Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Civil War Ambulance Corps Records and Graham Family Accounts, 1863-1865, 1870-1884

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, October 2011

Summary Information
Title: Civil War Ambulance Corps records and Graham family accounts
Creator: United States. Army and Graham family
Inclusive dates: 1863-1865, 1870-1884
Extent: 1 volume
Abstract:
The Civil War Ambulance Corps records and Graham family accounts are housed in a single bound volume. Forty pages of reports concern the actions of the Union ambulance corps from 1863-1865, and 41 pages of household accounts (1870-1884) pertain to the Graham family.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2010. M-4796.4.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Civil War Ambulance Corps records and Graham family accounts, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

The bound volume contains two series:

  • Series I: Civil War Ambulance Corps records
  • Series II: Graham family accounts

History

During the early stages of the Civil War, the removal of casualties from battlefields was slow and inefficient. Charles S. Tripler, medical director for the Army of the Potomac, initially proposed the establishment of an official ambulance corps in the fall of 1861 and his successor, Jonathan Letterman, later successfully implemented the organization of a corps in the Eastern Theater of the war. Union armies in the West quickly followed suit. The ambulance corps received official congressional recognition in March 1864.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Civil War Ambulance Corps records and Graham family accounts are housed in a single bound volume. Forty pages of reports concern the actions of the Union ambulance corps from 1863-1865, and 41 pages of household accounts (1870-1884) pertain to the Graham family.

The ambulance corps records (pages 1-41) consist of copied correspondence addressed to various chiefs of ambulance operations. Numerous ambulance corps commanders wrote about their activities along the front, sometimes including statistics, for battles such as Gettysburg (August 28, 1863), Wapping Heights [Manassas Gap] (September 2, 1863), and the Wilderness (July 1864). The records cover a variety of divisions of the Army of the Potomac, and several of the later reports originated from John R. Pancoast of the 110th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. The final item in this series is dated April 22, 1865, and mentions several skirmishes during the last stages of the war.

The second part of the volume contains financial records tracking the household and private expenditures of the Graham family (pp. 43-84). Total household expenditure for this family totaled $2,018.94 in 1871, including expenses for food, fabrics, and other goods. Family members whose specific expenses were recorded include: J. J. Graham, Jane P. Graham, Anna M. Graham, George H. Graham, Carrie Bell Graham, and Rose Clarke.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Home economics--Accounting.
    • United States. Army of the Potomac. Ambulance Corps.
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Medical care.
    Genre Terms:
    • Accounts.
    • Letters (correspondence)
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Civil War Ambulance Corps records [series]:
    Volume   1 Pages   1-41
     1863-1865
     
    Graham family accounts [series]:
    Pages   43-84  
     1870-1884
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Bibliography

    Schroeder-Lein, Glenna R. "Ambulance Corps." The Encyclopedia of Civil War Medicine. M. E. Sharpe, 2008.