William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
James A. Lord Journal, 1862-1863
James S. Schoff Civil War CollectionFinding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, February 1998
James A. Lord journal
Lord, James A.
While a member of Co. H of the nine-months' 26th Connecticut Infantry Regiment, James Lord carefully recorded his experiences in two small pocket diaries, including the assaults on Port Hudson, sharpshooting, and insubordination.
Language: The material is in English.
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open to research.
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James A. Lord journal, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
Lord, James A.
Rank : Private
Regiment : 26th Connecticut Infantry Regiment. Co. H (1862-1863)
Service : 1862 September 1-1863 August 17
As a member of Co. H of the nine-months' 26th Connecticut Infantry Regiment, James A. Lord left his wife and home in December, 1862, bound for Louisiana. Despite his apparent motivation to serve his country, Lord kept his eyes and mind open toward the south. Although predisposed to see slavery on principle as an "evil in the eyes of a free loving community," he rejected abolitionism, arguing that emancipation was progressing too rapidly. Impressed with the fine appearance of Louisiana plantations, he watched as seemingly happy slaves worked the fields, and drew a distinct contrast with labor in New England. Northern workers, he felt, must "take an interest in their work on account of competition in labor[,] whilst the slave in the South has nothing nor cares for nothing further than come day, go day, the Lord send holiday" (1862 December 16). Slaves in Louisiana were satisfied enough to identify with their masters, according to Lord, and rhetorically, he questioned whether the desire for abolition could ever justify the breach of national peace, security, and unity.
During the early months of 1863, the 26th Connecticut were posted near New Orleans, close enough for Lord to visit the city. While the countryside was engulfed in war, Lord sat in camp or visited the theater in New Orleans, serving his time in ease. But on May 21, with the end of their nine months in sight, they were ordered into action. Green troops or not, they were moved into positions in the rear of Port Hudson, and less than a week after arriving there, their brigade (1, 2, XIX under Neal Dow) lurched into the first, futile assault of May 27. The blood and ragged confusion of that day left Lord dazed and his company emotionally and physically battered. "All I could see," he wrote, "was a large confused mass of people led in to a field to be slaughtered... All I could compare it to is like fighting a hornets nest buz buz round our legs heads and arms." The list of wounded ran the ranks from privates to the colonel to General Dow himself.
Falling back into their own defenses, the federal army began a game of attrition, fighting disease and heat and the deadly hail of a well-entrenched and motivated defender. Lord's frustration at the army's failures and at being exposed to constant fire boiled over in verbal assaults on the sick -- or, as he and his friends suspected, the malingerers -- and in his own open act of insubordination. Ordered by his colonel to perform duty three times successively, Lord finally refused, and when grabbed about the collar and shaken, Lord grabbed the colonel's pants with a "delicate hold of the flesh," so that every time the colonel shook Lord, Lord shook the colonel. Not surprisingly, Lord was arrested, but not chagrined: after all, he said, while under arrest he was "subject to no detail and quite at my ease" (1863 June 13). By virtue of his arrest, he even avoided having to volunteer for a foray at the front of the ranks, watching instead from a safe distance as his fellow soldiers were cut up by fire. One day later, though, dire need forced the colonel to allow Lord to return to the ranks to take part in the major assault. After coolly maneuvering under heavy fire all day, Lord was exposed to view by the raking light of the setting sun, and was struck by a shot from Confederate lines, shattering his finger. Taken to hospital, he was placed under chloroform and had his finger amputated above the second joint.
Lord lay in hospital in Baton Rouge until July 16, missing the final capitulation of Port Hudson. When reunited with his company, he could see the toll: strewn all about were shells and spent ammunition, and his fellow soldiers were languishing, wasted with disease, "some of them worn to nothing but mere skeletons, laying about, here and there" (1863 July 16). Within a day of arriving in the "pestellential hole", Lord began to suffer intensely from the heat and -- probably -- the disease that swept through his company, but by then, orders had been received to return home. Departure did not stanch the loss to disease, and as they left Port Hudson, they marked their way home with a trail of graves.
Collection Scope and Content Note
While a member of Co. H of the nine-months' 26th Connecticut Infantry Regiment, James A. Lord carefully recorded his experiences in two small pocket diaries, which together cover the entire period from the date of volunteering to the date he was reunited with his family. Lord was involved in only a single campaign, but a grueling and costly one, Port Hudson.
Having apparently received a strong education, Lord's writing displays a clarity lacking in many Civil War diaries, and is straightforward and engaging, if not quite eloquent. While the entries are usually brief, when the siege heats up, Lord lavishes greater attention and does not stint on the details. His accounts of each of the three major assaults at Port Hudson (May 27, June 13-14) are excellent, the last, when he was wounded, being truly outstanding. Equally worthwhile are his account of sharpshooting amid crawling rebels and heavy fire, afraid to shoot lest he reveal his position (May 31), and his version of defying his colonel's orders and the consequences that resulted is humorous and highly unusual.
Lord's original diaries were transcribed, probably in the 1960s of 1970s, and a penciled notation on the typescript indicates that the location of the originals has since been lost.
- Port Hudson (La.)--Description and travel.
- Port Hudson (La.)--History--Siege, 1863.
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Hospitals.
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Medical care.
- Wounded soldiers.
| Container / Location
|Box F9.5 Schoff Civil War Diaries & Journals
James A. Lord journal (typescript), 1862 September 01-1863 August 08 [series]:
Additional Descriptive Data
Amicicide (Military Science)Burials.Cowardice.Funeral rites and ceremonies.Hunting.Illinois--Description and travel.Insubordination.Lice.Louisiana--Description and travel.
Marches--Louisiana.New Orleans (La.)--Description and travel.Plantations--Louisiana.
- 1862 December 16
- 1863 July 27
Port Hudson (La.)--Description and travel.Port Hudson (La.)--History--Siege, 1863.
- 1862 December 16
- 1863 May 21
Punishment.Sharpshooters.Slaves--Louisiana.Stealing.Steamboat travel--Mississippi River.
- 1863 May 21-14
- 1863 July 10, 12
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Health aspects.United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Hospitals.
- 1863 July 29-1863 August 3
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Medical care.
- 1863 June 15-19
- 1863 July 8, 14
United States. Army--Cooks.Wounded soldiers.
- 1863 June 14-18, 21
- 1863 August 1