William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
Finding aid created by
Finding Aid for Newfoundland Office of Ordnance Record, 1790-1791
Shannon Wait, April 2010
Newfoundland Office of Ordnance record
Newfoundland Office of Ordnance
The Newfoundland Office of Ordnance record contains receipts and inventories of equipment for 1790-1791 in St. John's, Newfoundland.
The material is in English
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.
Newfoundland Office of Ordnance Record, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
The British first explored Newfoundland in 1497, when John Cabot claimed it for the Tudor monarchy, but did not settle a significant population there until the late-18th century. Before 1760, only a few small planned communities and groups of seasonal fishermen populated the island, and even as the population grew and settlements became more permanent, fishing retained its supreme importance for Newfoundland's inhabitants. During the late-18th century, Newfoundland was governed by a naval governor and district magistrates. The Office of Ordnance guarded and distributed the government's military supplies, most of which had to be imported from England.
Collection Scope and Content Note
The Newfoundland Office of Ordnance record contains 61 items bound into a single volume, documenting the activity of the office in 1790-1791. Fifty-seven of the items are receipts for materials issued by Robert Bollard, the ordnance storekeeper, to various recipients, according to the orders of Capt. Thomas Skinner. Beginning in 1790, Skinner was chief engineer at Newfoundland, and thus responsible for maintaining Newfoundland's fortifications and military works. These receipts document the transfer of such supplies as turpentine, gunpowder, shovels, muskets, paint, linseed oil, and sledgehammers.
Three documents in the volume are inventories of supplies needed for ordnance stores, and an additional document is entitled "Counterpart of a Bill of Lading of Stores of the Maria," which records the supplies ordered by Bollard for the ordnance store.
- Great Britain. Army--Royal Newfoundland Regiment.
- Great Britain. Board of Ornance--History.
- Military Supplies.
- Newfoundland and Labrador--History.
Additional Descriptive Data
The Map Division holds many maps of Newfoundland dating to the late- 18th and early-19th centuries.