Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Carl F. Eichenlaub Papers, 1944-1955

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, April 2012

Summary Information
Title: Carl F. Eichenlaub papers
Creator: Eichenlaub, Carl F., 1914-1992 and Eichenlaub, Rosamonde U. Snook, d. 1991
Inclusive dates: 1944-1955
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Abstract:
This collection contains letters related to Carl F. Eichenlaub, who served in the Philippine Islands during the Second World War and continued to correspond with acquaintances there until the mid-1950s. The collection includes letters he sent to Rosamonde Snook, his future wife, during his time in the army, as well as letters he received in the decade after the war from Filipino acquaintances, who described local politics, education, and daily life in the postwar era.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1997-2003. M-3384; M-3386.2; M-4261.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Carl F. Eichenlaub papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically.


Biography

Carl F. Eichenlaub was born on October 1, 1913, and lived in East Syracuse, New York; he had at least one brother, William. During World War II, he served as a corporal with the 716th Tank Battalion's service company in the Philippine Islands, and he continued to correspond with local people throughout the decade following the war. He married Rosamonde U. Snook ("Rose") in the late 1940s, and they had at least one son, Jesse, who lived in Rochester, New York. Carl was a social worker for the Syracuse Housing Authority and served as a supervisor for the Veterans Division of the American Red Cross, and Rose worked for the Benedict Manufacturing Company and the Bristol-Myers Company. Rose died on February 6, 1991, and Carl died on May 24, 1992.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This collection contains letters related to Carl F. Eichenlaub, a native of East Syracuse, New York, who served in the Pacific Theater during the Second World War. He wrote 9 letters to his future wife, Rosamonde U. Snook ("Rose"), between September 23, 1944, and November 22, 1945, while stationed in the Philippine Islands. He described his experiences with the service company of the 716th Tank Battalion as well as the local scenery, weather, and insects. Though soldiers were banned from interacting with the native population, Carl also discussed local customs and the Pidgin English used in conversations (September 23, 1944). Additionally, he responded to news from home and mentioned his leisure activities, which included viewing movies and listening to music. In one letter, he provided a list of some of his favorite songs (May 16, 1945), and in another he drew a diagram of the constellation Orion, though he could not see much of the night sky (November 22, 1945). On October 3, 1945, he wrote about a ceremony honoring numerous soldiers with the Purple Heart, though he disparaged those who he felt had not truly deserved the award.

Between July 28, 1945, and November 27, 1955, Carl and Rose Eichenlaub received 27 letters from Filipinos that Carl had met; his acquaintances initially addressed their letters solely to him, but included Rose after 1950. A number of male and female correspondents, many of whom knew each other, discussed postwar life in the Philippines. Sisters Marcelina and Marina Bambalan, as well as Aurora Ocampo, all students in the Pangasinan province on the island of Luzon, wrote of their educational experiences and social lives, including some reminiscences of encounters with Eichenlaub and other American soldiers. In addition to commenting on postwar rebuilding, destruction, and other effects of the war, they asked Eichenlaub to purchase books or other items. Ricardo V. Ferrando, who lived in the Mintal area of Davao City on the island of Mindanao, focused primarily on reconstruction efforts, labor, and politics in his letters. Other early correspondents included Louis Awatin, who worked for the Everett Steamship Corporation.

Siblings Susan, Alvaro, and Dolores Penoria wrote the majority of the later letters, along with Susan's coworker, Enriqueta de Papillore. These letters, sent from the Misamis Oriental province on the island of Camiguin, concern the economic and daily living conditions in the decade following the war. Susan discussed various aspects of her teaching career and commented on several problems that residents of the Philippine Islands faced throughout the late 1940s and early 1950s, including economic hardship and her skepticism regarding the government. Other letters contain information about the destruction caused by eruptions of Mt. Hibok-Hibok on September 1, 1948; on December 4, 1951; and in March 1952. Throughout the decade, Carl and Rose Eichenlaub sent books, cloth, and other items to their Filipino friends, including some material for a dress diagrammed in Susan Penoria's letter of June 26, 1950.

Several letters include photographs, often portraying the authors in formal dress or with their families. One photograph depicts several children killed by the eruption of Mt. Hibok-Hibok on December 4, 1951.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Davao City (Philippines)
    • East Syracuse (N.Y.)
    • Misamis Oriental (Philippines)
    • Pangasinan (Philippines)
    • Philippines--Description and travel.
    • Philippines--History--1946-1986.
    • Philippines--Politics and government--1946-1973.
    • Philippines--Social life and customs.
    • United States. Army--Military life.
    • United States. Army. Tank Battalion, 716th.
    • Volcanic eruptions--Philippines.
    • Women--Education--Philippines.
    • Women teachers--Philippines.
    • World War, 1939-1945--Philippines.
    Subjects - Visual Materials:
    • Families--Philippines.
    • Orion (Constellation)
    Contributors:
    • Awatin, Louis.
    • Bambalan, Marcelina.
    • Bambalan, Marina.
    • Ferrando, Ricardo V.
    • Ocampo, Aurora.
    • Papillore, Enriqueta de.
    • Penoria, Alvaro.
    • Penoria, Susan.
    • Penoria de Ariata, Dolores.
    Genre Terms:
    • Letters (correspondence)
    • Photographs.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Correspondence [series]:
    Box   1 Folders   1-7
      September 23, 1944-November 27, 1955
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Bibliography

    "Carl F. Eichenlaub." The Post-Standard (Syracuse, New York) 27 May 1992: B4.

    "Rosamonde U. Eichenlaub." The Post-Standard (Syracuse, New York) 8 February 1991: B4.