Edward Miller was born June 30, 1756, in Middleton, Connecticut, the son of Jared Miller and Elizabeth Center. He served for Connecticut in the Revolutionary War, after which, on October 16, 1783, he married Elizabeth Rockwell. In March 1791, he was commissioned as an ensign in the 2nd U.S. Infantry, followed by a promotion to lieutenant in August 1791. In September 1792, the Army was reorganized, and the 2nd Regiment was renamed the 2nd Sublegion. In February 1793, Miller was promoted to captain, and he held this rank throughout Anthony Wayne's campaign against the Indian Confederacy of the Ohio River Valley, known as the Wayne Campaign. Along with his Sublegion, Miller participated in the Battle of the Fallen Timbers in August 1794, and the building of Fort Wayne in October 1794. In 1798, he moved with his wife and children to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he commanded Fort Washington, until he resigned from the service on September 10, 1800, and moved to Clermont County, Ohio. He died July 6, 1823, in Columbia Township, Ohio.