Samuel Powel notes on metaphysics and logic 1756
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Samuel Powel's notes on metaphysics and logic are a collection of several philosophical treatises that Powell composed while attending the College of Philadelphia in 1756. The essays (in Latin and English) concern the definition of philosophy, aspects of human nature, and local reasoning.
"De Logica" (in Latin) is divided into three parts: "De Logica de perception" (pp. 1-5), "De Logica de judicus" (pp. 9-41), and "Logica, Pars Tertia" (pp. 42-84). The third of these relates to logical reasoning and the art of syllogism. The first two English essays pertain to "Metaphysics and the Human Soul" (pp. 85-115) and the "Metaphysics of Ontology" (pp. 116-149). The first opens with a broad definition of philosophy as "the knowledge of all things Divine and Human," and divides this knowledge into several constituent categories that Powel then explores, paying particular attention to intangible aspects of human nature. The essay on ontology presents an abstract overview of "the Science of Being," and relates to topics such as the idea of moral truth. The final entry is an 10-page article, "A Compend of Logick," about the basic principles of logical reasoning.