Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Indian Commissioners' Receipts, 1776

Finding aid created by
Philip Heslip, December 2009

Summary Information
Title: Indian Commissioners’ receipts
Creator: United States. Army
Inclusive dates: 1776
Extent: 98 items
Abstract:
This collection contains 98 receipts from 1776 for supplies given to Indians and settlers in Western Pennsylvania.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2004. M-4343.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

Indian Commissioners’ receipts, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

This collection is organized chronologically with undated items in the back.


History

This collection contains receipts generated by the American Indian Commission in Western Pennsylvania in 1776. Three commissions were set up by the continental congress in 1775 in order to secure Indian neutrality during the American Revolution. These commissions were responsible for distributing arms, ammunition, clothing, jewelry, and supplies in exchange for peace with the Six Nations. In July of 1776, George Morgan (1743-1810) was appointed the head agent for the Middle Department and was expected to negotiate a treaty with the Indians of Western Pennsylvania and Ohio. He purchased presents and supplies that were necessary for such negotiations. Morgan, along with John Harvie (1742-1807), Jasper Yeates (1745-1817), and trader William Wilson, among others, were the commissioners who helped establish the treaty at Fort Pitt in November 1776, which ensured Indian neutrality. Congress, however, did not back up the treaty and by 1777, the Indians had shifted their loyalty to the British; the Shawnees and other Nations believed that England would prevent the colonists from encroaching further upon their lands.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Indian Commissioners’ receipts collection consists of receipts for supplies delivered to Native Americans in Western Pennsylvania in the second half of 1776. The receipts were most often written by John Montgomery, Jasper Yeates, Thomas Walker, and John Harvie and sent to "Boreman," "Morgan" (likely George Morgan) and, on one occasion, to "Wilson." The supplies include rum, clothing items, blankets, bridles, powder and lead, salt, utensils, dyes, and other items. Some receipts contain additional notes. For instance, the September 30, 1776, receipt for a keg of rum states, "There is no living without it." The October 1 receipt notes "add 6 lb Powder & 12 Lb Lead for the Shawnese to induce them to stay till the Treaty." An undated receipt lists "4 of the largest cutter of Scalping Knives that you have in your store." The Shawnee are the only tribe mentioned by name in the receipts, but supplies may have also gone to other Native American groups.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Hand, Edward, 1744-1802.
    • Harvie, John, 1742-1807.
    • Indians of North America--Government relations--to 1789.
    • Indians of North America--Pennsylvania.
    • Morgan, George, 1743-1810.
    • Pennsylvania--History--1775-1865.
    • Shawnee Indians.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Indians.
    • Walker, Thomas, 1715-1794.
    • Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817.
    Genre Terms:
    • Receipts.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Box   1  
    Indian Commissioners’ receipts,  1776 [series]:
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The following collections have material related to receipt writer Jasper Yeates or to the Commissioners of Indian Affairs.

    • Members of Congress collection :

      • Cadwalader to Yeates; Jan 25, 1779
      • Thomas Smith to Yeates; July 10, 1801
    • Miscellaneous collection :

      • Burd to Yeates; May 21, 1786
    • Native American collection :

      • George Morgan to Commissioners for Indian Affairs; June 3, 1776
    • Northwest Territory collection :

      • Wilkinson to Yeates; June 6, 1808
    • Single Items collection :

      • Yeates to E. Hand; December 13, 1787
      • Yeates to Maclay; 1789