 24, 1782
     
    Hesse-Hanau. Army. Artillery.  July 20, 1781
    Box   1 Folder   29
    Hesse-Hanau. Army. Jäger Corps.  July 20, 1781
     
    Waldeck. [Army.] 3rd Regiment. Company von Alberti.  July 12, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   30
    Waldeck. [Army.] 3rd Regiment.  August 24, 1778
     
    Waldeck. [Army.] 3rd Regiment. Company von Horn.  July 12, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   31
    Waldeck. [Army.] 3rd Regiment. Company von Penzel.  June 24, 1782
     
    Waldeck. [Army.] 3rd Regiment. Vacant Company.  July 12, 1782
    Box   1 Folder   32
    Brunswick. [Army.] Grenadier batallion von Mengen. Paymaster (Gebhard).  March 9, 1779
     
    Great Britain. Brunswick.  January 9, 1776
    Box   1 Folder   33
    Anspach. Army. 1st Regiment.  March 16, 1778
     
    Barrow, Thomas.  July 13, 1779
    Box   1 Folder   34
    Clere, H.  August 1782
     
    Great Britain. Army. Commissioner of the Victualing Office.  May 24, 1786
    Box   1 Folder   35
    Great Britain. Army. Commissioner of the Victualing Office.  December 13, 1786
     
    Great Britain. Army. Commissioner of the Victualing Office.  November 8, 1786
    Box   1 Folder   36
    Porter, W[illiam].  August 5, 1782
     
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Knyphausen.  1780
    Box   1 Folder   37
    [Hesse-Cassel. Army.] Regiment von Knyphausen.  1781
     
    Great Britain. Army in America. German Regiments.  June 1, 1776-July 28, 1783
    Box   1 Folder   38
    Riedesel, [Friedrich Adolph, Freiherr von], 1738-1800.  September 13, 1779
     
    Pralle.  July 20, 1781
    Box   1 Folder   39
    Riedesel, [Friedrich Adolph, Freiherr von], 1738-1800.  January 26, 1783
    Folder   : Oversize Manuscripts  
     June 24, 1782, Regiment d’Infanterie du Lieutenant General de Donop, de la Compagnie du Corps…
     
     June 24, 1782, Regiment de Donop Infantrie
     
     June 24, 1782, Regiment de Donop Infantrie
     
     June 24, 1782, Regiment de Donop…
     
     June 24, 1782, Regiment de Lossberg…
     
     June 24, 1782, Regiment de Lossberg…
     
     June 24, 1782, Regiment de Lossberg…
     
     June 24, 1782, Regiment de Lossberg…
     
     June 24, 1782, Regiment de Lossberg…
     
     June 24, 1782, Regiment d’Infanterie du Colonel de Leith…
     
     August 5, 17[82], Letter introducing and enclosed list of the General Staff Officers of the Hessian Troops; report of the State of the Foreign Troops at New York
     
     January 26, 1783, General Report of foreign troops in America under Commando of General Major v. Riedesel
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    Related collections held by the Clements Library include the following Revolutionary War collections that deal specifically with Hessian involvement:

    Bibliography

    Auerbach, Inge. Die Hessen in Amerika 1776-1783. Darmstadt: Hessische Historische Kommission Darmstadt, 1996.

    Mackenzie, Frederick, and Allen French. A British fusilier in revolutionary Boston: being the diary of Lieutenant Frederick Mackenzie, adjutant of the Royal Welch fusiliers, January 5-April 30, 1775, with a letter describing his voyage to America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1926.