Joseph Woory account 1666
In 1663, Charles II gave large land grants in what is now North and South Carolina to eight men who had supported his restoration to the throne in 1660. Almost immediately, William Hilton was sent by the proprietors to explore the area. His favorable reports attracted emigrants from New England, who arrived at the end of 1663 to form a small English settlement in what is now North Carolina on the west bank of the Charles River (later named Clarendon River, now Cape Fear River), about 20 miles upstream. The colonists did not like the location, and abandoned it after a few months. In May 1664, John Vassall settled the area with a second English group, this time from Barbados, but the proprietors encouraged the settlers to explore more territory to the south in order to find a better place for a permanent settlement. Lt. Col. Robert Sandford was chosen to command the expedition of 2 small vessels, the Speedwell and the Rebecca . They set out for the southern coast on June 16, 1666, and returned on July 12, a month later. Though the settlers remained at Charles Town until 1667, lack of supplies and hostilities with the Indians led to eventual abandonment of the tiny colony.