Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Alvan Boyden Papers, 1775-1844

David P. Harris Collection

Finding aid created by
Philip Heslip, September 2009

Summary Information
Title: Alvan Boyden papers
Creator: Boyden, Alvan, 1775-1844
Inclusive dates: 1806-1828
Extent: 19 items
Abstract:
This collection contains official U.S. Army documents and correspondence received or written by Alvan Boyden from his time in the United States Army's 45th Regiment of Infantry.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

Donated by David P. Harris, 2008. M-4659.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

Alvan Boyden Papers, David P. Harris Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

This collection is organized chronologically in two binders.


Biography

Alvan Boyden was born on September 7, 1775, in Worchester, Massachusetts, to Darius and Lavina (Brown) Boyden. He married Mary Holmes Woodward (b. 1773) and had five children: Mary (b. 1799), Lavina (b. 1808), Nancy Holmes (b. 1810), Emilia (b. 1812), and William Henry (b. 1818). In 1805, Boyden worked as a county deputy sheriff in Paris, Maine. From 1809-1812, he was chosen as one of the Paris surveyors of lumber. From November 1812 to January 1813, Boyden served as a sergeant in the Massachusetts militia stationed in Norway, Maine. In 1813 he joined the United States Army's 45th Regiment of Infantry, made up of volunteers from Maine and New Hampshire and was appointed ensign in June 1814. In October that year, Boyden was promoted to third lieutenant and promoted again to second lieutenant in January 1815. During these appointments, Boyden was responsible for recruitment, and, after the war, for inventorying two regiment camps and distributing clothing and equipment back to the regimental depot. He was honorably discharged on June 15, 1815. After his time in the army, Boyden may have worked as an English teacher in Maine. He and his family moved permanently to Vermont where he established a farm. In 1824, he was elected pound keeper of Brookline, Vermont, served as town clerk for one year, and was a justice of the peace for Windham County, Vermont, in 1828. He died on March 14, 1844, in Newfane, Vermont.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This collection contains official U.S. army documents and correspondence received or written by Boyden. These include regimental inventories, letters reporting inventories, and recruiting accounts. Post-war documents include two professional certificates: one for teaching and one for serving as a justice of the peace.

The donor has collected, arranged, transcribed, and annotated each document and has written a well-researched collection description.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Massachusetts. Militia.
    • United States. Army--Inventory control.
    • United States. Army--Recruiting, enlistment, etc.--War of 1812.
    • United States. Army. Regiment, 45th Infantry.
    • United States--History--War of 1812.
    Genre Terms:
    • Certificates.
    • Inventories.
    • Letters (correspondence)
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
     
    Correspondence and Documents [series]
    Volume   1  
     
    1. Boyden's warrant as sergeant-major in the Massachusetts militia,  1806.
     
    2. Notice of appointment as ensign in the 45 Infantry Regiment,  1814.
     
    3. Early draft of Boyden's recruiting account,  1814.
     
    4. Later draft of Boyden's recruiting account,  1814.
     
    5. Letter to Lieutenant Samuel Sylvester,  1815.
     
    6. Draft of inventory of clothing and camp equipment at Bath, Maine,  1815.
     
    7. Draft of inventory of clothing and camp equipment at Bath, Maine, and Concord, New Hampshire,  1815.
     
    8. Revised draft of inventory at Bath, Maine, and Concord, New Hampshire,  1815.
     
    9. Receipt from Colonel Denny McCobb,  1815.
    Volume   2  
     
    10. Copy of Boyden's expenses charged to his contingent account for transporting baggage from Norway, Maine, to Springfield, Massachusetts,  1815.
     
    11. Copy No. 2 of an inventory delivered to Depot No. 1, Springfield, Massachusetts,  1815.
     
    12. Copy No. 3 of an inventory delivered to Depot No. 1, Springfield, Massachusetts,  1815.
     
    13. Agreement between Boyden and Robert Davis, trader, for Davis to transport equipment from Boston to Springfield,  1815.
     
    14. Copy of a receipt for payment to Ezra Hutchins from Colonel McCobb for transporting equipment from Boston to Springfield,  1815.
     
    15. Letter to Secretary of War Alexander Dallas, reporting on equipment shipments,  1815.
     
    16. Letter to Colonel McCobb.
     
    17. Letter from Lieutenant Samuel Sylvester, regarding funds available for paying disbanded officers,  1815.
     
    18. Certificate from Lincoln Ripley, minister in Waterford Maine, certifying that Boyden is qualified to teach in an English school,  1816.
     
    19. Certificate from Thomas Crane, Justice of the Peace, Brookline, Vermont, certifying Boyden's oath to perform duties of a justice of the peace for Windham County,  1816.