Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
George Bomford Collection, 1821-1822

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, January 2012

Summary Information
Title: George Bomford collection
Creator: Baden, Nehemiah
Inclusive dates: 1821-1822
Extent: 5 items
Abstract:
This collection consists of five letters George Bomford wrote to Lieutenant Nehemiah Baden and Captain Jos. H. Rees in 1821 and 1822 regarding ordnance for United States Army arsenals in Virginia, Maryland, and Connecticut.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

2000. M-4106.2.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

George Bomford collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically.


Biography

George Bomford was born in New York City around 1782, the son of a military officer, and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1805. Initially an engineer, he rose to the rank of captain while serving along the Atlantic coast and developed an expertise in ordnance, which led to his invention of the Columbiad cannon and to an appointment in the Office of Ordnance in 1815. Promoted to lieutenant colonel, he oversaw the operations of the country's arsenals, and in 1832 he became chief of ordnance, a position he held until 1842. In addition to his official duties, he invented the versatile Columbiad cannon, used against Great Britain in the War of 1812. He died in Boston in 1848. He and his first wife, Louisa Sophia Catton, had at least three children; he later married Clara Baldwin, with whom he had three children.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of five letters George Bomford wrote to Lieutenant Nehemiah Baden and Captain Jos. H. Rees in 1821 and 1822 regarding ordnance for United States Army arsenals in Virginia, Maryland, and Connecticut. Four letters to Baden reflect the affairs of arsenals near Richmond, Virginia, and Baltimore, Maryland, including the appointment of a sutler for the Virginia arsenal (June 30, 1821) and the Ordnance Department's request for the Baltimore aresenal's estimated expenditures (November 2, 1821). Bomford also shared his expectation that appropriations would decrease (April 22, 1822) and mentioned a proposed delivery of gunstocks to Hartford, Connecticut (August 7, 1822). In one letter to Captain Jos. H. Rees "of the U.S. ordnance," Bomford discussed vacancies within the Ordnance Department, as well as the production of rockets; he included a diagram of a rocket guiding stick, complete with detailed measurements (undated).

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Arsenals--Maryland.
    • Arsenals--Connecticut.
    • Arsenals--Virginia.
    • United States. Army--Appropriations and expenditures.
    • United States. Army--Ordnance and ordnance stores.
    • United States. Army. Ordnance Dept.
    Subjects - Visual Materials:
    • Rocket launchers (Ordnance)--Design and construction.
    Contributors:
    • Bomford, George, 1782-1848.
    Genre Terms:
    • Letters (correspondence)
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Box   48, Small Collections  
    George Bomford collection [series]:
    Folder   35  
      June 30, 1821-August 7, 1822
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The Clements Library's Manuscripts Division holds additional material related to George Bomford, including the following collections:

    Bibliography

    Mahon, John K. "Bomford, George." American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press, 2000. DOI 03-00045.

    Peterson, Nancy Simons. "Guarded Pasts: The Lives and Offspring of Colonel George and Clara (Baldwin) Bomford." National Genealogical Society Quarterly 86 (December 1998): 283-305.