Henry Clinton papers  1736-1850
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Additional Descriptive Data

The Manuscripts Division has also created a list of the names of letter-writers in the collection: Henry Clinton Papers Contributor List.

In addition to this finding aid, three other research aids have been created for the Henry Clinton papers:

  • The Subject Index provides access to the large number of people, events, places, and themes represented in the Henry Clinton papers.
  • The Geographic Index catalogs references to specific places.
  • The Volume Description provides brief overviews of the content of each volume in the collection.

Henry Clinton Timeline

1730 April 16 Henry Clinton is born
1767 February 12 Clinton marries Harriet Carter
1772 August Harriet (Carter) Clinton dies
1775 May 25 Clinton arrives in Boston
1775 September 26 Thomas Gage transfers command to William Howe; Clinton becomes second-in-command
1776 January Clinton departs Boston for Cape Fear, North Carolina
1776 May 31 Clinton and Peter Parker depart Cape Fear for Charleston, South Carolina
1776 June 28 Clinton participates in failed assault against Sullivan's Island, South Carolina
1776 August 1 Clinton and Charles Cornwallis arrive in Sandy Hook, New York, with 45 ships and 3,000 troops
1776 August 27 Clinton participates in the Battle of Long Island
1776 December 8 Clinton captures Rhode Island
1777 January 13 Clinton sails for England
1777 February 28 Clinton arrives in England
1777 April 11 Clinton invested with the Order of the Bath
1777 Early July Clinton arrives in New York
1777 October 3-4 Clinton departs for Verplanck's Point with 3,000 troops
1777 October 5 Clinton captures the Highland forts
1777 October 22 William Howe submits his resignation
1777 Winter Clinton remains in New York
1778 February 4 George Germain accepts Howe's resignation; Clinton is informed of his promotion to commander-in-chief
1778 May 8 Clinton assumes position as commander-in-chief at Philadelphia
1778 June 18 Clinton evacuates Philadelphia
1778 June 28 Clinton commands at Battle of Monmouth Court House
1778 July 5 Clinton and his army are ferried to New York
1779 May 30 Clinton captures Stony Point and Verplanck's Point
1779 October 7 Clinton orders the evacuation of Rhode Island
1779 December 26 Clinton and Mariot Arbuthnot depart for South Carolina
1780 February 14 The British Army lands at Charleston and besieges the city
1780 May 12 Charleston surrenders
1780 June 8 Clinton and Arbuthnot depart Charleston for New York; Cornwallis placed in command of British forces in the southern provinces
1780 June 17 Clinton and Arbuthnot arrive in New York
1781 April 23 Cornwallis announces his move into Virginia
1781 October 19 Clinton and Admiral Thomas Graves depart Sandy Hook; Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, Virginia
1782 April 27 Clinton receives Lord Germain's acceptance of his resignation
1782 May 5 Sir Guy Carleton assumes position as commander-in-chief
1782 May 13 Clinton sails for England
1782 June Clinton arrives in England
1784 Clinton publishes a defense of himself and responds to the seventh report of the Commissioners of Public Accounts
1795 December 23 Henry Clinton dies
Alternate Locations

Three hundred and eighty Clinton-related maps are housed in the Map Division and have been individually cataloged. Search "Clinton maps" in the University Library's online catalog to view their catalog records.

Related Materials

The Clements Library has a number of collections with letters to and from Henry Clinton:

Collections containing letters written by Clinton

  • The James Douglas papers contain one letter written by Henry Clinton to [William Henry, Duke of Gloucester, 1788].
  • The Thomas Gage papers contain two letters written by Henry Clinton: to Thomas Gage, August 26, 1775, and to William Legge, October 8, 1775.
  • The George Germain papers contain seven letters written by Henry Clinton: to John Burgoyne, October 8, 1777; to John Burgoyne, October 1777; to George Washington, March 31, 1779; to an unknown recipient, June 15, 1780; to George Germain, July 4, 1780; to George Germain, July 27, 1778-September 1, 1780; to Marriot Arbuthnot, December 8, 12, 13, 1780. The collection also contains copies of several letters between Clinton and Marriot Arbuthnot, June 22, 1780-August 11, 1780.
  • The Freiherr von Jungkenn papers contain one letter written by Henry Clinton to [Johann Christoph von] Huyne, May 13, 1780.
  • The Frederick Mackenzie papers contain two letters written by Henry Clinton: to Marriot Arbuthnot, June 1, 1780, and to [Roger Morris], undated. The collection also contains orders for the British Army written by Henry Clinton, from May 11, 1778-November 2, 1778.
  • The James McHenry papers contain one letter written by Henry Clinton to George Germain, January 30, 1780.
  • The James Moncrieff papers include correspondence between Moncrieff and Sir Henry Clinton.
  • The Schoff Revolutionary War collection contains one letter written by Henry Clinton to an unknown recipient, May 5, 1776.
  • The Shelburne papers contain seventeen letters written by Henry Clinton: to Charles Grey, July 3, 1779; to William Phillips, April 26, 1781; to William Phillips, April 30, 1781; to Charles Cornwallis, June 11, 1781; to an unknown recipient, July 28, 1781; to an unknown recipient, August 20, 1781; to an unknown recipient, October 19, 1781; to C. J., December 7, 1781; to Alexander Leslie, December 20, 1781 (two items); to G. G., December 1781; and six written to George Germain between March 18, 1782 and April 12, 1782.
  • The John Graves Simcoe papers contain five letters written by Henry Clinton: to George Germain, November 8 and December 8, 1781; to Henry Seymour Conway, 1782; to an unknown recipient, March 1789; to an unknown recipient, April 20, 1790; to John Graves Simcoe, June 10, 1785 and 1792.
  • The Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney papers contain one letter written by Henry Clinton to [William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne], July 1, 1782.
  • The Benjamin and William Oliver Vaughan papers contain four letters written by Henry Clinton: one to an unknown recipient, February 21, 1780, and three to John Vaughan dated April 27, 1780, May 25, 1780, and November 2, [1780].

Collections containing letters written to Clinton

  • The George Clinton papers contain ten letters written to Henry Clinton from a variety of correspondents, including nine written by George Clinton between September 20, 1749 and May 14, 1753, a letter from J[ohn] A[yscough] dated November 24, 1752, and a letter from Robert Morris dated January 13, [1750].
  • The Thomas Gage papers contain one letter addressed to Henry Clinton, from Henry Moore, November 30, 1767.
  • The George Germain papers contain ten letters written to Henry Clinton: from George Germain, [1777-1778]; from George Germain, March 8, 1778-September 27, 1779; from Thomas DeGrey, September 28, 1779; from Marriot Arbuthnot, October 18, 1779; from George Germain, 1778-1779; from Charles Cornwallis, June 30, 1780; from Francis Rawdon, October 28, 1780; from George Brydges Rodney, November 4, 1780; from Marriot Arbuthnot, December 9, 12, 13, 1780; from William Knox, July 24, 1781. Additionally, the Germain secret dispatch book contains numerous dispatches addressed to Henry Clinton, encompassing the period from March 8, 1778, to January 2, 1782. These were primarily written by Germain himself but also by Thomas DeGrey (January 23, 1779), King George III (March 21, 1778 and July 22, 1779), and William Knox (December 6, 1778, and January 23, 1779).
  • The Nathanael Greene papers contain two letters written to Henry Clinton: from Thomas Burke, November 6, 1781, and from Welbore Ellis, March 6, 1782.
  • The Freiherr von Jungkenn papers contain one letter written to Henry Clinton, from Charles Cornwallis, [October 20, 1781].
  • The William Knox papers contain two letters written to Henry Clinton: from George Germain, [December 28, 1780], and from William Knox, [1780].
  • The Frederick Mackenzie papers contain six letters written to Henry Clinton: from Alexander Innes, April 30, 1778; from George Germain, January 23, 1779; from George Germain, November 4, 1779; from James Robertson, March 17, 1782; from James Robertson, March 22, 1782; and from [Frederick Mackenzie], March 1782.
  • The James McHenry papers contain one item written to Henry Clinton, by [James McHenry], October 26, 1779.
  • The James Moncrieff papers contain several letters written to Henry Clinton between February 10, 1781, and March 13, 1782. These letters appear in his letter books.
  • The Shelburne papers contain twenty-two letters written to Henry Clinton: from Alexander Leslie, February 2, 1782 and February 18, 1782; from Charles Cornwallis, April 23, 1781 and May 26, 1781; from the Georgia Council, December 31, 1781; from James Wright, January 2, 1782; from Welbore Ellis, February 12, 1782; from the South Carolina police and forwarded by Alexander Leslie, February 18, 1782; from Archibald Campbell, March 8, 1782; from James Robertson, March 21, 1782 and March 22, 1782; from an unknown author, March 30, 1782. Additionally, ten letters written to Henry Clinton by George Germain are in the Shelburne papers, July 4, 1780-February 6, 1782.
  • The John Graves Simcoe papers contain three letters written by John Graves Simcoe to Henry Clinton: August 23, 1781, and June 15, 1785, [1790], and one undated.
Bibliography

Gruber, Ira D., 'Clinton, Sir Henry (1730--1795).' In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edition, Jan 2008, accessed October 5, 2010.

Willcox, William Bradford. Portrait of a General: Sir Henry Clinton In the War of Independence. New York: Knopf; [distributed by Random House], 1964.