United States Presidents collection, 1778-1992 [series]
1778 May 22. [John Adams] and [Benjamin Franklin] Df to Council and House of Representatives of Massachusetts; Passi.
Regarding Joseph Parker's ownership of a vessel that has been "in the Custody of the Public" since 1775 according to their orders. Assures them of Parker's longstanding friendship with America and his reputable character. Notes the financial difficulty it has caused him and discusses wartime practices and protections concerning enemy property. Includes a signed note by Joseph Parker, attesting to the document's authorship by Adams and Franklin.
1784 November 3. John Adams Cy; Anteieul, [France].
Dr. Franklin forwarded letters to Adams and Thomas Jefferson from the Comte de Vergennes and Mr. Grand concerning payment of interest on a loan made by the King in Holland for the United States. Concerned that Governeur Morris intends to call upon bankers in Amsterdam to pay the interest. Does not believe Franklin will receive relief from the French court on account of their expectation of entering into war in the Low Countries. Notes the need for treaties with the Barbary powers to ensure continued American commerce in the Mediterranean. Reflects on the difficult choices to be made to pay debts, receive loans, and maintain American credit.
1785 November 15. Th[omas] Jefferson Partially printed DS to John Lamb; Paris, [France].
French passport granted by Jefferson, as minister plenipotentiary, to John Lamb and his servant.
1818 February 11; 1834 July 15. James Madison ANS to [Robert Mallory?]; and [Dolley Madison] LS to [John G.] Chapman; Montpelier, [Virginia].
Two documents mounted together. In the first, James Madison declines his appointment to the Board of Public Works. The second document sends J[ames] Madison's respects to Mr. Chapman for the engravings he sent, noting Dolley Madison's pleasure with the likeness.
1824 September 11. James Madison ALS to [Augustus B.] Woodward; Montpelier, [Virginia].
Comments on Woodward's proposal for a "standard of measures and weights" and the "observations 'addressed to the individual citizen.'" Clarifies that George Mason, not Thomas Jefferson, contributed substantially to Virginia's constitution and declaration of rights. Mentions Jefferson's additions to Notes on Virginia. "Your love of truth will excuse this little tribute to it, or rather would not excuse its omission."
1830 September 6. James Madison ALS to [Thomas W.] Gilmer; Montpelier, [Virginia].
Writes concerning Gilmer's support of public education, emphasizing Jefferson, Wythe, and Pendelton's work on a bill from 1776-1779 for the "diffusion of knowledge." Expects the next session of legislature to take up the question of primary schools. Suggests the laws of New England, New York, and Pennsylvania May offer guidance. Reflects on the difficulties southern states face in regards to education due to "the character of their population, and the want of density in the free part of it." Does not feel equipped to offer substantive assistance. Agrees that the University should take an interest in primary schools.
1810 August 6. Ja[me]s Monroe ALS to John Mason; Albemarle, near Milton, [Virginia].
Discusses personal financial matters and debts and his intention to pay them. Notes his intent to sell some property in Loudoun.
1811 July 24. Ja[me]s Monroe ALS to John Mason; Washington, [D.C.].
Wishes to retain and improve his property in Loudoun, in the hopes of garnering more profit when he does sell. Discusses getting additional loans and comments on his properties in Loudoun and Albemarle, along with slaves.
1812 October 15. Ja[me]s Monroe ALS to [John Mason]?; Washington, [D.C.].
Received an account of the sale of his wheat. Comments on personal finances. Enclosing a signed paper that Mason May fill in as needed to deal with any unexpected difficulties [not present].
1812 October 20. Ja[me]s Monroe ALS to John Mason; Washington, [D.C.].
Financial matters. Enclosing notes in order to redeem his note in Mason's bank. Was unaware he had recently overdrawn his account. Promises to replace the funds upon delivery of his wheat in Richmond. Includes a note, likely from Mason, confirming his reply to Monroe, the receipt of the notes, and applying them to his account.
1817 April 29. John Quincy Adams ALS to G. A. Thompson; [London, England].
Discusses the exchange of books, maps, and atlases.
1816 February 24. Andrew Jackson ALS to Donelson Caffery; Hermitage, [Davidson County, Tennessee].
Occupied with business. Intended to travel to New Orleans and Mobile but was prevented by "an Epidemic that has raged, with allmost unparroleled fury, sweeping before it whole families; which has shown itself in mine." Hopes to meet with Caffery on his journey or at New Orleans, where Jackson will be repairing fortifications and selecting sites for new ones. Includes news of Caffery's family and local land affairs.
1832 March 22. A[ndrew] J[ackson] AMsS; s.l.
Manuscript note concerning a candle presented to Andrew Jackson by Colonel Nicholas. "candle taken at the surrender of Cornwallis distributed by Genl Washington among all the officers, with a request that they be used on every 19th of October." Nicholas wishes Jackson to light the candle every 8th of January, likely in commemoration of the Battle of New Orleans, hoping "that it May last until the constitution & the administration under it be restored to its original [illegible] & understanding." Includes a note signed with Andrew Jackson's initials, "candle taken at the capture of Genl Cornwallis-with its history, to be preserved with care."
1835 December 1. A[ndrew] J[ackson] Donelson Partially printed DS to Jonas Wolf; Washington, [D.C.].
Certificate granting Jonas Wolf, "of Saint Joseph County Michigan Territory," land at Bronson, Michigan in accordance with the April 24, 1820, "Act making further provision for the sale of Public Lands." Includes secretarial signature for Andrew Jackson. Signed by Ethan A[llen] Brown, Commissioner of the General Land Office.
1844 June 6. Andrew Jackson ALS to G. May; Hermitage, [Davidson County, Tennessee].
Concerning land purchased along the Mississippi River in Mississippi. May wants Jackson's guarantee on payments, and Jackson agrees to act as security.
ca. 1841. AMs; s.l.
Handmade booklet bound with a black ribbon, "Eulogy on Harrison." Recounts some of Benjamin Henry Harrison's life, military and political career, and character. "He received his training amid the horrors of border warfare in difficulties with the rude settler But as he rose from Station to station he became more and more the very shield of the Western states." Mentions the impact of frontier warfare on settlers and the nation grieving at his death.
1846 December 8. Z[achary] Taylor LS to [Henry J.] Rogers and [Furman] Black; H[ea]d Quarters, Army of Occupation, Camp near Monterey, Mex[ic]o.
Ackowledges receipt of their signal book. Approves of their system but is unable to implement it as 'the Army is in that condition of severe field service." Promises to forward the book to "the scientific gentlemen of the Army."
1848 January 26. Z[achary] Taylor ALS to I[saac] S. Lyon; Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Comments on Lyon's work on establishing a monument to George Washington. Reflects on Washington's character and the need to celebrate his memory. Lyons addressed him with the hope of getting his autogroph "to deposit it with those of other great men of our country." Accompanied by clipped images of a portrait of Zachary Taylor and his tomb.
1849 May 14. Millard Fillmore ALS to John O. Sergeant [Sargent]; Buffalo, [New York].
Explains the delay in his correspondence. Approves of the plan for a new paper in Washington, especially a "truly national paper; for the North as well as the south." Does not personally know Mr. Brellet but has a high opinion of his editorship. Comments on other newspapers and his hope that they will avoid "jealousy and faction."
1849 June 22. Millard Fillmore ALS to P[hilo] C[ase] Fuller; Buffalo, [New York].
Did not receive Fuller's letter, addressed to him at Washington, and refers him to someone to aid him on the matter. Mentions Fuller's concern with Mr. Schermerhorn. Worries that the Quakers will "exercise a controlling influence in this appointment." Notes people's "unimpaired confidence in General Taylor," but is concerned he has given so much power to his cabinet over appointments.
1852 March 10. Alex[ande]r McCormick Partially printed DS to John Na-kwa-ki-jig; Washington, [D.C.].
Certificate granting John Na-kwa-ki-jig, "of Little Traverse Bay, Michigan," land being sold at Ionia, Michigan in accordance with the April 24, 1820, "Act making further provision for the sale of Public Lands." Includes secretarial signature for Millard Fillmore.
1860 December 6. Franklin Pierce ALS to T[homas] H. Seymour; Concord, [New Hampshire].
Comments on current political affairs and his disappointment over current radicalism. "The frame work of this Democratic Government… is today shattered, broken, in my belief, destroyed and worse than all, by the most extraordinary fanaticism and madness on the part of people inhabiting the region upon which we first opened our eyes..." Reflects on their service in Vera Cruz during the Mexican-American War and their shared opinions about the dissolution of the Union.
1852 April 12. James Buchanan ALS to C. L. Ward; Wheatland, near Lancaster, [Pennsylvania].
Grateful for the work Ward performed for him in Albany. Inquires after the letter he sent regarding Wise and the Virginia Convention. Reflects on the unlikelihood of Cass being nominated but his surprise in Cass's political strength. Comments on various states and whether he will be able to pull them, likely in reference to the Democratic presidential nomination. "The present prospects are bright; but I am too old a political navigator to rely with much confidence on fair weather."
1860 February 3. Newspaper The Constitution (vol. 1, no. 251); Washington, [D.C.].
Includes signature, "Hon. A. Johnson," possibly Andrew Johnson, on page 1. Has a manuscript note on page 2, "Presidents veto of the bill making an appropriation for the St. Clair flats," along with notations marking the article "The President's Veto Message." The message was from James Buchanan, February 1, 1860.
1885 February 7; 1885 March 2. U[lysses] S. Grant DS to Adam Badeau; New York City, [New York].
Agreement with Badeau about amount Grant will owe Badeau to use maps he had prepared, the assistance he will render for Grant's book, and the competition it will pose to Badeau's earlier work on Grant's campaigns. Includes a signed acknowledgement by Badeau for $250 received on March 2, 1885.
1877 [October] 9. R[utherford] B. Hayes ALS to [Will H. Lowdermilk]; Washington, [D.C.].
Praises Lowdermilk's work on local history, likely in reference to The History of Cumberland, Maryland. Asks about particular stories included. Notes his military experiences in the region during the Civil War.
[ca. September 1881?] Manuscript eulogy for James A. Garfield
Manuscript eulogy for President James A. Garfield (1831-1881). Notes national mourning, Garfield's character, and how beloved he was. Briefly references Garfield's assassin. "Stricken down, causelessly, by caitiff hand, in the very zenith of his glory." Written on stationery featuring elaborate typescript, "Post Office."
1881 October 14. [Chester A. Arthur]? and James G. Blaine Partially printed DS to Mark S. Brewer; Washington, [D.C.].
Appointment of Mark S. Brewer, of Michigan, to Consul General of the U.S. in Berlin.
1876 February 8. Benj[ami]n Harrison ALS to E[zra] A[yers] Carman; Indianapolis, Indiana.
Providing Carman with information on his Civil War experiences to aid in his work. Details the history of the 70th Regiment Indiana Volunteers and the 20th Corps, including field and staff officers, engagements, and statistics. "I hope you will vindicate our brave, skillful and beloved corps commander from the slanderous allusion in Genl. Sherman's Book." Harrison acknowledges that much of the information was "prepared by Maj. Scott. I have added but little."
1876 April 7. Benj[ami]n Harrison ALS to E[zra] A[yers] Carman; Indianapolis, Indiana.
Gives additional details of his regiment's Civil War history, particulary the battle at New Hope Church, Georgia.
1909 March 20. W[illia]m H. Taft; P[hilander] C[hase] Knox TDS to Fenton R. McCreery; Washington, [D.C.].
Typed document appointing Fenton R. McCreery Minister Resident and Consul General of the U.S. to the Dominican Republic. Grants McCreery authority to treat with Dominican officials to "conclude and sign a Treaty for the mutual extradition of criminals." Seal of the United Staets is affixed to the paper, which also includes a Department of State watermark.
1909 June 7. W[illia]m H. Taft TLS to H[enry] B[each] Needham; Washington, [D.C.].
Writes concerning Soliciter General [Lloyd] Bowers' report on whiskey. Distillers will be filing exceptions to the opinion, so Taft must wait to act on the report until after the hearing. Typed on White House stationery.
1909 June 12. W[illia]m H. Taft TLS to Henry Beach Needham; Washington, [D.C.].
Comments on Soliciter General [Lloyd] Bowers' decision on whiskey, believing it "a victory for [Harvey] Wiley and his supporters rather than a victory for the neutral spirits men." Will hold a hearing to hear arguments regarding Bowers' opinion. Typed on White House stationery.
1909 November 15. W[illia]m H. Taft TLS to Henry Beach Needham; Washington, [D.C.].
Typed on White House stationery. Approves of Needham's article. Will be taking up the "whisky business at once. I think I have a solution to it that is right, is just, and will be effective; but we shall see."
1911 June 19. [William H. Taft] and [Helen Herron] Taft Partially printed Doc. to Medical Director and Mrs. Taylor; [Washington, D. C.].
Invitation to the Taft's silver wedding anniversary.
1911 July 18. Woodrow Wilson TL [stamped signature?] to Henry Beach Needham; [Trenton?], New Jersey.
Sends thanks for Needham's letter. "That I should have won your confidence and support puts me in heart." Typed on State of New Jersey Executive Department stationery.
1911 August 24. Woodrow Wilson TLS to Henry Beach Needham; Sea Girt, New Jersey.
Explains why he has been declining interviews. Would like to see Needham again but must remain impartial.
[Undated]. W[oodrow] W[ilson] ANS to Henry Beach Needham; s.l.
Will send corrections to Needham's document shortly. Written at the end of a partial signed typed letter from Henry Beach Needham asking for Woodrow Wilson's revisions to appease his publisher.
1920 July 15. W[arren] G. Harding TLS to H. Homer Knowles; Washington, D.C.
Sends thanks for Knowles' letter enclosing items from the Potter's Herald . Would like to meet him if he comes to Marion, Ohio. Is busy preparing his acceptance speech. Typed on U.S. Senate stationery.
1924 April 19. Calvin Coolidge TLS to George A. Rich; Washington, [D.C.].
Sends thanks for Rich's telegram. "I especially appreciate your use of the word 'neighbors' as applied to the people of the whole State." Typed on White House stationery.
1923 November 23. Herbert Hoover TLS and 7 TNs to Wilson W. Mills; Washington, [D.C.].
(8 pages [total])
Sends thanks for Mills' letter. "It is my impression that some better understanding will need to be gained by one of your Senators and I should think it would be desirable for him to know how the people of Detroit feel about it." Typed on White House stationery. Includes seven typed memos by Wilson W. Mills from November 23, 1931, to June 4, 1945, refering to letters sent from Herbert Hoover also included in this collection. Includes a memo in reference to the letter, identifying the issue as the creation of Federal Home Loan Banks and the Senator as James Couzens.
1933 May 5. Herbert Hoover TLS to Wilson W. Mills; [Stanford, California].
Encourages Mills to pursue his intended course of action. Suggests he investigate the White House log. "It contains many side lights on the activites you mention as to the Senior Senator." Reflects on the "breakdown in public confidence," which devolved "into panic." Believes that inflation is a poor choice. "...I know what a great injustice was done in Detroit." One of Wilson W. Mills' memos identifies the senator as James Couzens and the "injustice" as "the closing of the Detroit Banks."
1934 Februiary 17. Herbert Hoover TLS to Wilson W. Mills; s.l.
Has not seen the publication of the letter Mills noted. "I presume the truth eventually prevails in this world, but it is certainly slow action at times…" One of Wilson W. Mills' memos refers to this letter.
1934 August 10. Herbert Hoover TLS to Wilson W. Mills; s.l.
Thankful for Mills' greetings. "I have thought of you very often in the present persecution. It makes my blood boil, but that doesn't raise the temperature for anybody else."
1936 May 7. Herbert Hoover TLS to Wilson W. Mills; s.l.
Praying for Governor Bruckner and offers help. Mentions a political contest between himself and Hearst in California. "Governor Landon flet that he could not accept my advice to avoid this situation." One of Mills' memos identifies the reference to Bruckner as his announcement of his run for Senate against James Couzens.
1938 July 15. Herbert Hoover TLS to Wilson W. Mills; s.l.
Believes "a very important and sensational article could now be written" on the subject of Mills' last letter. Supports The Saturday Evening Post running one, as "they have constantly come out against the New Deal's use of figures and facts in an attempt to obscure their policies generally." Includes a manuscript note expressing Hoover's interest in learning the newspaper's response. One of Mills' memos identifies the topic of the proposal as the Detroit Bank closings and Hoover's "efforts to avoid the same and placing the blame on Senator Couzens."
1940 May 19. Herbert Hoover TLS to Wilson W. Mills; New York City, [New York].
Does not support the suspension of democracy's processes "as long as this country is at peace." Believes doing so pushes the government towards totalitarianism. "The present situation is one of great emotion, which rises and falls on the battles of the Western Front... I am hoping that the French people will rally as they did in 1914." One of Mills' memos notes that Walter Lippman had pressed for instituting a "semi-war basis" to deliver arms and ammunition to the Allied Powers.
1945 June 4. Herbert Hoover TLS to Wilson W. Mills; New York, New York.
Had a pleasant conversation with President Truman. "He certainly wishes to do the very best for the American people." One of Mills's notes refers to this letter and identifies Harry S. Truman.
1952 May 9. Herbert Hoover TLS to Wilson W. Mills; New York, New York.
Does not believe the General [Dwight D. Eisenhower] can be elected, so hopes Mills will secure delegates for [Robert A.] Taft. "The General is committed to the whole of the Truman-Acheson foreign policies and their consequent spending, taxes and inflation."
1932 September 21. Harry S. Hawkins TLS to Franklin D. Roosevelt; Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Writing for the Advertisers Publishing Company from Ann Arbor, Michigan. Hoping to add a picture of the next President to their calendar line. Would like to secure a picture of Roosevelt and determine his preference for the type of portrait to be used. Typed on Advertisers Publishing Company stationery.
1932 September 26. G[race] G. Tully TLS to Harry S. Hawkins; Albany, New York.
Governor Roosevelt is away on a campaign tour of the West, but Tully will forward the requested picture. Typed on "Executive Mansion" stationery.
1944 November 17. Harry S. Truman TLS to Randolph G. Adams; Washington, D.C.
Enclosing an autographed copy of Paderewski's Minuet. "I had a lesson on it from Paderewski himself." Typed on United States Senate Committee on Military Affairs letterhead. Includes the signed sheet music and copies of Randolph Adam's request for the autograph and response upon its receipt.
1954 January 16. Harry S. Truman TLS to Samuel J. Eldersveld; Kansas City, Missouri.
Declines invitation to speak at Eldersveld's classes at the University of Michigan. Includes a manuscript note: "Glad your school believes in freedom of thought & expression!" Written on Harry S. Truman stationery.
1945 May 22. Charles G. Ross TLS to Harry S. Hawkins; Washington, [D.C.].
No photographs of President Harry S. Truman are availble for reproduction as requested by the Advertisers Publishing Company in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Advises Hawkins to contact photographic agencies in New York for a suitable print.
1963 November 22. Eight Associated Press teletypes to The Mercury ; Pottstown, Pennsylvania.
(9 pages [total])
Teletype copies received by the Pottstown, Pennsylvania, newspaper the Mercury following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Reports on reactions, eyewitness accounts, and political actions. Includes a typed note identifying the materials, signed by Robert Boyle, city editor, and his initials appear on the teletype copies.
1979 March 2. Gerald R. Ford TLS to John Shy; Rancho Mirage, California.
Applauds the work of the Building Committee for the Ford Library. "I have reviewed the plans that have emerged and sincerely believe that the building will serve the public well and will contribute to the Nation's historical heritage." Includes a signed envelope and two signed copies of the program for the dedication of the Gerald R. Ford Library from April 27, 1981.
1992 March 10. Gerald R. Ford TLS to John C. Dann; Rancho Mirage, California.
Hopeful that he can convince President Carolos Salinas Gortari to come to Ann Arbor. "If he does, it would be a unique opportunity to present to him the Zacatecas Papers." Includes a signed envelope.