Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Priscilla Hunt Cadwallader Sermons, 1824; 1831

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, August 2011

Summary Information
Title: Priscilla Hunt Cadwallader sermons
Creator: Anonymous
Inclusive dates: 1824, 1831
Extent: 4 items
Abstract:
This collection contains the text of two sermons given by Quaker minister Priscilla Hunt Cadwallader in 1824 and 1831, along with two copies of notes on a sermon given by Cadwallader at Philadelphia in the early 19th century.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2009. M-4738.13.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Priscilla Hunt Cadwallader Sermons, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically.


Biography

Priscilla Hunt Cadwallader, born to a religious Quaker family in North Carolina on July 10, 1786, had little formal education. In 1811, she married Jabez Hunt, who died two years later, leaving her with a young child. She moved to Indiana, and in 1815 began preaching at the Blue River Monthly Meeting in Washington County. She quickly became known for her preaching, and began to travel around the United States. Around 1824, Priscilla Hunt married Joseph Cadwallader, a Quaker minister, though this second marriage ended in divorce in 1830. Despite her unhappy marriage, Priscilla found herself in a leadership role during the split of the Society of Friends into Hicksite and Orthodox factions in 1827-1828. During the later years of her life, she continued to travel and preach throughout the United States and Canada, though various illnesses increasingly took their toll on her and limited her ability to travel. She died on November 13, 1859.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This collection contains the text of two sermons given by Quaker minister Priscilla Hunt Cadwallader in 1824 and 1831, along with two copies of notes on a sermon given by her at Philadelphia in the early 19th century. The first item is the 4-page text of "A Sermon Delivered by Priscilla Hunt at New Bedford," dated April 15, 1824, about religious judgment, and turning to God and to the Christian faith. In a second sermon, entitled "A Sermon by Priscilla Cadwalader at Concord Quartly Meeting, held at Darby" (November 15, 1831), she discussed a range of religious topics; the 9-page document is particularly notable for its emphasis on the judgment of God and for Cadwallader's prophetic vision of the coming Civil War. She said, "I have seen Africa's sons … distinctly heard the … roar of cannons, those thunders of war approaching North America[,] raging and ransacking through the United States, with glittering clashing swords … Hath not my spiritual eye beheld brother's sword bathed in a brother's blood. Ah! My friends the clouds are rising, the tempest will come, and a more tremendous storm never beat on American Shores." The final two items in the collection are copies of identical notes, entitled "Priscilla Hunt's Exercise in Philadelphia." These notes allude to internal strife within the Society of Friends; as the author explained, " … the Trump of the everlasting Gospel would be laid down in this City because says she you have erred against the true gospel."

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Philadelphia (Pa.)
    • Quaker women.
    • Sermons, American.
    • Society of Friends--Clergy.
    • Society of Friends--History.
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Sermons.
    • Women clergy.
    Contributors:
    • Cadwallader, Priscilla, 1786-1859.
    Genre Terms:
    • Notes.
    • Sermons.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Box   49, Small Collections  
    Priscilla Hunt Cadwallader sermons [series]
    Folder   34  
     April 15, 1824, and  November 15, 1831
    Folder   35  
     Undated
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The Clements Library holds many items related to Quakers in the 19th century. In particular, the Quaker collection holds several items that deal with the religious schisms of the late 1820s.

    Bibliography

    Hamm, Thomas D. "Quakerism, Ministry, Marriage, and Divorce: The Ordeal of Priscilla Hunt Cadwalader." Journal of the Early Republic, 27 (Fall 2008).

    Johnson, Jane. Memoir of Priscilla Cadwallader. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: T. Elwood Zell & Co., 1864.