Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Hiland H. Weaver Papers, 1861, 1864-1865

James S. Schoff Civil War Collection

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, July 2011

Summary Information
Title: Hiland H. Weaver papers
Creator: Weaver, Hattie
Inclusive dates: 1861, 1864-1865
Extent: 11 items
The Hiland H. Weaver papers contain 11 letters written by an officer of the 3rd Iowa Independent Light Battery during his service in the western theater of the Civil War.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2009. M-4738.1.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Hiland H. Weaver Papers, James S. Schoff Civil War Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


The collection is arranged chronologically, with undated items placed at the end.


Hiland H. Weaver was born in the state of New York in 1833, and in 1855 married a woman named Harriet ("Hattie"). After settling in Butler, Iowa, Weaver enlisted in the 3rd Independent Iowa Battery (the "Dubuque" battery) on August 28, 1861. During the war, Weaver fought in the western theater of the Civil War, and his service ended on October 23, 1865. Though he entertained thoughts of remaining in the army, Weaver left for Michigan, where Hattie lived during the war, and settled in Reading. Weaver worked as a carpenter following his military service, and died on January 23, 1915. He and Hattie had at least three children: Hiram, Jay, and Jennie.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Hiland H. Weaver papers contain 11 letters written by an officer of the 3rd Iowa Independent Light Battery during his service in the western theater of the Civil War. In his early letters, written in 1861, Weaver described camp life and his unit's eagerness to see action. On December 14, 1861, he said, "it is very uncertain when I will see you again but I hope it will not be very long. There is some prospect that there will be a…battle fought near here before long and the most of the boys are ancious to have a hand in it but some look rather pale when there is anything said about getting into a fight[.]" In 1864, Weaver exhibited a similar devotion to the cause, and wrote, "I do not care if we stay in [our winter quarters] as long as the war lasts for I am tired of running around the country and if Old Abe is reelected I think we will have this war brought to a close in less than six months…and we will have peace on honorable terms" (October 16, 1864). Weaver also ruminated on the harsh human cost of armed conflict as he described the devastation of a recent battlefield: "It is hard to see the destruction there is when an army passes through a country" (undated). In an undated fragment, Weaver provided a graphic description of battlefield casualties: "It was a heartrending sean there was men with their heads shot off and some shot all to pieces…and in fact any thing you may immagine." All together, Weaver's correspondence provides insight into the western theater of the Civil War, both at the beginning of the conflict and during its closing stages.

Subject Terms

    • Arkansas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • United States. Army. Iowa Light Artillery Battery, 3rd (1861-1865)
    • United States. Army--Military life.
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • Weaver, Hiland H., 1833-1915.
    Genre Terms:
    • Letters (correspondence)
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Box   97, Schoff Civil War Collection  
    Hiland H. Weaver papers [series]
    Folder   1  
     September 25, 1861-October 26, 1854
    Folder   2  
     December 11, 1864-November 3, 1865, and  undated
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The John Schroeder papers relate to a soldier who also served in the 3rd Iowa Infantry regiment.

    The Schoff Civil War Letters and Documents collection contains a letter from E[dward] D. John to D. A. Gibbons, which discusses the 3rd Iowa Infantry Regiment.

    The Butler Center for Arkansas Studies holds a Hiland H. Weaver collection.