Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Charles Caldwell Lectures, ca. 1825

Finding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, May 1993

Summary Information
Title: Charles Caldwell lectures
Creator: Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853
Inclusive dates: ca. 1825
Extent: 262 pages
Abstract:
The Charles Caldwell lectures are manuscript notes taken by an observer of Caldwell's medical lectures - most likely in Lexington, Kentucky in 1852.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1993. M-2927.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown.

Preferred Citation:

Charles Caldwell Lectures, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Biography

In 1791, Charles Caldwell began to study medicine in the office of Dr. Harris, of Salisbury, N.C., and the following year entered the prestigious Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, where his colleagues included Benjamin Rush, William Dewees, and Caspar Wistar. After service with the Army during the Whiskey Rebellion, Caldwell received his medical degree (1796) and took up practice in Philadelphia. Due to strains in his relationship with Rush, Caldwell was never appointed to a professorship at the University, though he did accept a post as instructor in the physical sciences.

In 1819, having already declined to take part in the establishment of medical schools in New York, Baltimore and Philadelphia, Caldwell agreed to help found the Medical Department at Transylvania University in Lexington, Ky. Later, in 1837, he left Transylvania for Louisville, a larger city with greater opportunities, to become the first professor of the Louisville Medical Institute.

Caldwell's research included work on "pestilential" diseases, blood and the circulatory system, and, later in life, physical education and phrenology. As might be expected, his work drew on a strong knowledge of contemporary medical practice, particularly the work of William Cullen and other physicians of the Edinburgh school. He performed a significant role in American medical circles as an importer and translator of foreign medical works, most importantly Blumenbach's Elements of Physiology (1795), and Cullen's First lines of the practice of physic (1815). His own works included Medical & physical memoirs, containing, among other subjects, a particular enquiry into the origin and nature of the late pestilential epidemics of the United States (1801), An experimental inquiry respecting the vitality of the blood (1805), and Phrenology vindicated, and antiphrenology unmasked (1838). Caldwell's autobiography was published in 1855.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The manuscript lectures in this collection are unsigned, but are circumstantially attributed to Caldwell on the basis of internal references to a 30 year career in medicine, including an association with the Pennsylvania Hospital, to experience and research in pestilential epidemics, and to the author's "timely investigation of the sanguiniferous system." The manuscript probably represents a student's notes taken during a series of Caldwell's lectures in about 1825. They are not in Caldwell's hand.

The lecture series represented by this manuscript comprises an introductory course in medicine, covering nutrition, blood and the circulatory system, pathology, the nervous system, etc. Of particular interest are lectures on dreams, pleasure, memory and understanding, and differences between the sexes

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Cognition.
    • Cold--Physiological effect.
    • Diet.
    • Diet in disease.
    • Digestion.
    • Disease.
    • Excretion.
    • Fertilization (Biology)
    • Good and evil.
    • Menstruation.
    • Pathology.
    • Pregnancy.
    • Puberty.
    • Putrefaction.
    • Senses and sensation.
    • Sleep.
    • Smallpox.
    • Therapeutics.
    • Women--Health.
    • Yellow fever.
    Genre Terms:
    • Lecture notes.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Volume   1  
    Charles Caldwell lectures,  ca. 1825 [series]
    Page   1  
    On the pulse
    Page   5  
    Physiology
    Page   6  
    The internal stimuli
    Page   13  
    The state of an animal in disease
    Page   20  
    Of animal heat
    Page   24  
    Of respiration
    Page   26  
    Of coughing
    Page   27  
    Of yawning
    Page   28  
    Of voice and speech
    Page   34  
    Of the nervous system
    Page   37  
    Of the senses
    Page   43  
    Of vision
    Page   46  
    Of the faculties and operation of the mind
    Page   50  
    Memory
    Page   52  
    Of the operations of the mind
    Page   54  
    Of the pleasure of the senses and the proximate causes
    Page   57  
    Of the pleasures derived from the exercise of the mind, and its proximate cause
    Page   58  
    Of the pleasures arriving from moral faculties
    Page   60  
    Of the proximate cause of pleasure
    Page   62  
    Of sleep and dreams
    Page   64  
    Of the cause of dreams
    Page   68  
    Of aliment
    Page   75  
    Of vegetable aliment
    Page   76  
    Of condiments
    Page   79  
    Drinks
    Page   81  
    Of hunger and the cause of apetite
    Page   83  
    On mastication and digestion
    Page   90  
    Of the blood
    Page   99  
    Of the lacteals and lymphatics
    Page   103  
    Of the secretions and excretions
    Page   106  
    Of excretions
    Page   109  
    Perspiration
    Page   112  
    Nutrition
    Page   115  
    Of the peculiarities of the female body and mind
    Page   120  
    Of menstruation
    Page   126  
    Of the peculiarities of the male sex
    Page   130  
    Of generation
    Page   135  
    Of pregnancy
    Page   138  
    Of the nourishment of the foetus
    Page   138  
    Of parturition
    Page   143  
    Pathology
    Page   150  
    Causes of diseases
    Page   160  
    Of the effects of cold
    Page   167  
    Of the putrefaction of various vegetable matters, which produce disease
    Page   169  
    Of putrefaction
    Page   184  
    Of specific contagions
    Page   189  
    Of aliment, drink &c producing disease
    Page   191  
    Of the quality of aliments
    Page   193  
    Of their preparations
    Page   197  
    Of condiments, influential in producing disease
    Page   198  
    Of drinks
    Page   202  
    Of dress
    Page   202  
    Poisons
    Page   204  
    Of worms
    Page   206  
    Of animal substances externally applied
    Page   206  
    Of excretions retained
    Page   207  
    Of motion and rest sleep & watchfulness in excess
    Page   208  
    Of disease, induced by the improper exercise of the faculties of the mind, and the venereal appetite
    Page   209  
    Fear
    Page   212  
    Of religion
    Page   213  
    Of employments
    Page   213  
    Of amusements
    Page   214  
    Of customs
    Page   214  
    Of unhealthy ancestors
    Page   216  
    Of sympathy and antipathy
    Page   217  
    Of the associations of motions and ideas
    Page   218  
    Predisposing causes of diseases
    Page   224  
    Of the proximate cause of diseases
    Page   235  
    Of the translation of diseases to difft. parts of same system, and to difft systems
    Page   239  
    Death
    Page   241  
    Of therapeutics
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The Horace Holley papers relate to the founding of Transylvania College (Holley was its first president).

    Partial Subject Index
    Abortion
    • 7
    Alcoholic beverages
    • 79¬81
    Animal heat
    • 20¬24
    Blood
    • 90¬98
    Blood--Circulation
    • 30¬34
    Chicken pox
    • 186
    Circumcision
    • 232, 233
    Cognition
    • 46¬54
    Cold--Physiological effect
    • 160¬167
    Coughing
    • 26, 27
    Crying
    • 27
    Death
    • 239¬241
    Diet
    • 6, 7, 68¬80
    Diet in disease
    • 189¬202
    Digestion
    • 83¬90
    Disease
    • 145¬262
    Disease--Psychological aspects
    • 208-209
    Dreams
    • 11, 62¬68
    Dress
    • 202
    Epidemics
    • 188, 189
    Excretion
    • 103¬112
    Fear
    • 209
    Fertilization (Biology)
    • 130¬135
    Good and evil
    • 143¬150
    Heat--Physiological effect
    • 157¬160
    Hereditary disease
    • 214, 215
    Hunger
    • 81¬82
    Influenza
    • 186
    Life
    • 17¬20
    Longevity
    • 259, 260
    Lymphatics
    • 99¬102
    Marriage
    • 128
    Measles
    • 185, 188
    Men--Health
    • 126
    Men--Sexual behavior
    • 127¬130
    Menstruation
    • 120¬126
    Nervous system
    • 34¬37
    Nutrition
    • 112¬115
    Old age
    • 12, 13
    Parturition
    • 138¬141
    Pathology
    • 143¬262
    Perspiration
    • 109¬112
    Physiology
    • 5¬142
    Pleasure
    • 54¬62
    Poisons
    • 202¬204
    Pregnancy
    • 10-11, 135¬138, 222
    Puberty
    • 141¬142, 218¬220
    Pulse
    • 1¬5
    Putrefaction
    • 167¬184
    Religion
    • 216, 217
    Respiration
    • 24¬26
    Scarlatina
    • 186, 187
    Self-experimentation in medicine
    • 86¬88
    Senses and sensation
    • 37¬46
    Sexual behavior in animals
    • 129, 130
    Sleep
    • 9, 10, 62¬64, 207
    Sleepwalking
    • 65, 66
    Smallpox
    • 184, 185, 188
    Smell
    • 41¬43
    Speech
    • 28, 29
    Taste
    • 40, 41
    Therapeutics
    • 241¬261
    Vision
    • 43¬46
    Whooping Cough
    • 187
    Women--Health
    • 7, 115¬126
    Women--Intelligence
    • 117¬120
    Worms
    • 204¬206
    Yellow fever
    • 3, 106, 203, 204