Tailyour family papers  1743-2003 (bulk 1780-1840)
full text File Size: 177 K bytes | Add this to my bookbag

   Container / Location    Title
 
John Tailyour (1743-1815) [series]:
 
Correspondence [subseries]:
 
Letters

Scope note: John Tailyour received 3,757 letters. Most of them concern his business transactions in Jamaica and Scotland. His primary business partners were John and Alex Anderson, Peter Ballantine, David Dick, James Fairlie, George and John McCall, Thomas Renny, and Robert and Simon Taylor. Many of these contacts, including the Andersons, George McCall, and Robert Taylor, stayed in Britain. The Andersons took a particular interest in the slave trade. As a merchant in the American trade, George McCall often sought Tailyour's advice on the markets there, and discussed his own struggles with business after the war. He also served as one of Tailyour's early advisors, as Tailyour began his mercantile career under McCall's tutelage. However, by the 1790s, McCall was asking for Tailyour's advice, as he sought out business positions in Jamaica through John Tailyour's contacts. Eventually McCall's son John became one of Tailyour's clerks in Jamaica.

The correspondence from John McCall, and from David Dick, Tailyour's other clerk, provides some of the most complete information on Tailyour's business and family in Jamaica, after he returned to Scotland. McCall, in particular, often visited Tailyour's Jamaican wife and children, in order to send him reports. Beginning about 1800, the content of McCall's and Dick's letters centered more around their dissolving business partnership. Both men appealed to Tailyour and his cousin Simon for support and arbitration, but the issue of dissolution was settled without them.

Peter Ballantine and James Fairlie were John Tailyour's business partners in Jamaica, and both are an additional source of information on Tailyour's colonial interests after he returned to Britain. Unfortunately, their correspondence begins the year that Tailyour left for Britain (1792), so they offer little information about the founding of their firm, Taylor, Ballantine and Fairlie. However, both Ballantine and Fairlie kept Tailyour advised on the slave, sugar, and dry goods markets, while Tailyour still owned his interest in the Jamaican firm during the 1790s. They, and others, also wrote about events that occurred in the West Indies during the 1780s and 1790s, particularly as they affected the firm's business. They regularly mentioned their concern over the Revolution in St. Domingue in the 1790s, as well as the uprising of the Maroons in 1795, as both events threatened the social stability of Jamaica and its business climate. Ballantine and Fairlie discussed personal information throughout their correspondence, and, once Tailyour sold his interest in the firm, their remarks about family and personal matters became more frequent.

As evidence of the strong ties between personal networks and business, Tailyour's brother Robert and his cousin Simon intermixed both personal and business information in their letters to Tailyour. Between 1788 and 1807, both were continually concerned about the possibility of the abolition of the slave trade. Simon also relayed his business orders to Tailyour, who still carried out work for his cousin during his stay in Jamaica. Robert, with his contacts in the East Indies, provided information on the markets there. His letters contain some of the most detailed information on the issue of Tailyour's mixed race children, including descriptions of the two boys. It was Robert who found schools for the children, as well as professions. A number of letters from the two boys, James and John, are included in the collection. James's correspondence is almost entirely centered on his entrance into the East-India Company army, as well as his initial struggles on the subcontinent after his arrival. John, who worked as a clerk, wrote about his future prospects outside the counting house, and his inability to live on his budget.

Tailyour's mother, Jean, wrote several letters, expressing her concerns about her son's colonial family, and about his future plans for returning to Britain. Tailyour's extended family wrote some of the letters, including the Carnegies (his mother's family), and the Foulertons -- Tailyour's sister Catherine married a Foulerton. Tailyour's connections through the Carnegies and Foulertons, helped him to win a spot in the East India Company army for his son. In return, he helped connect several Carnegies in Jamaica, and gave financial support and advice to the Foulertons.

Box   1  
Adam, William,  29 March 1808-1 March 1811 (6 items)
 
Adam & Mathie,  2 November 1796 (1 item)
 
Adams, George W.,  19 January 1804 (1 item)
 
Allan, Robert,  29 March 1800 (1 item)
 
Anderson, Alex,  2 November 1793-7 October 1796 (3 items)
 
Anderson, James,  19 July 1798 (1 items)
 
Anderson, John & Alex,  28 April 1794-17 May 1798 (62 items)
 
Anderson, John,  4 May 1795-20 August 1795 (3 items)
 
Anderson, John,  2 July 1795 (1 item)
 
Arbuthnott, Ld,  6 February 1798-25 December 1810 (7 items)
 
Arcedekne, Chaloner,  6 February 1796 (1 item)
 
Badenach, James,  14 November 1802 (1 item)
 
Baillie, John,  5 May 1802-12 May 1802 (2 items)
 
Ballantine, John,  6 July 1793-21 July 1798 (12 items)
 
Ballantine, Peter,  16 September 1792-3 May 1810 (170 items)
 
Barbour, Robert,  6 February 1796-20 February 1796 (2 items)
 
Barnett, John,  9 December 1803 (1 item)
 
James Bell & Co.,  5 March 1810-10 March 1810 (2 items)
 
Bingley, Thomas,  2 July 1795-7 November 1797 (4 items)
 
Bingley, Pitt & Bingley,  26 April 1794-1 January 1796 (29 items)
 
Bingley, Pitt & Maslen,  18 February 1795-14 December 1796 (13 items)
 
Bisset, Andrew,  16 September 1802 (1 item)
 
Blair, David,  30 July 1793 (1 item)
 
Blair, Peter,  1 May 1792 (1 item)
 
Blane, Thomas,  2 August 1793-2 August 1794 (2 items)
 
Bowman, John,  14 April 1793-14 November 1809 (11 items)
 
Brand, John,  11 October 1794-26 October 1815 (29 items)
 
Brodie,  21 November 1806-15 January 1810 (2 items)
 
Brown, David,  5 March 1792 (1 item)
 
Brown, John,  16 February 1809-31 October 1810 (4 items)
 
Brown, Thomas,  13 February 1795 (1 item)
 
Brunton, Thomas,  30 December 1799-20 January 1800 (3 items)
 
Burn, James,  30 November 1799-25 October 1800 (5 items)
 
Burn, R,  13 August 1800 (1 item)
 
Burn, Robert,  22 December 1799-26 December 1800 (5 items)
 
Burnett, Al,  17 April 1797-22 November 1800 (5 items)
 
Burnett, John,  6 January 1800-16 December 1806 (59 items)
 
Burnett, Robert,  16 May 1806-23 November 1809 (16 items)
 
Burnett, Colonel William,  7 May 1793-8 July 1811 (26 items)
 
Camden, Calvert & King,  14 May 1795 (1 item)
 
Campbell, John,  12 August 1791-26 July 1792 (2 items)
 
Carnegie, Miss A,  12 March 1811 (1 item)
 
Carnegie, Lady A.M.,  4 February 1795-3 October 1811 (9 items)
 
Carnegie, Sir David,  9 June 1794-3 March 1805 (24 items)
 
Carnegie, George,  17 May 1790-15 December 1810 (14 items)
 
Carnegie, James,  12 June 1800-14 December 1806 (12 items)
 
Carnegie, Colonel John,   3 May 1805-October 1811 (7 items)
 
Carnegie, Susan,  10 October 1809-17 December 1809 (3 items)
 
Carnegie, Thomas,  25 March 1800 (1 item)
 
Chandler, Thomas,  16 April 1811 (1 item)
 
Christian, Peter,  10 January 1805-8 March 1805 (3 items)
Box   2  
Christie, Alexander,  12 January 1793-26 October 1793 (5 items)
 
Clarke, Robert,  15 November 1815 (1 item)
 
Clarke, Thomas,  17 February 1794-24 June 1794 (4 items)
 
Collons, William,  20 January 1794-24 March 1794 (3 items)
 
Colquhoun, Lud,  12 February 1805-19 October 1806 (7 items)
 
Colvill, William,  17 October 1805 (1 item)
 
Corrie, Edgar,  31 July 1793-21 August 1806 (16 items)
 
Cratenlong, Robert,  20 December 1798 (1 item)
 
Crombre, Alexander,  1 May 1804-27 July 1811 (13 items)
 
Dauney, Al,  16 February 1806-12 August 1807 (2 items)
 
Dick, David,  14 August 1792-14 May 1811 (92 items)
 
Dick, Hugh,  1 April 1796 (1 item)
 
Dick, James,  10 January 1795-10 September 1797 (8 items)
 
Dickson & Co.,  7 January 1800-29 September 1811 (9 items)
 
Dickson, R,  7 May 1800-13 August 1800 (3 items)
 
Dodds, John,  10 August 1805 (1 item)
 
Donnell, Joseph,  7 March 1794-3 August 1806 (10 items)
 
Duff, R.H.,  22 November 1806 (1 item)
 
Duncan, Andrew,  23 September 1810-6 August 1815 (3 items)
 
Dunlop, George,  25 September 1807-25 May 1808 (2 items)
 
Duthie, James,  27 June 1801 (1 item)
 
Earle, Thomas William,  2 November 1793-3 November 1794 (8 items)
 
Elemer, Charles,  30 January 1798 (1 item)
 
Fairlie, James,  16 September 1792-11 March 1811 (59 items)
 
Fairlie, Mungo,  26 July 1796-7 March 1809 (12 items)
 
Farquhar, James,  26 December 1803-12 August 1811 (7 items)
 
Farquar, William,  19 June 1793 (1 item)
 
Fearns, James,  8 May 1795 (1 item)
 
Fearns, Murdock,  5 December 1793-10 June 1795 (3 items)
 
Ferguson, James,  13 January 1811 (1 item)
 
Fisher, Ralph,  6 January 1794-20 February 1794 (3 items)
 
Fleming, John,  28 April 1806-13 September 1810 (3 items)
 
Fleming, William,  18 May 1804-28 October 1806 (3 items)
 
Fletcher, Thomas,  8 July 1811 (1 item)
 
Forbes, William,  8 June 1793-1 December 1810 (6 items)
 
Forrester, Robert,  8 June 1801 (1 item)
 
Foulerton, Catherine,  21 September 1795-25 September 1811 (46 items)
 
Foulerton, George,  10 April 1804-29 May 1811 (13 items)
 
Foulerton, John,  14 July 1793-20 July 1812 (77 items)
 
Fullerton, John Carnegie,  18 July 1803-23 November 1805 (4 items)
 
Foulerton, Mary Carnegie,  13 January 1806-22 June 1806 (11 items)
 
Foulerton, Mary,  14 March 1810 (1 item)
Box   3  
Gadie, Theo,  13 September 1804 (1 item)
 
Gallraith, A,  11 August 1793-18 May 1794 (3 items)
 
Garden, Francis,  10 July 1800-October 04 1802 (5 items)
 
Gardiner, Alex  5 September 1808 (3 items)
 
Gerard, Gilbert,  3 October 1799-4 September 1811 (3 items)
 
Gilchrist, Arch,  7 October 1801-5 September 1805 (2 items)
 
Gillespie, David,  5 November 1806-25 September 1811 (3 items)
 
Gillis, R & Co,  20 April 1800-10 May 1800 (3 items)
 
Glennie, John,  30 April 1800 (1 item)
 
Gordon, Bademark,  18 September 1809 (1 item)
 
Graham, Arch,  6 June 1796-20 April 1797 (4 items)
 
Graham, William C.,  20 June 1798 (1 item)
 
Grant, George,  15 May 1793 (1 item)
 
Gray Wear and Gray,  3 February 1806-13 December 1806 (2 items)
 
Thomas Gray lawsuit,  26 June 1809-18 June 1810 (4 items)
 
Greenhill, Charles,  3 November 1800-21 November 1800 (2 items)
 
Greig, John,  21 October 1802-22 March 1811 (5 items)
 
Grunhill, Charles,  1 October 1794-18 November 1797 (8 items)
 
Hamilton, Hugh,  14 September 1795 (1 item)
 
Harris, Thomas,  10 April 1794 (1 item)
 
Harrison, Joseph,  4 February 1794-26 September 1795 (5 items)
 
Hayhurst, Poole & Felectcher,  11 April 1793 (1 item)
 
Henry, Alex,  18 September 1806 (1 item)
 
Hibbert & Hibbert,  7 January 1795-8 January 1796 (6 items)
 
Hill, Dr. George,  24 June 1797-13 October 1806 (23 items)
 
Hindy, Thomas,  1 June 1793-30 September 1793 (4 items)
 
Hobson, Lyon,  10 June 1797 (1 item)
 
Hodgson, Edward,  3 February 1810 (1 item)
 
Hodgson, John,  3 March 1794 (1 item)
 
Holcombe, Thomas,  1 September 1794-20 December 1794 (3 items)
 
Horn, Fredrick,  2 August 1805 (1 item)
 
Hughan, Taylor,  7 June 1806-5 November 1810 (5 items)
 
Hugham, Taylor/Ch. Clarke,  27 September 1806-16 April 1810 (3 items)
 
Innes, Allan,  27 January 1802 (1 item)
 
Innes, John,  19 May 1804-24 May 1804 (2 items)
 
Jackson, Geo,  20 February 1798-24 April 1798 (2 items)
 
Jameson, John,  20 June 1793-16 November 1793 (3 items)
 
Jameson, William,  25 June 1800 (1 item)
 
Jolly Lawsuit,  16 May 1784-24 October 1815 (29 items)
 
Jones, James,  29 October 1792-2 October 1794 (15 items)
 
Jones, Thomas,   August 1796-23 December 1797 (3 items)
 
Keith, Charles,  8 June 1804-28 September 1804 (2 items)
 
Keith, George Skene,  24 May 1810 (1 item)
 
Keith, John,  23 June 1806 (1 item)
 
Kelso, William,  4 June 1810 (1 item)
 
Key, Pat,  30 January 1796-29 April 1805 (5 items)
 
Kidd, Alexander,  10 December 1805-21 April 1807 (11 items)
 
King, Philip,  6 June 1792-15 March 1793 (2 items)
 
Kirkpatrick, Shaw,  20 August 1793 (1 item)
 
Lamb, William,  23 July 1795-13 December 1806 (8 items)
 
Learmouth, J & Co.,  2 July 1808-21 October 1811 (2 items)
 
Leckie, Alex,  20 October 1793-7 January 1794 (3 items)
 
Leckie, George,  30 December 1793 (1 item)
 
Leslie, James,  9 July 1806-14 October 1811 (13 items)
 
Leyland, Thomas,  16 January 1794-11 March 1794 (5 items)
 
Livingston, William,  20 March 1806 (1 item)
 
Livright, David,  20 August 1794 (1 item)
 
Low, A,  15 August 1795-21 April 1798 (3 items)
 
Low, John,  3 April 1798-17 March 1812 (60 items)
 
Luther, Francis,  24 December 1810 (1 item)
 
Lyell, Ch,  12 December 1797-26 December 1797 (3 items)
 
Lyon, Paul,  30 October 1815 (1 item)
 
MacKinzie, John,  10 July 1794-10 August 1809 (5 items)
 
MacKenzie, Ken,  29 October 1808-27 January 1813 (35 items)
 
MacLarty, Colin,  7 December 1800-25 December 1808 (4 items)
 
Macleod, Alex,  7 July 1804-4 December 1804 (2 items)
 
Mann, Humfrey,  28 September 1793 (1 item)
 
Martin, Robert,  19 September 1796 (1 item)
 
Marshall, Frank & Sons,  11 May 1811-24 May 1811 (3 items)
 
Maule, William,  18 August 1806-30 October 1806 (2 items)
 
McCall, Arch,  16 January 1803-5 November 1811 (47 items)
 
McCall, Christina,  13 January 1809-15 February 1813 (15 items)
 
McCall, Dick,  6 March 1802-1 September 1803 (4 items)
 
McCall, George,  23 March 1792-27 October 1798 (132 items)
Box   4  
McCall, George,  11 January 1799-17 January 1810 (129 items)
 
McCall, George Jr.,  30 October 1798-1 May 1813 (59 items)
 
McCall, James,  15 January 1800-5 September 1811 (30 items)
 
McCall, John,  13 August 1792-15 October 1811 (177 items)
 
McCall, Mary,  19 June 1809-15 October 1811 (4 items)
 
McCall, Robert,  25 March 1809 (1 item)
 
McCall, Samuel,  29 September 1793-19 September 1806 (34 items)
 
McCall, Samuel, June,  11 September 1793-3 November 1811 (103 items)
 
McNair, Robert,  17 April 1804 (1 item)
 
Mengies, John,  22 September 1800-20 October 1809 (7 items)
Box   5  
Middlewood, JW,  26 February 1795 (1 item)
 
Miles, Philip John,  19 February 1793-21 February 1794 (6 items)
 
Miles, William,  3 October 1792-23 June 1800 (45 items)
 
Mill, James,  1 February 1800-19 February 1800 (2 items)
 
Mill, John,  19 October 1811 (1 item)
 
Mill, Louis,  17 November 1794 (1 item)
 
Milm, Robert,  30 December 1800 (1 item)
 
Milne, John,  18 March 1810 (1 item)
 
Monro, Charles,  8 December 1804-28 March 1808 (4 items)
 
Lord Newton,  13 April 1811 (1 item)
 
Noble, James,  9 October 1793-21 May 1795 (8 items)
 
Oglivy, Wm,  16 December 1793 (1 item)
 
Orr, John,  14 October 1792-13 July 1809 (5 items)
 
Orr, Patrick,  4 April 1798-10 September 1798 (3 items)
 
Oswald, Alexander,  24 August 1795 (1 item)
 
Oswald, George,  19 September 1795-28 June 1808 (17 items)
 
Paten, James,  20 January 1796-20 February 1796 (2 items)
 
Paterson, Dundas,  8 March 1803 (1 item)
 
Paterson, John,  4 January 1793 (1 item)
 
Paterson, William,  25 October 1797 (1 item)
 
Peter, John,  28 November 1809-2 January 1810 (3 items)
 
Peters, Alexander,  5 August 1808 (1 item)
 
Prthenoe & Claxton,  10 April 1793 (1 item)
 
Rainford, James,  16 May 1793-16 May 1794 (2 items)
 
Ramsay, Sir Alex,  23 January 1798-23 September 1810 (5 items)
 
Rankin, John,  29 March 1809-15 December 1810 (2 items)
 
Ratlif, Joseph,  24 March 1794 (1 item)
 
Rawlinson, William,  22 August 1793 (1 item)
 
Reid, David,  13 December 1793 (1 item)
 
Renny, Hercules,  22 December 1805-1 March 1808 (3 items)
 
Renny, James,  5 October 1792-18 September 1797 (14 items)
 
Renny, Patrick,  4 March 1796 (1 item)
 
Renny, Thomas,  25 February 1793-1 February 1809 (321 items)
 
Renwick, Ann,  13 July 1807 (1 items)
 
Renwick, John,  20 May 1803-22 August 1811 (32 items)
 
Ritchie, Charles,  11 December 1799-11 February 1803 (7 items)
 
Ritchie, H,  7 May 1811 (1 item)
 
Robertson, George,  27 June 1806 (1 item)
 
Rogers, James,  4 February 1793 (1 item)
 
Room, James,  21 March 1793-5 September 1796 (9 items)
 
Ross, H. Irvine,  30 December 1808 (1 item)
 
Russell, Francis,  28 May 1797-2 February 1806 (4 items)
 
Sargent, Chambers,  9 May 1793-20 September 1794 (4 items)
 
Scott, David,  26 July 1795 (1 item)
 
Scott, George,  3 November 1802-22 March 1811 (7 items)
 
Scott, John,  28 May 1793-9 July 1811 (22 items)
 
Scott, John Wm,  17 March 1795 (1 item)
 
Selkrig, Charles,  25 June 1802-28 September 1802 (3 items)
 
Shaw, John George,  11 April 1793-1 June 1793 (4 items)
 
Sime, William,  23 November 1804-29 November 1804 (2 items)
 
Simpson, Henry,  23 November 1810-25 October 1811 (3 items)
 
Sinclair, William,  9 May 1794-20 May 1794 (2 items)
 
Skelton, Thomas,  19 February 1794 (1 item)
 
Skene, George,  7 February 1796-28 November 1805 (3 items)
Box   6  
Smart, Will,  31 January 1807 (1 item)
 
Smith, Alex,  23 October 1803 (1 item)
 
Smith, George,  12 January 1794-12 January 1795 (3 items)
 
Smith, James,  2 May 1800 (1 item)
 
Smith, William,  16 January 1806-22 December 1806 (2 items)
 
Souter, James,  20 November 1795 (1 item)
 
Souther, Francis,  7 July 1807 (1 item)
 
Spiers, Peter,  22 February 1801-4 March 1802 (4 items)
 
Spottiswood, John,  21 December 1799-25 February 1800 (3 items)
 
Stevenson, Robert,  6 February 1811-17 November 1811 (8 items)
 
Steward, John,  10 May 1793-31 March 1803 (7 items)
 
Stewart, Rob,  24 July 1800-29 November 1800 (2 items)
 
Stirling, James,  6 February 1793-5 April 1793 (3 items)
 
Strachan, Alex,  28 January 1800-15 April 1807 (2 items)
 
Strachan, James,  12 November 1798 (1 item)
 
Strachan, Thomas Renny,  14 September 1798-22 October 1811 (46 items)
 
Stuart, John,  27 January 1805-10 January 1810 (4 items)
 
Sutherland, John & William,  4 November 1795-8 August 1803 (12 items)
 
Tailyour, Alexander Renny,  10 October 1806-2 December 1811 (24 items)
 
Tailyour, Hercules,  20 February 1783-22 October 1811 (135 items)
 
Tailyour, Jean,  19 March 1793-13 February 1794 (30 items)
 
Tailyour, Robert,  16 February 1743 (1 item)    [Note: Partnership agreement with John Parminter]
 
Tarleton & Rigg,  28 December 1793-5 June 1794 (7 items)
 
Taylor, Ballantine & Fairlie,  16 September 1792-20 May 1798 (105 items)
 
Taylor, Hughan & Renny,  28 November 1798-23 May 1805 (20 items)
 
Taylor, Hughan & Co.,  27 February 1806-10 July 1811 (8 items)
 
Taylor, James,  16 December 1801-21 October 1810 (16 items)
 
Taylor, John,  22 July 1809-24 September 1811 (15 items)    [Note: Son of John Tailyour]
 
Taylor, Mary,  16 December 1792-4 October 1811 (5 items)
 
Taylor, Robert,  20 October 1784-27 May 1804 (235 items)
Box   7  
Taylor, Robert,  12 June 1804-17 March 1813 (180 items)
 
Taylor, Robert,  28 November 1806 (1 item)    [Note: Son of John Tailyour]
 
Taylor, Robert,  3 January 1808-11 July 1811 (3 items)    [Note: Son of Robert Taylor]
 
Taylor, Simon,  20 May 1791-23 May 1811 (110 items)
 
Taylor, Simon,  27 April 1802-13 April 1804 (8 items)    [Note: Miscellaneous correspondence]
 
Taylor, Simon R.B.,  22 November 1798-March 1800 (8 items)
 
Wade, Mrs. D.W.,  12 December 1792-22 November 1795 (3 items)
 
Walker, Alex,  5 October 1796-19 September 1801 (2 items)
 
Walker, George,  16 July 1807-21 November 1811 (42 items)
 
Walker, James,  5 April 1810-17 April 1810 (2 items)
 
Walker, Thompson & Co.,  24 February 1808-8 April 1808 (3 items)
 
Walker, Will,  10 September 1803-15 May 1804 (2 items)
 
Wallace, John,  24 May 1794 (1 item)
 
Wallis, Henry,  30 April 1798 (1 item)
 
Warwick, Anthony,  2 September 1793-19 March 1794 (2 items)
 
Webster, James,  17 November 1796 (1 item)
 
White, Thomas Jr.,  20 November 1798-12 June 1799 (2 items)
 
Williamson, William,  24 July 1795 (1 item)
 
Wilson, James,  15 December 1804 (1 item)
 
Wood, James,  30 November 1809-30 June 1810 (4 items)
 
Yuille, Thomas,  27 June 1800-7 July 1800 (2 items)
 
Misc. Correspondence,  26 August 1786-12 December 1800 (4 items)    [Note: Authors unknown]
 
Letterbooks

Scope note: The four letterbooks that have survived contain 1,116 retained copies of Tailyour's letters. His early letter books (1781-1785) detail his initial struggles in America, when he first tried his hand at general trade, and later attempted to provide supplies for British prisoners-of-war after the American Revolution. Both attempts failed, and by 1782, he started thinking about moving to Jamaica to work with his cousin Simon Taylor. During this time, Tailyour kept in touch with his British contacts, including George McCall, the Andersons, and his brother Hercules, whom he hoped to recruit for the American trade.

John Tailyour started his career in Kingston, Jamaica, as a trader in dry goods and sundry stores, but soon added the purchase and sale of slaves to his business. Many of his letters after 1783 focus on the condition of the slave trade and the threat from abolitionists in England. Tailyour styled himself as an expert slave trader, able to sell entire ships of slaves quickly. Much of his correspondence about the trade focuses on the kinds of issues that affected its viability, including the health of the slaves, the health of the markets, the age and sex of the slaves, and the locations of sale.

Tailyour wrote many letters about the abolitionist threat as well, and the damage he anticipated from abolition. Contrary to some accounts, Tailyour's reports on the slave trade indicate that it was robust at the end of the eighteenth century. Though he foresaw a potentially large loss of business if the trade were outlawed, Tailyour did not reflect much on the social effects of this, but he did note in 1788 that "from all the best information I ever had, it clearly appears Slaves live better by far in the West Indies than in Africa, & from my own observations I can say they in general live better than the Poor of Scotland, Ireland & probably England."

Toward the end of his life, Tailyour wrote more directly about issues concerning his health, his estate in Scotland, and the business news from his correspondents.

Box   7  
Tailyour, John Letterbook,  1781-1785
 
 1781 (11 items)
 
 1782 (35 items)
 
 1783 (47 items)
 
 1784 (22 items)
 
 1785 (28 items)
Volume   1  
Tailyour, John Letterbook,  1788-1789
 
 1788 (139 items)
 
 1789 (207 items)
Volume   2  
Tailyour, John Letterbook,  1790-1792
 
 1790 (184 items)
 
 1791 (206 items)
 
 1792 (194 items)
Box   7  
Tailyour, John Letterbook,  1804-1810
 
 1804 (1 item)
 
 1805 (8 items)
 
 1806 (5 items)
 
 1807 (3 items)
 
 1808 (5 items)
 
 1809 (15 items)
 
 1810 (6 items)
 
Business papers [subseries]:

Scope note: John Tailyour's business papers comprise 32 letters and his five account books. The business papers relate to his estates in Scotland, particularly Kirktonhill. Several letters between Tailyour and his good friends Thomas Renny and Peter Ballantine contain accounts and vouchers. Tailyour wrote two letters to John Baveridge. Also included are several bonds procured in Scotland and additional contracts. For accounts regarding his estate, consult series II and III.

Tailyour's account books are divided between his pre- and post-1792 finances. Those prior to 1792 focus on his Kingston estate and his accounts regarding trade and personal expenses. Those after 1792 relate to his Scottish estates, particularly Kirktonhill and Craigo. His account journal for Kirktonhill includes personal, estate, and expense accounts, as well as several bills, receipts, and accounting balances.

 
Documents
 
John Tailyour & T. Renny Accounts,  20 June 1793-1 May 1799 (3 items)
 
John Tailyour & T. Renny Vouchers,  1806-27 December 1806 (17 items)
 
John Tailyour & P. Ballantine Accounts,   July 1797 (1 item)
 
John Baveridge Accounts,  1797-1801 (2 items)
 
Scotland Bonds,  14 June 1798-13 December 1806
 
Contracts,  1811 2 November 1808-2 December 1811 (3 items)
 
Account Books
 
John Tailyour Account Journal,  1789
 
John Tailyour Account Journal,  1790
 
John Tailyour Account Journal,  1798-1805 (2 volumes)
Box   8  
John Tailyour Account Journal, Kirktonhill,  1805-1813
 
John Tailyour Account Journal,  1806-1816