William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
Finding aid created by
Jean-Daniel Dumas, Traite de la Defence et de la Conservation des Colonies… , 1775
Philip Heslip, October 2009
Jean-Daniel Dumas, Traite de la Defense et de la Conservation des Colonies…
Dumas, Jean-Daniel, 1721-1794
This collection contains two manuscript copies of Jean-Daniel Dumas' Traite de la Defense et de la Conservation des Colonies, an assessment of France's North American colonies by one of the most successful generals of the French and Indian War.
The material is in French
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.
Jean-Daniel Dumas, Traite de la Defense et de la Conservation des Colonies… , William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
Jean-Daniel Dumas, son of Samuel Dumas and Anne Martin, was born in Montauban, France, on February 24, 1721. He enlisted in the French army in 1742 and was appointed a captain of marines in 1747. In 1750, Dumas was sent to Acadia in Canada to negotiate with the Indians on border disputes. At Fort Duquesne in 1755, he commanded the combined force of French and Indians to victory over General Braddock, and, in September of that year, he was made commander of the post. Dumas returned to Quebec at the end of 1756, and was promoted major of the city the following spring. Early in 1759 he was commissioned adjutant general inspector of troops in Canada, which positioned him for important roles in the 1759 and 1760 campaigns. After the surrender of Montreal, he was promoted to the rank of colonel and traveled to France, where he was appointed governor general of Ile de France and of Bourbon. In 1780, he was promoted to major-general but was kept out of active service. He died on August 2, 1794, at Albias, France.
Collection Scope and Content Note
This collection contains two manuscript copies of Jean-Daniel Dumas' Traite de la Defense et de la Conservation des Colonies. One is 190 pages and the other is 281 pages. These copies each contain 27 chapters plus a conclusion. They describe France's colonies in general, as well as the challenges of defending the colonies, duties of the governors general, the cost of colonial administration, commerce in the colonies, and colonial legislation. In his preface, Dumas mentions having presented this essay to the brother of King Louis XV and to several of the ministers in 1773, and that he had expanded it since then.
- Labor laws and legislation--France--Colonies.
- Québec (Québec)--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763.
- United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763.
- Manuscripts (document genre)
Additional Descriptive Data
Related items include two items held by the Book Division:
Audet, F. Joseph. Jean-Daniel Dumas, le héros de la Monongahéla. Montréal: G. Ducharme, 1920.
Vaudreuil, P. de Rigaud., Lévis, F. Gaston. Letters of Vaudreuil, Lévis, and Dumas in 1760. [Ottawa: S.E. Dawson.], 1906.