William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
John N. Dickie Diaries, 1863-1865
James S. Schoff Civil War CollectionFinding aid created by
R. C. Bates and Philip Heslip, September 2009
John N. Dickie diaries
Dickie, John N., b. ca. 1843
The John N. Dickie diaries are two volumes of a series of diaries kept by a young traveling lecturer and a soldier who served in in the Ohio 25th Infantry, Co. G, in 1863, and in the United States Navy in 1865.
Language: The material is in English
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
1999, 2003. M-4048, M-4301.
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.
John N. Dickie diaries, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
John N. Dickie was born c. 1843 in Sunbury, Ohio. His father was a clergyman. He enlisted as a private in the Ohio 25th Infantry, Co. G, in July of 1861. He was transferred to the Ohio 75th Volunteer Infantry, Co. C, in January 1864. He mustered out on July 16, 1864, on the expiration of his term of service and returned home to Ohio, before setting out on a career in public lecturing (topic not disclosed). However, he failed to attract many listeners and fell into debt. He returned home and tried to sell books. With few other options, he sought re-enlistment in Army, Navy, or United States service. The Navy accepted him and placed him on a gunboat on the Mississippi River.
Collection Scope and Content Note
This collection holds two volumes of a series of diaries kept by John N. Dickie, a young traveling lecturer and a soldier who served in the Ohio 25th Infantry, Co. G, in 1863, and in the United States Navy in 1865.
During most of the first diary (July 1863-January 1864), Dickie was home on sick leave, though the illness or wound was not described. He was active socially, finding that the role of recovering soldier attracted girls. In September, he was recalled, and rejoined his unit. On November 2, they were billeted in the Soldiers Home in Washington, after which he then went to an exchange camp in Alexandria and was sent by train to New York City on the 9th. There, he explored the city, including a visit to Barnum’s Museum. His company boarded ship on November 20, 1863, and arrived first at Hilton Head and then at Folly Island, South Carolina, where he camped on a sandy beach and stood guard. The soldiers had a "Buckeye Society," which held a debate on the topic "Was the South justified?" Thirteen of the company signed up for re-enlistment, but he refused, “unless they offer me five thousand dollars in bounty.” He noted that Christmas dinner, in 1863, was salt beef and very good. He did not describe any battles, but he mentioned being in Strasburg, Virginia, and at the Stafford Courthouse in 1863.
The missing sixth diary, covering the first eight months of 1864, likely described his last months in the army and his return to civilian life. The seventh diary opens on August 8, 1865, when Dickie was in Granville, Ohio, where he had been since the beginning of August. He wrote about painting a house in Sunbury, visiting his parents, courting girls, playing a melodeon, and taking courses in logic and rhetoric, for which he paid six dollars a month in tuition.
In November, Dickie prepared a lecture and set out to Utica to start his career. Though bills advertising his appearance were posted and a hall was secured, only three people attended the talk because of bad weather. He then proceeded to tour Cincinnati, Fredericktown, Granville, London, South Charleston, Cedarville, and Xenia. He was required to heat and light the halls, but since no one attended his talks, these expenses eroded his small savings. Discouraged, he wrote on December 15, "I know I have the genius but no one will appreciate me."
On January 1, 1865, Dickie had to pawn his watch in Milford and to return to Columbus for two weeks. With only 40 cents to his name, he loaded up with books and set out to sell them door to door, following his previous route toward Cincinnati. Arriving there penniless, he was ashamed to tell his parents of his failure. After calling on all the government recruiting offices there, he was accepted for a two-year appointment in the Navy and assigned to the U.S.S. Grampus . By March 28, he had arrived at Vicksburg. Because of his talents in writing and music, he received assignments to copy log books and to play the fife at military ceremonies. On April 6, he recorded that the crew fired 21 guns to honor the taking of Richmond. In the last entry, April 9, 1865, he wrote that he was headed to Natchez, Mississippi.
Dickie followed the practice of recording the weather at the beginning of each entry. Each account is short (4-5 lines) and most describe his main daily activity and with whom he had spent time at night. He often commented on the handsomeness of the girls he met. Portions of the seventh diary from September to October 30, 1864, and March 1865 have faded and are illegible.
- Booksellers and bookselling--Ohio.
- Grampus (Schooner)
- Granville (Ohio)
- Gunboats--Mississippi River Valley--History--19th century.
- Lectures and lecturing--Ohio.
- Mississippi River--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
- New York (N.Y.)--Description and travel.
- Ohio--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.
- United States--Armed Forces--Recruiting, enlistment, etc.--Civil War, 1861-1865.
- United States. Army--Recruiting, enlistment, etc.--Civil War, 1861-1865.
- United States. Army. Ohio Infantry Regiment, 25th (1861-1866)
- United States. Army. Ohio Infantry Regiment, 75th (1861-1865)
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Military life.
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Societies.
| Container / Location
John N. Dickie diaries, 1863-1865 [series]:
July 1863-January 1864
August 1864-April 1865