Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Israel Shreve Journals, 1788-1797

Finding aid created by
Bethany Anderson, 2008

Summary Information
Title: Israel Shreve journals
Creator: Shreve, Israel, 1739-1799
Inclusive dates: 1788-1797
Bulk dates: 1788-1789
Extent: 220 pages
Abstract:
The Israel Shreve collection consists of two journals and one letter written by Shreve. The journals document a surveying expedition led by Colonel George Morgan, traveling by boat from Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, to establish a colony called New Madrid, located in present-day Missouri.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2005. M-4505.3.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown.

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

Israel Shreve journals, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Biography

A Quaker of English-Dutch heritage, Israel Shreve (1739-1799) was one of eight children born at Mt. Pleasant, New Jersey, to Benjamin Shreve (b.c. 1706) and Rebecca French Shreve (b.c. 1709). Shreve was married twice, first to Grace Curtis (b.c. 1740), and then to Mary Cokely (1749-1824). He had a total of eleven children from the two marriages. The most well known of his progeny was Henry Miller Shreve (1785-1851), who introduced steamboat travel to the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and was credited with making improvements in the steamboat and steam engine. The city of Shreveport, Louisiana, is named after him.

Shreve is best known for his involvement in the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). In 1775, Shreve was appointed lieutenant colonel of the Second New Jersey Regiment by the Provincial Congress, and was then promoted to colonel in 1776. He fought in several important battles with General George Washington, such as the Battle of Brandywine and the Battle of Germantown. He retired from military duty in 1781.

After the end of the Revolution, Spain sought to lure settlers to its Louisiana Territory by offering land grants. In response, George Morgan (1743-1810), a retired Revolutionary War colonel who was also a merchant, land speculator, and Indian agent, engaged in a number of negotiations with the Spanish Minister, Don Diego de Gardoqui (1735-1798). He was given land along the western bank of Mississippi River, located in present-day Missouri, in order to establish a colony. Originally called Anse a la Graisse, which was a Delaware settlement, Morgan renamed the site New Madrid. Shreve accompanied Morgan and others during the first expedition to New Madrid, during which he wrote the journals that comprise this collection.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The two Israel Shreve journals overlap chronologically; one was written between December 19, 1788, and July 5, 1789, and the other covers his expedition from January 3, 1789, to February 12, 1789. The former journal consists of 200 pages, while the latter 19 pages. Both, however, contain earlier and later dated material separate from the main narratives of the journals. Also included in the collection is a brief letter written by Shreve to his son, John Shreve (b. c.1862), on August 5, 1797.

The December 19, 1788 - July 5, 1789, journal relates Shreve's journey from his home in Rostraver Township, Pennsylvania, on December 19, 1788, to join Colonel George Morgan's surveying expedition bound for the Northwest Territory. With the goal of reconnoitering land in Spanish territory for the establishment of New Madrid, a group of over 50 individuals left Pittsburgh on January 3, 1789. The party was comprised of Colonel Morgan, Shreve, Captain William Taylor, and others. In addition, Native Americans, such as George White Eyes (the Indian ambassador for the expedition), John White Eyes, and members of the Seneca, Delaware, Shawnee, and Munsee were all present.

The large expedition traveled by boat along the Ohio River through West Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio, until they reached the mouth of the Mississippi River on February 14, 1789. After having traveled approximately 40 miles down the Mississippi, they arrived at Anse a la Graisse (sometimes spelled Lance la Grais in the journals) on March 13, 1789. Although the site was inhabited by Delaware Indians, it was here that the Spanish crown had given permission for Morgan to build his colony. While the group surveyed and constructed buildings, Morgan demarcated the boundaries of the town. On May 1, 1789, Shreve and others began their voyage back to Pittsburgh, where they arrived on June 19, 1789.

Throughout the journal, Shreve describes a great deal of the geography and environment. He notes water levels and various tributaries they encountered during their journey along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. He also writes about local flora and fauna, especially birds and species of trees. Shreve mentions people their party passed, especially those in "Kentucke" boats. Some of these were merchant vessels, while others were filled with settlers bound for the Northwest or Spanish territory.

Though Shreve is more interested in writing on the landscape and environmental conditions, he also provides some commentary on Native Americans. He describes the Native Americans they met when they arrived at Anse a la Graisse. He also witnessed people fleeing to Spanish territory, especially to places like Anse a la Graisse and Natchez, in order to escape Native American hostilities. Shreve writes, "…many of them left Good Farms, and moved away on account of the savages murdering the Inhabitants and stealing their Horses, such has been the Neglect of Congress as to affoard them no relief they are now forced to become subjects to the King of Spain, many of them unwillingly…" (1: 87).

The shorter journal contains a more detailed account of events that transpired between January 3, 1789, and February 12, 1789, and appears to have been written from Fort Massac. He comments about their stop at Muskingum on January 5, where the group witnessed negotiations between Governor Arthur St. Clair (1743-1818) and the Six Nations - known as the Treaty of Fort Harmar. Ten Native Americans departed with Colonel Morgan to be ambassadors to other tribes, and to relay the news of the treaty. Shreve also describes their brief interludes at Fort Harmar, Fort Finney, and Fort Massac. In addition to his entries, he includes two copies of letters written by Colonel George Morgan: one is a recruitment notice for the expedition, dated October 3, 1788, and the other is a letter addressed to the Delaware Indians on March 2, 1789. Morgan signed the letter as "Taimenand," an appellation which had been given to him by the Delaware several years earlier.

The journals provide a great deal of information about both the relationship between Native Americans and white settlers, and about the experience of boat travel along the Mississippi and Ohio rivers during this period. Above all, they are of interest for their insight into the dynamics of 18th century surveying and city planning expeditions.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • African Americans--Death.
    • Birds--United States--History.
    • Cherokee Indians.
    • Chickasaw Indians.
    • Chippewa Indians.
    • City planning--United States.
    • Delaware Indians.
    • Expeditions--personal narratives.
    • Indians of North America--1780-1790.
    • Kickapoo Indians.
    • Munsee Indians.
    • New Madrid (Mo.)--History.
    • Ottawa Indians.
    • Piankashaw Indians.
    • Potawatamie tribe.
    • River boats--Mississippi River--History.
    • River boats--Ohio River--History.
    • Seneca Indians.
    • Shawnee Indians.
    • Surveying.
    • Wyandot Indians.
    Genre Terms:
    • Diaries.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Israel Shreve journals [series]:
    Volume   1  
     1788 December 19-1789 July 5
    Volume   2  
     1789 January 3-1789 February 12
    Additional Descriptive Data

    List of Personal Names

    • Adams, George
    • Ahely, Ebenezar
    • Babbet, Samuel
    • Bell, Charles
    • Bell, James
    • Boner, James
    • Brand, Lyal
    • Chagrin, Samuel
    • Cunningham, John
    • Curtis, Joseph
    • Darnet, Alexander
    • Dodge, Captain John
    • Dougherty, James
    • Elliot, Robert
    • Furney, John (or Anthony)
    • Gaston, William
    • Green, Thomas
    • Green, William
    • Hall, George
    • Harmar, General Josiah, 1753-1813
    • Hewling, John
    • Hillier, John
    • Hillman, James
    • Hutchins, Thomas, 1730-1789
    • Jones, Robert
    • Lane, Ebenezar
    • Light, Captain Peter
    • Little, Thomas
    • Ludlow, Israel
    • McCully, Major George
    • McDaniel, Alexander
    • Montgomery, William
    • Morgan, Colonel George, 1743-1810
    • Morgan, Mary
    • Nutt, William
    • Paden, James
    • Patterson, Colonel Robert(?), 1753-1827
    • Peres, Lt. Governor Don Manuel (governor of the Illinois)
    • Phillips, John
    • Pipe, Aaron
    • Porterfield, James
    • Rankin, David
    • Rhea, James
    • St. Clair, Arthur, 1743-1818
    • Shreve, Israel, 1739-1799
    • Shreve, John, b.c. 1762
    • Smith, John
    • Spencer, Oliver
    • Starkey, James
    • Stewart, William (or John?)
    • Symmes, John Cleves, 1742-1814
    • Taylor, Captain William
    • Thompson, Samuel
    • Todd, Thomas, 1765-1826
    • Walker, Captain John
    • Walker, Robert
    • Wardman, Jonathan
    • Wells, James
    • Wheatly, Joseph
    • White Eyes, George
    • White Eyes, John
    • Wilkinson, General James(?), 1756-1825
    • Willis, John Paul
    • Wood, Joseph, d. 1789
    • Wright, Edward

    List of Geographical Locations

    • Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
    • Anse a la Graisse (New Madrid), Missouri
    • Augusta, Virginia
    • Beaver River, Pennsylvania
    • Belleville, Virginia
    • Big Bone Creek, Kentucky
    • Big Bone Lick, Kentucky
    • Big Sandy River, West Virginia and Kentucky
    • Cache River, Illinois
    • Cape Cinque Hommes, Missouri
    • Cherokee River (Tennessee River), Kentucky
    • Cross Creek, Ohio
    • Cumberland River, Kentucky
    • Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania
    • Fort Finney, Ohio
    • Fort Harmar, Ohio
    • Fort Massac, Illinois
    • Green River, Kentucky
    • Hockhocking River, Ohio
    • Kanawha River, West Virginia
    • Kentucky River, Kentucky
    • Lexington, Kentucky
    • Limestone, Ohio
    • Little Miami River, Ohio
    • Little Sandy River, Kentucky
    • Miami River, Ohio
    • Mingo Bottom, Ohio
    • Miserre (St. Genevieve), Missouri
    • Mississippi River
    • Monongahela River, Pennsylvania
    • Muskingum, Ohio
    • Natchez, Missouri
    • New Madrid, Missouri
    • New Orleans, Louisiana
    • Ohio River
    • Pigeon Creek, Kentucky
    • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
    • Post St. Vincent, Louisiana
    • Prospect, Pennsylvania
    • Redstone, Pennsylvania
    • Rostraver Township, Pennsylvania
    • Saline River, Kentucky
    • Sandy River, Virginia
    • Salt River, Kentucky
    • Scioto River, Ohio
    • Sunfish Creek, Ohio
    • Symmes, Ohio
    • Wabash River, Indiana
    • Wheeling Creek, West Virginia
    • Youghagania County, Virginia
    • Youghiogheny River, West Virginia and Pennsylvania
    Related Materials

    Israel Shreve Revolutionary War Letters (1768-1894), Special Collections and Archives, University of Houston Libraries.

    Israel Shreve Letters (1771-1804), Special Collections, Louisiana Tech University.

    Bibliography

    Reps, John W. "New Madrid on the Mississippi," in Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. Vol. 18, No. 1 (March 1959), pp. 21-26.

    Savelle, Max, "The Founding of New Madrid, Missouri," in The Mississippi Valley Historical Review. Vol. 19, No. 1 (June 1932), pp. 30-56.

    Swem, E.G. "A Letter from New Madrid, 1789," in The Mississippi Valley Historical Review. Vol. 5, No. 3 (December 1918), pp. 342-346.

    Thompson, William Y. Israel Shreve: Revolutionary War Officer. McGinty Trust Fund Publications: Ruston, Louisiana, 1979.

    Partial Subject Index
    African Americans--Death
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 140-142
    Birds--United States--History
    • Passim, but especially:
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 10-14, 42-43, 55, 61, 70, 103
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 12
    Cherokee Indians
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 52, 54, 71, 73
    Chickasaw Indians
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 52, 54
    Chippewa Indians
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1
    City planning--United States
    • Passim
    Delaware Indians
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 5, 7, 37, 44, 46-47, 49, 51-52, 54, 58, 62, 71, 73, 91, 94, 96-97
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1-2, 16-18
    Expeditions--personal narratives
    • Passim
    Indians of North America--1780-1790
    • Passim, but especially:
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 39-42, 47, 52-54, 62-64, 71, 78, 87, 89-91, 99, 109, 129, 150-157
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1-2
    Kickapoo Indians
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 85
    Munsee Indians
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 5
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1-2, 16-18
    New Madrid (Mo.)--History
    • Passim
    Ottawa Indians
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1
    Piankashaw Indians
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 85, 101
    Potawatamie tribe
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1
    River boats--Mississippi River—History
    • Passim
    River boats--Ohio River—History
    • Passim
    Seneca Indians
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 5, 7, 108, 127
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 2
    Shawnee Indians
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 5, 52, 56, 62, 94, 96, 108, 127
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 2, 16-18
    Surveying
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 34, 68, 70, 72, 83
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 11
    Wyandot Indians
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1, 6-7
    Partial Name Index
    Adams, George
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 83, 97, 131
    Ahely, Ebenezar
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 98, 148
    Babbet, Samuel
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 127, 144
    Bell, Charles
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 127, 132
    Bell, James
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 127, 144, 195
    Boner, James
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 97, 119
    Brand, Lyal
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 85, 98
    Chagrin, Samuel
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 75
    Cunningham, John
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 98, 119
    Curtis, Joseph
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 1, 97, 148
    Darnet, Alexander
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 97
    Dodge, Captain John
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 76
    Dougherty, James
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 97
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 2
    Elliot, Robert
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 22
    Furney, John (or Anthony)
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 97
    Gaston, William
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 127
    Green, Thomas
    • August 5, 1797 Letter
    Green, William
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 98
    Hall, George
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 107, 119
    Harmar, General Josiah, 1753-1813
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 2
    Hewling, John
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 3, 81, 83, 97
    Hillier, John
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 19
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 5
    Hillman, James
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 146
    Hutchins, Thomas, 1730-1789
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 196
    Jones, Robert
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 97, 119
    Lane, Ebenezar
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 143
    Light, Captain Peter
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 6, 9, 15, 17, 27, 31, 70, 73, 83, 97, 135
    Little, Thomas
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 119, 148
    Ludlow, Israel
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 20, 194
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 5-6
    McCully, Major George
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 3, 13, 21, 29, 31, 33, 56, 59
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 3, 10, 16-18
    McDaniel, Alexander
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 98
    Montgomery, William
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 3
    Morgan, Colonel George, 1743-1810
    • Passim, but especially
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 24-25, 29-30, 65-67, 90, 153-157
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 10-11, 13-18
    Morgan, Mary
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 4, 198
    Nutt, William
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 97
    Paden, James
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 198
    Patterson, Colonel Robert(?), 1753-1827
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 20
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 6
    Peres, Lt. Governor Don Manuel (governor of the Illinois)
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 90
    Phillips, John
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 3, 97, 194
    Pipe, Aaron
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 45
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 2
    Pope, John
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 194
    Porterfield, James
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 119
    Rankin, David
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 33, 73
    Rhea, James
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 1, 119, 148
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 10
    St. Clair, Arthur, 1734-1818
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1
    Shreve, Israel, 1739-1799
    • Passim
    Shreve, John, b.c. 1762
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 194
    Smith, John
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 31, 73, 95
    Spencer, Oliver
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 144
    Starkey, James
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 198
    Stewart, William
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 97
    Symmes, Colonel John Cleves, 1742-1814
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 194
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 5
    Taylor, Captain William
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 1, 3, 17, 26, 27, 56, 81, 83-84, 97, 148, 198
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 3
    Thompson, Samuel
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 133
    Todd, Thomas, 1765-1826
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 98, 144
    Undre(?), John
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 119
    Walker, Captain John
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 7, 17, 26, 27, 29, 31, 73, 97, 103, 119
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 3
    Walker, Robert
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 97
    Wardman, Jonathan
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 7
    Wells, James
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 127, 144
    Wheatly, Joseph
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 97, 148
    White Eyes, George,
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 5, 21, 44, 62
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 2, 6
    White Eyes, John
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 45
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 2
    Wilkinson, General James(?), 1756-1825
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 27, 95-96
    Willis, John Paul
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 24, 119, 127, 138
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 7
    Wood, Joseph, d. 1789
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 137
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 3
    Wright, Edward
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 97, 148
    Partial Geographical Index
    Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 1
    Anse a la Graisse (New Madrid), Missouri
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 34, 48, 51-96
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1, 17-19
    Augusta, Virginia
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 146
    Beaver River, Pennsylvania
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 146
    Belleville, Virginia
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 5, 136-137
    Big Bone Creek, Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 121
    Big Bone Lick, Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 122
    Big Sandy River, West Virginia and Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 131
    Cache River, Illinois
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 35
    Cape Cinque Hommes, Missouri
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 65
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 17
    Cherokee River (Tennessee River), Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 32, 103
    Cross Creek, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 145
    Cumberland River, Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 32, 104
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 10
    Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 1, 153
    Fort Finney, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 23-24
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 7
    Fort Harmar, Ohio
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 2
    Fort Massac, Illinois
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 31-35
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1-12
    Green River, Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 26, 109
    Hockhocking River, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 137
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 3
    Kanawha River, West Virginia
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 5, 6, 134, 137, 138
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 3
    Kentucky River, Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 121
    Lexington, Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 95
    Limestone, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 16, 18, 126, 130, 133, 145
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 4-5
    Little Miami River, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 125
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 4, 6
    Little Sandy River, Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 131
    Miami River, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 19, 21, 122, 124
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 6
    Mingo Bottom, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 145
    Miserre (St. Genevieve), Missouri
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 65, 69, 78
    Mississippi River
    • Passim, but especially
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 36, 42, 97
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 9
    Monongahela River, Pennsylvania
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 1, 79, 91, 97, 117, 122, 128, 145
    Muskingum, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 4, 71, 127, 138, 142, 144
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 1-2, 16-18
    Natchez, Missouri
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 87, 93, 106, 116
    New Madrid, Missouri
    • Passim but especially,
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 67-68
    • See also Anse a la Graisse, Missouri
    New Orleans, Louisiana
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 27, 79, 95, 98, 100, 116
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 8
    Ohio River
    • Passim, but especially,
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 42, 88, 97
    Pigeon Creek, Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 108
    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
    • Passim
    Post St. Vincent, Louisiana
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 30, 65, 82, 116
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 12
    Prospect, Pennsylvania
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 13
    Redstone, Pennsylvania
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 133
    Rostraver Township, Pennsylvania
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 1
    Saline River, Kentucky
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 28, 30
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 9-10
    Sandy River, Virginia
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 12
    Scioto River, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 13, 130
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 3
    Sunfish Creek, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 141-142
    Symmes, Ohio
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 124
    Wabash River, Indiana
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 28
    • January 3-February 12, 1789 Journal: 9
    Wheeling Creek, West Virginia
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 144
    Youghagania County, Virginia
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 133
    Youghiogheny River, West Virginia and Pennsylvania
    • December 19, 1788-July 5, 1789 Journal: 149