Manuscripts Division William L. Clements Library University of Michigan
Finding aid for Minto-Skelton Papers, 1757-1956
Finding aid created by Robert Lewis, March 2009
Title: Minto-Skelton papers Creator: Skelton family Inclusive dates: 1757-1956 Bulk dates: 1770-1900 Extent: 2 linear feet Abstract:
The Minto-Skelton papers contain the papers of Walter Minto (1753-1796), noted mathematician and educator, his nephew Walter Minto Skelton (1804-1848), and other members of their extended family. Walter Minto's papers contain correspondence, writings, and other documents related to his travels in Italy, scholarship, and teaching career. The Walter Minto Skelton and family papers include correspondence, poetry, prose writings, illustrations and photographs, documents, printed materials, notes, invitations, and miscellanea.
Language: The material is in English, French, Italian, Latin, and Spanish. Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave. The University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190 Phone: 734-764-2347 Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
1934, 2005.M-211, M-4423.
The collection is open to research.
Copyright status is unknown.
The Minto papers were donated by Harry B. Earhart in 1934. These have been incorporated into the larger collection of Minto-Skelton family papers donated by Jean McIntyre Conrad in 2004.
Minto-Skelton Papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
The Minto-Skelton papers are arranged in two series:
Series I: Walter Minto papers
Sub-series 1: Correspondence
Sub-series 2: Notebooks, Diaries, and Account Books
Sub-series 3: Notes
Sub-series 4: Documents
Series II: Walter Minto Skelton (1804-48) and Family
Sub-series 1: Correspondence
Sub-series 2: Prose Writings and Poetry
In WMS's hand
In other hands
Orations, Lectures, Essays
In WMS's hand
In other hands
In WMS's hand
In other hands
Sub-series 3: Illustrations and Photographs
Sub-series 4: Documents
Sub-series 5: Printed Materials
Sub-series 6: Notes, Invitations, and Miscellanea
Walter Minto (1753-1796), noted mathematician and educator, was born in a village near Cowdenknows in the Merse district of Scotland (not far from Redpath in the former Berwickshire) on 6 December 1753. He was the oldest son of Walter Minto, Sr., and Agnes Waugh Minto, and brother of Thomas, Nanny, Agnes, and David, all of whom were living in Edinburgh by the early 1770's. Thomas's Uncle Robert Minto, a landowner in Jamaica, helped him secure a position there in the 1770's; he later owned his own plantation on the island. Minto's forebears were from Spain originally, but by the second half of the 18th century his immediate family was living in impoverished circumstances. Nevertheless, in 1768, when Minto was only 15, he was able to attend lectures at the University of Edinburgh, where, until 1771, he studied Latin, Logic, Natural Philosophy, Greek, and Moral Philosophy under various professors of arts and sciences, including Adam Ferguson and James Robertson. He must have suspended, or temporarily interrupted, his studies at the University, for between 1773 and the spring of 1775 he was a student of divinity living at the home of a Robert Watson in East Rhynd, near Abernethy in Perthshire. But by the fall of 1775 he was back at the University of Edinburgh studying Moral Philosophy and Rhetoric, and in early 1776 he received his diploma.
Minto had hoped to travel, and especially to visit Italy, but was financially unable to do so. When David Hume, whom he had met and studied with in Edinburgh, proposed that he become tutor to two young boys, who were soon to go to Italy to continue their education there, he eagerly accepted. The two boys were John and George Johnstone, sons of George Johnstone, Member of Parliament for Cockermouth, former Governor of West Florida (1764-67), and soon to go to America on a mission of conciliation (1778). Minto began his appointment in January of 1776 in Johnstone's London home and continued there until the end of May, when he and the boys left for Italy on the ship Westmoreland , traveling around Spain, via southern France, and then to the port of Livorno, arriving in Pisa in late August. Minto secured lodgings for the three of them in the home of Dr. Giuseppe Slop de Cadenberg, an associate of Tommaso Perelli, the Professor of Astronomy at the University of Pisa (Slop succeeding him in 1780). Slop's wife, Elisabetta Dodsworth, was the daughter of an English father and an Italian mother.
Minto remained in Pisa with the Slops from 1776 until 1778, following a rigorous schedule of instruction for the Johnstone boys as laid out by their father in advance of their leaving England. In the summer of 1778, however, John Johnstone became ill, as did Minto, and when Johnstone learned of this in October, he immediately wrote an intemperate letter to Minto, accusing him of being the cause of the illness for disobeying his orders for the boys, berating his behavior in general, and ordering him to bring the boys home immediately. By return mail, in a dignified letter, Minto disputed these accusations, but at the same time made arrangements for transport on the ship Westmoreland , Capt. Willis Machell, to London for the three of them, and in mid-December, they sailed from Livorno. Early in January of 1779, their ship was captured by a French man-of-war off the coast of Spain, and they were put ashore in Malaga, where they stayed in the English consul's house while the French were deciding about an exchange. In late February Minto and the boys were put at liberty in Cadiz, west of Malaga, and in early March he delivered the boys into the care of Captain Machell, with whom they sailed back to England. Minto then took a ship to Genoa, and ultimately back to the Slops' house in Pisa.
Back in Pisa, without the responsibility of the Johnstone boys, Minto began an intensive study of mathematics under the direction of Slop, which continued until mid-1782. During this period, in March of 1781, William Herschel announced his discovery of a new planet (later called Uranus), which was of great interest to Slop as an astronomer, but was also important to Minto, who later remarked that "the discovery of the new planet drew [his] attention to Astronomy." Minto began to record the observations of Herschel at Bath, Slop at Pisa, Nevil Maskelyne at Greenwich, and others in preparation for a book on the radii vectores and the shape of the orbit of the new planet. In 1782, after more than three years of concentrated study, which had "weakened" his "constitution," as he explained in a letter to his parents, he decided to return to Scotland. He left Pisa during the summer, traveling overland this time, via Switzerland, Germany, and the Low Countries to Ostend in Belgium, where he embarked in September, and arrived back in Scotland in October.
Upon his return, Minto must have immediately turned his attention to completing his book on the new planet, for in it he recorded the observations of John Robison, Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh, from December 4, 1782, to January 23, 1783. The book itself was published shortly thereafter as Researches into some Parts of the Theory of the Planets in which is Solved the Problem, To determine the circular Orbit of a Planet by Two Observations; exemplified in the New Planet (London: C. Dilly, 1783), and was dedicated to Slop.
The years 1783 to 1786 were busy ones for Minto. He taught mathematics in Edinburgh, perhaps in a part-time capacity at the University. At least as early as 1784, he began to take an interest in emigrating to America, and he made plans to leave in 1785, but postponed his departure a few times before finally setting out in mid-1786. In 1784, he began a voluminous correspondence, leading to a love interest, with Catherine Drummond, daughter of John Drummond, 3rd Laird of Logie Almond of Perthshire, who also had a home in Edinburgh. This correspondence lasted several years, and in the spring of 1788, he proposed to her, but she declined.
His growing reputation as a mathematician came to the attention of David Stewart Erskine, 11th Earl of Buchan, who asked him to collaborate on a book about John Napier, the discoverer of logarithms, with Buchan writing the biographical parts and Minto the scientific parts. The book was far enough along at the end of January 1786 for Buchan to show it to King George III, who voiced his approval. At the beginning of the next month, Minto was awarded an honorary LLD degree by the University of Aberdeen in recognition of his scientific publications. In early June he embarked for America from Greenock, Buchan and others having helped to smooth the way for his resettlement there by writing letters of recommendation and making contacts for him with a number of important Americans.
On his arrival in Philadelphia on August 1, Minto lodged in the home of Benjamin Rush. While in Philadelphia, he met Benjamin Franklin, and pursued various possible opportunities, one of which was the chair of mathematics at Washington College in Maryland, which apparently came to nothing. By December 1786, the Napier book was in press, and was published the following year as An Account of the Life, Writings, and Inventions of John Napier, of Merchiston; by David Stewart, Earl of Buchan, and Walter Minto L.L.D. (Perth: R. Morison, Jr., 1787). During the winter months of his first year in America (from late December 1786 to late February 1787) he spent his time in and around Albany, New York, staying with a fellow Scottish immigrant, the Rev. John McDonald. In March, he was involved in negotiations to become the Principal of Erasmus Hall in Flatbush, New York; he agreed to the trustees' terms and took up his appointment there in May. In late July he was naturalized as a United States citizen, and in late September he was offered the professorship of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at the College of New Jersey in Princeton (to succeed Ashbel Green, who had held the position since 1785). He was released from his contract at Erasmus Hall and took up residence in Princeton before the end of the year.
In late 1787, Minto began a peripatetic year and a half, after which he lived a settled life as a member of the College of New Jersey faculty, so far as one can judge from the extant documents and correspondence. During his first year, he gave his inaugural oration on the night before graduation, in late September 1788; it was printed before the end of the year as An Inaugural Oration, on the Progress and Importance of the Mathematical Sciences (Trenton: Isaac Collins, 1788). Immediately after graduation, the trustees of the College accepted his proposal that he relinquish five pounds of his salary to provide a medal to be given by the trustees and faculty for the best dissertation on one of two topics: "The unlawfulness & impolicy of capital punishment & the best method of reforming criminals & making them useful to society" and "The unlawfulness & impolicy of African slavery & the best means of abolishing it in the United States & promoting the happiness of free negroes." Before the end of Minto's first year, John Witherspoon, President of the College of New Jersey, remarked to Lord Buchan on the quality of his teaching and on his "amiable" participation in the life of both the College and the town of Princeton.
In January of 1789, Minto was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, with his certificate signed by Benjamin Franklin, David Rittenhouse, and others. In late September or early October, he married Mary Skelton of Princeton. Having no children of their own, they took students into their home as boarders (John Rush, son of Benjamin Rush, in 1792; Lewis or Philip Woofoin in 1793-94; his nephew Ennion Skelton; and others), who regarded Minto as a mentor.
In November 1792, Isaac Collins, a printer in Trenton, New Jersey, wrote to Minto giving him an estimate for printing a pamphlet containing his "Calculations." There is nothing in print that matches this description, but a mid-19th-century writer commented that "we have seen the manuscript of his Mathematical works, arranged and prepared by himself for publication." Whatever this manuscript was, it seems to have been lost. What does exist in the collection is a manuscript of Minto's lecture notes, divided into three parts (trigonometry, practical geometry, and conic), which was transcribed by a student in the junior class shortly after his death (1802).
From 1795 to 1796, Minto held the positions of both clerk of the Board of Trustees and treasurer of the College, responsible for receiving tuition fees and room rents, paying bills, and overseeing the College funds and investments. On October 21, 1796, after what was apparently an illness of at least nine months, Minto died, just short of 43 years of age, and was buried in the Princeton cemetery. His wife Mary outlived him (until 1824), but he seems not to have left her very well provided for financially, as evidenced by various bonds and repayment schedules made during the last two years of his life and by letters she received after his death. Shortly before he died, he purchased a slave named Toney, but freed him on the agreement that Toney would work for him for some six years. By this gesture he fulfilled the intent of one of the topics in his proposal of 1788: "The unlawfulness & impolicy of African slavery & the best means of abolishing it in the United States & promoting the happiness of free negroes."
Walter Minto Skelton (1804-48) and Family:
Walter Minto's wife was Mary Skelton, daughter of Joseph Skelton (1720-78), a merchant miller and owner of a number of properties on Stony Brook (a few miles southwest of Princeton, New Jersey, close to the location of the Battle of Princeton) and later (by 1774) judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Middlesex County, and his first wife, about whom nothing is known. Mary was probably born in the 1750's, and she and her family were Quakers. At the time she married Walter Minto (1789) she had five living siblings, all of whom appear in the Skelton family papers. The oldest was Josiah (1741-1821), who followed in his father's footsteps as a merchant miller and landowner, and who apparently paid off in 1798 one of the debts outstanding after Walter Minto's death. The other siblings, who must have been born in the 1740's and 1750's, were: Sarah; Elizabeth (b. ca. 1851), known as Betsey; Thomas; and Joseph, the youngest, who served as a 1st lieutenant in the Revolutionary War. The family probably moved to Princeton in the 1770's, when Skelton became judge, and by the 1780's Mary and Betsey, as unmarried women, were often invited to dances, exhibitions, orations, etc. by the gentlemen of the College of New Jersey. After Minto's death in 1796, Mary lived with her sister, Betsey, in Princeton, perhaps in the Skelton family home, and she followed in her husband's footsteps by freeing her own Negro slave Gitty in 1812. She died in late 1824, leaving all of her personal property and real estate to Betsey, with $100 to another sister, Sarah (by then married to Matthew Clark and living in Princeton), and $600 to a nephew, Walter Minto Skelton.
Walter Minto Skelton, the predominant figure in the Skelton family papers, was born on August 19, 1804, in New York, the son of Mary Minto's brother, Joseph Skelton (date of birth uncertain; dead by 1840 and probably buried in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania), and Sarah White Skelton (b. 1781; d. 1870 or later). Walter was named for his uncle, Walter Minto, and was the second oldest of at least seven children: the others were Elizabeth (b. 1803 in New York), Peter (b. 1805 in New York), Thomas (b. 1807 in New York), Mary (b. 1812 on Long Island; d. 1831 in Princeton), Ann (b. 1818 in "Conemaugh, Pennsylvania"), and Joseph (b. 1824 also in "Conemaugh").
Joseph and Sarah Skelton lived in New York, and struggled financially to support their family, so Walter was sent to live with his aunt Mary Minto and her unmarried sister, Betsey Skelton, in Princeton (from at least 1810). Walter matriculated as an undergraduate at the College of New Jersey in 1820, and he graduated in late 1825; he apparently studied law as well, but the circumstances of his apprenticeship are unknown. He must have continued to live with his aunt Betsey, after Mary's death in 1824, and he was the primary beneficiary of Betsey's estate, both her real property and most of her personal property, when she died in October 1826.
In early 1826, he traveled to western Pennsylvania, perhaps to visit his parents, with whom he had lost touch. His father Joseph Skelton was at the time working at the Conemaugh Salt Works, on the Conemaugh River in what is now southern Indiana County, a short distance upriver from the present-day Saltsburg. Joseph was probably employed by his brother Thomas, who established a well or wells there in 1816 and operated them until 1824, when they ceased to be profitable. At some point, Walter began to work at the Salt Works himself, and was apparently in partnership with his uncle by 1829. The wells were restarted in 1830, and from then until the mid-1840's were known as the Walter Skelton works. He seems to have returned to Princeton from time to time: in July 1826, when he delivered an a oration on the 4th in Cranbury, New Jersey; in July 1831, when he was captain (1830-31) of the Princeton Blues, a militia company of citizens of the town; and in the winter of 1832, when his brother Thomas went out to Conemaugh to relieve him at the Salt Works.
In January 1840, Walter purchased two tracts of land, totaling 410 acres, formerly owned by Benjamin Franklin on the Allegheny River in South Buffalo Township, Armstrong County, not far from the present McVille; he lived there with his mother Sarah Skelton and perhaps one or more of his siblings. He died in 1848, probably in June, leaving his property in thirds to his sister Ann, his brother Joseph, Jr., and in trust to his sister Ann for the use of his mother Sarah. He never married.
After Walter's death his youngest sister, Ann, as his main heir, is the Skelton family member who appears most frequently in the Skelton family papers, in leases, indentures, and other documents. In the 1850 census, she was living on the property she inherited from Walter, and she was still there in 1860 and 1880, but by 1900 had moved to Freeport, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. Her mother Sarah was living with her in 1850 and 1860, but by 1870 had moved to Bucks County, in eastern Pennsylvania, and was boarding in the home of Mahlon Scarborough. Ann, who never married, lived until 1906; she seems to have been a revered figure to her relatives, for her name appeared long after her death as the bearer of a "spirit" message to her niece Mary L. Boyd in 1930.
However, Walter's older sister Elizabeth was, in a sense, the most important remaining Skelton, for she, through her marriage and the marriage of one of her offspring, forged the connection to the other families that figure prominently in the Skelton family papers after 1822. In November of that year, living by then in western Pennsylvania, she married William McFarland. He, like Walter Skelton, was also a salt manufacturer on the Conemaugh River, a little farther upriver from the Skelton Works. The McFarland Works was founded in 1801, and William was active in the business from at least 1821 to 1838 (and possibly to 1846), and may have been a partner of Walter Skelton or his uncle Thomas for part of that time. The McFarlands had (at least) three children (Mary, Hannah, and George). Mary, the oldest, was born in 1823 and died unmarried in 1904; and George, probably the youngest, died in action in the Civil War in 1862.
The second daughter, Hannah P. McFarland (b. 1832; d. between 1906 and 1911), married William M[orison] Boyd (b. 1834; d. 1912) in 1860 and, through him and the Boyd family, extended the connection to the Craig, Earhart, and McIntyre families. They had their home in the vicinity of Slate Lick, Armstrong County. William was an insurance agent, and later a justice of the peace in Freeport, Armstrong County, and both he and his unmarried sister Lizzie frequently appear in the family papers from the late 19th century into the early 20th. Many Boyds lived in and around Freeport, especially in McVille and Slate Lick, and the extended family, which traced its roots in America to John and Mary Fulton Boyd, who emigrated from Ireland to Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, in 1772, held biennial conventions in western Pennsylvania and Ohio between 1881 (the first) and (at least) 1900 (the tenth). The origins of the Armstrong County Boyds are not entirely clear. The earliest recorded Boyd in the County was the Rev. John Boyd, the oldest of the nine children of John and Mary Fulton Boyd, who was pastor of the Slate Lick and Union Presbyterian churches from 1802 to 1809, but there were descendants of other original Boyd children in the County as well.
The connections both among the Boyds and with the Craig, Earhart, and McIntyre families have not been thoroughly unraveled. The oldest of William and Hannah Boyd's five children was Walter Skelton Boyd (1864-92), who was named for Hannah's uncle, Walter Skelton; another was Mary L. Boyd, who was William's only heir when he died in 1912, but it is unknown who the other siblings were, though they may be lurking among the attendees listed by name in the Proceedings of the various Boyd conventions (as may some of the Boyd names in what follows). The Craig family is connected through the marriage of Isabella Craig (daughter of John Craig of South Buffalo Township) and John Boyd circa 1840; this may have been the John Boyd who opened a store in McVille in 1864 and/or who was instrumental in erecting the Presbyterian church in Slate Lick in 1871-72. Isabella and John's children were James Boyd, Eliza Boyd, and Mary Boyd, and their grandchildren (James's children) were John C. Boyd and Jane Boyd. The Earhart family is connected through the sister (first name unknown) of William M. Boyd; she married an Earhart (perhaps a descendant of the Rev. David Earhart, pastor of the Lutheran church in South Buffalo Township in the 1840's and grandfather of Amelia Earhart). Her son was Harry B. Earhart, who lived in Ann Arbor and who gave the first collection of Minto papers in 1934, and her daughter must have been Marie Earhart White, who appears in the family correspondence between 1937 and 1940 (living in Ann Arbor by the latter date). The McIntyre connection is through Annie S. Boyd (antecedents uncertain; d. 1899), who between 1881 and 1888 married Frank F. McIntyre (d. 1949), a farmer in South Buffalo Township; they moved to Pittsburgh a few years after their marriage. Frank and Annie had two children, both born in the 1880's: Charles B[oyd] McIntyre and Helen B. McIntyre (never married; retired from school-teaching in the Pittsburgh area in 1956). The Jean McIntyre Conrad who gave the second collection of Minto-Skelton papers in 2004 is presumably a member of the same family, which would explain why she owned the papers.
Collection Scope and Content Note
The collection entitled Minto-Skelton family papers is divided into two series: the Walter Minto papers and the Skelton family papers. It began as the Walter Minto papers by donation from Harry B. Earhart in 1934, and this collection, which consists of 21 documents and seven letters, has been incorporated into the new, larger collection of Minto-Skelton family papers given by Jean McIntyre Conrad in 2004. The Skelton family papers contains only a few items from the Earhart donation: specifically, seven of the ten Detargny documents between 1796 and 1798 (in Series 2, sub-series 4) and one printed broadside from 1799 (in Series 2, sub-series 5); the rest come from the much larger Conrad donation. In the Contents Lists that follow each collection it has been noted which papers originally belonged in the Earhart donation.
Walter Minto Papers:
The Walter Minto papers consists of 296 letters and 31 documents, along with nine manuscript notebooks, diaries, account books, etc. and five short handwritten notes by Minto himself. Nearly all of the letters were written during Minto's lifetime, from 1774 to 1796, with four from 1797-98 added to the collection because they refer to him or to his estate. Most of the letters were written to him (253), and they are about equally divided between those written before he left Scotland for America (mid-1786) and those written after he arrived in America. Those from 1779 to 1786 are especially revealing about two events in his life that were either unknown or only hinted at previously.
The first has to do with his sojourn in Italy. He accompanied the Johnstone boys to Italy in 1776 as their tutor and remained with them there until early 1779, when they, and presumably he with them, returned to England. But letters both to and from his father, Walter Minto, Sr., along with references in other letters, make clear that, after entrusting the boys to Captain Machell in Spain, he returned to Slop's home in Pisa in March of 1779, began a formal, concentrated study of mathematics with Slop, that he continued that study there until mid-1782, and that it affected his health.
The second has to do with Minto's previously unknown relationship with a woman named Catherine Drummond. This relationship can be seen in the 49 letters (sometimes in French, occasionally in Italian) written by her to him between March of 1784 and early June of 1786, when he left Scotland for America. The correspondence continued in America, though less frequently; she wrote only three letters between February of 1787 and January of 1788. In a letter (of which there exists only a partial "translation") in response to hers of January of 1788 he tells her that he has loved her for four years and proposes marriage to her. She rejects his proposal by return mail, but continues writing to him until 1791, even after his marriage to Mary Skelton in the fall of 1789.
During his time in America, he met and exchanged letters with a number of influential people, both before going to Princeton (mid-1786 to late 1787) and afterwards (1787-96): for example, John Witherspoon, president of the College of New Jersey; the astronomer and clockmaker David Rittenhouse; Dr. Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, with whom he lodged when he first came to America; the army officers James Chrystie and Francis Gurney, who became his friends; even George Washington, to whom he sent a copy of his book on the new planet.
Another 25 letters are neither to nor from him. Most were written from one Minto family member to another and concern primarily family matters; they were probably brought by Minto to America, or were perhaps sent to his wife, Mary (Skelton) Minto, by his Scottish relatives after his death. Two of the letters were written to or from the Johnstones, in 1764 and 1772 (the latter by David Garrick), before Minto had even met the family. Three of the four letters written in 1797-98, after his death, were addressed to his wife, and the fourth to a close friend of hers.
Of the 18 letters written by Minto himself, eight are originals, having been sent to relatives and friends. The other ten are copies or drafts, in his own hand, that he kept for his personal use: these are always marked "copy" or "draft" in the Contents List.
Following the letters are nine manuscript notebooks, diaries, account books, etc. (eight written by Minto, 1776-96; plus one written in 1802, after his death) and five miscellaneous notes in his own hand. Most of the notebooks provide details about events in his life, especially the lists of expenses in the notepads from 1776 and 1779, having to do with his theological education and his dealings with the Johnstone boys, his trip to America in June and July of 1786 from the daily log he kept of it, his travels during his first few months in America from the notepads for late 1786 and early 1787, and the nature of his mathematical lectures at the College of New Jersey from the notebook dated 1802.
Of the remaining 31 documents: 14 date from 1757 to 1786, when Minto left Scotland for America; 14 from 1787, after he arrived in America, to his death in 1796; and three from after his death, the latest of which is dated 1801. The earliest one (a transcript of the entry for Elisabetta Dodsworth's baptism in 1739, from the Baptismal Record of Leghorn in Italy) is dated 1757, when Minto was only four years old. The last is a bill of lading, dated 1801, for what was probably family memorabilia sent from the Minto family in Scotland to Mrs. Mary Minto after her husband's death. In between are documents providing glimpses into Minto's education (24 January 1776), his being set free in Cadiz (13 March 1779), his trip home from Italy in the summer of 1782 (the passport signed by Sir Horace Mann on 11 June 1782), his honorary degree from the University of Aberdeen (3 February 1786), his becoming a United States citizen (24 July 1787), and his membership in the American Philosophical Society (17 January 1789).
Walter Minto Skelton (1804-48) and Family Papers:
The Skelton family papers, unlike the Walter Minto papers, consist of a great variety of materials: 43 letters, written between 1780 and 1940; a large body of prose writings and poetry, including 6 notebooks of prose and poetry, 20 orations, lectures, and essays, and 22 manuscripts of miscellaneous verse; one engraving, one drawing, one print, and four portrait photographs; 50 documents of various kinds; 14 printed materials and 3 newspaper clippings; and 58 items of miscellanea, including 7 notes, 18 invitations, and 24 round pieces of cloth with writing in ink.
The letters are divided into three groups based on the primary correspondent in each group: Mary Skelton Minto (from before 1780 to 1813, and possibly to 1824, the date of her death); Walter M. Skelton (from 1824 to 1843); and the Boyd family (from 1872 to 1940). All three groups of letters provide details about events in the lives of family members. In addition, the first group provides some chronology on the life of Marin Detargny, which is described in detail in the section below on documents. The second group contains some important Skelton family documents, especially the very difficult-to-read letter to Walter Skelton from his father Joseph dated 20 January 1825, and the one from his aunt Elizabeth White dated 22 March 1827. The third group of letters contains a mix of dates and correspondents, mainly regarding the extended Skelton families (especially the Boyds). Two letters in particular are revealing in their insights into the late 19th-century (and later) interest in spiritualism, or spiritism: the one from Edgar Ryder to Ann Skelton dated March 1872 announcing his belief that her brother Walter "is one of the Big Guns in the Spirit world"; and the one from Charles Robb to Elizabeth Boyd dated 12 January 1930 enclosing his transcript of a spirit message from her aunt Ann Skelton during a séance the previous day.
Following the letters are prose writings and poetry, divided into three groups. The first consists of manuscript notebooks containing one or the other or (usually) both genres, and is further divided into notebooks in Walter Skelton's own hand (3) and those in other hands (3). Except for "Elizabeth White's Collection of Poetry," all of these notebooks have Princeton connections, and a few have western Pennsylvania connections.
The second group contains orations, lectures, and essays, nearly all of which are in Skelton's hand and presumably composed by him. The dated ones are from his years at the College of New Jersey in Princeton, and most of the others must be as well. Public speaking was an integral part of the College curriculum, and some of the orations must have been delivered there during his student days (see especially the one dated July 1825).
The third group contains miscellaneous verse. A few of the poems are in Skelton's hand and may have been composed by him (3); the leaf containing the second poem has a few occurrences of the name "(Miss) C. Morford," who may have been a love interest of his. Most of the poems (19), however, are in other hands and range from well known ones like "Don't give up the Ship," Burns' "Auld Lang Syne," and Waller's "Of My Lady Isabella playing on the lute" to obscure ones, including a "Canzonetta" in Italian by Peruchini. Along with Elizabeth White's collection in the first group, these poems indicate a strong interest in poetry in Walter Skelton's extended family.
After a few miscellaneous illustrations and photographs are a large group of documents (certificates, wills, receipts, deeds of land sales, surveys, and the like), divided by the families to which they refer. Most of these families were from western Pennsylvania and related to the Skeltons (Boyd, Craig, McFarland) or were members of the Skelton family itself. The Franklin Heirs also relates to western Pennsylvania, for in January of 1840 Walter Skelton purchased two tracts of land, totaling 410 acres, on the west side of the Allegheny River in South Buffalo Township, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, which had been owned in the 1780's by Benjamin Franklin; Skelton presumably built a house on the property and lived there until his death in 1848, when it passed into the hands of his sister Ann Skelton. The Scudders were friends of the Skelton family in New Jersey, and the deed of sale described here was probably from a descendant of that family. The two White family documents refer to Elizabeth White, whose collection of poetry is described in Series II, sub-series 2 above and who lived in Scarsdale, New York; she was the sister of Walter Skelton's mother, Sarah White Skelton, wife of Joseph Skelton, Sr.
The most intriguing set of documents has to do with Marin Detargny. It is uncertain how his papers came to be included in the papers of the Mintos or of the extended Skelton family. Moreover, seven of the ten Detargny documents between 1796 and 1798 were in the Earhart donation; why or how they became separated from the rest of the Detargny documents is a mystery, especially since they are not so different from the other three of the same date. From the documents (and four letters referring to him) one learns that Marin Detargny was born in France on 26 June 1776, son of Jean Francois Detargny. He is twice called "homme de lettres," once "Professeur," and is later referred to as "Reverend." He remained in France until at least 1798, not leaving until 1800 or a little later. By December 1802 he was in Virginia, residing in Alexandria and trying to open a school, but at about the same time he must have moved to Annapolis, where he taught French until at least April 1804. Between November 1805 and August 1807 he was in Charleston, South Carolina, but by 1810 he was in Philadelphia and being looked after, at least financially, by Benjamin Hopkins (husband of Mary Skelton Minto's niece, Elizabeth, the daughter of Mary's brother Josiah). By early 1813, Detargny was destitute and was in danger of being sent to the overseers of the poor; his wife was also destitute and depended on "relatives" who could not afford to help her husband.
How the Skeltons and the Hopkinses came to know him, and especially how the Hopkinses came to be responsible for him, is unknown, though intriguing; sometime after 1807 (see undated letter from M. Chrystie to Mary Minto) a "Mrs. Ditennia" (probably Mrs. Detargny), who had been ill, visited Mary Minto in Princeton.
The next category consists of printed materials (a broadside; an interesting advertisement and list of fees for Mrs. Graham's school in New York from the early 19th century; two newspapers; some pamphlets and announcements; and three newspaper clippings about family events). The most numerous group is the pamphlets and announcements, which contains primarily the Proceedings of seven Boyd family reunions held in western Pennsylvania and Ohio between 1881 and 1892 (at least ten reunions through 1900, but no other Proceedings appear in the Skelton family papers). These Proceedings contain lists of the participants and attendees at the various reunions, along with biographies of some of the Boyds (including Walter Skelton Boyd [1864-92], who was named for his uncle, Walter Skelton, in the 7th Proceedings), and an in-depth study of some of these people might help to unravel the connections both among the Boyds and of the Boyds with the Craigs, Earharts, and McIntyres.
The final group consists of miscellaneous materials, including notes by Walter Skelton; invitations to parties, dances, and college exercises; a statement from students at the College of New Jersey directed to James Carnahan, president of the College; a notebook containing "By-Laws of ‘The Princeton Blues'," a militia group in Princeton whose captain in 1830-31 was Walter Skelton; a booklet of proverbs and common sayings in English and Spanish on facing pages; a series of primarily 20th-century family notes and lists about the contents of the second Minto-Skelton collection before it was given to the Clements Library; and some obscure pieces of cloth with writing on them. Three of the five notes written by Walter Skelton are presumably from his days at the College of New Jersey; a fourth is apparently a record of the books in his library; and the fifth is a unique list of "Provincialisms noticed in the Western part of Pennsylvania," which he must have recorded when he first went out to that part of the country in 1826. Fourteen of the eighteen invitations (some on the backs of playing cards) are addressed to one or more of the Skelton sisters requesting their attendance at parties, dances, and college exercises, and they attest to the active social life for young women in Princeton and environs in the 1780's.
The last item in the group of miscellaneous materials is a set of twenty-four round pieces of cloth with writing in ink on one side of twenty-two of them. The writing has various configurations: always the name of the writer and, in addition, occasionally the name of the addressee, usually a sentiment of some kind, and frequently a date and the home of the writer. The addressee, when given, is always Mary or Mary McFarland; the year, when given, is 1845, usually in October; the home addresses are nearly always somewhere in Indiana County or Armstrong County, Pennsylvania; and the writers are often relatives (five are Skeltons).
2[-] December 1764, Johnstone, B[arbara], [Lady], to John Johnstone
28 June 1772, Garrick to Governor Johnstone
1 March 1774, Minto, Agnes
6 April 1774, Aitchison
13 June 1774, Bell
3 August 1774, Chalmers
7 August 1774, Taylor
7 December 1774, Aitchison
11 December 1774, Anderson, Thomas
8 February 1775, Aitchison
15 February 1775, Aitchison
18 February 1775, Aitchison
8 March 1775, Aitchison
Undated, between 2 November 1773 and 11 March 1775, Walter Minto, Sr.
20 April 1775, Anderson, Jo.
19 July 1775, Minto, Robert, to Walter Minto Sr.
30 November 1775, Oliver, Katharine
Undated [early 1776 probably January], Walter Minto to Walter Minto, Sr. and/or wife
22 March 1776, Barlass
30 May 1776, Johnstone, George
30 May , Johnstone, George (a kind of P.S. to the preceding)
9 September 1776, Ragueneau
Undated, after 7 September 1776, Walter Minto to Wauch
5 March 1777, Walter Minto to David Minto, Jr.
15 March 1777, Aitchison
Undated, probably spring 1777, Thomas Minto to his parents
26 July 1777, Thomas Minto to his parents
29 August 1777, Walter Minto, Sr.
1 September 1777, Walter Minto to Waugh
29 November 1777, Taylor
9 February 1778, Walter Minto, Sr.
10 April 1778, Thomas Minto to his parents
1 August 1778, Thomas Minto to his parents
26 August 1778, F[ord] to George and John [Johnstone]
12 September 1778, F[ord]
30 October 1778, Johnstone (copy)
7 November 1778, Panton
13 November 1778 Slop to Johnstone (in French)
[Note: Included with 30 October.]
23 November 1778 (copy) Minto to Johnstone
[Note: Included with 30 October.]
Before 10 December 1778, Slop (in Italian)
10 December 1778, Minto to Johnstone (copy)
12 January 1779, Walter Minto to Walter Minto Sr. and/or wife
30 January 1779, Robert Minto to Walter Minto Sr.
2 March 1779, Marth
Undated, probably early March 1779, Walter Minto to Johnstone
[Note: Fragment, a P.S. to something else.]
Undated, probably spring 1779, Walter Minto to Ferguson (copy)
2 June 1779, Walter Minto, Sr.
12 January 1780, Betts
21 May 1780, Thomas Minto to his parents
14 June 1780, Walter Minto, Sr.
2 August 1780, Walter Minto, Sr.
[Note: Includes a P.S. from A. Waugh.]
22 January 1781, Walter Minto, Sr.
10 February 1781, Thomas Minto to his sister Nanny Minto
10 February 1781, Thomas Minto to his parents
[Note: With P.S. 15 February.]
24 July 1781, Thomas Minto to his sister Nanny Minto
24 July 1781, Thomas Minto to his parents
28 September 1781, Walter Minto to Walter Minto, Sr. and/or wife (fragment)
11 March 1782, Walter Minto to Walter Minto, Sr. and/or wife
12 September 1782, Walter Minto, Sr.
14 October , Blackhall
4 January 1783, Robert Minto to Walter Minto, Sr.
6 February 1783, Blackhall
19 May 1783, Blackhall
21 September 1783, McDonald
March 1784, Drummond
24 June 1784, Drummond
28 June 1784, McDonald
30 June 1784, Walter Minto to Lord Buchan
10 July 1784, Walter Minto to Monthly Reviewers (copy)
[14 July 1784], Drummond
22 July 1784, Drummond
30 July 1784, Lord Buchan
[July / August 1784], Drummond
19 August , Drummond
[21 August 1784], Drummond
6 September 1784, Drummond
4 October , Drummond
10 November , Drummond
25 November 1784, Drummond
[November / December 1784], Drummond
13 December 1784, Drummond
3 January 1785, Drummond
11 January 1785, Drummond
21 January , Drummond
6 February 1785, Drummond
[February-April 1785], Drummond
[February-April 1785], Drummond
[February-April 1785], Drummond
[February-April 1785], Drummond
[February-April 1785], Drummond
2 May 1785, Drummond
[25 & 26 May 1785], Drummond
26 May 1785, Lord Buchan
26 June 1785, Drummond
28 June , Drummond
[21 July 1785], Drummond
[22 July 1785], Drummond
[24 July 1785], Drummond
[29 July 1785], Drummond
8 August , Drummond
23 August 1785, Lord Buchan
23 August 1785, Minto, Thomas
[1 September 1785], Drummond
4 September 1785, Drummond
[10 September 1785], Slop
13 September 1785, Thomas Minto
[16 September 1785], Drummond
22 September 1785, Lord Buchan
29 September 1785, Minto, Thomas
[5 October 1785], Drummond
[10 October 1785], Drummond
11 October 1785, Drummond
25 October 1785, Jamieson
31 October , Drummond
14 November 1785, Thomas Minto
16 November 1785, Jamieson
25 November 1785, Lord Buchan
24 December 1785, Jamieson
29 December 1785, Coventry
[November 1785-January 1786], Drummond
[November 1785-January 1786], Drummond
8 January 1786, Lord Buchan
16 January 1786, Lord Buchan
21 January 1786, Walter Minto to Lord Buchan
23 January 1786, Lord Buchan
31 January 1786, Walter Minto to Anonymous (1) (copy?)
6 February 1786, Thomas Minto
[8 February 1786], Drummond
10 February 1786, Slop
10 February , Lord Buchan
[16 February 1786], Drummond
[3-23 February 1786], Jamieson
[1786 between February and May], "Paulus Mart. 5722," "Rhomboidus"
5 March , J.C.
13 March 1786, [A.] O.
18 March 1786, Lawson
[21 March 1786], Drummond
3 April 1786, Blackhall
[3 April 1786], Drummond
[8 April 1786], Drummond
[April-May 1786], Drummond
3 May 1786, Watson
11 May , Drummond
[12 May 1786], Lord Buchan
13 May 1786, Watson
13 May 1786, Lord Buchan to Joseph Reed
16 May 1786, Buist
[19 May 1786], Drummond
20 May 1786, Steuart
23 May 1786, N[?ichol]nson
2 June , Drummond
18 August 1786, Nanny Minto
19 August 1786, McDonald
11 September , Alex. Addison
23 September 1786, Lord Buchan
23 October 1786, Alex. Addison
23 October 1786, Jean Addison
18 December 1786, Grant
December 1786, Lord Buchan
7 January 1787, Alex. Addison
29 January 1787, Gurney
2 February 1787, Drummond
18 February 1787, Gurney
28 February 1787, Harpur
28 February 1787, Livingston
4 March 1787, Mason
22 March 1787, Thomas Minto
27 March 1787, Thorburn
28 March 1787, Gurney
March 1787, Lawson
10 April 1787, David Minto
11 April 1787, Walter Minto, Sr.
17 April 1787, Drummond
18 April 1787, Witherspoon
24 April 1787, Thomas Minto
20 June 1787, Bond
25 June 1787, Gurney
11 July 1787, McDonald
19 July 1787, Aitchison
20 July 1787, Alex. Addison
14 August 1787, Brown
29 August 1787, Witherspoon
9 September 1787, Anonymous (1)
10 September 1787, Thomas Minto
10 October 1787, Jamieson
17 October 1787, VanDerbilt
28 January 1788, Drummond
20 February 1788, Anonymous (2)
22 May 1788, Paterson
26 May 1788, James Tod
10 June 1788, Nanny Minto
27 June 1788, Aitchison
[February-June 1788], Walter Minto to Drummond
5 July , Drummond
15 December 1788, Collins
21 December 1788, Stone
Undated, probably between 1788 and 1789, Walter Minto to [Mary] Skelton (later Mary Minto)
Undated , probably between 1788 and 1789, Anonymous (3)
5 January 1789, Rush
10 January 1789, Anderson, Thomas
16 January 1789, Drummond
6 February 1789, Hutchison and Vaughan
16 February 1789, Lord Buchan
26 February 1789, Nanny Minto
1 March 1789, Anonymous (5)
2 March 1789, Woodhull
18 March 1789, Fisher
29 March 1789, Drummond
28 April 1789, Mundell
12 June 1789, Thomas Minto
15 June 1789, Ann[i]e Tod
19 June 1789, N[?ichol]nson
29 June 1789, McDonald
6 July 1789, Baynton
1 July 1789Walter Minto to Anonymous (2) [= Baynton] (draft or copy)
15 September 1789, Paterson
7 October [probably 1789 though could be later], Minto, Mary
25 October 1789, Drummond
10 November 1789, McDonald
14 December 1789, Irving
18 January 1790, Minto, Walter Sr., to Buist
24 February 1790, Drummond
10 March 1790, Rittenhouse
20 March 1790, Stone
27 March 1790, Lord Buchan
19 July 1790, Drummond
15 November 1790, Rittenhouse
5 March 1791, Kemp
5 March 1791, Mason
27 April 1791, Drummond
25 June 1791, Minto, Thomas
28 June 1791, Lord Buchan
30 July 1791, Minto, Thomas
16 August 1791, Buist
26 September 1791, Rittenhouse
11 November 1791, McDonald
24 March 1792, Rush
6 April 1792, Gale
30 April 1792, Rush
3 May 1792, Hubey
9 May 1792, Rush
25 May 1792, Rittenhouse
28 May 1792, McDonald
21 June 1792, Paterson
24 July 1792, Steuart
15 August 1792, Jamieson
20 August 1792, Anonymous (6)
19 September 1792, Rush
27 September 1792, Bonrie
2 November 1792, McDonald
13 November 1792, Collins
13 March 1793, Buist
4 April 1793, Rittenhouse
5 August 1793, Lord Buchan
9 October 1793, Rochefontaine
1 February 1794, Jamieson
10 June 1794, Hunter
12 July 1794, McDonald
30 July 1794, Broom
13 August 1794, Buist
9 September 1794, Lord Buchan
11 September 1794, Oliver, Stephen
12 September 1794, Broom
20 September 1794, Minto, Nanny
24 September 1794, Coventry
1 October 1794, Woofoin
22 October 1794, Littlejohn
24 October 1794, Tod, James
27 October 1794, Young
1 November 1794, McCormick to George Morgan
[15 November 1794], S. Smith
14 February 1795, Rochefontaine
3 March 1795, Laurie
24 March 1795, Buist
2 April 1795, Tod, James
23 April 1795, Addison, Alex.
5 May 1795, Minto, Nanny
16 May 1795, Rodgers
6 August 1795, Buist
[6 July-28 September 1795], Stockton
27 [?Octo]bre 1795, Woofoin
28 October 1795, Rittenhouse
14 November 1795, B. Smith
3 December 1795, Imlay
21 December 1795, Rittenhouse to Mary Minto
5 September 1796, Minto, Thomas
26 September 1796, Kemp
Undated [between 1788 and 1796], Anonymous (4, 7, 8)
29 October [prob. 1790s before late 1796], Chrystie to Mrs. Clark
Undated [1790s before late 1796], Skinner
After Minto's death (but referring to him)
14 February 1797, Minto, Nanny, to Mrs. Christie (with P.S. 10 March )
16 March 1797, Skelton, Joseph, to Mary Minto
1 July 1797, Snowden, Isaac Jr., to Mary Minto
15 February 1798, Minto, Walter Sr., to Mary Minto
2: Manuscript Notebooks, Diaries, Account Books, etc. [subseries]
[Note: All in Minto's hand except the last.]
1. [May 1776]: Fragment (perhaps taken from a notepad) containing expenses, receipts, and diary entries from October 1771 (during his stay at Grange Toll in Edinburgh from that date until June 1773) to May 1776.
He set off [from London] for Gravesend on 26 May and went on board the Westmoreland on 30 May. This item includes entry for his stay with Mr. Watson in East Rhynd from 2 November 1773 to 11 March 1775 and payments for his engagement with Governor Johnstone's sons from 17 January to 21 May 1776.
2. [March 1779]: Notepad containing expenses incurred and payments received on behalf of the Johnstone boys between 17 January 1776 and 2 December 1778.
Last dated receipt is 6 March 1779 for payment of 37 pounds, probably for expenses of the boys, from a Mr. Duff in Cadiz. Minto lists his hypothetical monthly salary through to January 1780 on pages -.
3. [July 1785]: Travel log of a trip within Scotland in July of 1785.
Carron, Lithgow, Queen Mary's birthplace, Falkirk, Perth, etc. The only dated stop is Carron on 5 July.
4. [July 1786]: "Log-Book & Journal / of a Voyage intended, under God's Providence, / from Greenock to Philadelphia / In the Ship Alexander, Alex. Ritchie Commander, / Kept by W. Minto, Passenger / 1786".
Title on recto of 1st leaf. Leaves 2-52 are numbered (except for leaf 11) on versos from 1 to 50, with each verso and facing recto devoted to a single day of Minto's trip (9 June to 30 July 1786); leaves 53 verso-80 blank and unnumbered. A leaf containing compass directions is inserted in the front of the notebook.
5. 1786: Notepad containing a travel log and notes.
Notes on Philadelphia and New Jersey; with a few brief comments on New York, Connecticut, Maryland, Delaware, etc.
6. [February 1787]: Notepad containing a travel log and notes between September 1786 and 2 February 1787.
September 1786 (number of houses in various cities), 26 December 1786 (Albany), 19 January 1787 ("Jaunt to Saratoga"), 2 February 1787 (some Oneida Indian terms).
7. Undated [?1782-87]: Notebook of longitudes.
For various years from 1600 to 1830, filled only for 1756 and 1770-87; then one for a full but unknown year; other charts based on Greenwich; references to Slop for many calculations in the early 1780s.
8. Undated [?perhaps after arriving in America]: "Elements of Algebra" (fragmentary).
9. : Notebook entitled "Practical Geometry, Trigonometry, and Conick Sections; Trigonometry and Practical Geometry by Walter Minto LLD Transcribed by William Hay, Jr. [?] Princeton NJersey, United States of North America, New World".
Appears to be class notes based originally on Minto's lectures, transcribed by one student and sold to others; other names are George Joness Booth, Jno Crump, George Crump, G. Williams, Stevenson Archer, George Jones; references to Richmond and Manchester, Virginia, and to Western Shore of Maryland; dates included = 26 May 1802 17 August 1802 2 & 3 March 1804.
3: Notes by Minto [subseries]
[Note: In his own hand, all undated.]
1. [Must have been written after he arrived in America in 1786]: "To the Citizens of America".
Appears to be the beginning of a draft of a speech; gives reasons for emigrating to America: "his heart was warm in the cause of America" and "he thought he could be more useful & more happy here than at home."
2. Undated: List of surnames with some initials of first names.
3. Undated: List of books.
4. Undated: Notes on story of David, youngest son of Jesse.
5. Undated: List of 15 topics, political or historical
Perhaps intended for speeches like 1 above.
4: Documents from Minto's time [subseries]
1. 16 July 1757: Extract from the Baptismal Record of Leghorn [= Livorno in Italy] for 8 April 1739 for Anna Elisabetta, daughter of Capitano Daniello di [P]uglielmo Dousuord di Londra and Marg. d'And. Par[?]ment di Livorno
[Note: Elisabetta later became Mrs. Slop: see letter of Minto to Johnstone dated 23 November 1778. ]
2. 15 December 1768 to 15 December 1769: Reading card for the library of the University of Edinburgh
[Note: Housed in Graphics Division.]
Invitation from Adam Ferguson to Walter Minto (perhaps to attend a lecture by Ferguson)
4. 24 January 1776: Testimonial (in Latin) by James Robertson of Minto's study at the University of Edinburgh between 1768 and 1771.
Minto called a scholar and citizen of the library; in 1768 he studied Latin, in 1769 Logic and Latin, in 1770 Natural Philosophy, Logic, Latin and Greek, in 1771 Moral Philosophy under professors of arts and sciences) and in 1775 (when he studied Moral Philosophy and Rhetoric).
5. 25 November 1778: Statements by two doctors in Pisa, Carlo Barsanti and Domenico Cappucci, about John Johnstone's health
[Note: In Italian; with two notarizations in Latin, 1 December 1778. ]
6. 30 November 1778: Certificate of good conduct of Walter Minto, in company with John Johnstone, by Conte Cosimo Agostini.
[Note: In Italian; with two notarizations in Latin, 1 December 1778.]
7. 1 December 1778:
[Note: In Italian; notarized. ]
Certificate of good conduct for Walter Minto by Jacopo Andrea Tommasini, professor of mathematics at University of Pisa.
8. 2 December 1778: Receipt for 20 sequins from "William" Minto for passage from Leghorn to England, signed by Willis Machell.
9. 1 February 1779: Attestation of Walter Minto's good behavior in Pisa by Count Demetrius de Mocenigo, Commissary General of the Navy in Italy for the Empress of Russia, Pisa.
[Note: In French.]
10. 13 March 1779: Attestation by Jean Baptiste Poirel, French vice consul, that Minto was put at liberty in Cadix on 23 February , signed by Poirel at "consulat general de France a Cadix" on 13 March 1779.
[Note: In French.]
Specifically, that Minto, who was made a prisoner of war on the English ship "Le Westmoreland" by the French ship "Le Destin", passed from Cadiz to Genes [= Genoa] on the "Paquebot" Hollandais called "Le Postillou" commanded by Joseph Dodero.
11. 18 April 1782: Bill of lading for a box of books, Port of Livorno.
[Note: In Italian.]
Minto's name is not on this, but rather Reverend Padre Ockelli; mentions journey to Ostend, signed Giorgio Bagovich, Dice Epene.
12. 11 June 1782: (Florence) Passport for Minto for passage through Germany, signed by Sir Horace Mann.
[Note: Housed in Broadsides under Great Britain, Florentine Legation. ]
13. 3 February 1786: Diploma from the University of Aberdeen for the degree of LL.D. for Walter Minto.
[Note: Housed in Oversize Manuscripts. ]
14. 20 May 1786: Certificate of Walter Minto's membership in the Orange Society, Edinburgh, signed by Selkirk Steuart, president, and James Wright, secretary.
15. 7 April 1787: Invitation to Walter Minto to attend Columbia College commencement on the Tuesday following (April 10).
16. 1787 [day and month not filled in yet, but probably between March, when first contact was made with Minto, and May, when school opened]: Draft of an agreement between Minto and the trustees of Erasmus Hall in Flatbush for his services as principal of the Hall.
[Note: Minto was at Flatbush for circa six months before October 1787. ]
17. 24 July 1787: Minto's certificate of U.S. naturalization, New York
18. [September 1788]: Draft of a proposal
Proposed by Minto to give up 5 pounds of his salary to purchase a medal to be given by the trustees and faculty of the College for the best dissertation on either of 2 topics: the unlawfulness and impolicy of capital punishment and the unlawfulness and impolicy of African slavery (date from Eisenhart, pp. 290-91).
19. 17 January 1789 : Certificate of membership in the American Philosophical Society, signed by B. Franklin, John Ewing, Wm. White, and David Rittenhouse and witnessed by James Hutchinson, R. Patterson, Sam. Magan, and Jn. Vaughan.
20. 1 December 1790: Bond of Matthew Clarke to Minto for 160 pounds
21. 22 October 1792: Certificate of membership in the St. Andrew's Society of New York.
[Note: Housed in Small Broadsides under S. ]
22. 6 May 1793: Indenture between Walter Minto and the Congregation for 2 pews in the Presbyterian meeting house, Princeton.
23. 6 July 1795: Memorandum of an agreement between Benjamin Smith and Walter Minto.
Smith was one of the executors of the will of Samuel [T]ucker, deceased. Agreement "not to expose to sale" the house and land now in Minto's possession and that Minto will execute a bond for 590 pounds to be paid 1/3 on 1 October 1795 the other 2/3 in 4 equal annual payments beginning 1 October 1796.
24. 28 September 1795, 1796[with "six" written over a "five," but day and month are torn away]: Part 1: Bond of indemnity by Minto to Richard Stockton for 1180 pounds, with additional stipulations, with Thomas P. Johnsone, among others, as witness. Part 2: Some sort of codicil by Mary Skelton [Minto], executrix of Minto's last will (he being deceased), probably asking to have debt set aside, with Elizabeth Skelton as witness
25. 1 October 1795: Note beginning "Doctor Minto sined a Bond in conjunction with Richard Stockton to [T]uckers Executors" for 590 pounds.
[Note: This note was found with Stockton letter in Series I, sub-series 1 above, and is clearly connected with it in subject matter, but it is not in the same hand, and it is uncertain whether the two were originally together in the Minto donation. ]
With payment schedule on reverse through 1 October 1799 (see item 9 above).
26. 2 May 1796: Bond of Minto to Robert Armstrong for 200 pounds.
With notes of repayment on back from Mary Minto in 4 installments (1797-98), the last of which has the name of Josiah Skelton (Mary Minto's older brother) on it; with receipt from Armstrong dated 4 May 1796 for a piece of paper mentioned in the bond.
27. 3 May 1796, 4 May 1796: Statement and release of quitclaim between Robert Armstrong and his slave Tony.
Part 1: Copy of statement made on 30 April 1796 that Robert Armstrong brought before 2 justices and 2 overseers of the poor his slave Tony, sound of mind, etc. (original filed in Clerk's office of Middlesex County on 3 May 1796). Part 2: Release by Armstrong of quitclaim to Tony.
28. 4 May 1796: Bond of John Duryie and Toney to Minto for 200 pounds.
John Duryie and Toney both free black men (but Toney late a slave to Robert Armstrong, from whom Minto had previously bought him for 100 pounds, as this document says). Bond stipulates that if Toney binds himself to Minto for 6 years and 5 months and carries out all lawful commands, then the debt will be extinguished.
29. [October 1796 = the week after 21 October ]: Draft of obituary for Minto.
30. 8 November 1796, 9 November 1796: Board of Trustees of the College of New Jersey directs Enos Kelley to call on Minto's executor and retrieve the books, public stock, cash, etc. that Minto had as Treasurer of the College. Receipt by Enos Kelley to Mary Minto for the above items.
31. 23 May 1801: Bill of lading.
For one box, shipped from Leith to New York on the Russell, directed to Mrs. Minto, to be delivered to Mrs. Chrystie of New York for payment; contents unknown to Rowland Gibbs, master of the Russell [probably sent by the Mintos in Scotland; cf. letters of Nanny Minto to Mrs. Chrystie dated 1797 and of Walter Minto Sr. to Mary Minto dated 1798]
II: Walter Minto Skelton (1804-48) and Family [series]
1: Correspondence [subseries]
Scope note: Correspondence from 1780 to 1813 (and possibly to 1824), primarily to or from Mary Skelton Minto (died late 1824). Correspondence from 1824 to 1843 primarily to or from Walter M. Skelton (died 1848). Later correspondence chiefly concerning Boyd family.
18 October [probably before 1780], Skelton, M[ary], to Betsey Skelton
4 March 1780-6 April 1780, Invitations
[Note: Filed in Series II, sub-series 6.]
17 February 1781, Invitation
[Note: Filed in Series II, sub-series 6. ]
[a few days before 19 November 1781], Mrs. S[cudder] to her husband
24 June 1782--[probably mid-1780s], Invitations
[Note: Filed in Series II, sub-series 6. ]
[1788-1789], Minto, Walter, to Miss [Mary] Skelton
[Note: Filed in Series I, sub-series 1. ]
7 October [probably 1789 though could be later], Minto, M[ary], to Walter Minto
[Note: Filed in Series I, sub-series 1. ]
21 December 1795, Rittenhouse to Mary Minto
[Note: Filed in Series I, sub-series 1. ]
14 February 1797 (with P.S. 10 March 1797), Minto, Nanny, to Mrs. Christie
[Note: Filed in Series I, sub-series 1. ]
16 March 1797, Skelton, Joseph, to Mary Minto
[Note: Filed in Series I, sub-series 1. ]
1 July 1797, Snowden to Mary Minto
[Note: Filed in Series I, sub-series 1. ]
15 February 1798, Minto, Walter, Sr., to Mary Minto
[Note: Filed in Series I, sub-series 1. ]
17 July 1799, Anonymous to Mary Minto
6 February 1800, Garcia del Rio to Drake
1 December 1802, Gamble to Detargny
7 December 1805, Chrystie, John, to Mary Minto
2 February 1807, Chrystie, John, to Mary Minto
4 May 1808, Chrystie, John, to Mary Minto
24 October 1808, Gibbes to Mary Minto
22 January 1810, Chrystie, M, to Mary Minto
14 February 1811, Hopkins to Mary Minto
19 January 1813, Hopkins to Mary Minto
Undated, [probably after 1796 and perhaps after 1807, before late 1824], Chrystie, M., to Mary Minto
Undated, [probably after 1796 but not clear how long after; before late 1824], Cuthbert to Mary Minto
Undated, [probably after 1796 but not clear how long after; before late 1824], [Cuthbert] to Mary Minto (a draft of the preceding)
27 June 1824, Skelton, Walter Minto, to John Skelton (appears to be a draft, or else the letter was not sent)
18 August 1824, Maclean to WMS
29 September 1824, Skelton, W. M., to Anonymous (draft)
20 January 1825, Skelton, Joseph, to WMS
2 February 1826, Skelton, W. M., to Mary Skelton
6 February 1826, Invitation to Mr. [Walter] Skelton
[Note: Filed in Series II, sub-series 6. ]
22 March 1827, White, Elizabeth, to WMS
8 July 1831, Skelton, W. M., to John Lourey (copy)
[received 25 July 1831], Committee of the Princeton Blues to WMS
14 January 1832, Skelton, Ann, to WMS
6 February 1832, Skelton, W. M., to Sarah Skelton
8 February 1834 Invitation to Ann Skelton
[Note: Filed in Series II, sub-series 6. ]
February 1843, Invitation to W.M. Skelton & Lady
[Note: Filed in Series II, sub-series 6. ]
[?2]4 March 72, Ryder to Ann Skelton
17 February 1887, Rayburn to Hannah P. Boyd
7 January 98, Earhart, Harry B., to W.M. Boyd
30 March 1906, Duffy to Hill
11 September 1915, K., H.L., to Elizabeth [Boyd]
11 January 1930, Skelton, Ann, to Mary Boyd (transcript of spirit message enclosed in next letter)
12 January 1930, Robb to Elizabeth Boyd
7 April 1931, Thorsen to Elizabeth Boyd
18 November 1937, White, Marie Earhart, to Elizabeth Boyd
24 August 1938, Jack[s]on to Elizabeth Boyd
2 May 1939, White, Marie Earhart, to Elizabeth Boyd
6 September 1940, White, Marie Earhart, to Elizabeth Boyd
2. Prose Writings and Poetry [subseries]
In WMS's hand
1822-1827, "Original Pieces / in Poetry and Prose. / 1824" (title, on page 3)
A mixture of verse and prose pieces. The first item is a poem entitled "To the Memory of A Mother." At ends of pieces there are frequently dates, usually consecutive (e.g., August 10, August 14, September 5 1824, March 5 1825, July 1822, January 1825, April 2nd 1825, July 8th 1825, January 9th 1825, January 1826, June 1827), followed by initials or names (e.g., AHDH, my mother, MBW, Miss S. Bayley, MW, TA-n, DB), perhaps referring to people to whom Skelton has shown the pieces; occasionally the note "Published" appears. Most prose pieces parallel those found in Orations, Lectures, and Essays below.
1824, "Extracts-1824 / Walter M. Skelton's" (title page)
Primarily verse, with attributions at the ends of each piece. The cover and title page both have "W M Skelton" stamped on them.
Undated, ca. 1824-27, "Extracts / Skelton's" (title page)
Primarily verse, but a few prose pieces: a series of quotations, with name or source at the end of each. 96 pages, with 60-64, 68-69, and 74-96 blank.
In other hands
1818-4, lecture notes
Notes from 8 lectures on history (both general and ancient), some with questions appended; followed by (and occasionally interspersed with) verse. On front cover: "M [W] McAllister / Princeton College / Nassau Hall / Newjersey / January 9, 1818 / in the 42 year of the Amer / ican Independence." On page 3: "Conemaugh Loyalhanna," "Conemaugh" again, "T.W. Simpson," "Theodore Simpson," "Conemaugh Thomas Chrystie Skelton" (this last upside down in bottom margin); on page 52: "Conamaugh May 184."
1829-1830, "Elizabeth White's / Collection / of Poetry" (on cover, printed or traced)
Attributions appear at the ends of many poems, but not all. On page 133 are these notes and dates: "My Dear Mother departed this life 1st mo. 18th 1829" followed by: "EW 1st mo. 1830."
Undated, ca. 1834-1836
Extracts in prose and (especially) verse, some of which are attributed. Internal dates: "Princeton 1835" at the end of a poem; " October 4th 1836" at the end of a poem; "The Hon. Nicholas Biddles address before the Alumni of Nassau Hale Sept 30th 1835" at the end of a proverb; "1834" and "Webb" after a prose sentence; " July 1834" at the end of a poem "By a Lady." The first item is a poem by Campbell, "The Last Man"; on verso of last leaf are scribbles, including names (James Hogg, Washington Irving, Walter Scott, and Anderson), titles of poems, some quotations, the date 1836 and (at the top) the place name Freeport.
Orations, Lectures, Essays
In WMS's hand
Scope note: Presumably composed by WMS (the undated items are probably mid-1820s)
28 September 1824, On chivalry (no title, but "II" is at the top of p. 1).
Begins: "There are some subjects which naturally strike the mind." The date and "Skelton" are on p. 8. Also in Notebooks above.
14 February 1825, On slander, etc. (no title).
Begins: "If we should closely scrutinize the motives that prompt our own actions." The date and "Skelton" are on p. .
30 June 1825, Oration (no title), beginning: "All again is hushed in quiet."
The date and "Skelton" are on p. . Also in Notebooks above; and cf. next item.
July 1825, "An Oration delivered in the College chapel of Nassau Hall a few days after the 4th of July of 1825."
Begins: "All again is hushed in quiet!"; ends: "‘Fiat justitia, si ruat coelum!' Skelton." Also in Notebooks above; and cf. previous item.
1825, "Oration 1825" on slavery.
Begins: "Slavery, as it exists in our country at the present day." Title and date written vertically on p. , which is otherwise blank; the text ends on p. . Also in Notebooks above; and cf. draft beginning "Many have pretended" below.
July 1826, "An Oration delivered at Cranbury July 4th 1826."
Begins: "Friends and Fellow Citizens-Welcome! To one and all, as the organ of all, I bid a mutual and a cordial welcome." Not in WMS's hand, but the ending "Skelton" on leaf [9b] does look like his hand. Cf. Oration, beginning "Friends and Fellow Citizens - Welcome!" below.
5 September 1826, Oration entitled "The Influence of the Arts & Sciences on Civil Liberty."
Begins: "It is an evil peculiarly attached to literary pursuits." The date is on p. .
1826, Oration (no title), beginning: "Friends & Fellow Citizens-Welcome!"
On p.  are "End" and below it "Skelton 1826." Cf. "An Oration delivered at Cranbury" above.
Undated, Untitled oration.
Begins: "The discovery and direction of those feelings which May be made subservient to the prevention of crime and promotion of good conduct, have engaged the attention of mankind since the creation of civil government to the present day." Leaf  blank, text begins on leaf [2a], and "Skelton" on leaf [8b]. A version in Notebooks above; and cf. draft beginning "Time is the greatest innovator" on capital punishment, and draft beginning "Many have pretended" below.
Undated, Oration or essay entitled "Proverb the 19th. Vers. 23d. a man's pride shall bring him Low."
Begins: "It is often the fate of those who stray from the paths of duty, in pursuit of happiness, to defeat their own views, & to embrace misery, where they hope to find enjoyment"; no colophon, just ends.
Short oration or essay, probably incomplete but ending with a full sentence in the middle of p. . Begins: "The great author of all things, in the formation of that strange and wonderful creature Man."
Undated, "For the True American."
Outline or draft of half a page. Begins with a 6-line poem by "Beattie"; then: "Most truly has it been written, in the emphatic and breathing characters of inspiration." Ends: "Moderation in all things May be ranked as the first, or alpha, in this list of first principles." A version also in Notebooks above.
Undated, "The Bachelor of Arts."
Outline or draft of a page. Begins with three lines from Shakespeare; then: "This is the age of improvement, & opinions should not be stamped with the sin of hetrodoxy [sic]."
Undated, Draft or part of an essay or oration on capital punishment (no title).
Begins: "Time is the greatest innovator . . ." (a quotation from Lord Bacon); then: "The present is an age of progressive improvement." Also in Notebooks above; and cf. oration beginning "The discovery and direction of those feelings" above and draft beginning "Many have pretended" below.
Undated, "W.M. Skelton Universal Suffrage": a note.
Undated, "The United States Senate" and "Chief Justice Marshall": two notes.
The name "W.M. Skelton" follows each note.
Undated, On slavery (no title).
Draft or outline. Begins: "Much has been said & written on the subject of slavery as it exists in these United States." A version also in Notebooks above; and cf. "Oration 1825" above.
Undated, On capital punishment (no title).
Draft or outline. Begins: "Many have pretended to rest their support of this barbarian practice on parts of the Jewish dispensation." Cf. oration beginning "The discovery and direction of those feelings" and draft beginning "Time is the greatest innovator" above.
In other hands
Scope note: Both probably written in the mid-1820s.
Undated, "Oration" in praise of Hamilton, with the names "GW Crump" and "GeoW Crump Powhatan" (on p. ).
Begins: "To swell the sable triumph of the tomb the Great destroyer in pointing his shaft at Hamilton has selected a victim of no ordinary value."
Undated, On misery and happiness in life (no title), with the name "Bryce" at the end.
Begins: "It is the delight of a certain class of men to describe the miseries of human life in the most lively manner."
In WMS's hand
Scope note: Perhaps composed by WMS.
8 September 1824, Untitled.
Begins: "My Mary's form is fair and delicate; / As fair -- but stronger -- is her chastened mind."
22 February 1826, Untitled.
Begins: "I said, fair lady, that ‘my Muse was dead', / And that, with all becoming obsequies / To such a frail and worthless thing." The date is on the verso followed by "S" and then: "Skelton To Miss C. Morford," with repetitions: "To Miss CM," "To Miss C," "Miss C Morford."
14 June 1826, "My Mother."
Begins: "Whose anxious love for me was first, / While yet an embryo of being." Poem of 27 lines (9 stanzas of 3 lines each), with "My Mother" as a tag to each stanza. The date and "Skelton" are on the verso.
In other hands
[Late 1824?], Untitled.
Begins: "A welcome gallant chief / From Gallia's sunny clime"; ends: "It bade us honour thee / Lov'd La Fayette." These are lines sung at the celebration of General Lafayette's second visit to Trenton, on 25 September 1824 by 13 young women, each representing one of the 13 original colonies; printed in the Trenton Federalist of 27 September 1824 and in the True American for 2 October 1824 a full account is in A History of Trenton 1679-1929 (1929), Chapter IV, Section V.
[1825?], "Lines upon hearing a discourse from the Revd Dr. Alexander, from the words referred to -- preached Sunday, March 6th 1825 -- in the College Chapel --" [in Princeton].
Begins: "By faith -- tho' bow'd beneath the vilest yoke / Oppression dire for slavery ever made"; preceded by the text: "By faith Moses when he was born etc. etc. Hebrews 11th Ch. [?] 23 to 29 inclusive -- see also Exodus." The title follows the poem on the verso.
Ashbel Green, President of the College of New Jersey from 1812-22, is referred to in the poem. Begins: "In Princeton when t'was nine o'clock / To Junior room did College flock / To get a holiday or knock / Town Tutors & the Faculty." Poem of 32 lines (8 stanzas of 4 lines each); the poem is in a hand that has many characteristics of WMS's hand and may be a hastily written copy by him. Also on the verso, following the poem, in what is probably WMS's hand, are "A parody," "Mrs. Mary Minto," and "Johnson is Skelton."
Undated, "Don't give up the Ship / A new song / Composed in / Dartmoor prison / By an American tar and sold by the author."
Begins: "You parliament of England you Lords and Commons too / Consider well what you're aboute and what you mean to do." Poem of 44 long lines (11 stanzas of 4 lines each), frequently reprinted; the title is based on Captain James Lawrence's last words to his crew, on the U.S.S. Chesapeake, in a battle against the British frigate HMS Shannon just outside Boston Harbor in June of 1813 during the War of 1812. On page 4 is an alphabetical list of surnames (in WMS's hand and including his surname) and then the name and address (not in WMS's hand) "B.W. Leigh Esq. / Richmond / Virginia."
Begins: "If on my heart the mildew of the blight / Of rash transgression sits & like a [v…] / Of darkness shrouds the future . . ." In margin on page , upside down, is the name "Thomas Skelton" followed by "Conam[e]ugh," with many other scribbles in margins of pages -.
Undated, two poems.
1st leaf, containing 2 items: 1st item: "The Burial," beginning "He buried her silently ‘neath the green sod / Where the flowers were freshly blooming." Poem of 20 lines (5 stanzas of 4 lines each), all on the recto, followed by "Struthfield" and then "Ann." 2nd item: An untitled poem of 32 lines (8 stanzas of 4 lines each) in pencil on the verso, in a different hand, beginning "I hate the world be cause the world / Hath ever hated me"; 6 stanzas are on the verso and the last 2 written upside down at the bottom of the recto. 2nd leaf: Untitled, but a recopying of "The Burial" on the recto in the same hand as on the recto of the 1st leaf.
Undated, "Auld Lang Syne."
Begins: "Should auld acquaintance be forgot / And never brought to mind?" Well known poem in 5 stanzas (of 4 lines each, with a 4-line refrain) by Robert Burns, written in 1788. The name "W Joline" written 15 times in the margins and at the top of the recto.
Undated, "Parody on the Knight Errant."
Begins: "T'was Samy Jones the fisherman was bound for Sandy Hook / But first upon his almanack a solem oath he took."
Undated, "A Picture."
Begins: "She was a lovely girl I trow, / This all who've seen her can avow."
Undated, "Days of Yore."
Begins: "There is a charm in evenings hour / When wearied nature sinks to rest." This item and "To a Friend" and "To Melancholy" are all written by the same hand. The name "Rosalind" appears at the end.
Undated, "To a Friend."
Begins with 4 lines by Byron (from "The Corsair," Canto II, passus XIV): "Oh I envy those / Whose hearts on hearts as faithful can repose," etc. The poem proper begins: "I have longed for a soul as exalted and true / As I've seen in those visions of fancy so fair." This item and "Days of Yore" and "To Melancholy" are all written by the same hand. The name "Rosalind" appears at the end.
Undated, "To Melancholy."
Begins: "I know thee when the breezes play, / So calmly and so softly driven." Poem of 52 lines (3 stanzas of 12 lines each and 1 of 16 lines). This item and "Days of Yore" and "To a Friend" are all written by the same hand. The name "Rosalind" appears at the end.
Undated, "The Lacerated Glove" and "Lines on revisiting the Cottage of Rosa after a long absence."
2 items, written by same hand. 1st item: "The Lacerated Glove" on pages 1-2. Begins with 2 lines by Shakespeare (from Romeo and Juliet, Act II, Scene 2): "Oh that I were a glove upon that hand / That I might touch that cheek." The poem proper begins: "O Romeo! Had thy wish been granted, / What poet could thy raptures speak?" Poem of 28 lines (7 stanzas of 4 lines each, with 4 on page 1 and 3 on page 2); there are 3 notes to the poem: on "Capricorn (line 12), with 3 lines by Shakespeare; on "glove from Harriet's hand now torn" (line 14), with reference to "Mrs. Harriet Rodman"; and on "Scorpio" (line 23), with a quotation in Latin from Virgil's Georgics. 2nd item: "Lines. / On revisiting the Cottage of Rosa after a long absence. May 4th 1807 " on pages 3-4. Begins: "Seven summers have flown, and once more do I see / The fields, and the groves I deserted so long!" Poem of 24 lines (6 stanzas of 4 lines each, with 4 1/4 stanzas on page 3 and 1 3/4 on page 4), by Anthony Bleecker (1770-1827), printed in Samuel Kettell, ed., Specimens of American Poetry, with Critical and Biographical Notes (1829), II.382. The name "Paridel" appears at the end of the poem.
Undated, "Of My Lady Isabella playing on the lute."
Begins: "Such moving sounds from such a careless touch! / So unconcern'd herself, and we so much." Poem of 16 lines by Edmund Waller (1606-87) about Lady Isabella Thynne (nee Rich). The hand is perhaps that of a child practicing careful writing.
Undated, four poems.
4 poems, each of 40 lines (10 stanzas of 4 lines each), entitled "December," "February," "March," and "April ." (1) "December" (on pages -) begins: "From mountains of eternal snow / And zembla's dreary plains / Where the bleak winds for ever blow." Poem by Francis Fawkes (1721-77) entitled "Ode to Winter." (2) "February" (pages -) begins: "The Sister regent of the opening year / Now sways the scepter of revolving time." (3) " March " (pages -) begins: "At length stern Winters frigid sway subsides / And leaves progressive this auspicious isle." (4) " April " (pages -) begins: "A Scene of pleasure nature oer the plains / Displays propitious with a lib'ral hand."
Begins: "Hail sinless child we welcome three / In the unblemished purity / Of thy young heart." Poem of 12 lines (2 stanzas of 6 lines each, rhyming aabccb, with the b-lines shorter than the others). ; on the verso are accounts, in dollars, adding up to $32.70, with what appears to be a date: "20-12-40" (?1840).
Undated, "Stork of Lea."
Begins: "There was wailing on the water / And thunder in the sky." Poem of an uncertain number of stanzas (51 lines total, but the first 6 lines on the verso are a repeat of the first 6 lines on the recto and the last 4 lines at the bottom of the recto are written upside down); appears to be written by the same careless hand as (r) below. 1 large leaf; numbers (mainly sums) appear on both the recto and the verso; also on the verso is the place name "Holladaysburghe" and the personal name "Hiram" written 4 times.
Undated, three poems.
3 items, written by one careless hand, which appears to be the same as (q) above. At top right, written sideways, is "Samuel Whites […] / pair gloves 62 1/2." 1st item: Untitled, beginning "Tis midnighte & the clear blue sky looks down / [L..nd]ly on a slumbring world." 2nd item: "Dreams." Begins: "Here am I! What are they? If shadows of the mind / Along without prosstit sanction. They / are haughty -- perhaps they are but as the wind." Poem of 1 8-line stanza, followed by 3 lines, with 2 other sets of 3 lines written sideways in the margins, one set on the left and one on the right. 3rd item: "To Lydia." Begins: "The hour has come I must away / And yet before I go / One parting thought I'll cast on thee." 2 stanzas, the first of 6 lines rhyming abccab, the second of 7 lines rhyming abccbab, followed by 2 more stanzas written sideways in the margins, 1 of 5 lines on the left and 1 of 4 lines on the right.
Undated, "Canzonetta" (in Italian).
Begins: "La Biondina in gondoletta / l'altra sera gho mena." Poem of 40 lines (5 stanzas of 8 lines each) by Giovanni Battista Peruchini (1784-1870). 1 small leaf, folded in half to make 4 pages, with 2 stanzas on page 1, 2 on page 2, 1 on page 3 and with page 4 blank; the poem ends with "per un Veneziano" and "fin."
3. Illustrations and Photographs [subseries]
Engraving and drawing
(a) Undated, Engraving.
From an unknown book, with "Tab. II" and then "Fig. 3" and "Fig. 4" on it. Fig. 3 pictures the side view of gears, probably for a clock (or perhaps some sort of astronomical device); Fig. 4 pictures the front view of a plate probably for the gears, with the inscription "Gio Filipp Tresler" on it, and underneath "Augosto." The 1823 6th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, in the entry for clock, says that "one Tresler, at that time [mid-17th century] clock-maker to the father of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, made the first pendulum clock at Florence, by direction of Galileo Galilei" (page 200b).
(b) Undated, Drawing.
A drawing of the same, slightly larger. It is uncertain whether the drawing is the original from which the engraving was made or was itself made from the engraving.
1846, Print of Nassau Hall, Princeton, NJ.
Undated, 4 unidentified photographs, probably of Skelton or related families.
Bust portrait of an old man; carte-de-visite with 3-cent stamp on back, [late 1860s]
Bust portrait of a young boy and a young girl; cabinet card taken at Kennedy [Studio], 20 Fifth Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa., [ca. 1870-1890]
Old woman leaning on back of velvet chair; cabinet card taken at Aufrecht [Studio], Allegheny, Pa., [ca. 1870-1890]
Baby (in clothes) in velvet chair; cabinet card taken at Stewart & Co., Federal St. and Stockton Ave., Allegheny, Pa., [ca. 1870-1890]
16 April 1900, Official certification from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
W.M. Boyd of Armstrong County has been duly elected a Justice of the Peace for the Borough of Freeport for a term of 5 years; recorded 7 May 1900.
11 April 1905, Official certification from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
W.M. Boyd of Armstrong County has been duly elected a Justice of the Peace for the Borough of Freeport for a term of 5 years; recorded 4 May 1905.
30 December 1905, Itemized bill and receipt (dated 6 January 1906).
For funeral expenses of $51.50 for John B. Boyd from S. Turner and Son, Freeport; paid by W.M. Boyd.
4 February 1911, Last will and testament of W.M. Boyd.
Leaving everything to his daughter Mary L. Boyd; witnessed by 2 persons; also appoints her executor; 3 attachments, all dated 8 October 1912 (1) attestation of the hand of 1 of the 2 witnesses; (2) attestation by 2nd witness that he witnessed the will of W.M. Boyd, now deceased; (3) will proven by Registrar of Wills in Kittanning and Mary L. Boyd appointed executrix.
5 September 136, Will of John Craig of Buffalo Township, Armstrong County.
Dividing his real estate into 6 parcels among (1) his son Samuel, (2) his son John, (3) his daughter Isabella, (4) 3 daughters (named Clark) of his daughter Elizabeth deceased, (5) his daughter Martha, and (6) his 2 daughters and the 3 granddaughters already mentioned, plus $100 to his grandson John Craig; and his personal and movable property among Isabella, Samuel, and 4 granddaughters; appoints his son John executor, to whom he also gives $40; codicils of 11 July 1839 and 2 July 1844 (in latter Isabella is said to be married to a man named John Boyd and has a son James and daughters Eliza Boyd and Mary Boyd; James has children of his own, John C. Boyd and Jane Boyd); will registered 5 April 1850 (no place given); the present copy is typewritten and considerably later
[Note: Cf. section I.A above, letters of Gamble, Garcia del Rio, and Hopkins.]
25 November 1796, Summons to [Marin] Detargny for guard duty, Paris, 5 Frimaire, l'an cinquieme (formerly in 1934 Minto donation)
12 March 1797, Certificate of identity for Marin Detargny, Departement de la Seine, Canton de Paris, 22 Ventose, an 5 (formerly in 1934 Minto donation)
20 March 1797, Summons to [Marin] Detargny for guard duty, Paris, 30 Ventose, l'an cinquieme
30 April 1797, Summons to [Marin] Detargny for guard duty, Paris, 11 Floreal, l'an cinquieme
26 May 1797, Summons to [Marin] Detargny for guard duty, Paris, 7 Prairial, l'an cinquieme (formerly in 1934 Minto donation)
18 April 1798, Carte de Surete for Marin Detargny, Bureau Central, Canton de Bordeaux, 29 Germinal, l'an sixieme (M.D., profession = Professeur, has lived in Bordeaux for 1 year)
13 June 1798, Birth certificate for Marin Detargny, born 26 June 1776 son of Jean Francois Detargny, Archives du Departement de la Seine, Commune de Paris, 24 Prairial, l'an 6e (formerly in 1934 Minto donation)
13 June 1798, Copy of death certificate for Jean Francois Detargny, died 26 March 1794 aged 60 years of age, Commune de Paris, 24 Prairial, l'an 6 (formerly in 1934 Minto donation)
20 October 1798, Certificat de Conscription for Marin Detargny, "homme de lettres," Canton de Bordeaux, 29 Vendemiaire, septieme annee (formerly in 1934 Minto donation)
22 November 1798, Carte de Surete for Marin Detargny, "homme de lettres," Bureau Central, Canton de Marseille (M.D. has been living in Marseille for [?less than] 3 months), le Deux frimaire, an 7e (formerly in 1934 Minto donation)
28 April 1804, Statement signed by six citizens of Annapolis certifying that Mr. Marin Detargny has resided in said city as a French teacher for 17 months and "has behaved himself with propriety, and sustained the Character of a Gentleman"
1805, One sheet of paper, folded (addressed on outside to Rev. Mr. Detargny). 11 November 1805 Resolution (on page 1) from the Council Chamber, Charleston, that 29 November be set apart as a day of General Thanksgiving to God for all the benefits and blessings conferred on the citizens of said city and that the clergy of the city be requested to promote this to their congregations on that day. 12 November 1805 Circular (on page 2) from the Intendant, Charleston, conveying this request.
1 December 1806, Receipt from the Reverend Marin Detargny, Charleston, for $12.75 "as a Consideration" for a "Policy of Assurance" for $2000 to be issued by Phoenix Assurance-Company of London, signed by Jno. M. Davis, Agent
18 August 1807, Authorization from Charles Lining, "Esquire, Ordinary," South Carolina, Charleston District, to the Reverend Mr. Marin Detargny to join in matrimony Joseph Finch of Charleston, Manufacturer of Cut Nails, and Catharine Spencer of Charleston, Spinster
9 June 1785, Survey by Joshua Elder of a plot of land called "Settle," containing 200 4/10 acres, in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, for Benjamin Franklin; returned to secretary's office for Benjamin Franklin 10 October 1787
29 October 1814, Deed of sale of 11 tracts of land on the northwest side of the Allegheny River, "now or formerly" in Westmoreland County, by Louis Bache and Richard Bache, executors of the will of Richard Bache, deceased, of Settle, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, acting on behalf of some of the members of the Bache family in Pennsylvania, heirs of Benjamin Franklin, and by other members of the family in their own right, to Randall Hutchinson; recorded in Armstrong County 21 August 1815
29 October 1814, Deed of sale of the tract called "Settle," "now or formerly" in Westmoreland County, from Randall Hutchinson to William I. Duane and his wife Deborah (who are one of the parties to the sale of the 11 tracts in previous item) for $1.00; recorded in Armstrong County 21 August 1815
24 January 1840, Deed of sale of a tract of land called "Settle" (of 200 4/10 acres), formerly in Westmoreland County but now in Armstrong, by William I. Duane and Deborah his wife to WMS for $4000
24 January 1840, Deed of sale of a tract of land called "Broughton" (of 209 7/10 acres), formerly in Westmoreland County but now in Armstrong, by William I. Duane and Deborah his wife to WMS for $4180
Undated, ca. 1887, Draft claim of Hannah P. Boyd and Mary McFarland, sisters of George McFarland, for "arrears of pay and bounty."
On a form that has 188 plus a blank for the year in the decade (probably 1887). George, a private in Company G, 5th Regiment of the "Calafornia Volunteers," died "on or about the" 31st October 1862 in the service of the U.S.; the sisters appoint Calvin Rayburn of Kittanning to prosecute the claim (see letter of Rayburn to Hannah Boyd above in section I.C)
1 June 1908, Bill for funeral expenses of $66.79 for Mrs. [sic; cf. previous item] Mary S. McFarland from S. Turner and Son, Freeport.
With receipt of payment by Miss Lizzie Boyd dated 8 December 1908. Since the actual expenses are dated 6 August 1904 this may have been a second or third bill.
13 March 1826, Deed of sale of land by Jacob Scudder and his wife Hester to William Gulick in Montgomery Township, Somerset County, New Jersey.
[Note: Jacob Scudder, May have been the son of H[annah] S[cudder]: see her letter to her husband in section I.A above. ]
Ann Skelton (1818-1906)
13 June 1856, Survey ("Draft") of a tract of land (i.e., the 2 tracts mentioned in Walter Skelton, item 3) for Ann Skelton (cf. WMS.'s wills in Walter Skelton, items 2 and 4)
11 May 1858, Indenture by Jacob M. Bush to Ann Skelton.
For $1100 with interest, to be paid according to a schedule ending in 1862 for 25+ acres of land, part of a larger tract conveyed by William I. Duane to Walter Skelton (either item 4 or 5 in Franklin heirs or both), who devised it to Ann Skelton, Sarah Skelton, and Joseph Skelton Jr. (see Walter Skelton, item 4), and Joseph Skelton Jr. and his wife Elizabeth conveyed 184 acres of which this is a part to Ann Skelton.
22 July 1900, Lease by Ann Skelton of Freeport Borough, Armstrong County, to Thomas McCauley and P.J. McCauley of Pittsburgh.
Leases the right to quarry stone on the southern part of a piece of land owned by her for a period of 5 years initially, with the possibility of a further 5 years; the McCauleys to pay her rental of 10 cents per cubic yard and to quarry at least 2000 cubic yards each year.
29 November 1904, Grant by Ann Skelton to the Kiskiminetas Connecting Railroad Co.
For a right of way 66 feet wide for the location, etc. of a railroad over 10 acres more or less of her land in South Buffaloe Township, Armstrong County, for $50; sealed and delivered in the presence of W.M. Boyd.
Undated, Informal draft of someone's will (probably Ann Skelton's).
[Note: Dates to before 4 February 1911 (Boyd, item 4) because W.M. Boyd is referred to as still alive, but not clear how much earlier; before 30 March 1906 and certainly before 1 July 1906 (see next item), if Ann Skelton is the writer.]
Leaving specific items of her personal property to Hannah Boyd, Lizzie Boyd, John H. Boyd, and Helen M. McIntyre and, after expenses have been paid, dividing the profits from the remainder of her personal property and from her real estate equally to the same four persons (except that Helen McIntyre's part is to be shared with her brother Charles B. McIntyre).
1 July 1906, Bill and receipt for funeral expenses of $116.75 for Miss Ann Skelton from S. Turner and Son, Freeport;
[Note: Paid by Lizzie Boyd, Executrix (probably dead by 30 March 1906 see letter of Duffy to Hill above in section I.B). ]
Undated, ca. 1933-1934, Notification by County Treasurer, Kittanning, to estate of Annie Skelton.
Her property in South Buffalo has been returned for non-payment of taxes for 1932 amounting to $12.81 and, unless they are paid, the property will be sold at the Court House in Armstrong County on 6 August 1934.
Elizabeth Skelton (?-1826)
29 March 1825, Will of Elizabeth Skelton.
Leaving all of her personal property and real estate to her nephew WMS, except for some plate and wearing apparel (to Elizabeth McFarland, niece, daughter of Joseph and Sarah Skelton) and a mourning ring (to Harriet Nicholson, niece, daughter of Samuel and Hannah Nicholson); appoints John Lowrey executor, unless WMS is of legal age at time of her death, in which case he is to be executor; certified as true copy 13 November 1826 Elizabeth Skelton now deceased.
29 March 1825, Copy of preceding item; certified as such 17 June 1839
13 November 1826, Inventory of possessions of Elizabeth Skelton; certified 18 November 1829 Elizabeth Skelton now deceased
Joseph Skelton Sr. (?-before 1840)
Undated, marriage certificate.
[Note: Probably before 1803, when the Skeltons' 1st child was born.]
Certificate by Thomas Lyell, witnessed by W. [?]. Bessonett and James Thorburn: "This will certify that I did on Thursday evening the 27 of May join together in marriage Mr. Joseph Skelton and Miss Sarah White."
Mary Skelton Minto (?-1824)
9 November 1796, Receipt by Enos Kelley to Mary Minto for the items mentioned in document B.16 (a) in Series 1: IV.Documents (this receipt is now item B.16 (b) in Series 1: IV.Documents)
1796 [day and month torn away]: Codicil by Mary Skelton [Minto], executrix of Minto's last will (he being deceased), to a bond of indemnity (dated 28 September 1795) by Minto to Richard Stockton for 1180 pounds, probably asking to have debt set aside (this is now item B.10 (b) in Series 1: IV.Documents)
23 May 1801, Bill of lading for one box, shipped from Leith to New York on the Russell, directed to Mrs. Minto, to be delivered to Mrs. Chrystie of New York for payment; contents unknown to Rowland Gibbs, master of the Russell (this is now item B.17 in Series 1: IV.Documents)
25 August 1812, Middlesex County, State of New Jersey: Certificate that Mary Minto brought before 2 overseers of the poor and 2 justices of the peace her female slave named Gitty, who appears to be of sound mind and not under any bodily incapacity, between 21 and 40 years; recorded in Clerk's office, no date
25 August 1812, Statement of Mary Minto that she has set free her slave Gitty (of 21 years or thereabouts); recorded in Clerk's office on 26 August 1812
8 January 1817, Will of Mary Minto, leaving $100 to her sister Sarah Clark, $600 to Walter Minto Skelton (to be used at the discretion of her sister Elizabeth), and the remainder of her personal property and all of her real estate to her sister Elizabeth; appoints her sister executrix and administratrix; certified as a true copy of the will by a surrogate in New Brunswick on 17 June 1839
Walter Skelton (1804-48)
20 October 1830, Commission of Walter M. Skelton to be Captain of the company Princeton Blues, having been elected to such position on 25 May 1830
ca. 1840, Draft of will of WMS, leaving to his mother, Sarah Skelton, "a comfortable maintenance" out of his estate, and then leaving everything to his sister Ann Skelton; appoints Ann executrix
21 April 1841, Survey of 2 tracts of land in Buffaloe Township, Armstrong County, for WMS (these are the tracts sold to him in 1840 mentioned in Franklin heirs, items 4 and 5 above)
16 September 1845, Will (copy) of WMS, of Buffaloe Township, Armstrong County; leaving 1/3 to his sister Ann Skelton, 1/3 to his brother Joseph Skelton, Jr., and 1/3 in trust to his sister Ann for the use of his mother Sarah Skelton; appoints Ann executrix; will proved in Kittanning, Pennsylvania 20 June 1848 (Walter Skelton being deceased), and certified in Register's Office 21 June 1848
23 March 1839, Will of Elizabeth White of Scarsdale, Westchester County, New York, leaving the bulk of her estate to (1) various charities (half) and (2) her 3 sisters, Mary Bessonett, Phebe White, and Jane White (half, in various proportions); certified as true copy 12 October 1841 Elizabeth White now deceased
13 June 1839, Memorandum of land owned by Elizabeth White in Illinois, deeded to her on 1 April 1837 and recorded in Illinois on 27 June 1837
5: Printed Materials [subseries]
(In Broadsides Small under S)
31 December 1799, Sacred music, to be performed in St. Paul's Church, on Tuesday the 31st December, 1799 by the Anacreontic and Philharmonic Societies, at the Funeral Ceremonies in honor of the Memory of the late General Washington [New York, 1799]. (formerly in 1934 Minto donation)
ca. early 1800s, "Boarding and Education for Young Ladies, At Mrs GRAHAM's, Broadway, NEW YORK": advertisement and list of fees (on a ca. 3" x 5" card) for a school run by Isabella Graham (1742-1814); Mrs. Graham began teaching in New York in late 1789 when fees for schools like hers were ca. $80 per year for full boarders; by the time of this advertisement her fee was $125 for full boarders, which must put the date considerably later than 1789 Mrs. Graham was a good friend of the Mrs. Chrystie who corresponded with the Mintos from the 1790s until 1810 and who is often mentioned in other correspondence, along with her husband, Major (later Colonel) Chrystie.
29 August 1844 The Clay Bugle, No. 35, Harrisburg, Thursday, [Pa.,] August 29, 1844 a weekly Whig campaign newspaper created to support the candidacy of Henry Clay for President of the U.S.
13 March 1852, The Home Journal, for the week ending Saturday March 13, 1852 ed. George Pope Morris and Nathaniel Parker Willis, "[Whole NO. 318.--SERIES FOR 1852--NO. 11." [New York].
1882, Proceedings of the First Boyd Convention Held at Beaver, Pennsylvania, October 26 and 27, 1881. Published by the Boyd Association Historical Committee. Youngstown, Ohio: Youngstown Publishing Company, 1882. 42 pages.
ca. early 1883, The Second Re-Union of the Descendants of John and Mary-Fulton Boyd, will be held in Lima, Allen County, Wednesday and Thursday, October 24th and 25th, 1883. Printed in Chambersburg, Pa., [?early 1883]. Announcement of reunion, with program, committees, etc.; 1 leaf folded in half to make 4 pages, the last of which is blank.
7. 1884, Proceedings of the Second Boyd Convention Held at Lima, Ohio, October 24th and 25th, 1883. Youngstown, Ohio: W.H. Woodrow, 1884. 48 pages.
1885, Proceedings of the Third Boyd Convention Held at Kiskiminetas Springs, Saltsburg, Pa., August 27th and 28th, 1884. Youngstown, Ohio: W.H.Woodrow, 1885. 33 pages.
ca. early 1887, Call for a Reunion to Be Held at Slate Lick, Pennsylvania, Tuesday and Wednesday, August 30 and 31, 1887. Announcement to residents and former residents of Slate Lick; 1 leaf folded in half to make 4 pages, the last of which is blank; addressed to Miss A. Skelton at Scilney, Pa. [postmarked "Kittanning"].
1887, Re-Union at Slate Lick, Pa. Of Present and Former Residents, Tuesday and Wednesday, August 30 & 31, 1887. "Programme" of events. 1 narrow leaf, with printing on recto only.
1888, Proceedings of the Fourth Boyd Convention Held at Hamilton, Ohio, September 15th and 16th, 1886. H. Byxbe, 1888. 26 pages.
1888, Proceedings of the Fifth Boyd Convention Held at Pittsburgh, Pa., (Hotel Boyer,) September 5th and 6th, 1888. H. Byxbe, 1888. 59 pages.
1892, Proceedings of the Sixth Boyd Convention Held at Marion, Ohio, (Hotel Marion,) August 27th and 28th, 1890. H. Byxbe, 1892. 42 pages.
1894, Proceedings of the Seventh Boyd Convention Held at Seventh Avenue Hotel, Pittsburgh, Pa., August 31st and September 1st, 1892. H. Byxbe, 1894. 30 pages.
3 newspaper clippings about family events:
[May 1935]: Article, perhaps from a newspaper in Tarentum, Pa. (since on the reverse is an advertisement for "Chantler's" in that city), about Amelia Earhart's non-stop flight from Mexico City to New York City on May 8; mentions Samuel (age 68) and Ida (age 73) Earhart, first cousins of Amelia's father Edwin Earhart (who was a schoolmaster near Saltsburg, Pa.), and another cousin, Emma Elizabeth Earhart Fleming (age 83) of Indiana, Pa.; Amelia's grandfather, Rev. David Earhart, had the Lutheran parsonage in Apollo, Pa., and the Earhart family used to visit Samuel and Ida.
[November 1949]: Death notice, probably from a Pittsburgh newspaper, of Frank F. McIntyre of Altoona, Pa., on 16 November 1949 Frank was the father of Charles B. McIntyre and Helen B. McIntyre of Pittsburgh; the funeral was held in Freeport, Pa.
14 June 1956: Notice from the Pittsburgh Press of the honoring of Miss Helen McIntyre, retiring school teacher, by the Shakespeare School PTA in East Liberty, Pa.
6: Notes, Invitations, Miscellanea [subseries]
Notes (all in WMS's hand except the last two)
Syllabus, with required readings; probably from WMS's years at the College of New Jersey.
A list of college classes, beginning on a Tuesday and going to the following Monday, with only Sunday omitted; probably from WMS's years at the College of New Jersey.
A set of 5 series of surnames, followed by "Valedictory. D. Crawford": perhaps a list of College of New Jersey graduates or graduation speakers (WMS's name is not among them).
"Catalogue of Books," divided into "Classicks & French," "Class Books & Books of Science," "Novels & Plays," "Books of a miscellaneous kind," "Musick"; probably WMS's library, with catalogue written in what appears to be a formal variety of his hand.
"Provincialisms noticed in the Western part of Pennsylvania," a series of equivalents in the form "A for B," signed (on reverse) "Skelton," followed by WMS's height and weight measured in "Peal's Museum" on 8 February 1826 then signed again "W.M. Skelton."
Recipe "To boil a Fowl"; this leaf was found in item (a) (1818-4) in section II.A.2, but it is not certain if it was there originally: the hand is quite different and appears to be untrained.
"Kate's Manumission Papers," (at the top of the second quarter (from the left) of the recto), probably in a Skelton family hand (but earlier than the late family hands in section F below).
Scope note: Some on backs of playing cards, marked with * below.
4 March 1780, [Princeton]*: to Miss Skelton from the Gentlemen of the College to a dance and a play
6 April 1780, Princeton*: to Miss Betsy Skelton from the Gentlemen of the Senior Class to public exhibitions in the College Hall
17 February 1781, Princeton*: to Miss Betsy Skelton from the Gentlemen of the College to public exhibitions in the College Hall
24 June 1782, Philadelphia: to Miss B. Baynton from the Minister of France to an entertainment to celebrate the birth of the Dauphin
1 December 1782, Princeton: to Miss Skelton from the managers of an unnamed organization to a dance
17 February 1783, Princeton*: to Miss Skelton from the Junior Class of College to a play and other exercises in the College Hall
14 April 1783, Trenton: to Miss Polly Skelton from the Governor and the Gentlemen of Trenton to a dance "in Celebration of Peace" at Mr. Cape's
22 April 1783, Princeton: to Miss Betsy Skelton from the Gentlemen of Princeton and its Vicinity to a ball "in Celebration of Peace" at Mr. Beekman's
December 1785, [Princeton]: to Miss Eliza Skelton for the season of the Princeton Assembly
30 April [probably mid-1780s], [Princeton]: to Miss E. Skelton from the Gentlemen of the College to public exhibitions in the College Hall
30 April [probably mid-1780s], [Princeton]: to Miss Polly Skelton from the Gentlemen of the College to public exhibitions in the College Hall
23 September [probably mid-1780s]*, Princeton: to Miss Skelton to a dance at Mr. [?] d[. . .]
[late December /early January] [probably mid-1780s], Bordentown*: to the Miss Skeltons to a ball on Twelfth Night, 6 January
Tuesday morning [probably mid-1780s], [Princeton]: to the Miss Skeltons from Dr. Beatty to a dance at his house "this evening" (with additional comments about Mrs. Deane expecting to see the Miss Skeltons at her house for tea, etc.)
Saturday morning [probably mid-1780s], [Princeton]: to Miss Betsey Skelton from the Senior Class to the public orations in the College Hall
6 February 1826, Harrisburg: to Mr. [Walter] Skelton to a Cotillion Party at the house of Mr. John Shock, Harrisburg, on Tuesday next; with envelope addressed to Mr. Skelton
8 February 1834, to Miss Ann Skelton to a "Birth-Night Ball" at Mr. M'Anulty's Hotel, Blairsville, on 21 February 1834
February 1843, to Mr. W.M. Skelton & Lady to a Cotillion Party at the house of Mr. Isreal Hill, Leechburg, on 17 February 1843
Statement to James Carnahan 1823-?25: Statement directed to Dr. [James] Carnahan [president of the College of New Jersey from May 1823 to 1854], from a meeting of college, signed by 75 persons (including WMS), deploring some outrageous act by an unknown person and expressing their support.
Small Notebook, Undated [?1830-31]: Small notebook containing "By-Laws of ‘The Princeton Blues'," followed by signatures of, presumably, the 62 members of the Company (Skelton's is the 4th one on the list).
[Note: Skelton was commissioned Captain of the Company on 20 October 1830 and resigned his commission on 8 July 1831 (see section IV. Walter Skelton, item 1). ]
Booklet of proverbs and common sayings, Undated: in English (on versos), with Spanish equivalents (on facing rectos), entitled (on page ) "A Collection of Proverbs & Common Saying" and (on page ) "una Colleccion de refranes y de dichos communes."
Various notes, undated [but mainly 20th century]. Late family (?and other) notes, in various hands, made about the Minto-Skelton papers before they were given to the Clements Library.
5 leaves, in ink (mainly) and pencil, listing letters in the Minto part of the collection (mainly addressed to him), a bond, a bill, and a few books
2 leaves in pencil, listing a few books and giving a summary of the Minto letters
7 small leaves in pencil, with writing on both sides, listing family books published between 1745 and 1870
1 3" x 5" card in ink with some dates
17 xeroxes of 32 envelopes that contained some of the Minto-Skelton Papers, with notes on the outsides about what they contained (the envelopes themselves have been discarded)
8 small pieces of light cardboard used as markers for books and manuscripts, 2 of which have notes on them
Pieces of cloth 1845 and undated: 24 round pieces of cloth circa 4" in diameter, perhaps congratulatory or farewell remembrances to Mary McFarland (b. 1823), with writing in ink on one side and usually containing a verse or verses, a proverb, etc. (variable) and the name of the writer; frequently also a date and the home of the writer; and occasionally the name of the addressee:
With addressee first, then name of writer, date, and verse:
Mary McFarland: Saltsburgh Indiana Co. Pa. May 1845 W.H.
Mary: Eliza Kirkpatrick Poke Run, October 26th 1845
Mary: R.S. Johnston Saltzburg, September 23rd 1845
To Mary: Jane H. Johnston Saltzburg, October 1st 1845
To Mary: Saltsburgh, October the 6th 1845, S. Skelton
With addressee first, then name of writer and verse:
Mary: Mary Kirkpatrick
With name of writer, date, and verse:
May 1845 Watson Hughes (with name written backwards so as to show through correctly on the reverse)
Saltsburg, October 16th 1845 E.W. Robinson
David Kirkpatrick, October 20th 1845
John M. Kirkpatrick Oakland Farm, October 20th 1845
Walter Minto's diploma from the University of Aberdeen
Princeton University Library: The Department of Rare Books and Special Collections at the Princeton University Library has letters of Minto in its miscellaneous manuscripts collection about the business of the College of New Jersey between 1787 and 1796, when Minto was a professor there, as well as two volumes of notes from his course on mathematics.
[William C. Alexander]. "Walter Minto, LL. D." The Princeton Magazine 1 (1850): 38-47.
Baskervill, P. Hamilton. The Skeltons of Paxton, Powhatan County, Virginia and Their Connections. Richmond, Virginia: Old Dominion Press, Inc., Printers, 1922. Primarily Chapter II.
Dzombak, William C. Salt in the Conemaugh Valley: The Importance of the Conemaugh Salt Works in the Early American Salt Industry (1800-1860). Saltspurg [sic], Pennsylvania: Saltsburg Historical Society, 2004.
Luther P. Eisenhart. "Walter Minto and the Earl of Buchan." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 94 (1950): 282-94.
John Maclean. History of the College of New Jersey from Its Origin in 1746 to the Commencement of 1854 , 2 vols. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1877.
Smith, Robert Walter. History of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. Chicago: Waterman, Watkins, 1883. Primarily Chapter XX.
Joseph D. Zund. "Minto, Walter." Dictionary of American Biography Online. American Council of Learned Societies, February 2000. The most recent biography.
Minto papers - Correspondence addressed to Walter Minto (unless noted), by correspondent:
Addison, Alex. (5 letters)
11 September , Philadelphia
23 October 1786, Washington [Pa.]
7 January 1787, Washington [Pa.]
20 July 1787, Washington [Pa.]
23 April 1795, Washington [Pa.]
Addison, Jean. (1 letter)
23 October 1786 (with P.S. from husband, Alex. Addison [see preceding], dated 26 October), Washington [Pa.]
Aitchison, Alex., Jr. (9 letters)
6 April 1774, Edinburgh
7 December 1774, Edinburgh
8 February 1775, Edinburgh
15 February 1775, [Edinburgh]
18 February 1775, [Edinburgh]
8 March 1775, Edinburgh
15 March 1777, Edinburgh
19 July 1787, Edinburgh
27 June 1788, Edinburgh
Anderson, Jo. (1 letter)
20 April 1775, Lonend [Paisley, Renfrewshire]
Anderson, Thomas. (2 letters)
11 December 1774, Selkirk
10 January 1789, Selkirk
Anonymous (1)–to Walter Minto c/o Mr. Chrystie, New York. (1 letter)
9 September 1787, Philadelphia (mentions "Aunt ana Elisa")
Anonymous (2) (1 letter)
20 February 1788, New York (probably from a woman; mentions Mr. Chrystie, Mr. and Mrs. Tad, Miss Graff, Miss Robisson)
Anonymous (3): "Mr[?s]. laconic"–to Walter Minto, New York. (1 letter)
Undated [?1788-89] (sounds as though she may be an intermediary for letters that will bring him happiness, perhaps in his courtship of Mary Skelton)
Anonymous (4)–to Walter Minto at no address. (1 letter)
Undated [1788-96] (brief note of thanks, probably with a little money enclosed, for Minto's attention to his/her son)
Anonymous (5) [= M. Chrystie: same hand as M. Chrystie letter below and M. Chrystie letters in Series 2.I; refers to "Mr. Chrystie" as though he is her husband]. (1 letter)
1 March 1789, New York (mentions letter from Mr. Hutchison to Walter Minto; also mentions Mrs. Tad, Miss Ga[u])
Anonymous (6) "A friend to Learning". (1 letter)
20 August 1792, New York (your college, where my son is, has done injury by recommending "a Silly, Ignorant Boy, to be a Professor of Languages," but you could make up for it by conferring an L.L.D. on Mr. Peter Wilson of Flatbush)
Anonymous (7-8) (1 (?) letter)
No date, no address (2 leaves; probably 2 separate items, as hands are not the same; cannot make out much of either: 1st appears to begin "Sir"; mentions "Miss Grant," "Mrs. Rit," "his friend M P," "Minto"; 2nd has a seal on the back and mentions "Johnson's")
Barlass, William. (1 letter)
22 March 1776, Paisley
Baynton, Peter. (1 letter)
6 July 1789, Philadelphia (requests Minto to appear on the commission for examining witnesses produced by John Morgan in his suit against the executors of John Baynton) (formerly in 1934 Minto donation)
Bell, John. (1 letter)
13 June 1774, Glasgow (mentions what must have been a serious illness of Minto)
Betts, H. (1 letter)
12 January 1780, Leghorn
Blackhall, John, Reverend. (4 letters)
14 October , Berwick
6 February 1783, Berwick
19 May 1783, Berwick
3 April 1786, Berwick
Bond, P[hineas]. (1 letter)
20 June 1787, Philadelphia
Bonrie, Ralph. (1 letter)
27 September 1792, Philadelphia (mentions "the Son of Monsieur Woofoin" now under Minto's care)
Broom, Jacob (signer of the U. S. Constitution) (2 letters)
30 July 1794, Wilmington
12 September 1794, Wilmington
Brown, Colin (to W.M. c/o Major Chrystie, New York) (1 letter)
14 August 1787, Philadelphia
Buchan, Lord (= David Steuart Erskine, 1742-1829; noted Scottish antiquarian) (17 letters)
30 July 1784, Kirkhill
26 May 1785, Kirkhill
23 August 1785, Kirkhill
22 September 1785, Kirkhill
25 November 1785, N. Edinburgh
8 January 1786, Great Pulteney Street
16 January 1786, London
23 January 1786, London
10 February , [prob. Edinburgh or Kirkhill; not London]
[May 1786; received 12 May]
23 September 1786, Kirkhill
December 1786, Edinburgh
16 February 1789, Edinburgh
27 March 1790, Dryburgh Abbey
28 June 1791, Dryburgh Abbey
5 August 1793, Dryburgh Abbey
9 September 1794, Dryburgh Abbey
Buchan, Lord, to Joseph Reed, Philadelphia. (1 letter)
13 May 1786, Kirkhill (letter of introduction for Walter Minto, who probably took it with him to America; cf. Eisenhart)
Buist, John. (6 letters)
16 May 1786, Greenock
16 August 1791, Greenock
13 March 1793, Greenock
13 August 1794, Greenock
24 March 1795 (with P.S. dated 27 March), Greenock
6 August 1795, Greenock
C., J. (1 letter)
5 March , Stirling
Chalmers, Robert. (1 letter)
3 August 1774, Pathead
Chrystie, M., to Mrs. Clark--to be left at Dr. Minto's. (1 letter)
29 October [1790's–may be near end of Walter Minto's life, since it mentions his illness/ague] (talks about Minto's health, refers to Mrs. Minto; give love to Mr. Clark, also our "young friend Polly" and sister Betsey)
(see Anonymous (5) above)
Collins, Isaac. (2 letters)
15 December 1788, Trenton (about proofs of Minto's inaugural oration at College of New Jersey)
13 November 1792, Trenton (gives estimate for printing Minto's calculations)
Coventry, Andrew. (2 letters)
29 December 1785, Stichill
24 September 1794, Edinburgh
Drummond, Catherine (1762-1833; daughter of John Drummond, 3rd Laird of Logie Almond, Perthshire) (59 letters, numbered #1 to #48 (with #32 and #33 chronologically reversed, #35 and #46 omitted), plus 1 undated letter preceding #1, 6 dated letters following #48, and unnumbered letters between #25 and #26, #38 and #39, #42 and #43; all letters signed "CD" or unsigned unless noted; for "Catherine" see Minto's letter to Drummond in section B below)
Tuesday morning [March 1784 on outside by WM], St. John's Street [Edinburgh] (handwritten invitation from "Miss Drummond," with numbers on inside pages in Walter Minto's hand)
(1) 24 [June 1784; Recd. 26 June 1784], Logie Almond
(2) [July 1784; 14 July on outside by WM], Logie Almond
(11) [November/December 1784] (has names of her siblings on outside in Minto's hand: Will., Thom., Cath., Eliz., Maria, Louisa, Fanny)
(12) 13 December 1784
(13) 3 January 1785, Logie Almond
(14) 11 January 1785, Logie Almond
(15) 21 January 
(16) 6 February 1785
(17) [February-April 1785]
(18) [February-April 1785]
(19) [February-April 1785]
(20) [February-April 1785]
(21) [February-April 1785]
(22) 2 May 1785, Logie Almond
(23) [May 1785] (with P.P.S. dated 25 May and 26 May)
(24) 26 June 1785, Logie Almond
(25) 28 June , [stamped Perth]
Thursday [21 July 1785 added inside by WM], St. John's Street [Edinburgh] (this and the next three, all in French, are sewn together and have their pages numbered 4-7)
[22 July 1785 added inside by WM]
[24 July 1785 added inside by WM]
[29 July 1785, plus Vendredi, added inside by WM]
(26) 8 August , [stamped Perth] (mentions Uncle William and Mrs. Murray; also Lord Dunmore)
(27) [Recd. 1 September 1785]
(28) 4 September 1785
(29) [Recd. 16 September 1785] (in French)
(30) [Recd. 5 October 1785] (in French)
(31) [Recd. 10 October 1785] [stamped Perth] (in French)
(33) 11 October 1785 (in French)
(32) 31 October  [stamped Perth] (in French)
(34) [November 1785-January 1786] (has note: "La 35eme fut brulee")
(36) [November 1785-January 1786] (in French)
(37) [Recd. 8 February 1786]
(38) [Recd. 16 February 1786] (in French)
Mardi [21 March 1786 added inside by WM] (in French)
(39) [3 April 1786 added inside by WM] (in French)
(40) [8 April 1786 added inside by WM] (in French)
(41) Jeudi [April/May 1786] (in French)
(42) 11 May [1786 added inside by WM] (in French)
[19 May 1786 added inside by WM] (in French)
(43) 2 June , Edinburgh (in French)
(44) 2 February 1787 (sent to Philadelphia; recd. 21 July)
(45) 17 April 1787, Logie Almond (in French) (sent to Philadelphia; recd. 30 November)
(47) 28 January 1788 (in French) (all from here on sent to Princeton; recd. 23 April)
(48) 5 July  (the day and month are from a P.S.; in French, English, and Italian; rejects Minto's proposal in his letter to her in section B below)
16 January 1789, St. John's Street [Edinburgh] (in French) (recd. 11 May; replied to this one and the next two on 5 January 1790, according to a note on the outside of each)
29 March 1789 (in French)
25 October 1789, George Street [Edinburgh]
24 February 1790, George Street [Edinburgh] (mentions his letter of 5 January telling her of his marriage)
19 July 1790, Logie Almond
27 April 1791, [stamped Perth] (mostly in English, a bit in French)
Erskine, David Steuart.
Fisher, Miers. (1 letter)
18 March 1789, Philadelphia
F[ord], M[artha] ("Mrs. Forbes" on outside of letter, also on the following letter, in what appears to be Minto's hand) (1 letter)
12 September 1778, Kensington Gore (mentions WM's and Johnny's illnesses; was also anxious about George, but was reassured by the latter's letter to her)
F[ord], M[artha], to George and John [Johnstone] (sons of George) (1 letter)
26 August 1778 (signed "Mother"), Kensington Gore (no address on outside; probably enclosed in the preceding, since it has the same folds; mainly about their father's actions vis-a-vis the French fleets off Sandy Hook)
Gale, R.H. (1 letter)
6 April 1792, Baltimore
Garrick, D[avid], to Governor Johnstone. (1 letter)
28 June 1772, Hampton
Grant, John (for Minto at Colonel Gurney, Philadelphia, also at Mr. Christie, New York) (1 letter)
18 December 1786, "Ma[nre] of Roha[t]in near Keith Banffshire No. Brid.'"
Gurney, Francis. (4 letters)
29 January 1787, Philadelphia
18 February 1787, Philadelphia
28 March 1787, Philadelphia
25 June 1787, Philadelphia
Harpur, Robert. (1 letter)
28 February 1787, New York (about Erasmus Hall)
Hubey, Nicholas. (1 letter)
3 May 1792, Baltimore
Hunter, Andrew (Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy at College of New Jersey in 1804) (1 letter)
10 June 1794, Woodbury [N.J.]
Hutchinson, James, and John Vaughan (secretaries of American Philosophical Society) (1 letter)
6 February 1789, Philadelphia (informing Minto of his election to APS)
Imlay, [James H.]. (1 letter)
3 December 1795, Allentoun [Pa.]
Irving, Thomas. (1 letter)
14 December 1789, Somerset County Maryland
Jamieson, John (much published religious scholar) (7 letters)
25 October 1785, Forfar
16 November 1785, Forfar
24 December 1785, Forfar
[3-23 February 1786]
10 October 1787, Forfar
15 August 1792, Forfar
1 February 1794, Forfar
Johnstone, B[arbara], [Lady] (mother of George), to John Johnstone (brother of George), Wasterhall. (1 letter)
2[-] December 1764
Johnstone, George. (3 letters)
30 May 1776, London (instructions to Minto about his sons and thoughts on education, discipline, etc.)
30 May , Erith (a kind of P.S. to the preceding letter)
30 October 1778, London (copy in WM's hand) (see below section B, Johnstone, item a)
Kemp, John. (2 letters)
5 March 1791, New York
26 September 1796, New York (introducing a Mr. Geary from Scotland, who has charge of the Academy at Trenton)
Laurie, Joseph. (1 letter)
3 March 1795, Princeton
Lawson, George. (2 letters)
18 March 1786 (has a P.S. by Lawson's wife Margaret), Selkirk
March 1787, Selkirk (sent to Washington College, Annapolis; then forwarded to New York c/o Dr. Mason)
Littlejohn, Thomas B. (1 letter)
22 October 1794 New York
Livingston, [?B.] H. (1 letter)
28 February 1787, New York–addressed to Dr. Walter Minturn (Erasmus Hall school opens in May, and Minto is their prime candidate for principal; invites Minto to New York for a visit and interview)
Marth, John. (1 letter)
2 March 1779, Malaga
Mason, John. (2 letters)
4 March 1787, New York (about Erasmus Hall, accompanying letter from Rev. Dr. Livingston above)
5 March 1791, New York
McCormick, Daniel, to George Morgan Esq. (1 letter)
1 November 1794, New York
McDonald, Jo. (fellow Scottish immigrant and Presbyterian minister) (10 letters)
21 September 1783, Berwick
28 June 1784, Greenock
19 August 1786, Albany–addressed to Minto c/o Dr. Benj[torn], Philadelphia
11 July 1787, Albany
29 June 1789, Albany
10 November 1789, Albany
11 November 1791, New Brunswick
28 May 1792, New Brunswick
2 November 1792, Albany
12 July 1794, Albany
Minto, Agnes (sister of Walter Minto) (1 letter)
1 March 1774 [in spite of fact that 1779 is on the outside], Edinburgh (mentions Minto's recent illness)
Minto, David (brother of Walter Minto) (1 letter)
10 April 1787, place cut out
Minto, M[ary] [Skelton] (wife of Walter Minto) (1 letter)
7 October [probably 1789, though could be later; note that it sounds as though early in their marriage and this, from Minto's letter to Anon. dated 1 July 1789: "As soon as our vacation begins, an event is to take place of the greatest importance to my future happiness. Immediately after this I am under engagements which I cannot dispense with to go to N. York."]-- addressed to Minto at Col. Chrysties Maiden Lane No. 17 New York
Minto, Nanny (sister of Walter Minto) (5 letters)
18 August 1786, Edinburgh–addressed to Minto c/o "Dr. R[u]sh, Philadelphia"
10 June 1788, Edinburgh
26 February 1789, Edinburgh
20 September 1794, Edinburgh
5 May 1795, Edinburgh
Minto, Nanny, to Mrs. Col. Christie. (1 letter)
14 February 1797 (has received her sad account of Walter's death and mentions the "embarrassment of Mrs. Minto's affairs" [presumably financial]; in a P.S. dated 10 March 1797 says she has received a box with a parcel of newspapers and a few articles of her brother's, but not one line from Mrs. Minto)
Minto, Robert (uncle of Walter Minto), to Walter Minto Sr. (3 letters)
19 July 1775, Jamaica
30 January 1779, Liverpool
4 January 1783, London
Minto, Thomas (brother of Walter Minto) (12 letters)
5 September 1796, Hanover, Jamaica (says their brother David died on 19 August 1796, and he is uneasy about Walter's health)
Minto, Thomas, to his sister Nanny Minto. (2 letters)
10 February 1781, St. James, Jamaica
24 July 1781, St. James, Jamaica
Minto, Thomas, to his parents, Walter Minto Sr. and Agnes Waugh. (7 letters)
Undated [but perhaps Spring 1777, from Jamaica] ("I wrote to you from Kingston," says it has been over 3 months since he came to this country, and talks about a Negro rebellion begun by a boy "belonging to a Dr. Spence parish of Hanover next parish to St. James")
26 July 1777, St. James, Jamaica (with P.S. to his sister Nanny)
10 April 1778, St. James, Jamaica (includes a letter for his sister Nanny Minto beginning on page 3)
1 August 1778, St. James, Jamaica
21 May 1780, St. James, Jamaica
10 February 1781, St. James, Jamaica (with P.S. dated 15 February)
24 July 1781, St. James, Jamaica
Minto, Walter, Sr. (9 letters: a few signed by Walter Minto Sr.'s wife and/or children)
Undated [between 2 November 1773 and 11 March 1775, when he was staying in East Rhynd; "176odd" on outside of letter]
29 August 1777 (parents are very worried about Walter Jr.'s brother Thomas and uncle Robert in Jamaica; have not heard from them)
9 February 1778
2 June 1779, Edinburgh
14 June 1780, Edinburgh
2 August 1780, Edinburgh (includes a P.S. from A. Waugh to
22 January 1781, Edinburgh
12 September 1782, Edinburgh--no destination, but to somewhere overseas: perhaps Ostend, since it mentions Minto coming home via there
11 April 1787, Edinburgh
Minto, Walter, Sr., to Revd. Buist (see above) (1 letter)
18 January 1790, Edinburgh
Minto, Walter, Sr., to Mary Minto. (1 letter)
15 February 1798 (addressed "Dear Daughter"; says he can't give her any advice about selling the farm; mentions his daughter's death on 3 September 1797; spends most of his letter laying out his financial trouble and asking Mary Minto to send him something)
Mundell, John. (1 letter)
28 April 1789, Fredericksburg Virginia
N[?ichol]nson, William. (2 letters)
23 May 1786, Edinburgh
19 June 1789, Edinburgh (mentions "our friend Chrystie," Mr. Bowre/Bowie/Bonrie, etc.)
O., [A.]. (1 letter)
13 March 1786 (mentions Minto's degree, asks the name of the ship he sails on for America "in the middel of April" and when he leaves Edinburgh)
Oliver, Katharine (cousin of Minto) (1 letter)
30 November 1775, Inverleithen
Oliver, Stephen. (1 letter)
11 September 1794, Marton (letter of recommendation for James Somerveil)
Panton, Thomas. (1 letter)
7 November 1778, Leghorn
Paterson, Samuel. (3 letters)
22 May 1788, Edinburgh
15 September 1789, Edinburgh
21 June 1792, Edinburgh (says he received a package from Minto's father and knows to whom it should go [=Charlotte Drummond])
Ragueneau, Abraham. (1 letter)
9 September 1776, Leghorn
"Rhomboidus," Timothy. (1 letter)
"Paulus Mart. 5722" [1786, between February and May] ("Dear Mr. Domine Squire Doctor Mintot": joking letter with mathematical and astronomical references congratulating Minto on his doctorate from "University of St. Andrews")
Rittenhouse, David (1732-96; noted astronomer and clockmaker) (6 letters)
10 March 1790, Philadelphia
15 November 1790, Philadelphia
26 September 1791, Philadelphia
25 May 1792, Philadelphia
4 April 1793, Philadelphia
28 October 1795, Philadelphia
Rittenhouse, David, to Mary Minto. (1 letter)
21 December 1795, Philadelphia (mentions Minto's severe illness)
Rochefontaine, Stephen. (2 letters)
9 October 1793, Princeton
14 February 1795, Philadelphia
Rodgers, John (noted clergyman, Revolutionary War chaplain) (1 letter)
16 May 1795, New York (about his funeral oration for Witherspoon)
Rush, Benjamin (signer of the Declaration of Independence) (5 letters)
5 January 1789, Philadelphia (thanks Minto for a copy of his speech; contains a recipe in French inside, in neither Rush's nor Minto's hand)
24 March 1792, Philadelphia (wishes to send his son John to the College and requests Minto to take him into his family)
30 April 1792, Philadelphia (same subject)
9 May 1792, Philadelphia (same subject)
19 September 1792, Philadelphia (his son's disgrace, has decided to take him home; immoral life at the College)
Skelton, Joseph, to Mary [Skelton] Minto. (1 letter)
16 March 1797, New York (addressed "Dear Aunt," but from date this should be her brother, not a nephew; he had her letter from Toney; mentions details of the auction of someone's goods, probably her husband's, and urges her not to sell the farm for a while)
Skinner, Abraham. (1 letter)
Undated [1790s] (mentions Princeton)
Slop, Giuseppe A[ntonio] (1740-1808; noted Italian astronomer, professor at Pisa) (3 letters)
[1778, early December: before the 10th; sent to Livorno] (numbered #10) (in Italian)
[Recd. 10 September 1785] (numbered #22; with P.S. by his son, Francesco) (in Italian), Pisa
10 February 1786 (numbered #23) (in French and Italian), Pisa
Slop, Giuseppe, to Governor Johnstone. (1 letter)
13 November 1778, Pisa (in French) (see below, section B, Johnstone, item a)
Smith, B. (1 letter)
14 November 1795, Trenton (has to do with a signature for a deed in Philadelphia)
Smith, Samuel [Stanhope] (President of College of New Jersey, 1795-1812) (1 letter)
Saturday 1 p.m. [15 November 1794 inside, perhaps by Minto], Tusculum [near Princeton] (mentions John Witherspoon dying half an hour earlier)
Snowden, Isaac, Jr., to Mary Minto. (1 letter)
1 July 1797, Philadelphia (about Walter Minto's tombstone, whether it should be in Latin or English)
Steuart, Selkirk. (2 letters)
20 May 1786, Bunker's Hill
24 July 1792, Edinburgh
Stockton, R[ichar]d (son of signer of the Declaration of Independence) (1 letter)
Sunday 12 ‘O [?Cl] [6 July-28 September 1795, probably September], [Princeton] (has to do with legal papers for a bond or bonds signed by Minto [see section IV.B.9 and B.10 below]; a note dated 1 October 1795, found accompanying this letter, is now item B.11 in section IV. below) [Though this note is clearly connected with Stockton's letter in subject matter, it is not in the same hand, and it is uncertain whether the two were originally together in the Minto donation.]
Stone, D. (2 letters)
21 December 1788, Windsor, North Carolina
20 March 1790, Edenton [North Carolina]
Taylor, James. (2 letters)
7 August 1774, Cardross
29 November 1777, Calderhall
Thorburn, James. (1 letter)
27 March 1787, South Shields–addressed to Walter Minto "at Dr. Rush's"
Tod, Ann[i]e (probably not a relative of next, since she talks about letters from Scotland and her ill father) (1 letter)
15 June 1789
Tod, James. (3 letters)
26 May 1788, Erasmus Hall (Tod seems to be connected to the school in some way)
24 October 1794, New York
2 April 1795, New Utrecht
VanDerbilt, John. (1 letter)
17 October 1787, Flatbush (as president of trustees at Erasmus Hall, releases Minto from his contract to accept appointment at College of New Jersey)
Watson, Robert. (2 letters)
3 May 1786, Duppline (he adds: "Direct for me at Dupplin by Perth"; accounts written inside in Minto's hand)
13 May 1786, Duppline
Witherspoon, John (President of College of New Jersey, 1768-94; signer of Declaration of Independence) (2 letters)
18 April 1787, Tusculum [near Princeton]
29 August 1787, Tusculum [near Princeton]
Woodhull, John. (1 letter)
2 March 1789, Freehold [N.J.]
Woofoin, Lewis. (2 letters)
1 October 1794 [Trenton] (signed "Lewis Woofoin Son")
27 [?Octo]bre 1795, Camp du Centre (recd. August 1795; Philip Woofoin begins and signs this letter, but Lewis appends an addendum and signs too; the hands--though the d's are sometimes different--and thought expressed are very similar, leading to the possibility that these two are one and the same person; but in letter from Bonrie of 27 September 1792 only one son is mentioned)
Young, James. (1 letter)
27 October 1794, New York
Minto papers - Correspondence from Walter Minto, by recipient:
Anonymous (1) "Revd. Sir" (someone connected with the Royal Society) (1 letter)
31 January 1786 (copy, from Edinburgh; Minto says: ".. it was the discovery of the new planet that drew my attention to Astronomy, about a year after I had begun the study of the Mathematics"; mentions his "honoured friend & master Professor Slop"; says that "Mr. Robison of this University has lately favoured me with a few observations of HL [= HL ligature, probably an abbreviation for the recently discovered planet by Herschel; also called "N.P." in this letter] by Professor Wilson of Glasgow": these observations are for January 16, 1786 and are on page 3, which is otherwise blank)
Anonymous (2) [= Peter Baynton] (1 letter)
1 July 1789 (draft or copy, written on a blank leaf, on the verso of which is an address: Monsieur Walter Minto in Casa del Sigre Dottore Slop Pisa; Minto declines to be a commissioner for examining witnesses to a suit, replying to a letter of Peter Baynton dated 6 July 1789 (see section A. above); gives as reason: "As soon as our vacation begins, an event is to take place of the greatest importance to my future happiness. Immediately after this I am under engagements which I cannot dispense with to go to N. York.")
Buchan, Lord (= David Steuart Erskine) (2 letters)
30 June 1784, Edinburgh (draft; draft of a letter in Italian on the reverse, perhaps for Lord Buchan)
21 January 1786, Edinburgh (draft or copy)
Drummond, Catherine (1 letter)
Undated [but probably February-June1788, in response to hers of 28 January 1788, since he says that it has been 4 years since he loved her] ("Translation of part of a letter from W.M. to C.D." at top; proposes marriage; mentions the name "Catherine"–the only time her first name appears)
Ferguson, [Adam], Professor (at Edinburgh) (1 letter)
Undated [probably spring 1779] (tries to explain his actions vis-à-vis the Johnstone boys and also mentions "my friend Mr. Slop") (copy, very faint and difficult to read)
Johnstone, [George], Governor. (5 items)
3 items written consecutively on the 8 pages of 2 folded leaves: (1) copy of a letter from Johnstone to Walter Minto (in Minto's hand) dated 30 October 1778, London [4 days after returning from North America] (complains that WM has put off the trip home from the spring to the winter after he told WM to bring them home earlier, that WM did not follow his plan of education, and about WM's "attachments" and personal characteristics); (2) copy of letter to Johnstone (in Minto's hand) dated 23 November 1778, Pisa (refutes all of Johnstone's complaints, but says he will write to the Consul tomorrow and will bring the boys home as soon as possible); (3) letter of support for WM from Slop to Johnstone (in French) dated 13 November 1778, Pisa (this last may also be a copy given to Minto by Slop for Minto's files, but it is definitely in Slop's hand)
10 December 1778, Leghorn roads (draft or copy) (numbered # 25)
Fragment (a P.S. to an unknown letter): [probably early March 1779], [probably from Cadiz, after delivering Johnstone's sons to Captain Machell] (draft or copy)
Minto, David, Jr. (1 letter)
5 March 1777, Pisa
Minto, Walter, Sr., or Walter Minto Sr. and wife (4 letters)
Undated [early 1776, when he first went to Johnstone's in London; probably before 17 January]
12 January 1779, Malaga
28 September 1781, Pisa (fragment)
11 March 1782, Pisa
1 letter: 10 July 1784, Edinburgh (copy) (defends his book on Uranus against criticism)
Skelton, [Mary], Miss (later Mary Minto, wife of Walter Minto, "at Mrs. Morgan's") (1 letter)
Undated, Thurs. morning [1788-89]
Wauch (probably not the same as next) (1 letter in two parts)
Undated [1776-77; in 2nd (pages 3-4), addressed to "Dear [S]anney" (another name for Wauch), Hume is mentioned as having died, which would put it after 25 August 1776, but it is also after 7 September, when he last wrote Wauch] ("I understand Dr. Hume Esquire who had the Chief hand in sending me here [Italy] is gone to the world of spirits." "Is Allie Wauch married?") (?copy)
Waugh, Alex. (1 letter)
1 September 1777, Pisa (includes letter on pages 2-3 to his sister Nanny)
Minto papers - Correspondence with recipients other than Walter Minto:
Buist, Revd., from Walter Minto Sr. (1 letter)
18 January 1790
Christie, Mrs. Colonel, from Nanny Minto (1 letter)
14 February 1797 (with P.S. 10 March)
Clark, Mrs., from M. Chrystie (1 letter)
29 October [1790's]
Johnstone, Governor George, from Garrick (1 letter)
28 June 1772
Johnstone, Governor George, from Slop (1 letter, in French)
13 November 1778, Pisa (see above, section B., Johnstone, item a)
Johnstone, George and John (sons of Governor Johnstone), from Mrs. M[artha] F[ord] (1 letter)
26 August 1778
Johnstone, John, from [Lady] B[arbara] Johnstone (1 letter)
2[-] December 1764
Minto, Mary, from Walter Minto Sr. (1 letter)
15 February 1798
Minto, Mary, from David Rittenhouse (1 letter)
21 December 1795
Minto, Mary, from Joseph Skelton (1 letter)
16 March 1797
Minto, Mary, from Isaac Snowden Jr. (1 letter)
1 July 1797
Minto, Nanny, from Thomas Minto (3 letters)
10 April 1778 (see under Minto, Walter Sr. and Agnes Waugh Minto)
10 July 1781
24 July 1781
Minto, Walter Sr., from Robert Minto (3 letters)
19 July 1775
30 January 1779
4 January 1783
Minto, Walter Sr. and Agnes Waugh Minto, from Thomas Minto (7 letters)
Undated [perhaps Spring 1777]
10 April 1778 (includes a letter for his sister Nanny Mint beginning on page 3)
1 August 1778
26 July 1779
21 May 1780
18 February 1781
Reed, Joseph, from Lord Buchan (1 letter)
13 May 1786
Minto Papers - Correspondence after Walter Minto's death:
Nanny Minto (Minto's sister) to Mrs. Colonel Christie
14 February 1797, Edinburgh (with a P.S. dated 10 March 1797)
Joseph Skelton to Mary Minto
16 March 1797, New York
Isaac Snowden, Jr., to Mary Minto
1 July 1797, Philadelphia
Walter Minto Sr., to Mary Minto
15 February 1798, Edinburgh
Minto-Skelton family papers - Correspondence from 1780 to 1813 (and possibly to 1824), primarily to or from Mary Skelton Minto (died late 1824):
Anonymous (?the daughter of one of Mary Minto's siblings) to Mary Minto (1 letter)
17 July 1799, New York (addressed "Dear Aunt"; received MM's letter via Mr. Godwin; she is postponing her visit to MM for a few weeks because of possible fever; says "Mrs. Chrystie & all the family is well"--she is on Long Island at the moment; will get the knives and forks in Mrs. C's absence and lists them, "Dezert" knives are for Aunt Clarke; also mentions a "Cosin John")
Chrystie, John (Columbia class of 1806; died 1813), to Mary Minto (3 letters)
7 December 1805, New York (1st and 3rd addressed to "My dear friend," 2nd to "My dearest friend," and in all three he gives his and his mother's love to Miss Betsey and the Clarks; mentions his regret at not being able to attend commencement in Princeton)
2 February 1807, New York (mainly literary banter; mentions Col. Baytie)
4 May 1808, New York (he has a 1st lieutenant post offered, which is good for his years; he took Mary Minto's letter to "our most unfortunate Joseph" [MM's brother], wishes he could help him and his family of little ones, but cannot)
Chrystie, M, to Mary Minto (2 letters)
22 January 1810, New York (must be the mother of John, much of the letter spent talking about him; also mentions "your little son Minto" [ = Walter Minto Skelton, whom she is raising]; "His father & family are well," another son has arrived [probably Thomas], all fine children; the mother has been "a great sufferer" in Joseph's troubles; mentions Joseph's salary and his "place," but "Thomas" [probably Joseph's brother] would rather give more to Joseph until something comes up that will allow him to do better)
Undated [probably after Walter Minto's death, since he is not mentioned, and perhaps after 1807, which would also fit in with the riots and the possible Detargny reference], no place (mentions Mr. Chrystie, " Mrs. Clark, sister Betsy & Miss Gau[ ]'," and Joseph, who has been looking forward to seeing her; also a Mr. Tad, "John" [probably her son], and a "Mrs. Ditennia [? = Detargny], who has visited Mary Minto–glad she is better; mentions Mr. Cuthbert calling on us, also that it is good that the "Trustees of the College are determined on a more rigid discipline" [?after riots of 1807])
Cuthbert, M., to Mary Minto (2 letters)
Undated [after 1789, but no mention of Walter Minto, so probably after 1796], no place (thanks her for good feelings, mentions his or her own near-death experience ["the perils of the Ocean"], etc.; sounds like a woman, but not like a relative)
Undated (and anonymous, but a draft of the preceding, in same hand)
Gamble, John G., to Monsieur [Marin] Detargny (Alexandria) (1 letter)
1 December 1802, Richmond (rejects his request to open a French school in Richmond)
Garcia del Rio, Manuel, to Dr. Santiago Drake (Havana) (1 letter)
6 February 1800, Cadiz (in Spanish; recommendation for Dr. Marino Detargny)
Gibbes, Ann, to Mary Minto (1 letter)
24 October 1808, Charleston (presents her son George, who is leaving for Princeton and hopes to be admitted to the College; asks her to give him good advice under her observation as a "Mother"; gives compliments to Mr. and Mrs. Clark and her sister Miss Betsy)
Hopkins, B[enjamin] B. (husband of Mary Minto's niece, Elizabeth, daughter of her brother Josiah Skelton), to Mary Minto (2 letters)
14 February 1811, Philadelphia (both addressed "My dear Aunt"; about family affairs, with names that Mary Minto would be expected to know (including Ennion and Josiah); appends a note of expenses from a bill to him from the steward of the Penn' Hospital for 41 weeks of board for Marin Detargney" from 29 April 1810 to 10 February 1811, plus other expenses)
19 January 1813, Philadelphia (long explanation about the hospital bill and "Detergney"'s situation: he may have to be sent to the overseers of the poor, and Mrs. D is also destitute and depends on relatives who could ill afford to help her husband; mentions his own financial situation; enclosed is "the interest money" drawn for you at North America Bank; his daughter Margaret Hopkins adds a note to "My dear Aunt" mentioning her [MH's] sisters Eliza and Adelaide and says to give love to "Cousin Walter")
Invitation to Miss B. Baynton (1782)
(see Series II, sub-series 6: Invitations)
Invitations (14) to one or both of the Skelton sisters (1780-[probably mid-1780's])
(see section Series II, sub-series 6: Invitations)
Minto, M[ary Skelton], to Walter Minto (1 letter)
7 October [probably 1789, though could be later] (filed in Series I: Minto Correspondence)
Minto, Nanny, to Mrs. Christie (1 letter)
14 February 1797, Edinburgh (with P.S. 10 March 1797) (filed in Series I: Minto Correspondence)
Minto, Walter, to Miss [Mary] Skelton [later Minto] (1 letter)
Thurs. morning [1788-89] (filed in Series I: Minto Correspondence)
Minto, Walter, Sr., to Mary Minto (1 letter)
15 February 1798, Edinburgh (filed in Series I: Minto Correspondence)
Rittenhouse, David, to Mary Minto (1 letter)
21 December 1795, Philadelphia (filed in Series I: Minto Correspondence)
S[cudder], Mrs. H[annah], to her husband (1 letter)
Undated [but a few days before her death on Monday 19
November 1781] (mentions her sister Mary, to whom she entrusts her child if it live)
Skelton, Joseph, to Mary Minto (1 letter)
16 March 1797, New York (addressed "Dear Aunt," but from date this should be her brother, not a nephew; filed in Series I: Minto Correspondence)
Skelton, M[ary], to Betsey Skelton (1 letter)
18 October [probably before 1780] (describes wedding of Hannah Scudder; the letter is carelessly, perhaps hurriedly, written; cf. Scudder letter above)
Snowden, Isaac, Jr., to Mary Minto (1 letter)
1 July 1797, Philadelphia (filed in Series I: Minto Correspondence)
Minto-Skelton family papers - Correspondence from 1824 to 1843, primarily to or from Walter M. Skelton (died 1848):
Committee of the Princeton Blues (C. H. Vancleve, Ashbel Green, Chas. W. [ ]eritan) to W.M.S. (1 letter)
[received 25 July 1831], Princeton (thanks him for his service as Captain of the Company)
Invitation to Miss Ann Skelton (1834)
(see Series II, sub-series 6: Invitations)
Invitations (2) to Walter Skelton (1826, 1843)
(see Series II, sub-series 6: Invitations)
Maclean, John (president of College of New Jersey, 1853-68), to WMS (1 letter)
18 August 1824, Princeton (thanks for note, will see him tomorrow morning in his rooms)
Skelton, Ann (sister), to WMS (at Conemaugh Salt Works, Westmoreland County) (1 letter)
14 January 1832, Princeton (her mother is now in Princeton, and very sick; mentions a letter from "Thomas" to her mother in which he says he will be in Princeton soon; gives her love to Elizabeth and "Father")
Skelton, Joseph (father), to WMS (1 letter)
20 January 1825, Conemaugh Salt Works (in reply to WMS's letter of 10 December regarding the death of "Aunt Minto"; mentions Thomas [brother of WMS], who is at school, also a brother Joseph and a sister Ann "wich you have never saw yet," and gives a list of siblings with birth dates; the writer works at the salt works; stained and very difficult, sometimes impossible, to read)
Skelton, Walter Minto, to Anonymous ("Gentlemen" [people connected with the college]) (1 letter, draft)
29 September 1824, [Princeton] (thanks for the "honour . . bestowed, by advancing me to this honourable, yet difficult and responsible station"; mentions "the duties of my appointment" and "our beloved and venerable Hall [must be Nassau Hall]" and asks for their "assistance and cooperation")
Skelton, W. M., to John Lourey (Major, Princeton Blues) (1 letter, copy)
8 July 1831, Princeton (resigns commission as Captain in the Princeton Blues)
Skelton, W. M., to John Skelton (?cousin, son of Josiah Skelton, Mary Skelton Minto's brother) (1 letter)
27 June 1824, [Princeton] (appears to be a draft, or else the letter was not sent; asks for information on his father and his family: his father is in "your part of the country," and he has not heard from his mother for a long time, but she too left New York for "the western country"; mentions Aunt Minto [who is still alive], his mother's brother Amos White, his mother's brother-in-law John Bezonett)
Skelton, W. M., to Mary Skelton (sister) (1 letter)
[2 February 1826 on outside, probably written just before leaving for western Pennsylvania] (a copy or draft of a letter of advice to his younger sister about how to conduct herself in life, beginning "Accept the parting advice of your brother"; on page 3 begins a brief note to his mother, saying that anything he has is hers)
Skelton, W. M., to Sarah Skelton (mother) (1 letter)
6 February 1832, Conemaugh Salt Works [postmarked Alexandria, Pennsylvania (mentions Thomas as being with her in Princeton and hopes T. will be able to come out to Conemaugh ASAP so as to be there when WMS is absent–he wants to get to Princeton ASAP and has to be back at Conemaugh in the spring; encloses a letter [no longer here] to stonecutter for tombstone for Mary C. Skelton, b. 25 December 1812, d. 15 July 1831)
White, Elizabeth (aunt, sister of WMS's mother), to WMS (1 letter)
22 March 1827, Scarsdale (sent to WMS at "Great Salt Works, Indianna County"–1st letter addressed to WMS in western Pennsylvania; refers to the fact that his parents were not able to provide for him, that he owes a debt to his "departed aunts"; mentions WMS's mother who hopes to visit her relatives in New York, his sister Mary whom he wishes to educate, and his "cousin Jane White" who has married a man named Gant, an industrious and respectable mechanic; also mentions that she [his aunt] runs a school of 28 scholars, mostly boys; says to remember her to his mother and sister Elizabeth, both in western Pennsylvania)
Minto-Skelton family papers - Later Correspondence, 1872-1940, chiefly Boyd:
Duffy, James O.G. (attorney), to C.M. Hill (attorney in Freeport) (1 letter)
30 March 1906, Philadelphia (subject: "the quarry leases from the Ann Skelton estate," so she must be dead; monthly rental paid during the life of leases, but the concerns controlled by H.S. Kerbaugh Inc. do not desire an extension (cf. Series II, sub-series 4: Ann Skelton, item 3)
Earhart, Harry B. (donor of the first Minto collection to the Clements Library in 1934), to "My Dear Uncle" [probably W.M. Boyd] (1 letter)
7 January 98, "Home" (he arrived there "after an uneventful ride across country"; thanks him, Aunt Hannah, and Lizzie for their hospitality and hopes they will see more of his mother than in past years; is glad to have learned from them about her girlhood and young womanhood)
Jack[s]on, William F., Jr. (Manager of Operations, Franklin Institute), to Elizabeth Boyd (1 letter)
24 August 1938, Philadelphia (thanks her for offering us the very interesting papers of Dr. Minto, former professor of mathematics at Princeton, but our funds are not sufficient to permit us to make purchases like this)
K., H.L., to Elizabeth [Boyd] (1 letter, typed)
11 September 1915, Pittsburgh (titled "CURRENT NEWS OF THE DAY," regarding people in Pittsburgh, including "Helen" [McIntyre] and her new job at Shakespeare School in East End Pittsburgh)
Rayburn, Calvin (attorney), to Mrs. Hannah P. Boyd (1 letter)
17 February 1887, Kittanning, PA (encloses claim for bounty and gives her instructions for filling it out; see Series II, sub-series 4: McFARLAND, item 1)buck
Robb, Charles A. (attorney), to Elizabeth Boyd (1 letter)
12 January 1930, Pittsburgh (encloses a "Copy of spoken [=spirit] message" dated 11 January 1930 from "Aunt Ann Skelton" to her niece Mary Boyd, transcribed by Robb and heard by 8 persons there present; "They found and brought to me the one you desired to hear from and I inclose her message to you with this letter," room dark and didn't get down half of what she said, but she was an interesting speaker)
Ryder, Edgar M., to Ann Skelton at McVill, Armstrong County, PA (1 letter)
[?2]4 March 72, New York (addressed to Cousin Ann; "I have not been sent off yet by the spirits and I do not know when they will start me but when I go I suppose your Brother Walter will go with me he spoke through me the other day he told me not to go to a certain Medium that it woul[d] be hard for me to go . . I think he is one of the Big Guns in the Spirit world.")
Skelton, Ann, to Mary Boyd.
(see Robb above)
Thorsen, William B. (of W.B.T. Publishing Co.), to "Mrs." Elizabeth Boyd, Freeport (1 letter)
7 April 1931, Chicago (interested in several of the books on the list she sent him, including books from 1745, 1795, 1798, Laws of College of New Jersey 1794 and 1819; ?some perhaps owned by Walter M. Skelton or even by Walter Minto)
White, Marie Earhart (Mrs. Fred H. on letterhead but she lives alone in an apartment), to ("Cousin") Elizabeth Boyd (3 letters)
18 November 1937, Duluth, Minnesota (their association has been sketchy, but she enjoys seeing her in Freeport; infers from what she said last summer that things were going "pretty hard with you," and offers her 2 or 3 good dresses, but does not want to offend her)
2 May 1939, Duluth (has just sent off a box of dresses and a couple of hats by Railway Express; will be going to Butler for perhaps 2 weeks and invites her to come over if she has a chance)
6 September 1940, Box 45, Ann Arbor, MI (White letterhead crossed out, with the preceding in pencil above; again offers her clothes, a coat, some shoes; mentions "Harry" a few times–probably her brother [who gave the earlier donation to the Clements Library], and perhaps she has moved in with him; she cleaned things out pretty thoroughly last April and mentions her new "station")