Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Architecture Militaire , [1700s?]

Finding aid created by
Erin Platte and Meg Hixon, October 2011

Summary Information
Title: Architecture Militaire
Creator: Anonymous
Inclusive dates: [1700s?]
Extent: 1 volume
Abstract:
The Architecture Militaire is a single manuscript volume that provides instructions for the construction of a fortified building in the shape of a star. The volume consists primarily of prose description, but also includes a series of 16 illustrative plates showcasing detailed architectural drawings.
Language: The material is in French
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1992. M-2894.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Architecture Militaire, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


History

Fortifications have been important throughout the history of warfare, particularly as coastal defenses. In particular, star-shaped forts provided a variety of outward-facing angles to improve defense. One prominent example of this type of fort in the United States is Fort McHenry, constructed around the turn of the 19th century near Baltimore, Maryland.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Architecture Militaire is a single manuscript volume that provides instructions for the construction of a fortified building in the shape of a star. The volume consists primarily of prose description, but also includes a series of 16 illustrative plates showcasing detailed architectural drawings. The drawings are signed "A Toulouse chez Baour." The book has 12 chapters about construction methods, including lists of potential problems with suggested remedies. The volume includes discussions and critiques of existing construction methods, including those of the ancient French, the Dutch, the Comte de Pagan, Vauban, and others (chapter 11). The final chapter, entitled "Idee generalle de l'attaque d'une place et de la maniere de fortifier un camp," contains equations relevant to fort construction. The final section of the book consists of detailed ink drawings similar, but not identical to, those found in Samuel Marolois's Fortification ou Architecture Militaire Tant Offensive que Deffensive. These show different aspects of construction relevant to the text and include one page illustrating various military paraphernalia.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Fortification--History.
    • Military architecture.
    Subjects - Visual Materials:
    • Military architecture.
    Contributors:
    • Baour, A. Toulouse chez.
    Genre Terms:
    • Architectural drawings (visual works)
    • Books.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Volume   1  
    Architecture Militaire,  [1700s?] [series]