Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Raymond E. Evans Correspondence, 1944-1945

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, April 2012

Summary Information
Title: Raymond E. Evans correspondence
Creator: Evans, Raymond E., 1923-2000
Inclusive dates: 1944-1945
Extent: 1.25 linear feet
This collection consists of letters Technician Fifth Grade Raymond E. Evans of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, received from his parents while he served with the United States Army's 93rd General Hospital in England between 1944 and 1945. His parents commented on their social lives in Bethlehem and responded to Raymond's letters and to developments in the war.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2001. M-4162.4.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Raymond E. Evans Correspondence, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


The collection is arranged in the following series:

  • Series I: Correspondence
    • Subseries I: Manuscript Correspondence
    • Subseries II: Manuscript V-Mail Correspondence
    • Subseries III: Photographed V-Mail Correspondence
  • Series II: Photographs and Ephemera

The Correspondence series and subseries are arranged chronologically, with undated items and fragments placed at the end.


William E. Raymond Evans (b. May 1899) and his wife, Josephine Weiss Evans, of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, had at least one son, Raymond E. ("Ray"), born on November 4, 1923. Ray joined the United States Army before 1944 and, after undergoing training at Camp Pickett, Virginia, served as a private first class with Detachment B of the 77th Station Hospital until around March 1944, when he joined the 93rd General Hospital. He remained with the 93rd General Hospital in England throughout the remainder of the war, and was promoted to technician fifth grade in January 1945. He returned to Bethlehem after the war, and lived there for the remainder of his life, working as an insurance agent. In September 1948, he married Elsie M. Wagner, and they had at least 2 children: Barbara L. Evans (m. Leet) of Raleigh, North Carolina, and Brent A. Evans of Fairfax, Virginia. Raymond E. Evans died on September 21, 2000.

Collection Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of manuscript letters and V-mail that Technician Fifth Grade Raymond E. Evans of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, received from his parents, William E. Raymond and Josephine Weiss Evans, while he served with the United States Army's 93rd General Hospital in England during the Second World War. The letters are divided into two series: Correspondence and Photographs and Ephemera . The Correspondence series contains three subseries: Manuscript Correspondence (166 items, February 15, 1944-December 9, 1945); Manuscript V-Mail Correspondence (92 items, March 21, 1944-September 10, 1945), and Photographed V-Mail Correspondence (1,022 items, February 22, 1944-August 7, 1945). The Photographs and Ephemera series holds 4 photographs; ephemera items, which are tickets and a theater program from Birmingham, England; and a brown case used to house letters, an address book, and 2 of the 4 photographs. Two additional photographs are attached to the letter of September 4, 1945.

The Correspondence series contains 1,280 letters, written by Raymond’s parents to him from February 15, 1944 to December 9, 1945. They wrote to their son almost daily, primarily using V-mail correspondence. Their letters provide news of their lives in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and updates about friends and family members. Both of Raymond's parents related news of mail he received at Bethlehem, and occasionally transcribed portions of those letters. As devout members of a local church, they often mentioned their prayers for their son's safety, as well as their attendance at church services and other religious events, and their satisfaction upon hearing that he attended services while abroad. Raymond's father also occasionally mentioned his work on a friend's automobile, and sent updates about professional athletic teams and athletes, particularly related to baseball. William and Josephine Evans occasionally referred to Raymond's military experiences and sometimes reacted to developments in the war, such as the D-Day invasion, V-E Day and V-J Day, and the use of the atomic bomb against Japan (several items, August 1945).

Of the four photographs in the Photographs and Ephemera series , two are of unidentified people and the third and fourth are pictures of William and Josephine Evans and an unidentified man and dog; the latter two are housed with the brown case in which they were originally kept. Two additional photographs of William and Josephine Evans are attached to the letter of September 4, 1945. The address book, which is also housed in the brown case, belonged to Raymond E. Evans and contains listings for friends and family in Bethlehem and from his time in the army, as well as two airmail stamps and a list of instrumental songs.

Subject Terms

    • Atomic bomb--Japan.
    • Baseball--United States--History.
    • Bethlehem (Pa.)--Religious life and customs.
    • Bethlehem (Pa.)--Social life and customs.
    • Families of military personnel--United States.
    • Soldiers--United States--Correspondence.
    • United States. Army. General Hospital, 93rd.
    • United States. Army. Station Hospital, 77th.
    • V-mail.
    • World War, 1939-1945--England.
    • World War, 1939-1945--United States.
    Subjects - Visual Materials:
    • Evans, Josephine Weiss.
    • Evans, William E. Raymond, b. 1899.
    • Evans, Josephine Weiss.
    • Evans, William E. Raymond, b. 1899.
    Genre Terms:
    • Letters (correspondence)
    • Photographs.
    • Programs (documents)
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Correspondence [series]
    Manuscript Correspondence [subseries] (166 items)
    Box   1 Folders   1-16
     February 15, 1944-December 9, 1945, and  undated
    Manuscript V-Mail Correspondence [subseries] (92 items)
    Box   1 Folders   17-25
     March 21, 1944-September 10, 1945
    Photographed V-Mail [subseries] (1,022 items)
    Box   1 Folders   26-29
     February 22, 1944-April 13, 1944
    Box   2 Folders   1-70
     April 14, 1944-March 28, 1945
    Box   3 Folders   1-29
     March 28, 1945-August 7, 1945
    Photographs and Ephemera [series]
    Box   3 Folders   30-31
     1944 and  undated
    Additional Descriptive Data

    "Raymond E. Evans -- World War II vet." The Express-Times (Easton, Pennsylvania) 22 September 2000: B6.