Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Marinus Heyboer Letters, 1918

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, June 2012

Summary Information
Title: Marinus Heyboer letters
Creator: Heyboer, Harry, b. 1885
Inclusive dates: 1918
Extent: 17 items
Abstract:
This collection consists of 17 letters Marinus Heyboer wrote to his brother Harry while training with the United States Army's 308th Field Artillery Regiment and 310th Field Hospital at Camp Dix, New Jersey, between February and April 1918. Heyboer discussed his training exercises, food, and other aspects of military life, in addition to responding to news of Harry's wife and young child.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2002. M-4228.1.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Marinus Heyboer letters, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically, with undated items placed at the end.


Biography

Marinus Heyboer, the son of Dutch immigrants John and Cornelia Heyboer, was born in Wallington, New Jersey, on August 20, 1892, and later lived in East Rutherford, New Jersey. He had eight siblings, including Abraham, Gertn, Harry (b. June 1885), Josephine, Harrietta, and Cornelia. Heyboer joined the United States Army before February 1918, and trained at Camp Dix, New Jersey, with Battery B of the 308th Field Artillery Regiment, and, later, with the 310th Field Hospital. He was transferred overseas after April 1918. After the war, he returned to New Jersey, and eventually settled in Caldwell Township with his wife, Lola. He died in August 1969. His brother Harry lived with his wife Marie in Newark, New Jersey, during World War I. They had one son, Harry Heyboer, Jr.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of 17 letters Marinus Heyboer wrote to his brother Harry while training with the United States Army's 308th Field Artillery Regiment and 310th Field Hospital at Camp Dix, New Jersey, between February and April 1918. Heyboer discussed his training exercises, food, and other aspects of military life, in addition to responding to news of Harry's wife and young child.

Marinus composed 7 dated letters at Camp Dix between February 23, 1918, and late April 1918, as well as 10 undated letters covering the period between his arrival at Camp Dix and his departure for Europe. After initially joining Battery B of the 308th Field Artillery Regiment, Heyboer began medical training with the 310th Field Hospital. He told Harry about several training exercises, such as drilling, attending lectures, practicing with field guns, and experiencing gas in the "gas chambers." He also commented on his experiences with horses, which included cleaning up after the animals and witnessing a fatal accident. Heyboer frequently responded to news of his parents and inquired about Harry's wife and baby, Marie and Harry Jr. In one letter, he described two African American regiments that were also training at Camp Dix (March 16, 1918).

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Fort Dix (N.J.)
    • Soldiers--United States.
    • United States. Army--African American troops.
    • United States. Army. Field Artillery Regiment, 308th. Battery B.
    • United States. Army. Field Hospital, 310th.
    • United States. Army--Military life.
    • War horses--United States.
    • World War, 1914-1918--United States.
    Contributors:
    • Heyboer, Marinus, 1892-1969.
    Genre Terms:
    • Letters (correspondence)
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Box   4, World War I Small Collections  
    Marinus Heyboer letters [series]:
    Folder   17  
      February 23, 1918-[April 28, 1918], and undated