Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Daniel E. Hedden Diary, 1862-1863

James S. Schoff Civil War Collection

Finding aid created by
Clements Staff and Meg Hixon, May 2012

Summary Information
Title: Daniel E. Hedden diary
Creator: Hedden, Daniel E.
Inclusive dates: 1862-1863
Extent: 1 volume
Abstract:
Commissary Sergeant Daniel E. Hedden kept this diary (62 pages) while serving with the 6th Ohio Cavalry Regiment between October 1, 1862, and July 28, 1863. He described life in camp, discussed military movements and developments in the war, and reflected on his visits home and his relationship with a woman named Emma.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2001. M-4132.1.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Daniel E. Hedden diary, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Biography

Daniel E. Hedden, a native of Farmington, Ohio, served in Company C of the 19th Ohio Infantry Regiment during the first part of the Civil War. He transferred to the 6th Ohio Cavalry Regiment before October 1862, and served as a commissary sergeant in northern Virginia until July or August 1863, when his enlistment expired. His brother Robert also served in the 19th Ohio Infantry Regiment and 6th Ohio Cavalry Regiment, and attained the rank of 1st lieutenant.


Collection Scope and Content Note

Commissary Sergeant Daniel E. Hedden kept this diary (62 pages) while serving with the 6th Ohio Cavalry Regiment between October 1, 1862, and July 28, 1863. He described life in camp, discussed military movements and developments in the war, and reflected on his visits home and his relationship with a woman named Emma.

Hedden began his diary in Centreville, Virginia, on October 1, 1862, and stated his intention to maintain an account of his time in the Union Army. He wrote regularly for the next several days, and afterward composed entries sporadically until July 28, 1863, just before the completion of his military service. The diary includes entries from Chantilly, Virginia; Washington Creek, Virginia; Farmington, Ohio; Potomac Station, Virginia; Washington, D. C.; and other locations. Hedden commented on aspects of military and camp life, such as food, accommodations, and his relationships with other soldiers (including his brother Robert, an officer). On multiple occasions, Hedden mentioned rumors or news respecting the war, movements of the Union and Confederate armies, and his thoughts on political matters. He spent several days on furlough in late October 1862, and wrote a brief account of his travels through Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Ohio, as he made his way to his home in Farmington, Ohio. Daniel Hedden also wrote about his feelings for a woman named Emma, though he later broke off the relationship.

In his first entry, Hedden reported seeing a group of four slaves and two white children pretending to skirmish, reflected on the institution of slavery, and considered the role of the war in the "death struggle" over slavery (pages 6-8, October 1, 1862). He also related an incident of a soldier who sustained a concussion in an accident and suffered memory loss (pages 53-54, January 7, 1863).

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Centreville (Va.)
    • Chantilly (Va.)
    • Farmington (Ohio : Township)
    • Soldiers--Ohio.
    • United States. Army--Leaves and furloughs.
    • United States. Army--Military life.
    • United States. Army. Ohio Cavalry Regiment, 6th (1861-1865)
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • Washington (D.C.)
    Genre Terms:
    • Diaries.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Volume   1  
    Daniel E. Hedden diary,  October 1, 1862-July 28, 1863 [series]: