Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
U.S. Army Hospital Ship Marigold Diary, 1944-1945

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, July 2011

Summary Information
Title: U.S. Army Hospital Ship Marigold diary
Creator: Anonymous
Inclusive dates: 1944-1945
Extent: 1 volume
Abstract:
The U.S. Army Hospital Ship Marigold diary concerns a payroll clerk's experiences on the Marigold during a tour of duty in the Pacific Theater in the Second World War. The diarist described daily life onboard the ship, discussed crew discipline, and noted the places he visited. Hand-drawn illustrations and maps depict the Marigold's voyage through the Panama Canal and sections of the Papua New Guinea coast.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2009. M-4750.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

U.S. Army Hospital Ship Marigold Diary, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


History

After D-Day (June 6, 1944), the troop ship Marigold was newly refitted as a hospital ship and traveled to Europe to assist with the Allied invasion of southern France. After returning to the United States, the Marigold was stationed at Charleston, South Carolina, until being sent to the Pacific Theater in October 1944. The ship traveled through the Panama Canal to New Guinea and the Philippines before returning to the United States in May 1945.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The U.S. Army Hospital Ship Marigold diary (105 pages) concerns a payroll clerk's experiences on the Marigold during a tour of duty in the Pacific Theater in the Second World War. The diarist described daily life onboard the ship, discussed crew discipline, and noted the places he visited. Hand-drawn illustrations and maps depict the Marigold 's voyage through the Panama Canal and sections of the Papua New Guinea coast.

The first entry is dated in Charleston, South Carolina, on October 9, 1944, just prior to the Marigold 's departure for the Pacific Ocean. The diary covers the author's daily experiences and observations through May 5, 1945, including his descriptions of scenery and details about ship life. In mid-October, he wrote about and sketched the journey through the Panama Canal (pp. 2-10). In November, he reported that the 6th had been "cancelled" as the ship crossed the International Date Line (p. 26) and that the 11th had been celebrated for the armistice (p. 28). His comments on everyday routines and experiences included observations on passengers, the weather, crew discipline, submarine scares, and air raids. Further entries follow the ship's progress toward New Guinea and the Philippines, where he mentioned destroyed cities such as Manila and its harbor (pp. 90-95). At the time of the final entry (May 5, 1945), the Marigold had just passed Hawaii on its return journey to the United States.

In addition to the Panama Canal sketch, the diary has maps of the Marigold 's layout (p. 18); Finchhaven, Papua New Guinea (p. 29); the port at Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea (p. 38); and Hollandia Bay, Papua New Guinea (p. 58).

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Marigold (Ship)
    • Ocean travel.
    • Pacific Ocean--Description and travel.
    • Panama Canal (Panama)
    • United States. Navy--Hospital ships.
    • World War, 1939-1945--Armistices.
    • World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities--Philippines.
    • World War, 1939-1945--Medical care--United States.
    • World War, 1939-1945--Pacific Ocean.
    Subjects - Visual Materials:
    • Marigold (Ship)
    • Milne Bay (Papua New Guinea)
    • Panama Canal (Panama)
    • Papua New Guinea.
    Genre Terms:
    • Diaries.
    • Manuscript maps.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Volume   1  
    U.S. Army Hospital Ship Marigold diary,  1944-1945 [series]
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Bibliography

    Monahan, Evelyn, and Neidel-Greenlee, Rosemary. And If I Perish: Frontline U.S. Army Nurses in World War II. New York: Knopf, 2003.