Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
History of the Four Quarters of the Globe, 1791-1793

Finding aid created by
Galen Wilson, August 1987, and Meg Hixon, February 2012

Summary Information
Title: History of the Four Quarters of the Globe
Creator: Anonymous
Inclusive dates: 1791-1793
Extent: 1 volume
Abstract:
This volume, compiled between 1791 and 1793, contains detailed geographical, historical, and other descriptive accounts of Western Europe and the Americas, as well as a general history of astronomy. Appendices include an index of geographic locations and a general timeline of world history, with a focus on Biblical events and European affairs. This is the third volume of a 3-volume work.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

M-4908.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

History of the Four Quarters of the Globe, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


History

This volume, compiled by "I. C. Junr." between 1791 and 1793, is the third volume of a 3-volume work. It contains detailed geographical, historical, and other descriptive accounts of Western Europe and the Americas, as well as a general history of astronomy. Appendices include an index of geographic locations and a general timeline of world history, with a focus on Biblical events and European affairs.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This is the third and final volume of a multi-volume work (pages 508-966) written by "I. C. Junr." between November 3, 1791, and March 4, 1793. The cover of the 460-page volume is hand-tooled in gold leaf and bears the title "Manuscript Account from Germany to Turkey in Europe with a Description of America Finishing with a Copious Explanation of the Terrestrial & Celestial Globes." The author's concluding remarks refer to it as a "History of the Four Quarters of the Globe," begun around November 1789 (p. 880). The work includes geographic, historic, and descriptive accounts of Western Europe and the Americas, a geographic index, a timeline of events in world history, a general history of astronomy, and an index. He notes that the previous volumes described Asia, Africa, and Eastern Europe.

The book begins with a partial description of Germany, continued from the previous volume. Further geographically-organized sections focus on other Continental powers, islands in the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, and the Americas. Each section opens with a general description of a nation's history, geography, people, cities, and (sometimes) important buildings. The author included information on soil quality, climate, and the people, often commenting separately on men and women, and on common religious beliefs. Charts, lists, or other quantitative data accompany some of the descriptions. The author treated several "American States" individually, though New England is described as a singular entity.

The appendices include a table of geographical information about cities, islands, and landmarks (pp. 882-889); a timeline of world history from the Creation of the World in 4004 BC to 1784 AD, focusing on Europe and listing Biblical events, deaths of notable people, and political developments (pp. 890-904); a history of astronomy (pp. 905-917); and additional information on land, water, tides, winds, and stars (pp. 918-965). Celestial information includes tables of zodiac signs (p. 926) and a list of constellations (pp. 927-928). The geographical information is followed by definitions, solutions, problems, and paradoxes (pp. 939-965). The mathematical, navigational, and geographical problems and solutions are presented in a question-and-answer teaching format (similar to Isaac Watts's The Knowledge of the Heavens and the Earth Made Easy or Joseph Randall's A System of Geography, for example).

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Astronomy--History--Early works to 1800.
    • Caribbean Area--Description and travel--Early works to 1800.
    • Caribbean Area--History--Early works to 1800.
    • Caribbean Area--Politics and government--Early works to 1800.
    • Geography--History--Early works to 1800.
    • Europe--Description and travel--Early works to 1800.
    • Europe--History--Early works to 1800.
    • Europe--Politics and government--Early works to 1800.
    • North America--Description and travel--Early works to 1800.
    • North America--History--Early works to 1800.
    • North America--Politics and government--Early works to 1800.
    • South America--Description and travel--Early works to 1800.
    • South America--History--Early works to 1800.
    • South America--Politics and government--Early works to 1800.
    Genre Terms:
    • Gazetteers (dictionaries)
    • Histories.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    History of the Four Quarters of the Globe,  1791-1793 [series]:
    Volume   3 Page   508
    Germany
    Volume   3 Page   521
    Bohemia
    Volume   3 Page   525
    Holland
    Volume   3 Page   542
    Flanders
    Volume   3 Page   544
    France
    Volume   3 Page   583
    Spain
    Volume   3 Page   607
    Portugal
    Volume   3 Page   617
    Switzerland
    Volume   3 Page   632
    Italy
    Volume   3 Page   662
    Hungary
    Volume   3 Page   668
    Turkey
    Volume   3 Page   683
    Great Britain
    Volume   3 Page   727
    Islands of Scotland
    Volume   3 Page   731
    Ireland
    Volume   3 Page   737
    Isle of Man
    Volume   3 Page   738
    Isle of Wight
    Volume   3 Page   739
    Isles of Scilly and Jersey
    Volume   3 Page   740
    Guernsey and Alderney
    Volume   3 Page   741
    Sark and Iceland
    Volume   3 Page   743
    Faro Islands, Baltic Isles
    Volume   3 Page   745
    Mediterranean Isles
    Volume   3 Page   752
    "This finishes a general description of Asia, Africa, and Europe. August 1792. Page of the work 450. No. 36."
    Volume   3 Page   753
    America: general geographical description
    Volume   3 Page   754
    [America]: Minerals, precious metals and stones
    Volume   3 Page   755
    [America]: Age of discovery
    Volume   3 Page   756
    [America]: French and Indian War
    Volume   3 Page   757
    [America]: Statistics of governmental bodies
    Volume   3 Page   759
    [America]: American Indians
    Volume   3 Page   763
    New Britain (Labrador)
    Volume   3 Page   767
    Canada (Quebec)
    Volume   3 Page   777
    Nova Scotia
    Volume   3 Page   778
    American States: New England
    Volume   3 Page   790
    New York
    Volume   3 Page   792
    New Jersey
    Volume   3 Page   794
    Pennsylvania
    Volume   3 Page   799
    Maryland
    Volume   3 Page   802
    Virginia
    Volume   3 Page   806
    North and South Carolina, Georgia
    Volume   3 Page   812
    Spanish America: East and West Florida
    Volume   3 Page   815
    New Mexico and California
    Volume   3 Page   817
    Old Mexico, or New Spain
    Volume   3 Page   821
    South America: Terra Firma or Castilla del Oro
    Volume   3 Page   826
    Peru
    Volume   3 Page   832
    Chile
    Volume   3 Page   833
    Paraguay
    Volume   3 Page   836
    Patagonia
    Volume   3 Page   838
    Brazil
    Volume   3 Page   842
    French America: Cayenne
    Volume   3 Page   843
    Dutch America: Surinam
    Volume   3 Page   845
    Islands: Newfoundland
    Volume   3 Page   846
    Cape Breton, St. John's, Bermuda
    Volume   3 Page   847
    Bahamas
    Volume   3 Page   848
    Falklands, Tierra del Fuego
    Volume   3 Page   849
    Juan Fernández Islands
    Volume   3 Page   850
    British Islands: Jamaica
    Volume   3 Page   856
    Barbadoes
    Volume   3 Page   858
    St. Christopher's, Antigua, Nevis, Montserrat, Barbuda, Anguilla, Dominica, Granada, St. Vincent's
    Volume   3 Page   861
    Spanish Islands: Cuba, St. Domingo, Puerto Rico, Margarita, Trinidad
    Volume   3 Page   864
    French Islands: Martinique, Guadeloupe, St. Lucia, Tobago, St. Bartholomew, Marigalante, Deseada
    Volume   3 Page   867
    Dutch Islands: Sint Eustatius, Curaçao
    Volume   3 Page   869
    Danish Islands: St. Thomas, St. Croix
    Volume   3 Page   869
    "Finished thus far in Novr. 3d. 1792. Page of the Work 568."
    Volume   3 Page   871
    Appendix: Pacific discoveries
    Volume   3 Page   873
    Sandwich Islands
    Volume   3 Page   877
    Northern Archipelago
    Volume   3 Page   882
    Geographical table
    Volume   3 Page   890
    Chronological List of Remarkable Events
    Volume   3 Page   904
    "Finished to here. December 22, 1792. Page of the Work 608."
    Volume   3 Page   905
    The Origin and Progress of Astronomy
    Volume   3 Page   909
    The Sun
    Volume   3 Page   910
    Mercury
    Volume   3 Page   911
    Venus, Earth
    Volume   3 Page   912
    The Moon
    Volume   3 Page   913
    Mars, Jupiter
    Volume   3 Page   914
    Saturn
    Volume   3 Page   916
    Comets
    Volume   3 Page   918
    General Divisions of the Earth
    Volume   3 Page   922
    Winds
    Volume   3 Page   924
    Tides
    Volume   3 Page   926
    General description of the Heavens
    Volume   3 Page   926
    The Zodiac
    Volume   3 Page   927
    Constellations
    Volume   3 Page   929
    Description of the Terrestrial and Celestial Globes
    Volume   3 Page   939
    Problems on the Terrestrial Globe (40 problems)
    Volume   3 Page   949
    Problems on the Celestial Globe (26 problems)
    Volume   3 Page   956
    Problems in Navigation, solved by the Globes (10 problems)
    Volume   3 Page   960
    Geographical and Astronomical Paradoxes (40 problems)
    Volume   3 Page   966
    "Finish'd and concluded... and tho' this work May perhaps have the appearance of industry and perseverance, it was done at a small part (only) of leisure, from business. I. C. Junr. March 4th 1793."