Manuscripts Division William L. Clements Library University of Michigan
Finding aid for Charles Caldwell Lectures, ca. 1825
Finding aid created by Rob S. Cox, May 1993
Title: Charles Caldwell lectures Creator: Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853 Inclusive dates: ca. 1825 Extent: 262 pages Abstract:
The Charles Caldwell lectures are manuscript notes taken by an observer of Caldwell's medical lectures - most likely in Lexington, Kentucky in 1852.
Language: The material is in English Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave. The University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190 Phone: 734-764-2347 Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown.
Charles Caldwell Lectures, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
In 1791, Charles Caldwell began to study medicine in the office of Dr. Harris, of Salisbury, N.C., and the following year entered the prestigious Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, where his colleagues included Benjamin Rush, William Dewees, and Caspar Wistar. After service with the Army during the Whiskey Rebellion, Caldwell received his medical degree (1796) and took up practice in Philadelphia. Due to strains in his relationship with Rush, Caldwell was never appointed to a professorship at the University, though he did accept a post as instructor in the physical sciences.
In 1819, having already declined to take part in the establishment of medical schools in New York, Baltimore and Philadelphia, Caldwell agreed to help found the Medical Department at Transylvania University in Lexington, Ky. Later, in 1837, he left Transylvania for Louisville, a larger city with greater opportunities, to become the first professor of the Louisville Medical Institute.
Caldwell's research included work on "pestilential" diseases, blood and the circulatory system, and, later in life, physical education and phrenology. As might be expected, his work drew on a strong knowledge of contemporary medical practice, particularly the work of William Cullen and other physicians of the Edinburgh school. He performed a significant role in American medical circles as an importer and translator of foreign medical works, most importantly Blumenbach's Elements of Physiology (1795), and Cullen's First lines of the practice of physic (1815). His own works included Medical & physical memoirs, containing, among other subjects, a particular enquiry into the origin and nature of the late pestilential epidemics of the United States (1801), An experimental inquiry respecting the vitality of the blood (1805), and Phrenology vindicated, and antiphrenology unmasked (1838). Caldwell's autobiography was published in 1855.
Collection Scope and Content Note
The manuscript lectures in this collection are unsigned, but are circumstantially attributed to Caldwell on the basis of internal references to a 30 year career in medicine, including an association with the Pennsylvania Hospital, to experience and research in pestilential epidemics, and to the author's "timely investigation of the sanguiniferous system." The manuscript probably represents a student's notes taken during a series of Caldwell's lectures in about 1825. They are not in Caldwell's hand.
The lecture series represented by this manuscript comprises an introductory course in medicine, covering nutrition, blood and the circulatory system, pathology, the nervous system, etc. Of particular interest are lectures on dreams, pleasure, memory and understanding, and differences between the sexes
Diet in disease.
Good and evil.
Senses and sensation.
Container / Location
Charles Caldwell lectures, ca. 1825 [series]
On the pulse
The internal stimuli
The state of an animal in disease
Of animal heat
Of voice and speech
Of the nervous system
Of the senses
Of the faculties and operation of the mind
Of the operations of the mind
Of the pleasure of the senses and the proximate causes
Of the pleasures derived from the exercise of the mind, and its proximate cause
Of the pleasures arriving from moral faculties
Of the proximate cause of pleasure
Of sleep and dreams
Of the cause of dreams
Of vegetable aliment
Of hunger and the cause of apetite
On mastication and digestion
Of the blood
Of the lacteals and lymphatics
Of the secretions and excretions
Of the peculiarities of the female body and mind
Of the peculiarities of the male sex
Of the nourishment of the foetus
Causes of diseases
Of the effects of cold
Of the putrefaction of various vegetable matters, which produce disease
Of specific contagions
Of aliment, drink &c producing disease
Of the quality of aliments
Of their preparations
Of condiments, influential in producing disease
Of animal substances externally applied
Of excretions retained
Of motion and rest sleep & watchfulness in excess
Of disease, induced by the improper exercise of the faculties of the mind, and the venereal appetite
Of unhealthy ancestors
Of sympathy and antipathy
Of the associations of motions and ideas
Predisposing causes of diseases
Of the proximate cause of diseases
Of the translation of diseases to difft. parts of same system, and to difft systems
Additional Descriptive Data
The Horace Holley papers relate to the founding of Transylvania College (Holley was its first president).