Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Harriet Gladwin Commonplace Book, 1808-1810

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, May 2012

Summary Information
Title: Harriet Gladwin commonplace book
Creator: Gladwin, Harriet
Inclusive dates: 1808-1810
Extent: 1 volume
Abstract:
This commonplace book (56 pages) was compiled by Harriet Gladwin, daughter of British Army Major General Henry Gladwin, who commanded the British forces during Pontiac's siege against Detroit in 1763. The volume contains Harriet's copies of a published account of the siege (33 pages), a memorial poem dedicated to her father by William Hayley (13 pages), and 3 additional memorial poems and epitaphs (7 pages). She began the volume on September 25, 1808.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2003. M-4278.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Harriet Gladwin commonplace book, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Biography

Henry Gladwin was born in England around 1729, and joined the British Army's 48th Regiment of Foot as a lieutenant in 1753. He served in North America until 1757, when he received a commission as captain with the 80th Regiment of Foot. He became a major in 1760 and a commanding officer at Detroit in 1762. Gladwin achieved fame for his defense of the post against incursions by Native Americans under the leadership of Pontiac, who laid siege to Detroit throughout the summer of 1763. After successfully protecting Detroit, Gladwin returned to his home in Derbyshire, England, in 1764, and received further promotions to colonel (1777) and major general (1782), though he was no longer on active duty. He and his wife, Frances Beridge, daughter of Reverend John Beridge, had at least nine children: Frances, Dorothy, Mary, Ann, Charlotte, Martha, Harriet, Ellen, and Susannah. Henry Gladwin died on June 22, 1791.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This commonplace book (56 pages) was compiled by Harriet Gladwin, daughter of British Army Major General Henry Gladwin, who commanded the British forces during Pontiac's siege against Detroit in 1763. The volume contains Harriet's copies of a published account of the siege (33 pages), a memorial poem dedicated to her father by William Hayley (13 pages), and 3 additional memorial poems and epitaphs (7 pages). She began the volume on September 25, 1808.

The first portion of the book (pages 1-34) contains a passage copied from Jonathan Carver's Travels through the Interior Parts of North America in the Years 1766, 1767, and 1768. The text regards the attack on Detroit by Native American forces throughout the summer of 1763. Carver's account concentrates heavily on Gladwin's role in successfully defending Detroit against the Native Americans.

Harriet copied "An Ode to General Gladwin, requesting him to publish his Journal of the Siege of Detroit" in the next section of the volume (pages 36-48). The poem, written by William Hayley (1745-1820), is comprised of 13 7-line stanzas, and celebrates Gladwin's victory over Pontiac and the allied Native American forces.

The remaining pages contain memorials for 3 members of Harriet Gladwin's family. The first is "An Epitaph on General Gladwin who departed this life on the 21 of June 179[1] in the 61st year of his age" (pp.49-51). A brief prose celebration of his military accomplishments is followed by a 10-line poem. The next memorial is dedicated "To the Memory of Jhon [John] Beridge M. D. who died Octbr. 17th 1788 aged 45" (p. 53). This 6-line poem, written by William Hayley, commemorates Harriet Gladwin's grandfather, Henry Gladwin's father-in-law. The final memorial, attributed to "G. H.," is titled "To the Memory of a beloved Wife who died May the 3d. 1810[.] By her Husband" (pp. 54-56). The poem contains reflections on mortality and on the life and qualities of the deceased.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Death--Poetry.
    • Detroit (Mich.)--History--Siege, 1763.
    • Elegiac poetry, American.
    • Epitaphs.
    • Gladwin, Henry, 1729-1791.
    Contributors:
    • Carver, Jonathan, 1710-1780.
    • Hayley, William, 1745-1820.
    Genre Terms:
    • Commonplace books.
    • Poems.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Volume   1  
    Harriet Gladwin commonplace book,  1808-1810 [series]:
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    Several manuscript collections, including the Thomas Gage papers, Jeffery Amherst papers, andJames Sterling letter book hold material written by Henry Gladwin.

    The Book Division holds multiple editions of Jonathan Carver's Travels through the Interior Parts of North America, as well as multiple books written by William Hayley.

    Bibliography

    Burke, Bernard. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland. Volume I. 8th ed. London: Harrison & Sons, 1894.

    Russell, Peter E. "Gladwin (Gladwyn), Henry." Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. University of Toronto, 2000.