Henry Cruikshank was born near Oneida, New York, in 1830. He married Louisa Townsend Dawley (1828-1908) on January 1, 1857; they had at least three children: William [R.] Cruikshank (1857-1862), Adelbert J. Cruikshank (b.1866), and Burdeete S. Cruikshank (b.1869). Though Louisa lived her whole life in Central New York, Henry spent a few years in California in the early 1860s, before joining the 50th New York Infantry as a cook. He was moved to Co. C of the 50th New York Engineers and served at the Brigade hospital outside Washington.
Henry Cruikshank died on October 4, 1906, and Louisa Cruikshank died November 19, 1908. Both are buried in Grilley Cemetery, Oneida, New York.